Dry Clean Only? Don’t Be Afraid – It’s Just a Tag!
For some people, one of the most horrible experiences that they can have is to find a garment that they absolutely adore only to see those three terrifying words sitting there on the tag... "Dry Clean Only." Those three little words don't have to strike fear into your heart, however; there are a variety of ways that you can get around the need for dry cleaning (or at the very least greatly reduce the frequency of your trips to the dry cleaner).
Of course, it helps if you understand exactly what dry cleaning is and how it works... this can help you to see how it benefits certain materials to be dry cleaned and will also assist you in figuring out whether you can get your dry clean only clothes clean in some other way.
What Dry Cleaning Is
Dry cleaning is a method for cleaning clothes that uses an organic solvent instead of water, with the most common solvent used being tetrachloroethylene. A number of different solvents have been used since the dry cleaning process was first created in the middle of the 19th century; early versions used kerosene or gasoline, though the danger of using these chemicals resulted in a number of explosions in dry cleaning establishments.
This changed after World War I, when dry cleaners began looking for less dangerous ways to get clothes clean. Tetrachloroethylene became popular as a cleaning solvent in the late 1930s due to its stability, how gentle it is on most fabrics, and the fact that it's completely nonflammable. The more common name for tetracloroethylene is "perc", which is a shortened form of its alternate name, perchloroethylene.
Why Clothes Are Labeled “Dry Clean Only”
A number of materials simply can't be washed in standard detergent and water as you would put into a washing machine; either the chemicals in the detergent would damage the material, or the water would cause the material to shrink or otherwise be negatively affected. Clothing made of these materials will often be labeled "dry clean only", informing people who own those garments that they might damage them if they put them in the washing machine with their other clothes.
Of course, not all dry clean only clothing is going to be severely damaged if it isn't sent to a dry cleaner... some materials do quite well with hand washing, but are labeled "dry clean only" because some consumers are more likely to buy clothes that they must have dry cleaned than clothes that have to be washed by hand. Still other clothing items are made of materials which are generally not recommended to be placed in a washing machine but that can be washed under certain conditions.
Washing “Dry Clean Only” Clothes
Some "dry clean only" materials can stand at least occasional cleaning in a washing machine, though care must be taken when doing so.
- It is generally recommended that if you are going to attempt to wash "dry clean only" clothes that they be washed in cold water only and using a mild detergent.
- They should be placed on the delicate cycle, and a lingerie bag or other delicate garment bag should be used if possible in order to protect the garment.
- Before you place any item of clothing labeled "dry clean only" into the washer, you should take the time to do a little bit of research in order to make sure that you're not going to ruin the garment.
- Do an online search if possible to see if others have had success washing similar clothing items, and read up on the procedures that they used to achieve this success.
- Any information that you can find will help to ensure that you don't do irreparable harm to your garment; if you can't find any information on that particular type of material and are worried about whether or not you should wash it in the washing machine, then you should simply not risk it and try to find an alternative method of cleaning it.
Several types of material which are usually labeled "dry clean only" actually do quite well with hand washing so long as you use a gentle detergent. Hand washing your clothes is usually much less aggressive and doesn't agitate the clothing item nearly as much as machine washing; this can greatly reduce the chance of your item being damaged while washing it with detergent and water. Since you're physically in contact with the garment the entire time, you can also keep a much closer eye on it and notice any potential damage well in advance of the point when it would become damaged beyond repair.
If you aren't sure whether a garment can handle being hand washed, you can test a small portion of the material in an inconspicuous place before washing the entire garment. Apply a small amount of detergent and wet it, slowly working it in with your hands and then rinsing it out. Be sure that you use cold water for this, as warm or hot water can often cause shrinking or other damage in certain materials. Watch for any signs of color bleeding, stretching, shrinking, or any other damage which might occur. Wait for the portion that you cleaned to dry completely, and then examine it closely... if it seems unaffected by the cleaning, then you should have no problems hand washing the garment.
It should be noted that one popular reason for dry cleaning clothes is to be able to get garments which would otherwise require hand washing clean; hand washing can be time consuming, so make sure that the time that you spend hand washing your "dry clean only" clothes is worth the time and money that you save by not visiting the dry cleaner. You may find that you're better served by only hand washing your clothes occasionally, and taking them to the dry cleaner the rest of the time.
Dry Cleaning Alternatives
A number of dry cleaning alternatives have been released on the market in recent years, including home dry cleaning kits which allow you to do your own dry cleaning using a home dryer. These kits generally contain a pre-treating liquid which needs to be rubbed directly into stained areas on the garment or garments that you're cleaning, a cloth bag which can be placed in the dryer, and small sheets which are soaked in solvent. The pre-treated clothes are placed inside the bag with a solvent sheet, and the bag is then placed into the drier for the amount of time listed in the kit instructions. The heat of the dryer evaporates the solvent, causing it to react with the stains on the clothing and dissolving them.
If the garment is not stained but has simply been worn, then it may be possible to steam clean it in the dryer as well. Place the garment in the dryer along with a dryer sheet and a damp towel (making sure that the towel is only somewhat damp and not overly wet.) The heat from the dryer will cause the towel to release steam, while the dryer sheet will reduce static and if you're using scented dryer sheets it will also leave your clothes smelling fresh.
Some materials are also safe to wash after they have been dry cleaned once or twice... the dry cleaning process can "set" the material, preventing it from experiencing the damaging effects that it would normally undergo in the washing machine. If you attempt to try washing clothing after it has been dry cleaned a few times, make sure that you use the delicate cycle in order to help prevent any damage that might be done in case the material hasn't set.
When to Visit the Dry Cleaner
Certain materials such as wool and very fine silk should be taken to the dry cleaner if it needs to be cleaned; wool can shrink horribly if washed in a standard washing machine (especially in warm or hot water), and fine silk can be damaged by the agitation of your washing machine. You might also consider taking clothes that you would normally hand wash to the dry cleaner at least once in a while, if you feel that you need a break from your standard hand washing routine.
Reducing Dry Cleaner Visits
Just because some of your clothes are dry clean only doesn't mean that you have to take them in for cleaning every time that you wear them. Consider wearing a plain t-shirt or other basic garment that you can throw into the washing machine underneath your "dry clean only" clothes; this can help prevent perspiration and body soil from getting into the clothing, and can reduce the frequency with which you have to have it cleaned. You also might wish to consider using some of the alternatives mentioned above on an occasional basis, alternating trips to the dry cleaner with cleanings done with a home kit or other alternative. Another option is to simply shop around at thrift stores or factory second stores... you can buy clothing for a greatly reduced price, and even if you damage a dry clean only item by washing it you've managed to save yourself a significant amount of money off of your original purchase so it won't be nearly as much of a tragedy.