Changing a 3-Prong Dryer Plug and Cord to a to 4-Prong Cord
My Dryer Cord Has Three Prongs but the Plug Requires Four!
So you've moved into your new home and gotten the dryer wrestled into place. The vent is hooked up, ready to go, but the cord doesn't fit the socket! Your dryer has only 3 prongs, but it needs 4 prongs to fit. What's up with that?
(If your dryer has 4 prongs and needs 3, try the one about changing a 4 prong dryer cord into a 3 prong cord).
In 1999, the National Electric Code began requiring all dryer receptacles to be the 4-prong type for increased safety, but homes built prior to that time used the older 3-prong variety. If you are moving from an older home into a newer one, you will likely find that the dryer plug won't fit.
The Best, Safest, and Cheapest Solution Is to Install a New Cord
This is not hard; most homeowners with even a few basic tools can do it. You'll need:
- a screwdriver,
- a nut driver set,
- and possibly a pair of wire strippers.
Removing the Old 3-Prong Cord
- Unplug the dryer before continuing. If its plug doesn't fit the socket, this step shouldn't be necessary, but of course you should never attempt to work on an appliance that is plugged in. If the dryer is unplugged, there is no need to check for voltage at the dryer, although a non-contact voltage detector will accomplish this if you want to be extra safe.
- Pull the dryer out until you can easily work on the back.
- The cord should enter the dryer through some kind of connector to prevent strain on the screws where the wire terminates. Loosen any visible screws on this connector and remove the plate that covers the wire terminations. If the old wires are colored, note where the white wire ends.
- Unscrew the fasteners holding the wire to the terminal board and remove the wires. Pull the old cable out through the connector and save it in case you ever move into a home with a 3 hole socket.
- There will be a metal strap or wire fastened to the place where the white wire was, attaching to the frame of the dryer. Remove this strap or wire, and once more, save it for possible use in years to come. Take note of where this strap is screwed to the frame; one of the wires on the new cord will go there.
Removing the 3 Prong Cord and Plug
What Is the Difference Between the White and the Green Wire?
White wire: The National Electric Code (NEC) requires that (with a few specific exceptions) the white wire is the "neutral" one. In other words, it is the grounded circuit conductor wire expected to carry current and that it is grounded at the point of entry to the home (aka at the breaker panel) and nowhere else.
Green wire: The NEC requires that grounds (grounded wires that only carry electricity in a fault situation, when something goes wrong) be either green or bare of insulation, and that ONLY grounds be colored green.
Other colored wires: Any and all other colors are open for use, except that they cannot be used as either a neutral or ground. Typical 240V outlets (as a dryer is) use black and red as the "hot" wires, but any colors except white and green are legally acceptable.
How Do You Remember Which Wire Is Which?
- Tape the wire with a label with "B," "W," and "R" written on it.
- Make a hand-drawn diagram.
- Take a photo with your phone (in today's world that might be the best!).
- Commit it to memory.
Installing the New 4-Prong Cord
- First, make sure that you have A range cord (made for a cooking range) looks very similar and also has 4 prongs in about the same locations. The difference is that a dryer cord has two straight prongs and two bent ones, while a range cord has three straight prongs and one bent one. Make sure that your new cord will fit into the receptacle before installing it (do not plug into a "hot" receptacle; just hold it up next to the receptacle and verify the prongs will fit). the right new cord.
- Push the new cable through the connector. If there is no connector, one should be purchased; the most common type is a 1" romex connector that has a clamp on one side with 2 screws to tighten it and a large nut on the other. Remove the nut, place the threaded portion through the wall of the dryer, and replace the nut.
- With the cable through the connector, it is time to terminate (attach) the wires to the screws where the old wires came out. Black and red terminals will take the outside wires on the flat cable (or on the same colors), and the white wire (center wire on the cable) will attach to the center screw.
- The green wire will attach to the spot where the strap was removed from the frame of the dryer (see above). It does not go on the terminal board where the white wire is, but to the frame. It is a grounding wire for safety and is not used to supply electricity to the dryer. See the pictures for one location for the green wire; your dryer will likely be different, but in all cases the green wire is to be terminated on the frame or body of the dryer and not on one of the three screws on the terminal board.
- Re-attach the cover plate over the wire terminations. It is a wise precaution to turn off the breaker before plugging the dryer in, just in case something is wired wrong. With the breaker off, plug in the dryer and turn the breaker back on.
- If the breaker immediately trips, you have put a wire in the wrong place; turn the breaker back off and find the mistake. If it doesn't trip, turn the dryer on and make sure it operates correctly.
Installing the 4 Prong Cord and Plug
Congratulations: you have successfully changed out the old 3 prong cord for a new 4 prong one that will work in your new home, and it wasn't so hard, was it? Ready to tackle putting in a new light fixture or replacing an old plugin that won't hold a cord in any more? These, too, are easy tasks that almost anyone can do.
This article is accurate and true to the best of the author’s knowledge. Content is for informational or entertainment purposes only and does not substitute for personal counsel or professional advice in business, financial, legal, or technical matters.
Questions & Answers
Once I installed the new cord it kept flipping a 15 amp breaker. I traded the places of the black and red cords and it no longer flipped the breaker but now it won't heat up. Any ideas?
A dryer cannot run on a 15 amp breaker. It requires a 30 amp, 240 volt supply, and that means a 2 pole breaker — one with double handles.
It sounds like you are somehow trying to run it on a 15 amp, 120 volt supply, with either the red or black not hooked to anything. In any case, all but the very smallest apartment dryers require 30 amps, and those that will run on 120 volts do not use the dryer cords described in the article, but rather just a normal plugin.Helpful 3
What should I do when I connect my 4-prong dryer to my outlet and it sparks?
Re-check all your connections to make sure there isn't a wire "hair" that is out of place, and that all the wires are in the proper place. If it still does not work, call in an electrician to install the new wire.
I installed a 4 pronged dryer cord but it won’t turn on, what could be the problem?
It isn't plugged in (don't laugh - it's easy to forget the simple things). The breaker is turned off. One or more of the terminals aren't tight. Some of the wires are not terminated in the right place.
We moved into a new home, and I’ve converted from a three prong to a four prong, and now my dryer isn’t working. I flipped the breaker to the dryer, and still nothing. Is there anything else I can do?
The only suggestion I can offer is to re-check each terminal. Is the wire in the right spot and is it tight? It is possible that there was some damage done during the move, particularly to the control boards, but do check those new wires that were installed.
I have done this and changed it successful I thought. Now my dryer won't heat. Could my dryer not be heating because of the change in cords from 3 prongs to 4 prongs?
If it worked before and doesn't after the change the problem is likely in the change of cords. If the dryer runs but does not heat, one of the two colored wires is likely not making good contact. Check the red and black wires for proper termination and that they are firmly tightened.Helpful 17
© 2011 Dan Harmon