How to Get Cat Pee Out of Clothes, Couches, Towels, Rugs, and Carpet

Updated on April 26, 2019
Kierstin Gunsberg profile image

Kierstin is the proud fur mom to one very noisy Hemingway cat and a calico who daily exemplifies the expression "curiosity killed the cat."

I love my cats. I love how they curl up together in the sunlight, the yin to the other's yang. I love how they use the internet modem to warm themselves or how they avoid my kids all day but secretly slide in next to them in the hours between the last bedtime story and dawn.

But, I don't love when they pee outside of their litter box.

As someone whose kiiiiiind of obsessive about keeping my small home smelling as fresh as possible, I've become somewhat of an expert about cleaning cat urine out of clothes, towels, curtains, carpet, couches - you name it.

Here's how to do it.


What You Will Need to Clean Washable Fabrics

Washable fabrics would be anything from clothing to tennis shoes, curtains and throw blankets.

Getting Cat Pee Out of Washable Fabrics

  1. To start, check for dampness, indicating that the urine is fresh. If it is, rinse the item. Run it under warm water in your bathtub or a utility sink and wring it out. That way you're getting as much urine out as possible right away. If the urine is already dry just skip this and head to step 2.
  2. Throw the item in a bucket or tub of hot water with a heaping scoop of OxiClean powder and then let it soak for a few hours. If your washing machine has a soak option just use this!
  3. Once your pee-stained item has soaked for a few hours in the warm Oxi water, it's time to get down to business. Turn your washing machine to it's hottest setting, measure out a small amount of your usual laundry detergent and hit start.
  4. Now, once the hot cycle is all done, run your item through on a cold rinse cycle to make sure all of the soap and urine is completely rinsed away.
  5. Inspect for lingering odor or stains and if there is any, repeat the wash process. If not, thoroughly dry the fabric to prevent mildew. If the item is prone to shrinkage, hang it to dry since we just used a hot wash setting. If not, just throw it in the dryer.

Need to get cat pee out of a blanket? Get an enzyme-targeting laundry powder like OxiClean Odor Blasters.
Need to get cat pee out of a blanket? Get an enzyme-targeting laundry powder like OxiClean Odor Blasters.

What You Will Need to Clean Urine Out of Carpet, Upholstery and Other Non-Washable Fabrics

Like upholstered chairs and couches, shag rugs, mattresses, futons and carpet.

If the Stain is Minor and Fresh

  • Paper towels
  • White vinegar solution in a spray bottle (2 parts white vinegar, 1 part water)
  • Baking soda

If the Stain is Old or Covering a Large Area

  • An upholstery machine and special pet odor targeting cleaning solution. With especially old or deeply penetrated urine stains, baking soda and vinegar may not do enough to lift the odor and the bacteria that causes it and if you don't get the smell out, your cat is just going to return to that spot to urinate. This is where a more powerful tool comes in handy. This is the one that I own and use regularly. Since I also have two messy little kids and a puppy, I've gotten my money's worth and more out of it.
  • A fan

Getting Cat Pee Out of Nonwashable Fabrics

If the Stain is Fresh

If the stain is fresh, it's going to be damp with an ammonia odor and clear or yellow in color.

  1. Blot the urine up using paper towels.
  2. Using your spray bottle of white vinegar solution, saturate the stain.
  3. Soak it all up with more paper towels. Don't rub it in, just keep pressing and blotting so you're pulling the remaining urine and excess vinegar out.
  4. Once you have the spot pretty dry (it can be slightly damp to the touch, but not soaking wet) sprinkle baking soda over the affected area. The baking soda is going to help soak up any excess moisture to prevent mildew and absorb any lingering odors. Don't worry if your house reeks of white vinegar. That'll wear off on it's own quickly.
  5. Let that baking soda sit and soak in the odors until the area is completely dry.
  6. Vacuum up baking soda.

If the Stain is Old or Covering a Large Area

If the stain is old, it'll be dry, possibly kind of crusty and more of a yellowy-orange or even brown shade. You'll probably need to do more to remove and old stain than just relying on blotting it up with white vinegar since the urine has likely penetrated more than the surface of the fabric. Likewise, if your cat has peed over a large area of carpet or upholstery (like an entire couch cushion or your bed), you'll need an actual upholstery cleaner to clean and sanitize deep down into the affected item.

  1. Follow the instruction manual on your upholstery cleaner to fill it, add pet-odor-cleaning solution and to turn it on.
  2. Saturate the affected area with the designated cleaning solution.
  3. Let that sit for a moment to soak in. If you're cleaning a mattress or a couch cushion it's especially important to give the cleaning solution time to penetrate through so it has a chance to kill bacteria.
  4. Once it's done soaking, use the machine to suck up the solution and cat urine.
  5. Repeat this. Spray, soak, suck up. Do this until the water runs clear. You may even need to refill your machine, depending on how big of an area you're covering and how deep the urine went through.
  6. Once you've removed as much moisture as you can with the machine (you'll be able to tell by looking at the hose that it's not longer sucking up much water) you need to set up a fan to get air flowing through the freshly cleaned area. This'll prevent mildew from setting in as it dries.

If you're using an upholstery machine, soak the area with the designated cleaning solution and give it a few minutes to soak into the stain before sucking everything back up. Go over it until the water runs clear.
If you're using an upholstery machine, soak the area with the designated cleaning solution and give it a few minutes to soak into the stain before sucking everything back up. Go over it until the water runs clear.

Questions About Cleaning Cat Pee

Would activated charcoal work to clean cat pee?

Yes and no. So, activated charcoal (also known as activated carbon) will probably work to remove the smell since it's basically a sponge that'll soak up most things. The issue with it though is that you might be trading one stain for a another - charcoal is black and ashy after all. Use it with caution, especially on light colored fabrics.

Can you clean cat pee with bleach?

Heck no! Remember, cat pee contains ammonia and when you mix bleach with ammonia you create a toxic combination. Here's more about why you should never clean up cat urine with bleach.

This content is accurate and true to the best of the author’s knowledge and is not meant to substitute for formal and individualized advice from a qualified professional.

Questions & Answers

  • What takes cat pee smell away besides cleaning it?

    The smell of cat pee is never going to go away until you properly clean it thoroughly. However, if the stains and messes that have caused the nasty odor are going to take some time to clean up (say, if you need to pull up and throw away carpet, padding and seal the floorboards underneath) then there are few things you can do to try and temporarily subdued the smell while your cat-pee-cleaning project is underway.

    1. First, you need to air your home out every day until that stain is appropriately and thoroughly cleaned up. Open up the windows, get your fans going and circulate that urine soaked air out of the house.

    2. Find any washable or loose items that have been peed on, and either wash them according to the methods in this article or just throw them away if they’re unimportant or so far gone that you don’t want to deal with them. Getting rid of as much of the affected stuff as possible will help.

    3. Use a pet stain carpet deodorizer to vacuum your carpets every day until you get the source of that odor eliminated.

    4. Use odor-eliminating plug-ins to temporarily work over the scent of cat pee until you have cleaned up the bigger problem. This isn’t going to work long-term because again, the big problem here is whatever is stained with urine, whether it’s a sofa, carpet, flooring or a pile of laundry that the cat peed on.

    5. Keep your cat’s litter box clean - scoop it every day and add a layer of fresh litter over the top afterward to keep things as fresh as possible.

  • When using the vinegar and baking soda to wash urine stained clothes, do you just throw the mixture in on top of the clothes? Or, is there another way to use these ingredients?

    Since these ingredients are gentle, it would be fine to throw the vinegar and baking soda on top of your clothing just as you would with laundry detergent before starting the machine. If you happen to have dispensers, this provides a more even distribution. First, pour your laundry detergent into the detergent compartment, then add the vinegar and finally the baking soda (since adding the baking soda before the vinegar can give you grade-school-science-fair results).

    Another good idea is to set your machine for an extra rinse to fully expel the urine, vinegar and baking soda.

  • My entire laundry area is approximately a 1/2 foot deep with dirty clothes. My cats have had a fun time urinating in my laundry (not my problem, as I'll have that cleaned up and done today). But the floor underneath is plywood. What would be the very best products for eliminating the odor and deterring my cats from peeing in that spot in the future?

    I do not envy you, that sounds like quite the task. Somewhat similarly, I have to deal with cat urine on my laundry room floor, not because they're peeing on the floor but because their urine seeps out the seam in our litter box, ugh! What I do when this happens is:

    1. Clear the floor (which you're working on)

    2. Wipe up any pee that's on the floor

    3. Next, I lay down a product called Arm & Hammer Litter Deodorizer, sprinkling it liberally over the area. I let that sit to soak up as much moisture and odor as possible and then just sweep it into a dustpan and toss it.

    4. Now, I sanitize the floor. Our floors ARE different - mine is cement tile which makes this part easier. I'm nervous about using anything containing bleach when urine is involved since ammonia (in urine), and bleach is not a safe combo. However, Clorox has a product that's specifically for pet stains and odors, and it's called "Clorox Urine Remover for Stain and Odor," and it's about $5 at Target (U.S.). It works for hard and soft surfaces, so I think that this will be good for plywood. Use as directed.

    5. Now that things are clean we need to make sure the cats haven't inspired again. The first step is to make sure that no more laundry piles up on the floor (no judgment, this happens in my house every week, so I get it). But try to keep a tall hamper or laundry basket in there to throw dirty laundry in and make sure you have a container for the clean laundry too.

    6. At this point, the odor should be well eliminated, but since plywood is porous, your cats may still detect a lingering scent and want to mark over it with more pee. You need to find a way to cover the previously-peed-on area. You could do this with a rug, but if you think that they'd pee on that too, you could try a rubber litter mat (I have a big one from Amazon, just search "litter mat") with a litter box on top! That way if you cat DOES want to pee there, they can use the litter box. If this isn't an option, I say tape down trash bags. It's not glamorous, but for now, it'll hopefully keep any smells from luring the cats back.

  • We recently moved our cat's litter box to our covered outside lanai, and now she is peeing in the house any suggestions to make this transition easier?

    I can definitely see the motivation to do that, since the lanai will keep the smell at bay. It may be that the lack of scent is also preventing your cat from returning to their box. Are they able to get to the box easily or does someone have to open the slider or door for them to get to it? Is there something on the lanai that scares your cat, like a pool or a critter? (I know that when we had a lanai, there were often tiny lizards - maybe your cat is a scaredy cat!). Make sure that none of this is the case and if not, bring your cat to the box a few times a day to remind them where it is.

  • Is cat pee ammonia?

    Cat pee isn’t straight up ammonia but there’s ammonia in it. That’s because there’s a bit of ammonia in everyone’s urine (yep, even yours). Ammonia in urine occurs as a result of the breakdown of proteins in our diet, so basically it’s just a byproduct of your cat’s food and water intake and comes out as waste.

© 2013 Kierstin Gunsberg


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    • Donna-Rayne profile image

      Donna Rayne 

      7 weeks ago from Sutter Creek

      Kierstin, thank you for all the helpful tips, I truly appreciate it! Marvelous writing!

      Meows = Thank you,

      Donna Rayne

    • profile image


      2 months ago

      I know this post already has lots of suggestions, but just in case anyone still needs another solution, I felt compelled to post. I used to rescue cats and ended up with quite a few sprayers.

      Out of desperation, I accidentally found something that worked really well called "Stop Cat Spraying".

      Everyone I have recommended this to since I discovered this trick has been amazed at how well it works.

      Cats don't just pee on floors and beds because they're in pain - could be a multitude of other reasons! Most common is that male cats feel the need to mark their territory.

      One of my 2 cats (both neutered males) had taken to painting all of my walls, furniture, and anything else he could reach. I was horrified when I got a UV light. He never did that in all of the 9 years I've had him and didn't when I got him a buddy (they love each other and did so right away) but when a strange black cat started showing up outside both of my cats went nuts and the older one (9) started his wall painting, as well as the curtains out in the kitty room. I couldn't keep up with it.

      My cats are indoor cats so it's not like the stray is actually going to get in here but they both hate him (and he is neighbor's cats hate him too). I've tried cleaning with a pet urine enzyme and then spraying some "No More Spraying" but that hasn't worked.

      He's a sneaky little bugger too; he waits until he thinks I'm not looking and then does it. He's learned that the minute I see him backing his butt up to something he gets yelled at. It wasn't until I found "Stop Cat Spraying" that I was able to finally get rid of this tiresome behavior. Now my house doesn't smell like a litter box anymore :)

      To be honest, I don't know too much more about it so I did a quick Google search and here's a video of it with some great customer reviews as well:

      No I have not been paid for this post nor do I make any commissions off of it. I really just want to help you guys out. I hope you don't mind.

      I'm based in Sweden, by the way, so you should be able to get it too.

      Good luck with the odor! It really lowers your quality of life, doesn't it?

    • profile image


      6 months ago

      What if, once I found that my cat had peed on my clothes, I panicked and through it in the washer with hot water setting? I was going to do this twice. Would I just be making things worse? I didn't look up how to properly treat urine soaked clothes, so I didn't do the pre-soak in white vinegar D: Am I done for or can this be salvaged? D:

    • profile image


      18 months ago

      I was always taught as a child that there is no way to truly save something that has been peed on by a cat. This vinegar and baking soda tricked saved my favorite striped sweater. It took a few washes because it retains water easily, so I would have to take it out and ring it, rinse it by hand and then rewash it. BUT I CAN WEAR MY FAVORITE SWEATER AGAIN!!

    • Kierstin Gunsberg profile imageAUTHOR

      Kierstin Gunsberg 

      19 months ago from Traverse City, Michigan

      Aaliya - If the vinegar didn't work, look for a product called OxiClean Max Force. It's less that $4 and works wonders. I used it last week to remove cherry juice stains from my daughter's clothes and it worked amazingly!!

    • profile image


      19 months ago

      Thanks. I find this article really helpful. Yesterday my cat stained my cat pillow case . I knew about the use of vinegar for removing stains. I applied it but in a wrong way, so things didn’t turn out good. I am going to try another tips mentioned in your blog.

    • DzyMsLizzy profile image

      Liz Elias 

      19 months ago from Oakley, CA

      We had to rip out our dining room carpet and replace it with laminate flooring to get rid of the ongoing pee smell in the house! At first, we thought it was one particular corner, and I was going to just loosen the carpet there, and pour a huge dose of "Nature's Miracle" enzyme pet odor remover underneath, and all over the carpet, let it sit, then add a ton of water, and vacuum it up with the wet/dry shop vac.

      HOWever, as I began pulling up the carpet, I could see from the stains on the underside, that it wasn't just that corner, and the misdeeds had happened all over the carpet, so there was no saving it.

      That was a good news/bad news story. The good news was it was a good excuse to get rid of carpet in the dining room, which I have never liked for just general cleaning purposes (spilled food and drink, etc.). The bad news was, we really couldn't afford it, and had to open a charge account to buy the replacement flooring. Hubby did the measuring and cutting, and I laid the whole floor!

      To accomodate her preference for that particular area, I have a litterbox over there! Believe me; I'm not thrilled with having a litterbox in the dining room! UNfortunately, we still have a problem with one of our 8 fur darlings, who still wants to pee on the floor right IN FRONT OF the litterbox!

      The whole issue is one of our other kitties who bedevils her constantly, and was attacking her, and making her scared to use the litterbox. She was gettng UTIs, and peeing on the couch, as well.

      I bought cheap flannel-backed plastic tablecloths to use as couch covers, and I can toss them in the wash easily.

      Then, we had my mother-in-law move in, and she brought along her much newer couches, so the old pee-smelling ones went to the dumps. I still cover everything with the plastic covers overnight, though, and added a litterbox behind the couch, as well.

      But, at least, the laminate in the dining room is tightly fitted, and the pee is easy to clean up. We almost always catch her in the act! I've now taken the lid on that litterbox, and opened it, so hopefully, she doesn't feel 'trapped' in there, and will use it. (We have her on long-term Prednisone to prevent the recurring UTIs.)

      BUT...the down-side to that solution, with the lid, is that the kitty who picks on her also likes to stand up and spray while IN the litterbox, causing pee to land outside. Sigh...I love them all, but sometimes I could wring their fuzzy little necks! (No, not really; but they do get pretty wet from the squirt bottle at times! :-) )

      (And yes, they are ALL spayed/neutered)

      Maybe my having foster kittens in is also 'not helping.' LOL

    • Kierstin Gunsberg profile imageAUTHOR

      Kierstin Gunsberg 

      2 years ago from Traverse City, Michigan

      Hey Pat, I would definitely dry them on high heat as opposed to tumble drying or air drying.

    • profile image


      2 years ago

      I am going to try to clean cat urine stains from carpet with an enzymatic cleaner then soak up with damp towels. After washing the towels should I dry them on high heat ?

    • profile image

      Georgia Cowboy(GaCwby) 

      3 years ago

      I used this method on a bed set my brother was going to throw away ... it is an expensive set ... with the vinegar and baking soda I added liguid dish detergent ... The cat pee stain and odor was removed and now I have a Queen size bed ... it works great ... Thanks for sharing your knowledge

    • profile image


      3 years ago

      I have good cats but I rescued one who proceeded to mark a room where the previous owners cat smell was. I tried all I could to re-train her, get rid of the smell but it just got worse & worse. She's been re-homed.

      I deep cleaned the carpets with pet solution then went over the area with the machine with a water/vinegar solution... 1 cup/4ltr, in the bad areas I doubled the vinegar.

      Unfortunately this alone did not do it so I was very glad to find a site that said to sprinkle plain baking soda, a lot, then spray it with a solution of 1/4cup of 3% hydrogen peroxide & 1 tsp Dawn dish soap (multiply it larger areas), use a soft bristle brush to rub it it then leave it to dry well (a few hours). When it is completely dry vacuum it up. Depending how bad the stain/smell, you may need to do this a couple time... but it has worked!!!

      BTW...another page warned to never used a steam machine for carpets when you are dealing with a cat stain/smell as the hot steam will set it into the carpet... I am wondering if this will be the same for the laundry...???

      The page I got the info off of also suggested using products with OXY in it as it most likely contains hydrogen peroxide.

      *****One warning about the hydrogen/baking soda solution... it MAY stain your carpet.

      It didn't stain mine and I left it on over night but always test a small area first and don't be shocked if you see the baking soda start to bubble, it is supposed to do that... be sure to add enough solution.

      Now I get to go tackle the laundry that hasn't been willing to release the pee smell :'(

      By the way... I have a cat who pees on laundry if it is left on the floor... the littler box can be completely clean & she is in perfect health she is just a dominant cat and this is her way of saying that something is out of place and needs to be corrected (yes, I still consider her a good cat, she has a valid reason for what she did, lol!).

      Cats don't do things just to be jerks, there are always reasons behind things, take the time to find out.

    • profile image


      3 years ago

      Thanks for the tip because my cat just pee'd on my body pillow and my blanket and the worst part is that the pillow and blanket were my favourite pillow and blanket so now I'm very sad and I wish there is also another pillow the same and also the blanket as well and this did help me a lot but the worst fact is that we don't have white vinegar or baking soda at our place. So I might be out of luck right now but maybe we will go out and maybe buy the ingredients and maybe that will help me but at the moment I really dislike my cat we are not letting him back in the house because we don't trust him peeing on anything else in our house and thanks again for making this website so I will know what to do if he does it again and I will know exactly which website to go on and of course I couldn't thank you enough so bye bye and maybe you'll see me put another message on this app again I don't know what will happen but I just wanted to tell you I could not have thanked you enough whoever made this website thanks and I hope you will live the best life ever you probably will since your already making everybody's else's lives better so bye bye now!!!! Your the best

    • profile image


      3 years ago

      Worked like a charm, thank you!

    • Kierstin Gunsberg profile imageAUTHOR

      Kierstin Gunsberg 

      3 years ago from Traverse City, Michigan

      Hi Dallas, yes you could try apple cider vinegar. It's not going to hurt anything and I've used it to remove other pet stains and odors :) Good luck!

    • profile image


      3 years ago

      Can I use Apple cider vinegar instead of white?

    • Kristen Howe profile image

      Kristen Howe 

      4 years ago from Northeast Ohio

      Great tips. I'll keep this hub in mind for future reference. I use vinegar all the time for laundry loads. I'll try baking soda too.


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