Home ImprovementRemodelingCleaningGardeningLandscapingInterior DesignHome AppliancesPest ControlDecks & PatiosSwimming Pools & Hot TubsGaragesBasements

How I Clean my Wood-Burning Stove

Updated on June 23, 2016
LongTimeMother profile image

LTM's small farm is completely off the grid. Her family uses solar and alternative power sources for lighting, cooking, animal fencing etc.

I love sitting near my wood burning stove on cold winter days, staring in at the flames through the glass window in the door. The warmth is a necessity. The chance to watch the fire is a bonus. When I was young, I thought it was impossible to keep the glass free of black marks. I'm older and wiser now (thank goodness) and I know that any glass door on a wood stove can be kept crystal clear with minimal effort.

Over the years I've learned a lot about looking after wood burning stoves. Here's my top tips to keep wood stoves clean, safe and functioning to the best of their ability. Hopefully you'll find my experience helpful. :)

Have fun cleaning your wood-burning stove's glass door!

My young daughter decided to illustrate how easy it is to clean blackened glass in a wood burning stove. Can you write a message, sketch a drawing, or create a 'window' of clean glass? In this article, I'll show you how. :
My young daughter decided to illustrate how easy it is to clean blackened glass in a wood burning stove. Can you write a message, sketch a drawing, or create a 'window' of clean glass? In this article, I'll show you how. : | Source

How to Keep your Wood-Burning Stove Clean

What to clean
How often to clean it
What you'll need
Exterior
After spills and after winter. When it is looking tired and worn.
Stove paste or polish. Paper towel.
Interior
When ash builds too high.
Metal scoop plus metal bucket/container
Flue
At least twice in the winter. Once in the summer.
Creosote 'destroyer'. Metal scoop and metal bucket. Possibly a chimney brush.
Glass door
Whenever it starts to blacken.
If you've recently burned wood, you'll have what you need. (See below)
Here's the basic chart for cleaning your wood stove. More details provided below.

Cleaning Exterior of Old Wood-Burning Stove

Do you use the top of your wood burning stove to boil water, cook pans of food, raise bread dough, and dry herbs like I do?

This poor old stove had a hard life for many years before my husband and I bought the property. I doubt the previous owner put much effort into caring for the wood burner, judging by the way it looked when we came for our first inspection.

With a bit of effort we managed to restore it to its previous glory and I make sure it gets a good clean and maintenance treatment a few times each year. Because we live off the grid, our wood-burning stove sometimes burns for six months almost continuously. It doesn't take long for it to look worn and tired but because there are always pots of boiling water and an assortment of other bits and pieces on it at all times, the faded look is not so obvious.

Here's some photos to demonstrate the difference you can make to the exterior of a wood stove, and my tips for cleaning yours so it looks its best.

Before and After Photos

This is how my very old wood stove surface looked at the end of winter after coping with loads of pots and pans and the occasional spill. Check out the next photo after I'd cleaned and restored it!
This is how my very old wood stove surface looked at the end of winter after coping with loads of pots and pans and the occasional spill. Check out the next photo after I'd cleaned and restored it! | Source
Just like new again! This is how I like my wood burning stove to look during summer when it is not being used. Much nicer.
Just like new again! This is how I like my wood burning stove to look during summer when it is not being used. Much nicer. | Source

How I Clean the Surface

  • I wait for the surface of my wood stove to cool, then I clean it with warm water and detergent.
  • After it dries, I apply a very thin layer of 'hotplate protector' or 'stove paste' and rub it in with a paper towel. A dry cloth would work just as effectively. (I don't waste product by using a large cloth surface. Instead I simply use pressure from one or two fingers.It takes a little longer, but I prefer to make a little go a long way.)
  • Rub off any excess.
  • My last stage is to light a fire in the wood stove. The heat hardens the polish. Make sure you open your windows and have good air flow while you are heating your wood stove for the first time. The polish smells as it heats up and hardens.

Read the instructions specific to the product you are using. I have used a number of different products over the years. Some are slightly different to others, but the general approach is always the same.


Apply thinly, and buff with a rag ...

This product, made in Australia, is called 'Shine On' and I particularly like it because it comes in a tube with a built-in applicator. You still have to rub it in with a paper towel or cloth, but it is easy to apply thinly.
This product, made in Australia, is called 'Shine On' and I particularly like it because it comes in a tube with a built-in applicator. You still have to rub it in with a paper towel or cloth, but it is easy to apply thinly. | Source

Cleaning Your Wood Burning Stove's Interior

You'll need a metal scoop or small metal spade to lift out the ashes if the inside of your wood stove becomes too full of ash for your fire to burn effectively. Hot-burning fires tend not to create much ash, but there are often times when a wood-burning stove accumulates ash build-up.

Obviously it is safer to wait until the fireplace cools before removing ash, but in the middle of winter I sometimes simply decide it is time to remove some ash - and the weather is too cold to wait for the fire to cool.

  • Use a metal scoop to remove the ashes. Some ash and debris may still be hot.

  • Put your ash into a metal bucket or even an old metal paint tin (after peeling any old, dried paint out first).

  • Keep the ash contained in the bucket for at least 24 hours in a safe place outdoors where there is no danger of accidentally starting a fire. I err on the side of caution and leave the ashes for a few days in case there's still heat in charcoal or coals within the removed ash. If your garden is covered in snow, there's obviously less need to wait. :)

  • Safely dispose of the ash pile in your garden once there is no danger of spreading fire. In windy conditions, embers can reignite.

Important to remember:

  1. Never use a plastic container for transporting wood ash from your wood burning stove. In the time it takes to cross your room and reach the door, the plastic could melt spilling hot embers on your carpet.

  2. Try not to completely empty all ash. Fires burn better with at least a small amount of ash left in the base.

Did You Know ... ?

Wood ash and charcoal from a wood burning stove can be fed to pigs.

Once the ash is definitely cold, place it in your pig's food bowl. In addition to the lime (calcium) and potassium it provides, the debris from burnt wood was traditionally considered to help control intestinal worms in pigs.

If you don't have pigs, cold ash can be added to your garden. It is alkaline.

I live off the grid so I choose to remove ash and charcoal with a small metal shovel. Avoid plastic. You don't want an accident with hot embers.
I live off the grid so I choose to remove ash and charcoal with a small metal shovel. Avoid plastic. You don't want an accident with hot embers. | Source

How to Keep the Glass Door Clean So You Can See the Fire

Put away your scourer and those bottles of chemical cleaners. You don't need them to clean glass in your wood burning stove.

Nature provides everything you need. When you burn wood, you get charcoal. Of course, if you burn the wood long enough and hot enough you'll just be left with ash - but at some stage during that process your wood will go through the charcoal stage.

You might need to remove a little of the blackened wood carefully while it is still hot and place it somewhere safely to cool ... but most people will find they wake up one morning to chunks of charcoal in the fireplace.

Grab a small piece of COLD charcoal, dampen it with water, and rub it over the blackened glass on the inside of your wood stove's door. As if by magic, the black residue from past fires disappears.

The only other thing you need is a paper towel for the final wipe. Use it as a firestarter in your next fire.

I have fun drawing shapes like hearts and writing messages backwards (so they show through the glass when the door is closed and the fire is burning when I clean our wood burning stove. Invariably I clean the entire door within a day or two, but you can be surprisingly precise with a small piece of charcoal. Try it for yourself. :)

Another Glass-Cleaning Option

If you are not feeling creative today and you just want a standard, run-of-the-mill clean window, dip a paper towel or scrunched up piece of newspaper into water, then dip it in your ashes and use the ash to clean the glass.

Nowhere near as much fun as playing with charcoal though! lol.

How do you clean the glass in your wood burning stove?

If you have a wood burning heater or stove, do you keep the glass door clean?

See results

Cleaning Your Wood Stove's Flue

A build up of creosote in a flue or chimney can cause fires so you have to actively destroy or remove it.

My husband has no fear of heights so he climbs up on the roof, removes the cap on the top of the flue and loosens the creosote build-up at least once a year. A chimney brush is useful if you intend to complete this task yourself.

Throughout the winter season, we also occasionally use products that are simply added to the fire to 'destroy' creosote.

If you have not been regularly cleaning your flue, you might have a build-up of creosote that needs immediate attention.

When your fire is cold, tap on the flue and listen. If you hear debris falling back down the flue, it is in urgent need of appropriate cleaning before lighting another fire.

Call a professional if you are not confident you can undertake the job yourself.

Removing Creosote From the Flue or Chimney.

There is no point tapping creosote free from your flue or sweeping your chimney from above unless you are prepared to remove the debris. Creosote is highly flammable and burns hot if it catches on fire. You need to remove the creosote from your chimney and from immediately above your wood burning stove.

When debris falls back down towards your stove, it can often be removed by removing the top plate within your stove. (Some people disconnect their chimney pipe to remove the creosote but because our flue is straight with no bends or curves, we take the easier option for cleaning.)

Here's how it works in our stove ...

  1. Clean out the ash from the fire box (to avoid too much mess) and place newspaper on the ground in front of the door to catch the creosote. The next stage can get surprisingly dirty.

  2. Push the upper plate up inside your wood stove to release the pressure on the fire bricks at the side.

  3. Remove the top fire bricks on each side (carefully) to allow the top plate to drop down. (Support it with your hand as it drops.) You might need to remove additional fire bricks from the side, but each wood burning stove design is a little different.

  4. Remove all the debris before pushing your upper plate back into position and returning the side fire bricks to their correct position.

If you doubt your ability to cope with the mess or to identify the correct way to effectively clean your flue, pay a professional to do it. Creosote is highly flammable!


What To Do With Creosote Debris?

Never feed creosote to your animals, and be careful where you put it in your garden. It is extremely acidic (as well as being flammable.)

We bury ours in a discreet hole in the yard, but we live on a small farm and this might not be appropriate in your garden. Your best option for disposing of creosote debris is probably to wrap it in newspaper, seal it tightly in a plastic bag, and throw it out with your garbage waste.

If you regularly burn your fire 'hot', use very dry wood, and use a 'creosote destroyer', you can minimize the creosote build-up.

Make your Stove Clean and Safe

From a safety perspective, removing creosote is the most important part of cleaning a wood burning stove because chimney fires destroy homes.

Blackening the surface, cleaning the glass and clearing the interior of a wood-burner stove makes it look great. But removing creosote makes it safer. So make sure you address all the individual tasks when cleaning your wood-burner stove this year.

© 2013 LongTimeMother

Comments

    0 of 8192 characters used
    Post Comment

    • FlourishAnyway profile image

      FlourishAnyway 3 years ago from USA

      I grew up with a wood burning stove (don't have one now), and I can tell you ours never ever looked like that. Congratulations for finding the amazing secret to success in keeping it looking great. My mother loved the frugality of the thing but hated how dirty it looked. She'd make my father remove it during off-season because it was so ugly. Beautiful job!

    • LongTimeMother profile image
      Author

      LongTimeMother 3 years ago from Australia

      lol. I'm guessing the annual removal would have helped loosen the creosote, FlourishAnyway. Would have kept your chimney safe. :)

      Over the years we've had newer stoves in various homes. It helps a lot if you start looking after it many years earlier than I did with this one. :)

    • aviannovice profile image

      Deb Hirt 3 years ago from Stillwater, OK

      As always, great tips to handle the worst of chores. Good work.

    • LongTimeMother profile image
      Author

      LongTimeMother 3 years ago from Australia

      Thanks, aviannovice. Life's too short to spend more time than necessary keeping on top of daily chores. Whenever possible, I like to add a fun element. Messages in the glass are always fun!

    • PegCole17 profile image

      Peg Cole 3 years ago from Dallas, Texas

      We've had a wood burning stove since we moved out to the country over twenty years ago. For the first few years we used it exclusively to heat the house and had the thing professionally cleaned. But I never could get that grime off the glass. I'll definitely be trying the charcoal idea before next winter's fire. Thank you for the great tips on keeping the stove polished and clean.

    • LongTimeMother profile image
      Author

      LongTimeMother 3 years ago from Australia

      I look forward to hearing the results, PegCole17. Grab the next piece of charcoal you see, dampen it a little and put it to work. lol.

    • LongTimeMother profile image
      Author

      LongTimeMother 2 years ago from Australia

      Hello, Wyn. Yes, dipping a damp papertowel in ash and using it to clean the glass definitely works. It is messier than charcoal though. I've always found that charcoal cuts straight through and requires wiping only once. Using ash requires more time and effort with the final wiping and cleaning. If you have your fire burning as much as I do, the heavy stain covers the entire door. That's when you'll just grab the charcoal. :)

      Pleased to hear you are enjoying your log burner.

    • profile image

      Karen 2 years ago

      Thank you for writing this, I had been trying in vain to clean the build-up on the glass with a commercial cleaner. I hated the fumes and it anyway. The coal worked great! I love seeing my fire!

    • LongTimeMother profile image
      Author

      LongTimeMother 2 years ago from Australia

      I am very pleased to have helped you, Karen. Once you get in the habit of looking for Nature's remedies to problems, life becomes much more simple.

      How nice of Nature to create a glass cleaner at precisely the same time it makes a mess of our clean glass!!

    • profile image

      Mary 14 months ago

      This is the best advice ever! Thank you!

    • profile image

      Stacey 11 months ago

      In the 20 years we've had ours I've never cleaned our glass.

      If it's the glass you're trying to clean all you have to do is build a hot fire it it will burn the black stuff off. It builds up when your fire isn't burning hot enough.

    • LongTimeMother profile image
      Author

      LongTimeMother 11 months ago from Australia

      I believe it has a lot to do with the design of the wood-burner stove, Stacey, and perhaps even something to do with the type of glass. I've had a variety of different wood-burning stoves over the past 30+ years (I move more often than you do, lol.) In all those years, I only had one with a beautifully self-cleaning door. With all the others, including my current wood-burner, if the door becomes stained it remains stained until I clean it. No matter how hot the fire,

      If the day ever comes when you move house, Stacey, I suggest you take that wonderful wood-burning stove with you. You might never find another one like it. :)

    Click to Rate This Article