How to Plant, Grow and Harvest Peas From Seeds

Updated on November 26, 2018
viking305 profile image

L.M.Reid is an Irish writer who has published many articles. She is a keen gardener with plenty of experience.

Planting, Growing and Harvesting Peas

I show you the correct way to plant the peas for a higher harvest yield. There are instructions for making the trellis that will keep the plants upright. Garden ideas for growing perfect vegetables. See how to grow your own peas from seed. The seeds are very large, so this makes them ideal for children to grow.

How to Plant, Grow and Harvest Peas

Growing Peas
Growing Peas | Source

When to Plant

The best time is early spring. Here in Ireland that is March to April. If the weather is still very cold in the spring, then two weeks before you intend to sow the peas, cover the soil with a polythene sheet or straw. This will heat up the soil.

These are the pea seeds I use every year because they give me a great crop as you can see from my photos.

Pea Seedlings

Growing Peas
Growing Peas | Source

How to Plant

  1. Find a place in your garden where you will have easy access to both sides of your pea trellis. This will make it easier for you when you need to tie the tendrils and for picking the pea pods.
  2. Create a raised bed where you intend to sow the seeds. The reason for doing this is that the soil in the raised bed gets warmer more quickly. This will speed up germination.
  3. Using a small spade or hoe make a deep hollow on the middle of the dirt.
  4. This will create two trenches one on either side.
  5. You can now place the support frame into the middle of the dirt.
  6. I used two large bamboo sticks and wrapped and secured some chicken wire around each pole.
  7. The chicken wire is perfect for growing peas on.

Growing Peas
Growing Peas | Source

Taking Care of the Plants

  1. Pour in some water to the soil on the two mounds of compost.
  2. Then sow your seeds.
  3. Put them into the soil at about one inch deep which is approximately six centimetres. Place the seeds at least two inches apart which is approximately eight centimetres.
  4. Pea seeds are large and easy to see so this planting process is made very easy.
  5. Cover your pea seeds with a tiny amount of soil and flatten it down firmly.
  6. If you are still experiencing very cold weather with snow and frost then you should protect the seeds by adding some straw or other mulch on top of the soil to keep it warm.
  7. I would advice you to go ahead and plant in early spring even if the weather is still not very warm.
  8. If you leave it too late then you will have your peas growing at full bloom during the very hot summer. Peas do not like consistently hot sun and their growth will be stunted.

Supporting and Growing

  1. It all depends on the weather as to how often you water the seeds and tender shoots.
  2. Give them a good sprinkle of water once a week as they continue to grow taller.
  3. Check on them every day and if you notice the soil is drying out give them another watering.
  4. Be careful though because over watering the plants will also kill them..
  5. As they start to grow larger and summer comes along water every few days or as needed.
  6. If the soil gets too dry this will stop the peas from flowering and producing pods.
  7. You can avoid this happening by adding some mulch around the surface once they reach a height of about five inches.
  8. Once they reach this height it is time to begin the job of attaching them to your support.
  9. You will see tiny tendrils on each plant. Gently curl these around your support.
  10. The chicken wire is great for this as there are so many holes in the wire.
  11. Check your plants every day from now on and see if they need to be supported.

Garden Ideas - Growing Peas

Pea Pods
Pea Pods | Source

When to Harvest

  1. It takes about twelve to fifteen weeks for your pea plants to grow to maturity.
  2. It all depends on your soil, the weather conditions and how well they were looked after.
  3. Your plants should grow to a good height of about four to five feet.
  4. First you will see lovely white flowers appearing.
  5. These will eventually die and produce the pea pods.
  6. The pods will grow from each flower and then each pod will fill up with peas.
  7. At first the peas will be very small and thin. They will soon grow round and large within the pod

Ready to Pick

  1. Your pea pods will always be ready at the bottom of the plant first.
  2. So check these pods every day to see how the peas are growing.
  3. When you can see the peas are round, big and full to bursting in the pod you know they should be picked.

How to Remove the Pods From the Plants

  1. Harvest from the bottom of the plants first.
  2. Have a secateurs or a sharp scissors ready.
  3. Take a pod in one hand and pull towards you.
  4. This will leave the end of it exposed enough to make a clean cut.
  5. Place in a container and continue with the others.
  6. Never pull the pods off with your hands as this will damage the rest of the plant.
  7. The shock will prevent the plants from producing any more growth to the remaining pods.
  8. When you remove the fully grown pods from the plant there is more room for other pods to develop and produce even more peas.

Garden Peas
Garden Peas | Source

Fresh Peas from my Garden

Peas from my Garden
Peas from my Garden | Source

Have you ever grown peas in your garden

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Planting The Seeds

Last year the spring weather was still very cold and frosty here in Ireland. I decided to plant some pea seeds in compost in a tray and under shelter. But I also planted some straight into the ground and covered these with mulch. I transplanted the growing seedlings from my cold frame once they reached about five inches in height.

The plants in the ground were smaller at first but both methods were successful as the smaller plants soon caught up once the weather got warmer.

How To Grow Peas
How To Grow Peas | Source

How to Plant in Pots and Containers

I filled a small tray with compost and then placed half a cardboard toilet roll in it. I placed one seed in each. I watered as normal because the cardboard allowed the water to penetrate to the seed.

When it was time to transplant the seedlings into the ground I was able to plant each one without damaging the roots. I cut the cardboard away from the small plant and placed in the soil outside.

As you can see from the photos I had a very successful crop of peas last year. If you have the room they are a very easy and fun vegetable to grow with children. The kids can see the peas actually growing bigger with the pods. If they have grown their own vegetables children are more inclined to eat them too.

Questions & Answers

  • Can I pinch back young pea plants?

    Yes, you can but there is no need really. The pea pods will grow big enough without you having to thin the leaves

Comments

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    • viking305 profile imageAUTHOR

      L M Reid 

      4 years ago from Ireland

      That is a shame your peas did not grow well last year kerlund74, I hope you have a better crop this year.

      Growing peas is quite easy bluebird and great to pick and eat. Why not give it a try this year.

      Thank you AVailuu for your kind comment. It helps a lot when you are writing about something that you really care about and know how to do.

      The temperatures here in Ireland are still very cold too Kalmiya . I have my seed potatoes ready to plant but like yourself I think the peas, beans and potatoes will have to wait for a few more weeks.

      If you love to eat peas do have a go at growing some this year because the taste is superior and they are fun to grow.

    • Kalmiya profile image

      Kalmiya 

      4 years ago from North America

      I love green peas and with your very detailed instructions may attempt to grow some this year. It's first week of March here in S. Ontario Canada so still minus temperatures so may start some indoors later in the month. Voted up!

    • AVailuu profile image

      A. Cristen Vailuu 

      4 years ago from Augusta, Ga

      Quality internet content! I only hope to put out articles this in depth one day. Your documentation is wholesome and authentic. Great work.

    • bluebird profile image

      bluebird 

      4 years ago

      Great hub! Enjoyed the pictures too. Peas really are fun to pick and eat raw, they are sweet and tasty. And from this hub, it looks like they would be fun to grow as well! Thanks for sharing! and inspiring us to grow a garden!

    • kerlund74 profile image

      kerlund74 

      4 years ago from Sweden

      An amazing guide with all information needed. My children love these peas. I plant them every year. Bu tlast year we have moved and they was placed in shadow. That was not a success...

    • viking305 profile imageAUTHOR

      L M Reid 

      4 years ago from Ireland

      Hello DeborahNeyens Yes peas taste lovely raw, I also put them in a salad picking them when I am ready to serve it.

    • viking305 profile imageAUTHOR

      L M Reid 

      4 years ago from Ireland

      WriterFox thank you for your kind comments. I take the photos especially for my hubs and my gardening blog but it is great to look back at how the vegetable was started and how it grew.

      The weather has been very bad here since Christmas so looking at the photos I took last year lifts my spirits too.

    • viking305 profile imageAUTHOR

      L M Reid 

      4 years ago from Ireland

      Hello ReseachBeast Peas are a great vegetable to grow. Yes I can not wait for the weather to get better and I too can get out in the garden and start to grow things again

    • DeborahNeyens profile image

      Deborah Neyens 

      4 years ago from Iowa

      Peas are one of my very favorite things to grow. I love picking them and eating them right off the vine.

    • Writer Fox profile image

      Writer Fox 

      4 years ago from the wadi near the little river

      Your photos add so much to this article. They are absolutely inspiring! Enjoyed your garden and voted up.

    • ResearchBeast profile image

      Online Research Beast 

      4 years ago

      This is a very complete how to hubpage. Nicely done. I have bookmarked it for when we get our garden going, which should be fairly soon.

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