LTM's small farm is completely off the grid. Her family uses solar and alternative power sources for lighting, cooking, animal fencing, etc.
Maintaining a Wood Stove
I love sitting near my wood-burning stove on cold winter days, staring in at the flames through the glass window in the door. The warmth is a necessity. The chance to watch the fire is a bonus. When I was young, I thought it was impossible to keep the glass free of black marks. I'm older and wiser now (thank goodness), and I know that any glass door on a wood stove can be kept crystal clear with minimal effort.
Over the years I've learned a lot about looking after wood-burning stoves. Here are my top tips to keep wood stoves clean, safe and functioning to the best of their ability. Hopefully, you'll find my experience helpful.
How to Keep Your Wood-Burning Stove Clean
|What to clean||How often to clean it||What you'll need|
After spills and after winter. When it is looking tired and worn.
Stove paste or polish. Paper towel.
When ash builds too high.
Metal scoop plus metal bucket/container
At least twice in the winter. Once in the summer.
Creosote 'destroyer'. Metal scoop and metal bucket. Possibly a chimney brush.
Whenever it starts to blacken.
If you've recently burned wood, you'll have what you need. (See below)
Cleaning the Exterior of an Old Wood-Burning Stove
Do you use the top of your wood-burning stove to boil water, cook pans of food, raise bread dough, and dry herbs as I do?
This poor old stove had a hard life for many years before my husband and I bought the property. I doubt the previous owner put much effort into caring for the wood burner, judging by the way it looked when we came for our first inspection.
With a bit of effort, we managed to restore it to its previous glory and I make sure it gets a good clean and maintenance treatment a few times each year. Because we live off the grid, our wood-burning stove sometimes burns for six months almost continuously. It doesn't take long for it to look worn and tired but because there are always pots of boiling water and an assortment of other bits and pieces on it at all times, the faded look is not so obvious.
Here are some photos to demonstrate the difference you can make to the exterior of a wood stove, and my tips for cleaning yours so it looks its best.
Before and After Photos of My Old Wood Stove
How I Clean the Surface
- I wait for the surface of my wood stove to cool, then I clean it with warm water and detergent.
- After it dries, I apply a very thin layer of 'hotplate protector' or 'stove paste' and rub it in with a paper towel. A dry cloth would work just as effectively. (I don't waste product by using a large cloth surface. Instead, I simply use pressure from one or two fingers. It takes a little longer, but I prefer to make a little go a long way.)
- Rub off any excess.
- My last stage is to light a fire in the woodstove. The heat hardens the polish. Make sure you open your windows and have good airflow while you are heating your wood stove for the first time. The polish smells as it heats up and hardens.
Read the instructions specific to the product you are using. I have used a number of different products over the years. Some are slightly different from others, but the general approach is always the same.
Cleaning Your Wood-Burning Stove's Interior
You'll need a metal scoop or small metal spade to lift out the ashes if the inside of your wood stove becomes too full of ash for your fire to burn effectively. Hot-burning fires tend not to create much ash, but there are often times when a wood-burning stove accumulates ash build-up.
Obviously, it is safer to wait until the fireplace cools before removing ash, but in the middle of winter I sometimes simply decide it is time to remove some ash—and the weather is too cold to wait for the fire to cool.
- Use a metal scoop to remove the ashes. Some ash and debris may still be hot.
- Put your ash into a metal bucket or even an old metal paint tin (after peeling any old, dried paint out first).
- Keep the ash contained in the bucket for at least 24 hours in a safe place outdoors where there is no danger of accidentally starting a fire. I err on the side of caution and leave the ashes for a few days in case there's still heat in charcoal or coals within the removed ash. If your garden is covered in snow, there's obviously less need to wait.
- Safely dispose of the ash pile in your garden once there is no danger of spreading fire. In windy conditions, embers can reignite.
Important to Remember
- Never use a plastic container for transporting wood ash from your wood-burning stove. In the time it takes to cross your room and reach the door, the plastic could melt spilling hot embers on your carpet.
- Try not to completely empty all ash. Fires burn better with at least a small amount of ash left in the base.
Safely Removing Ash from a Combustion Stove
Did You Know?
Wood ash and charcoal from a wood-burning stove can be fed to pigs. Once the ash is definitely cold, place it in your pig's food bowl. In addition to the lime (calcium) and potassium it provides, the debris from burnt wood was traditionally considered to help control intestinal worms in pigs.
If you don't have pigs, cold ash can be added to your garden. It is alkaline.
How to Keep Wood-Burning Stove's Glass Door Clean so You Can See the Fire
Put away your scourer and those bottles of chemical cleaners. You don't need them to clean glass in your wood-burning stove. Nature provides everything you need. When you burn wood, you get charcoal. Of course, if you burn the wood long enough and hot enough you'll just be left with ash. But at some point during the process of becoming ash, your wood will go through the charcoal stage.
You might need to remove a little of the blackened wood carefully while it is still hot and place it somewhere safely to cool, but most people will find they wake up one morning to chunks of charcoal in the fireplace.
Grab a small piece of COLD charcoal, dampen it with water, and rub it over the blackened glass on the inside of your wood stove's door. As if by magic, the black residue from past fires disappears. The only other thing you need is a paper towel for the final wipe. Use it as a firestarter in your next fire.
I have fun drawing shapes like hearts and writing messages backwards (so they show through the glass when the door is closed and the fire is burning when I clean our wood-burning stove. Invariably I clean the entire door within a day or two, but you can be surprisingly precise with a small piece of charcoal. Try it for yourself.
Ash is Another Glass-Cleaning Option
If you are not feeling creative today and you just want a standard, run-of-the-mill clean window, dip a paper towel or scrunched up piece of newspaper into water, then dip it in your ashes and use the ash to clean the glass.
Nowhere near as much fun as playing with charcoal though!
How do you clean the glass in your wood-burning stove?
Cleaning Your Wood Stove's Flue
A build-up of creosote in a flue or chimney can cause fires so you have to actively destroy or remove it. My husband has no fear of heights so he climbs up on the roof, removes the cap on the top of the flue and loosens the creosote build-up at least once a year. A chimney brush is useful if you intend to complete this task yourself.
Throughout the winter season, we also occasionally use products that are simply added to the fire to 'destroy' creosote. If you have not been regularly cleaning your flue, you might have a build-up of creosote that needs immediate attention. When your fire is cold, tap on the flue and listen. If you hear debris falling back down the flue, it is in urgent need of appropriate cleaning before lighting another fire.
Removing Creosote From the Flue or Chimney
There is no point tapping creosote free from your flue or sweeping your chimney from above unless you are prepared to remove the debris. Creosote is highly flammable and burns hot if it catches on fire. You need to remove the creosote from your chimney and from immediately above your wood-burning stove.
When debris falls back down towards your stove, it can often be removed by removing the top plate within your stove. (Some people disconnect their chimney pipe to remove the creosote but because our flue is straight with no bends or curves, we take the easier option for cleaning.)
Here's how it works in our stove:
- Clean out the ash from the fire box (to avoid too much mess) and place newspaper on the ground in front of the door to catch the creosote. The next stage can get surprisingly dirty.
- Push the upper plate up inside your wood stove to release the pressure on the fire bricks at the side.
- Remove the top fire bricks on each side (carefully) to allow the top plate to drop down. (Support it with your hand as it drops.) You might need to remove additional fire bricks from the side, but each wood-burning stove design is a little different.
- Remove all the debris before pushing your upper plate back into position and returning the side fire bricks to their correct position.
If you doubt your ability to cope with the mess or to identify the correct way to effectively clean your flue, pay a professional to do it. Creosote is highly flammable!
What to Do With Creosote Debris
Never feed creosote to your animals, and be careful where you put it in your garden. It is extremely acidic (as well as being flammable.)
We bury ours in a discreet hole in the yard, but we live on a small farm and this might not be appropriate in your garden. Your best option for disposing of creosote debris is probably to wrap it in newspaper, seal it tightly in a plastic bag, and throw it out with your garbage waste.
If you regularly burn your fire 'hot', use very dry wood, and use a 'creosote destroyer', you can minimize the creosote build-up.
Make Your Stove Clean and Safe
From a safety perspective, removing creosote is the most important part of cleaning a wood-burning stove because chimney fires destroy homes.
Blackening the surface, cleaning the glass and clearing the interior of a wood-burner stove makes it look great. But removing creosote makes it safer. So make sure you address all the individual tasks when cleaning your wood-burner stove this year.
Fuel for Your Wood Fire
- How I make quick and easy Newspaper Bricks for burning in my fire
I don't waste time shredding paper and waiting days for the paper to soak before making paper bricks that will only be tossed in the fire and burned. Mine are so quick I can burn them next day! This hub might also be helpful to you. :) LTM
5 Tips for Running and Getting More Out of Your Wood Stove
This article is accurate and true to the best of the author’s knowledge. Content is for informational or entertainment purposes only and does not substitute for personal counsel or professional advice in business, financial, legal, or technical matters.
Questions & Answers
Question: I have an old 1994 stand alone wood stove. The chimney cleaners tell me they cannot move the baffle so they cannot clean it. Is there a trick to this?
Answer: You’d like to think professional chimney cleaners would know all about this kind of thing but maybe yours is new to the job so here’s my suggestion.
A wood stove built in the 1990’s is not really that old. Of course, we don’t know who designed it so it might be different to what I envisage but let’s try this for starters.
Take a look at the inside of your stove when it is cold. Does it have firebricks up the side? Does it Block a bit like pavers? If it does, push against the baffle (the plate above your firebox) to raise it just a little.
Then, remove the top layer of firebricks. It’s a dirty job so be prepared for it. Spread newspaper around and have your dustpan, bucket, etc. ready. Of course, you need to empty any dust and debris from the bottom before you begin.
I expect the firebricks are holding up the baffle. Once you’ve removed the top layer, you’ll know if the baffle drops without resistance. If there’s creosote on top, you’ll have even more mess so be ready. Keep control of the baffle. Lower it gently. You’ll soon figure out if you need to remove more firebricks or not.
Firebricks should just slot back in without difficulty when you’ve finished.
If you can raise the baffle at all, even just a tiny bit when you push it upwards, I suggest this is your solution.
Question: I lit my stove with a candle resting on top. How do I get all the wax off?
Answer: Wax hardens when it is cold and can generally be lifted or scraped from most surfaces. You might have to use ice blocks to harden it. Then the wax residue should come off if you rub a warm iron over brown paper to absorb the wax.
Question: How do you make newspaper bricks?
Answer: Here's a link to my article about making newspaper bricks. https://dengarden.com/home-improvement/How-I-make-...
© 2013 LongTimeMother
Andrea on August 04, 2019:
Hi, my baffle plate definitely does not come out. It’s an old eureka sovereign. Any hints for a tool to get above it to remove build up?
Sallie on July 07, 2018:
What about a wood stove door that doesn’t have glass. Any cleaning suggestions
LongTimeMother (author) from Australia on February 20, 2018:
Make sure your glass is cold (or only just warm) when you clean it, Beth. You won’t need anything more than water, paper towel and the ‘debris’ in your fire. Cold ash on a damp towel is easy for most marks. Cold charcoal dipped in water for tough stains. The used paper towels can be left in the fire, ready to be used next time.
If you’ve been using chemicals, you’ll love the way this works so effectively without any smell!
Beth Eaglescliffe on February 20, 2018:
I've recently had a wood-burning stove installed and love the comforting warmth it generates.
Thanks for the tip about using charcoal to clean the glass. I've been using oven-cleaner, but don't like its strong chemical smell. I shall try your practical and environmentally-friendly advice about cleaning it from now on.
Helen chinitz on January 16, 2018:
Pajamas burned onto top of wood burning stove. How do i remove this?
LongTimeMother (author) from Australia on November 21, 2017:
Hi Paula. You might not have noticed but this article also contains the ash hint for cleaning the glass door. When I'm in a hurry I use a damp paper towel or newspaper dipped in ash, but any really tough bits might still need the charcoal treatment.
@Michelle, I just noticed your comment. I suggest you try wetting your charcoal, and keep a glass of water nearby. I've definitely cleaned 'orange' from my stove door using this method.
Hard to imagine a stain too tough to remove with wet charcoal. If you can't get it off by scrubbing with wet charcoal, I suggest you go back to wherever you bought the stove and find out if there's something 'different' about your door. Good luck.
Paula Cank on November 20, 2017:
I was given a good tip for cleaning the glass on my woodburning stove.
Scrunch up a dampened sheet of newspaper, dip it in the ash from the ash pan, and then wipe the door. Wipe with a clean dry cloth or a piece of kitchen towel. Sparkles like new.
Hope it works for you. :)
Michele Fox on September 15, 2017:
I was excited to try the charcoal method on my new wood burning stove but it doesn't work. I have a very dark orange/black bloom over the large square glass door and I can barely see any flame at all. I have tried all the suggested methods - I'm so disappointed having spent £3k for this.
LongTimeMother (author) from Australia on June 23, 2016:
I believe it has a lot to do with the design of the wood-burner stove, Stacey, and perhaps even something to do with the type of glass. I've had a variety of different wood-burning stoves over the past 30+ years (I move more often than you do, lol.) In all those years, I only had one with a beautifully self-cleaning door. With all the others, including my current wood-burner, if the door becomes stained it remains stained until I clean it. No matter how hot the fire,
If the day ever comes when you move house, Stacey, I suggest you take that wonderful wood-burning stove with you. You might never find another one like it. :)
Stacey on June 18, 2016:
In the 20 years we've had ours I've never cleaned our glass.
If it's the glass you're trying to clean all you have to do is build a hot fire it it will burn the black stuff off. It builds up when your fire isn't burning hot enough.
Mary on February 29, 2016:
This is the best advice ever! Thank you!
LongTimeMother (author) from Australia on November 11, 2014:
I am very pleased to have helped you, Karen. Once you get in the habit of looking for Nature's remedies to problems, life becomes much more simple.
How nice of Nature to create a glass cleaner at precisely the same time it makes a mess of our clean glass!!
Karen on November 10, 2014:
Thank you for writing this, I had been trying in vain to clean the build-up on the glass with a commercial cleaner. I hated the fumes and it anyway. The coal worked great! I love seeing my fire!
LongTimeMother (author) from Australia on June 02, 2014:
Hello, Wyn. Yes, dipping a damp papertowel in ash and using it to clean the glass definitely works. It is messier than charcoal though. I've always found that charcoal cuts straight through and requires wiping only once. Using ash requires more time and effort with the final wiping and cleaning. If you have your fire burning as much as I do, the heavy stain covers the entire door. That's when you'll just grab the charcoal. :)
Pleased to hear you are enjoying your log burner.
LongTimeMother (author) from Australia on October 08, 2013:
I look forward to hearing the results, PegCole17. Grab the next piece of charcoal you see, dampen it a little and put it to work. lol.
Peg Cole from North Dallas, Texas on October 08, 2013:
We've had a wood burning stove since we moved out to the country over twenty years ago. For the first few years we used it exclusively to heat the house and had the thing professionally cleaned. But I never could get that grime off the glass. I'll definitely be trying the charcoal idea before next winter's fire. Thank you for the great tips on keeping the stove polished and clean.
LongTimeMother (author) from Australia on October 04, 2013:
Thanks, aviannovice. Life's too short to spend more time than necessary keeping on top of daily chores. Whenever possible, I like to add a fun element. Messages in the glass are always fun!
Deb Hirt from Stillwater, OK on October 03, 2013:
As always, great tips to handle the worst of chores. Good work.
LongTimeMother (author) from Australia on September 29, 2013:
lol. I'm guessing the annual removal would have helped loosen the creosote, FlourishAnyway. Would have kept your chimney safe. :)
Over the years we've had newer stoves in various homes. It helps a lot if you start looking after it many years earlier than I did with this one. :)
FlourishAnyway from USA on September 29, 2013:
I grew up with a wood burning stove (don't have one now), and I can tell you ours never ever looked like that. Congratulations for finding the amazing secret to success in keeping it looking great. My mother loved the frugality of the thing but hated how dirty it looked. She'd make my father remove it during off-season because it was so ugly. Beautiful job!