Jody has been an avid gardener for nearly 20 years and has learned much via trial-and-error. She shares some tips and tricks with you!
Of Course, Heirlooms Are for Beginners!
When someone thinks about growing their own vegetables, tomatoes are usually the first thing to come to mind. Tomatoes are often the cornerstone of the vegetable garden—and with good reason! They are very versatile: you can slice them for a sandwich, throw them on a salad, have them by themselves or as a side dish, cook them up into sauce, dry them, or dice them for salsa. And that's just the beginning!
Many of the tomatoes available in the grocery store are hybrid varieties. Hybrids are bred to be consistently red and round, and to travel well. In other words, they are still gorgeous when they get to the grocery store shelves! However, they are most assuredly NOT bred for good flavor! Because of this, many people never really taste a real tomato unless they grow them, and even then, they wind up growing more hybrids!
Let's break that cycle! Old-fashioned heirloom varieties are great options for home gardeners, are easy to find nowadays, and produce amazing fruit that will definitely broaden your horizons. There is always room for a tomato plant. Even in the city—even on a balcony—you can grow them in containers. Read on to find out more about some of the best varieties for beginners.
Top 10 Heirloom Tomato Varieties for Beginner Gardeners
- Mortgage Lifter
- Henderson's Ponderosa Pink Large
- Kellogg's Breakfast
- Aunt Ruby's German Green
- Cherokee Purple
- Japanese Black Trifele
- Garden Peach
The Difference Between Hybrids and Heirlooms
When a beginner vegetable gardener goes looking for plants, the varieties they will likely find are going to be hybrids. Most conventional garden centers and Big Box stores stock mainly hybrids because the profitability is more consistent for them. Heirlooms have become more popular in the past decade, though, for a number of reasons, and you are more likely to find heirlooms available now than you were 10 years ago. Let's look at the key differences between hybrid and heirloom vegetables:
Overall, hybrids are more disease and pest resistant and the plants produce more consistent yields, even when the weather is not optimal. The fruit hybrids produce is pretty standardized—if you plant a Better Boy, you know you will get fruit all pretty much matching the same description. However, what hybrids make up for in robust productivity they lack in flavor. Also, many gardeners save seeds from year to year in order to save money by starting their own seedlings. Hybrid's seeds are not "true," meaning you cannot save seeds from hybrids and expect to get the exact same kind of tomato if you plant them.
Reading the description of hybrids above, one might wonder why anyone would grow heirlooms. That can be summed up in one word: TASTE!!!! Heirlooms win the taste tests almost every time, and with good reason. If you think you know what a tomato tastes like, make your way to a garden's taste test and prepare to be very surprised. Also, the sheer variety of shapes, colors, and history behind heirlooms can be quite entertaining! If you wanted to grow varieties your great-great-grandmother did in the Ukraine, you can find them! The other upside of these is you can save the seeds and grow tomatoes identical to the parent year after year.
A note about hybrids and GMO: These terms are not interchangeable! Hybrids are created when one variety of a tomato is crossed with another variety of tomato to take advantage of each one's desirable trait. For example, tomato #1 is very resistant to disease while tomato #2 is low in acid. Cross them and you get (hopefully) a low-acid tomato resistant to disease. GMO involves gene splicing. Varieties are altered in a way that cannot occur naturally, no matter how many tomatoes you breed together.
Tomatoes for Salads and Slicing
We'll start with a few varieties that "look like tomatoes" before we branch into the more exotic types. Here are some good ones for slicing and for salads:
A red-pink beefsteak tomato with an excellent sweet flavor, this is the go-to heirloom variety people often try first.
2. Mortgage Lifter
This variety originated in West Virginia, and as the story goes, a man started selling this variety to pay off his mortgage—which he did in under five years! Must be pretty tasty, huh? It is! I actually work with a man who is from that area of West Virginia, and he confirmed the story to me. It is a very tasty red beefsteak that produces pretty good sized fruit, up to 4lb!
3. Henderson's Ponderosa Pink
I received this variety as a free seed packet once with a seed/plant order, and it turned out to be one of the best tomatoes I had ever tasted! Large pink-red beefsteak fruit.
Colorful Heirloom Tomatoes
Once you have tried the basic red beefsteak, you may want to branch out into more colorful options. Tomatoes that are yellow, orange, or green when ripe are usually lower in acid than their red counterparts, so they are great options for people who need to stay away from high-acid foods. Mixing colored tomatoes in a salad or on a tray is beautiful, too! Try these on for size:
This yellow tomato can grow up to 2lb! It has red streaks running through it—perfectly normal, and really the best way to tell if it's ripe besides doing the squeeze test. Beautiful tomato, and low in acid.
5. Kellogg's Breakfast
Another one of my favorites, this orange beefsteak tomato is also lower in acid. Another West Virginia native.
6. Aunt Ruby's German Green
This one is fun to grow because it is still totally green when ripe, but I can almost guarantee you will lose the first ripe tomato off the vine because you will forget that you can't judge ripeness based on color! This has happened to me every year I've grown it; I just forget! You need to do the squeeze test to judge ripeness. Aunt Ruby will occasionally get a pink blush, which is also an indicator of ripeness. This one is a great choice and fun to grow in a children's garden. Native to Germany, obviously.
Darker Tomato Varieties
Many gardeners who grow heirloom tomatoes claim the purple and black varieties have the most robust and rich flavor and while I like just about any tomato, I would agree these do shine a little brighter in the flavor category. Some good ones to try:
7. Cherokee Purple
One of the more popular large dark tomatoes, it's now common in Big Box stores. Great flavor, good for salads and sandwiches.
8. Japanese Black Trifele
if I could only grow one tomato, this would be one of the contenders. Extremely prolific plants heavily produce smallish, pear-shaped fruit throughout the summer. The flavor of these is amazing—and they are great for all needs, from salads to salsa to sauce. Highly recommended!
Two Final Exotic Options
These two are just plain interesting—they will be conversation pieces and would be great options for children's gardens!
9. Garden Peach
It's fuzzy, just like a peach, and even gets a pink blush like a peach! A French variety, plants are very productive.
A South American variety with a German name (pronounce it "rise-uh tomah-tuh"), the multi-lobbed fruit looks like a bunch of cherry tomatoes all connected together... ok, it looks like something horrible went wrong, but it's supposed to look that way! It was for long trips, and people could break off pieces of it as they traveled without requiring a knife to do it. Definitely an eye-catching tomato!
Heirlooms Are a Great Option for the Beginner
Heirloom vegetables offer incredible variety over and above the limited options in the grocery store. There are so many reasons to try heirlooms: flavor, heritage, curiosity, to save money or to teaching kids to garden, etc. Investigate your options, and make plans for them in your next garden! You won't be sorry!
Demas W Jasper from Today's America and The World Beyond on May 28, 2020:
Two comments in two years! Shame on the readers who enjoyed and moved on. Hopefully the number of readers proved to your advantage for laboring on such a fine article here. Check out my chopstick bean poles for pole beans, cheap to make from pallets and usable for years. Another author here wrote on growing tomato plants upside down, an interesting method and article.
Jody Newton (author) from Gettysburg, PA on August 02, 2017:
FlourishAnyway - And it's also amazing how different they can taste! I'm an heirloom cheerleader for sure!
FlourishAnyway from USA on July 30, 2017:
It's unbelievable how many colors and varieties these come in! Your descriptions were useful and vivid and those photos say it all!