How to Grow Ceanothus (California Lilac)
Ceanothus (California lilac) is a beautiful shrub that will reward you with the most glorious lilac/blue/pink/white racemes of flowers in the spring and summer, depending on variety. Ideal for a sunny, sheltered position, ceanothus are shrubs which can grow to 10 feet tall if planted in a sheltered, sunny position.
Ceanothus shrubs do well when planted against a south facing wall where they receive a degree of protection against the prevailing winds. Some varieties of ceanothus are decidous, and those are easier to grow in more exposed locations.
It is native to North America, specifically California, hence the name.
Ceanothus Gloire de Versaille
There are several different types of California lilac, and the hardiest of all is 'Gloire de Versaille'.
This one is the least likely to be cut down and killed by frost, and is arguably the easiest of all to grow. Gloire de Versaille is deciduous and bears many clusters of powder blue flowers in late summer.
In late spring, round about April, it is advisable to cut all the old flowering stalks form the previous year right back to the base.
The plant will re-grow even stronger and reward you with yet more beautiful flowers the same summer.
Strains, Cultivars, and Propagation of Ceanothus
There are many different cultivars of ceanothus, some are hardy, some are not. Some are deciduous, some are not. If you are planning on growing one in your garden, ask at your local garden center what cultivars are available for your area.
Ceanothus is often grown from seed, and the seedling do not grow true to their parents. In this way it is possible to raise new cultivars, or to grow a new plant that you can name.
- To grow from seed, you need to imitate a forest fire, and the easiest way to do that is to pour hot water over your seeds.
- Do this late winter, and let the seeds soak in the water for 24 hours. then dry them off and refrigerate for 2 to 3 months to imitate winter, then plant in compost filled pots and place in a warm area.
- Seeds can take 3 months to germinate.
Once you have grown a plant that you like, it is best to propagate it by taking softwood cuttings from young branches in late spring if the parent plant is deciduous, or in late summer if it is evergreen.
California lilacs benefit from mulching or adding fertilizer around their root area in spring, just as the new growth is starting. Take care not to allow mulch to touch the stem.
Pruning is entirely dependent on whether your ceanothus is a deciduous type or not, and when it flowers.
Generally speaking, the evergreens do not need nor want pruning, but you can tidy the bush up by cutting back the flowering stems after they have finished flowering, by up to half their length. Take care not to cut back any new growth as those will be forming the next show of flowers.
Deciduous ceanothus, on the other hand, prefer a heavy pruning, but not in their first year or two when they are still settling in.
- Ceanothus 'Victoria' was first discovered growing in Victoria, BC. It is a beautiful shrub that can reach 8 feet high and 8 feet wide, and is covered with repeat dark blue blooms of flower all summer long after its initial late spring flush.
- It is evergreen, hardy and grows happily in USDA zones 7 - 10.
- Sun loving, it can also tolerate partial shade.
- Once established, it does not require additional irrigation, and best of all, it attracts butterflies and bees into your garden.
Marie Simon New Jersey Tea Shrub - Ceanothus - NEW!
- Shipped in a 4" pot, this beautiful pink ceanothus is hardy in USDA zones 4 - 9.
- It blooms in late spring with wonderful soft fluffy pink racemes.
- Prefers sun or part shade.
- Semi-deciduous and appreciates hard pruning.
- Has gorgeous red stems, and grows to 3 feet tall. Looks great in a mixed flower border.