How to Build a Small Backyard Patio
Backyard Design: Simple Patio Ideas
Building a small backyard patio by using simple patio design ideas is much easier than you think. It doesn't matter the size of your yard; you can create a small corner sitting area that is the perfect place to relax and unwind.
Creating an outdoor space is a very economical and cost-effective way to enjoy a "staycation." If you are not familiar with the term "staycation," it basically means taking your vacation at home locally, and that can be as local as your own backyard! Relaxing in your outdoor oasis eliminates the stress of traveling to other locations. There are no planes, trains, or automobiles to drive or catch.
We tend to spend our precious vacation time in transit, and it is also costly. Don't forget about all the stress of preparation; there are no bags to pack when you relax at home and no stress thinking about what you may have forgotten to pack either!
How do you create this oasis? A first step is to investigate the many cheap patio ideas that are outlined in this article. Deciding on the material you would like for your patio is key and it is as easy as a trip to your local home improvement center.
There are many methods for laying the various types of stone that are not beyond the capabilities of the average homeowner. This article will focus mainly on stone patios, however, you can click on the link at the end of this article if you are interested in "loose materials." These are very easy to do yourself and include mulch and pea gravel for example.
Simple Patio Design: The Supplies
There are tools and basic materials that you will need to complete most patio projects. For example....
- Measuring tape
- String or twine and wooden stakes
- Leveling sand
- Crushed stone or pea gravel
- Paver stones
- Garden hose
- Diamond Blade Saw (depends on the project)
A blade saw is used to cut stones to specific dimensions and is not a necessary purchase, but if you have decided on a patio style with precise shapes you can easily rent one of these from your local home improvement center.
Safety Is First and Foremost
Remember before digging to always check with the city for locations of any underground cables. Be safe!
Backyard Patio: The Simple Design Steps
- Decide where you want your patio. This is important because you don't want to be baking in the sun if you would rather be cooling in the shade! So remember placement is important.
Think about the time of day you will use it the most and where the sun will be at that time. You may want to place it under some trees for shade. It all depends on your personal preference after all this is your little getaway spot.
- Measure off the length and width of your patio. Decide how much room you need. Do you only want enough room for two chairs and a small table or do you want to seat your entire family? Mark off the area with some stakes and twine or even with an outline of flour on the grass. Place your intended furniture inside your marked off area to ensure you have the space you require.
- Visit your local home improvement center to buy paving stones. Paving stones come in a large variety of shapes and colors. The staff at the center can help you decide how many you need depending on the measurements you have provided them.
You will also need to purchase sand as a filler and some crushed stone or pea gravel as a base. Staff at the store can advise you on quantities but it is always best to buy a little extra.
- Dig out the area! You must dig to the depth of the pavers plus the sand and the base filler (pea gravel or crushed stone). It is best to go just a little deeper than your estimate, you can always level it off with the fillers.Dig out allowing for one inch of sand and crushed stone + the depth of your stone paver. (Remember before digging to always check with the city for locations of any underground cables - be safe!)
- Compact the soil with a tamper and fill the area. Fill with your crushed stone or pea gravel - try to keep a slight grade away from your house for water run off. A good rule of thumb is about 1/2 inch for every four feet
- Fill the area with leveling sand. Compact the sand with the tamper, use a wood 2x4 to level it off. Place a level on the 2x4 to ensure as you push it across you are holding it level. You will need a second set of hands to help you with this part.
- Lay your pavers! If they are irregular shapes start from the center and work to the outer edges. If they are square or rectangular shapes start by laying them around the four sides and work inwards. Tap them down with your mallet as you go. Adjust your plan and placement of stones to avoid having to cut them. If you need to cut for any reason, you will need to use a diamond blade saw.
- Spread sand or the pea gravel (crushed stone) over the finished area. Sweep it off into the spaces between the pavers.
- Hose down the patio with water to clean and encourage settling. Hey, you are done. Stand back and admire your work!
A little Corner is all You Need
The Smallest Corner: So Cozy
It doesn't matter the size of your yard as all yards have corners. This corner involves the instalment of a few slabs of concrete enough for a solid area to put a table and two chairs.
When choosing your corner remember to take into consideration the whereabouts of the sun during the day. The southeast corner will be pretty sunny and hot. If the purpose is to sit in the sun then that's fine but if it is shade you are looking for then a north west corner may be a better choice.
Also, of note is what time of day you will use it most and if there are any shade trees near by. If you have large mature trees remember the roots may make digging difficult and your patio stones my not lie smooth.
Backyard Design: Create a Focal Point
Greenery as A Focal point
You can do a lot with shrubs and flowers. This design is very simple but looks like it too a lot of planning with the plantings. Digging out a focal point in the centre of your patio can be great for many uses. It could serve as a water feature or a fire pit. You could plant your favourite flowers in the centre. Perhaps even a hot tub? Use your imagination.
The rectangular garden bed around the patio could be planted with shrubs. Keep in mind the height of the shrubs you don't wanted them growing very high and obstructing your view or you many want large shrubs as a privacy wall.
Irregular Shapes Serve a Dual Purpose
This patio is created on the diagonal with twists and turns creating different outdoor "rooms". One room is for sitting, one for flower displays. You could create a different looks by changing the flower display or the furniture in your room.
A barrel would be a nice feature here with different plantings for each season depending on the climate you live in. This is a very small patio but it creates the illusion of much more space because there is much for the eye to see.
Hidden Among the Trees
Surrounded by Nature
Escape to the forest in your own backyard. Use the trees and landscape that you already have and incorporate a sitting area. We need to get back to a natural environment especially if we live in an urban area. A sitting area in your own backyard amongst the trees and bushes can function as a great stress reliever.
The pictured patio is made up of flagstone which is a natural material that is very durable. It may be a little more expensive but in the long run very cost effective as it is virtually maintenance free.
As you can see the stones are just randomly places around the a dirt area where the grass has been dug up. The flagstone is put down and then area is then tamped down and watered and tamped again to make it solid. This creates a very natural look that blends into environment.
Flagstone is a great material for outdoor projects. Made from sedimentary rock it is a surface made by nature itself. It is a very durable surface and even when wet it is slip resistant.
Flagstone can be installed easily on a sand base which makes it a great do-it-yourself project. For a more formal look it can be set in cement. Both methods are equally durable it just depends on the look you are after. Although setting it in cement is a little more complicated and takes more time and skill.
Flagstone creates an inviting look to the backyard that really complements it's natural surroundings. This patio is a little more formal and the flagstone has been set in concrete to keep it static. Another advantage to this is less maintenance as the weeds will have difficulty popping up through the cracks.
Solar Lights to Illuminate your Backyard Patio
Solar lights are a green and economical way of providing lighting to your outdoor space. Lighting extends the use of your backyard patio beyond sundown. Just imagine how relaxing it would be to sit outside among the stars enjoying your patio.
These lights soak up the sun all day to provide a luminous glow at night. No need for electrical outlets,messy wires and awkward placements because you must have them near an outlet. You can place these lights anywhere you want for visual impact.
A Tiny Spot with Big Impact
Here we see how a tiny patio can be put practically anywhere to create an inviting space to sit and relax. This little patio just needs some furniture or .... perhaps not - you can sit right down here, cross legged and breathe in the air. It creates an inviting entry way into the yard.
All this patio installation required was a few patio slabs and a dug out area. No grass to cut here either. This is a very low maintenance patio with perennial plants that come up every year.
Backyard Design: Square Patio
This newly installed patio is just a simple square pattern angled on one side.It almost looks unfinished. A pathway of irregularly shaped stones take you the centre patio area and out to the side of the house as an exit.
These stones were placed on a mulch foundation that is very easy to work with and very soft underfoot. Mulch is very natural looking and will absorb and keep water for plantings. This is great particularly for dryer climates.
Get Creative with Shape
You don't have to be so square....or rectangular. Traditional patios are usually that shape. Think differently and try round edges for a different spin on things. A curved round patio can fit in the smallest of spaces but still be very functional as a sitting area.
You will need to dig out a circle and buy the curved edge pavers for this design. This patio was incorporated into the landscape that was already there and left to look very natural. Sometimes it is okay to let weeds and grass grow up through your patio stones. In this example it looks very natural.
Cheap Patio Designs: A Little Red Brick
Simple Red Bricks
Here is a wonderful red brick backyard patio. Just a tiny little square area and it blends so well into the natural environment. The red of the paver bricks creates a brilliant contrast with the greenery of the yard.
The colour of these bricks is what makes the most impact. Even if greenery starts to sprout in between the spaces of the bricks it would still look very appealing. Sometimes it is better to let nature take over your installation to some extent; it just makes it more beautiful.
A Side Yard Escape
Side Yard Patio
Here is a gorgeous example of a patio at the side of a garage. Try thinking outside of the box; a patio doesn't necessarily have to be in the backyard.
Perhaps, you don't have the backyard space because you are on a corner lot. A patio can be enjoyed anywhere around your house.
If you are concerned about privacy an extra fence, trellis or shrubbery can be added or you can sit and watch the world go by outside your door.
Backyard Patio: Try Your Own Personal Look
Here is a very unique looking patio. It has a simple design that combines a hard surface with loose rock material as a filler and an accent. This can certainly be achieved as a do it yourself project. You can create something very unique using these materials and your own choices of colours and sizes. The addition of a canopy and posts make this design very attractive and increases its use to include rainy days.
Here is a nice clean example of a small concrete backyard patio. Patterned in square and rectangles this type of installation is probably best done by professionals. Patterned concrete is not a do it yourself type of installation unless you have experience working with concrete.
Loose Material Patios
- How to Build a Loose Material Patio
Loose material is an alternate for a solid base patio. Very easy to install makes this type of patio a do it yourself (DIY).