Attracting Frogs and Toads to Your Garden
Frogs and toads are tremendously beneficial to gardeners and anyone who loves to spend any time outside. They eat thousands of insect pests, including pesky mosquitoes and flies. (A single adult toad can eat as many as 10,000 insects every summer.) They will also fill the air with their (generally) relaxing songs, and be interesting and well-behaved neighbors to have around, especially if any of your children are budding naturalists.
Unfortunately, frog and toad populations are in decline around the world due to habitat loss and their extreme susceptibility to pollution. They breathe and drink through their skins, so both air and water pollution affect them directly. Water pollution in particular has led to a growing incidence of bizarre and terrible mutations in aquatic frogs, most commonly in the form of deformed and/or extra limbs.
You can give frogs and toads a helping hand by providing a safe haven for them in your garden.
One of the single most important things you can do to welcome frogs and toads into your yard is to go organic. Chemical pesticides, fertilizers, and herbicides can all poison them.
Instead of spraying poisons to kill insect pests, let the frogs and toads take care of them! If you stop using pesticides, a host of other hungry wildlife, including birds and beneficial insects such as ladybugs and dragonflies, will also move in to the area, eager to munch on any pests that show up.
Organic methods of soil improvement can also help you eliminate your need for fertilizers and herbicides.
Water is extremely important for amphibians and you can't attract them without it. If you have a wild pond nearby, you're in luck. Convincing a few frogs to pop over for a visit sometimes should not be difficult at all.
If you don't have a pond nearby, you may still be able to attract toads with a shallow basin of water that you keep filled regularly in spring, summer, and fall.
However, the best choice is to build yourself a pond. The ideal pond would include plenty of shallows for toads to rest and breed in, a deep area of at least two meters for overwintering, and plenty of vegetation (preferably native to your area) around the edges to hide out in. Frogs really do like lily pads! Provide shallow (not steep) edges so they can easily climb in and out, or add a couple logs partly in and partly out of the water. Both frogs and toads will also really appreciate some rocks around the edges for sunning themselves.
Toads will especially appreciate a pile of large rocks stacked with plenty of crevices and cavities to provide a cool, safe place to hide from predators and hot summer days. Toads also like to burrow down into soft, moist dirt under logs and boards.
You can also purchase a toad house. These come in many attractive designs and many toads seem to love them. If possible, try to find a house with two doors to provide an escape route in case the house is discovered by predators. Snakes are a threat to frogs and toads, and domestic animals such as cats and dogs will sometimes attack them.
The most common reason toad houses go unused is their size. Many toad houses simply aren't big enough for the local toad population to get through the door! For example, adult females of Bufo americanus, one of the most common species of toads throughout the eastern United States, can get up to four inches wide!
An overturned terra cotta flower pot, either propped up with a large rock or with a doorway broken into the side, also works fine.
They also appreciate plenty of loose leaf litter left under bushes and in other shaded, cool, moist areas. Not only does leaf litter provide shelter and camouflage, it is also a one-stop amphibian buffet. Some frogs and toads also overwinter underneath piles of leaves. The heat of decomposition keeps them from freezing to death.
- Toads sometimes become trapped in window wells and die. Prop a log or 2x4 in your window wells to act as a ladder for them to escape.
- Lights will attract night-flying insects... and toads! Our toads figured out how to set off the motion sensor light above our garage door and spend many happy summer nights hopping around the driveway to keep the light on, chowing down on any insects that come near.
- NEVER purchase or capture frogs or toads to release into your yard. Chances are good that they will die. Instead, follow the tips above to provide the best habitat you can and be patient. Remember, if you build it, they will come.
- Toadily Toads
The place on the web dedicated to toads. Care, information, bufo americanus care, bufo marinus information and more. Plus global amphibian crisis information.