Homemade Cleaning Products
I am aiming to reduce my impact on the environment, improve my health, and save money. By making my own cleaners, I can do all three at once!
When I last cleaned my apartment, I discovered mold growing on the window frames. I suspect my indoor plants succumbed to this mold as they died one after the other. I also have to battle lime-scale build-up caused by hard, mineral-rich water, and easily-clogged drains.
The variety of expensive commercial cleaners that I have tried don't seem to help much with these problems and I feel they contribute largely to headaches, allergies and sinus issues.
A green cleaner's shopping list
I make cleaning products from the following products. Most should be found in supermarkets, although I think the oils may be more easily found in pharmacies.
- white vinegar
- bicarbonate of soda (baking soda)
- methylated spirits
- vanilla essence (alcohol based)
- table salt
- lemons - a staple for cooking
- eucalyptus oil - another staple during the flu season
- lavender oil
- lemon oil
- tea tree oil
- microfibre cloths - these are great for dusting, and cleaning wood or tiled floors
- reusable cotton kitchen cloths instead of throw-away sponges or cloths
Reusable kitchen and cleaning cloths
I found that pure cotton cleaning cloths for washing dishes or cleaning surfaces worked much better than the sponges, which always smelled and fell apart too quickly. It is important to wash the cloths in hot water regularly (in the washing machine). I try to remember to change high-usage cloths every few days.
These cloths can be used for dish washing, window cleaning, dusting, as well as floor cleaning. There are many floor mops available today using washable cloths instead of disposable sponges.
Microfibre cloths can also be cleaned in the washing machine, but should not be treated with fabric conditioner or they may lose their static dust-catching properties.
Cleaner recipes and tips
As with commercial cleaning solutions, I feel it is important to air whenever these home-made cleaning solutions are used.
Plus, bringing fresh air into the home regularly is healthier, and prevents mold growth.
1. Combat fridge odors with baking soda
Bicarbonate of soda is a staple for baking in my household, plus the open box in the door of the fridge eliminates odors.
I clean all the surfaces of the fridge with a solution of 500ml hot water, 1-2 teaspoons of bicarbonate of soda, and a few drops of vanilla essence (alcohol based), once each season, as it leaves a lovely smell.
2. Surface cleaner recipe
1 part white vinegar in 3 parts water, or a little liquid soap on a wet cloth, with a few drops of lavender or lemon for a light scent, works well when a little elbow grease is also applied.
3. Scrubbing paste recipe for kitchens and bathrooms
I used to use a paste of bicarbonate of soda and water, stand for 10-20 minutes then scrub. This worked wonderfully, and was much cheaper than purchasing commercial scrubs.
However this is not good for porcelain that has been treated to have a water-repellent 'lotus' effect, or for glass stove surfaces, both of which I have. For these surfaces, I will stick to liquid soap or the surface cleaner above, very hot water and more elbow grease.
4. Vinegar as a dishwasher rinse liquid
I used white or brown vinegar as a rinse aid in the dishwasher instead of a commercial rinse-aid, when I last had a dishwasher. It worked just as well as the commercial rinse aid and was much cheaper! But I don't use a dishwasher at the moment.
5. Cheap and easy window and glass cleaner
A cup of vinegar to a bucket of hot water, or half a cup of methylated spirits in a bucket of hot water are both excellent indoor and outdoor window and mirror cleaning solutions.
Newspaper may work better as a cleaning cloth than paper towels or cloth towels, but I prefer to use the squeegee style tools that are easier for me to handle.
Alternatively, I will use a reusable microfibre cloth without any cleaning solution on less soiled windows and glass surfaces.
Gentle glasses-cleaning cloths, available from optometrists can also be used to clean monitors (don't press hard though!)
How green are your cleaning supplies?
6. Floor cleaning solutions
For the tiled floor I use 1 part vinegar in 3 parts hot water with a few drops of eucalyptus, lemon or lavender oil.
For the wooden floors, I continue to use the commercial liquid, as requested by the apartment owner, to maintain the seal on the wood.
7. Remove mineral deposits
In my current home, I have incredibly hard water. I have found I must treat my appliances every couple of weeks to control the build up of minerals and lime scale.
The commercial de-scale solutions don't seem to work well.
I use use 1 part vinegar in 2 parts very hot water, to run through my coffee machine on the de-scale setting. For the kettle, I add the juice of a lemon.
Occasionally, I have had to chip away at the solid minerals with a spoon or wooden skewer, especially around the heating element on my warm humidifier.
Every few months, I soak removable tap head (like the shower) in the vinegar and hot water solution.
8. Vinegar as a toilet cleaner
I use undiluted vinegar with a large dose of elbow grease to scrub the bowl, and do this regularly.
Some people have reported better success with bleach-based solutions, but I have trouble with bleach fumes.
9. Fabric softener with essential oils
100-250ml of white vinegar as a fabric softener removes soap residue on clothes and in the washing machine.
I add a few drops of tea tree, eucalyptus or lavender oil for a subtle fragrance or extra antibacterial power, particularly good during the flu season.
10. Mildew and grout cleaner
Pure vinegar sprayed on the mildew and grout can be left to sit for a while before it is scrubbed off. A paste of vinegar and bicarbonate of soda, left for 30 minutes then rinsed also works well.
Recently, to remove the extreme mold/mildew on the window frames, I scrubbed the windows and frame with pure methylated spirits and then left them open to dry and air well. As a once-off treatment this worked well, although repeated treatments will ruin the wood sealing.
11. Unclogging drains naturally
The commercial drain cleaners do not seem to work well, especially with long hair. I use 1 part each bicarbonate of soda, vinegar and salt instead, and it works better.
Put the salt and soda into the drain then pour over the vinegar. Let this sit for a few hours, then flush with water.
Making your own soaps and detergents?
Making your own detergents, soaps, laundry detergents and cleaning solutions may be cost effective, providing you can find the component ingredients cheaply. It is fun, and can be better for those who have allergies to commercial cleaners.
I am not going to start making soaps or detergents at the moment, as I don't have the time, energy and would need to search for ingredients. But I'd love to make my own soaps sometime in the future.
What are your cleaning tips, products or recipes?
How do you save money, health and / or the environment with your cleaning?
Please leave a comment below!