How to Make Your Own Eco-Enzyme Detergent
During our schooling days, we were taught that enzymes are produce by living organism like bacteria. Enzymes are protein chains that bring about biochemical reaction which is essential to help increase metabolism in our body. Another important property of enzyme is they breakdown water-insoluble dirt into smaller molecules. This makes them a perfect cleaning agent. There are a lot of "enzyme cleaners / detergents" commercially sold in the market.
What is Eco-Enzyme
Eco-Enzyme, also known as "Garbage Enzyme" is first introduced by Dr. Rosukon Poompanvong who is the founder of Organic Agriculture Association of Thailand. The idea of the project is to cultivate enzymes from organic waste that we would normally throw into garbage bin as organic cleaner. His findings proofed not only this enzyme is cheap and easy to make (in huge volume) but it is also an effective cleaning detergent. Best of all, it is environmental friendly.
Eco-Enzyme Detergent Making Techniques
Below are simple instructions to make your own enzyme detergent. Although you can use any type of organic waste but for home used, I would recommend using fruit skins and/or vegetable wastes.
10 liters (2.64 US gallons) - tap water
1kg (2.2 lbs) - brown sugar
3kg (6.6 lbs) - fruit skins (e.g. orange, lemon, papaya, apple, watermelon, etc) and/or vegetable waste
1. Get yourself an empty and clean 20-liter plastic container with an airtight lid.
2. Fill the container with 10 liters of tap water.
3. Add 1 kg of brown sugar or any kind of unprocessed sugar and stir until it dissolves in the water. DO NOT use the normal processed white sugar.
4. Add 3 kg of fruit waste into container. It might take some time to collect such amount of fruit waste - get them from fruit stalls.
5. Mixed the ingredients properly in the container with a clean plastic ruler or stick
6. Close the lid of the container tightly.
7. During the first month of fermentation, open the lid once every two days and stir the mixture. This is to release gas produced during fermentation and at the same time allow more oxygen for the fermentation.
8. Leave the mixture for another two months (in sheltered location) to allow fermentation to continue. During this period, stir the mixture once every two weeks.
9. After 3 months, the enzyme should have a dark-brown color is ready to be used. Remove the all fruit skins and remainder (use them as fertilizer for your plants).
10. You may want to bottled them to smaller handy bottles.
Plastic container is preferred as gas will be released during the fermentation process. Plastic containers is not as rigid as glass or metal.
Do not use fruit/vegetable wastes that are rotten or have fungus on them.
During the fermentation process, it will produce some smell. Make sure you close the lid of the container tightly.
To know if fermentation process is going well, you should see a white layer of bio-film on the surface of the enzyme.
If you want to make a smaller quantity, reduce the ratio accordingly - i.e. 10 parts of water, 1 part of brown sugar and 3 parts fruit/vegetable wastes.
The above Eco-Enzyme formula is concentrated. You need to dilute it with water before using. Since different usage requires different concentration, start with 1 capful of enzyme to 1 liter of water and reduce/add as needed. Don't be too worry of getting the right concentration.
There are many uses of Eco-Enzyme. Their antibacterial and antiviral resistance properties make them great for cleaning drains, floors, bathrooms, dishes, fruits and vegetables and even your body. Eco-Enzyme improves air quality by removing foul odors and drives away insects in your home. Besides being an effective cleaning agent, Eco-Enzyme is biodegradable which helps protect our environment as compared to using conventional chemically produced detergents.