How to Grow Bells of Ireland, a Cottage Garden Favorite

Updated on January 24, 2020
OldRoses profile image

Caren White is a Master Gardener and instructor at Home Gardeners School. She has been associated with Rutgers Gardens for over a decade.


My childhood garden featured green zinnias because I was fascinated by the concept of green flowers. For years, I thought that zinnias were the only green flowers. Then I discovered Bells of Ireland, also known as Shell Flowers because of the shape of their flowers.

What are Bells of Ireland?

In spite of their name, Bells of Ireland (Moluccella laevis) are not from Ireland. They are native to western Asia (Turkey and Syria). They have been documented as growing in European gardens since the 16th century. The green color of their flowers is what associated them with Ireland. Bells of Ireland symbolize luck in the language of flowers.

How to Grow Bells of Ireland

Bells of Ireland are grown as annuals in all growing zones. Because of their origins in the Middle East which is very dry, they grow best in areas with hot, dry summers. They do not do as well in humid areas. I have had problems growing Bells of Ireland in my New Jersey garden due to our humid summers.

The plants are about 12 inches high and 12 inches wide. The plants themselves are not terribly attractive. Bells of Ireland work best planted in the rear of your garden where the flower stalks lend height, while their less attractive foliage will be screened by your other flowers.

Give the plants full sun for the flower stalks to achieve their full height of 3 feet. They will be shorter in light shade. Plant them in a sheltered area where the wind cannot blow over the flower stalks. You can also stake the flower stalks. Bloom time is from mid-summer until the first frost.

The “bells” are actually green calyxes which surround their tiny white flowers. Unlike most annuals, there is no need to deadhead them. The plants do not rebloom once their flowers are removed. Bells of Ireland readily reseed themselves in your garden. You can leave the flowers on the plants so that they produce seed or you can harvest the flower stalks and use them fresh or dried in flower arrangements. Bells of Ireland are popular in cutting gardens. Cutting gardens are gardens where flowers are grown specifically to be harvested for use in flower arrangements.

The "bells" are actually green calyxes which surround the tiny white flowers.
The "bells" are actually green calyxes which surround the tiny white flowers. | Source

How to Grow Bells of Ireland From Seed

Bells of Ireland are easy to grow from seed. You can direct sow them in your garden in the fall. Surface sow them. Do not cover. The seeds need light to germinate. They will germinate in the early spring. Thin them to 12 inches apart.

Alternatively, you can direct sow your seeds in the early spring as soon as the ground can be worked. Surface sow them. Do not cover the seeds. They need light to germinate. Germination should occur in 4 to 5 weeks. Thin the seedlings to 12 inches apart.

You can start seeds indoors if you prefer. Start them 8 weeks before your last frost. The seeds need to be cold stratified first. This mimics the cold weather that they would experience if grown outdoors. Fill a container with moistened soil and surface sow the seeds. Do not cover them. They need light to germinate. Cover the container with a plastic bag to keep the soil moist. Place the covered container in your refrigerator for at least a week. Then remove the container from your refrigerator, remove the plastic bag and put your container on a sunny windowsill. Germination should occur in 4 to 5 weeks. You can transplant your seedlings outdoors after your last frost. Plant them 12 inches apart.

How to Harvest Bells of Ireland For Use in Flower Arrangements

Bells of Ireland are frequently used in bridal bouquets, St. Patrick’s Day flower arrangements and in dried arrangements.

For use in fresh flower arrangements, harvest the flower stalks when the flowers have developed on the stems and about half of them have opened. Harvest early in the morning. Remove the leaves from the bottom half of the stems and place the stalks in a vase of water. Store them in a refrigerator to keep them fresh until you are ready to create your arrangement. The flowers will fully open within a day. Bells of Ireland in flower arrangements will last up to two weeks in vase.

Bells of Ireland flowers are also used in dried arrangements. To dry the flowers, harvest the stalks when all of the flowers have fully opened. Tie them in small bunches and hang them upside down in a cool, dark, well-ventilated space. The flowers turn a light tan color when fully dried. Be careful handling them. The dried flowers are very brittle and shatter easily.

© 2014 Caren White


    0 of 8192 characters used
    Post Comment
    • OldRoses profile imageAUTHOR

      Caren White 

      6 years ago

      Bac, cold stratifying works for a number of plants, fooling them into thinking that winter has come and gone. People in the southern US use it on their spring flowering bulbs since their winters are not cold enough.

    • bac2basics profile image


      6 years ago from Spain

      These would serve the purpose as a good backdrop to a more showy plant. Nice tip about the cold stratifying.

    • OldRoses profile imageAUTHOR

      Caren White 

      6 years ago

      I've always been fascinated by green flowers. Thanks for reading.

    • FlourishAnyway profile image


      6 years ago from USA

      Lovely! I love that there are green flowers. How interesting that they are native to Asia but named after Ireland for obvious reasons.

    • OldRoses profile imageAUTHOR

      Caren White 

      6 years ago

      You're so welcome. I'm glad that you can finally put a name to these wonderful flowers. Thank you for reading.

    • Jackie Lynnley profile image

      Jackie Lynnley 

      6 years ago from the beautiful south

      I love these and had no idea what they were called. Very interesting; than you. ^+


    This website uses cookies

    As a user in the EEA, your approval is needed on a few things. To provide a better website experience, uses cookies (and other similar technologies) and may collect, process, and share personal data. Please choose which areas of our service you consent to our doing so.

    For more information on managing or withdrawing consents and how we handle data, visit our Privacy Policy at:

    Show Details
    HubPages Device IDThis is used to identify particular browsers or devices when the access the service, and is used for security reasons.
    LoginThis is necessary to sign in to the HubPages Service.
    Google RecaptchaThis is used to prevent bots and spam. (Privacy Policy)
    AkismetThis is used to detect comment spam. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide data on traffic to our website, all personally identifyable data is anonymized. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Traffic PixelThis is used to collect data on traffic to articles and other pages on our site. Unless you are signed in to a HubPages account, all personally identifiable information is anonymized.
    Amazon Web ServicesThis is a cloud services platform that we used to host our service. (Privacy Policy)
    CloudflareThis is a cloud CDN service that we use to efficiently deliver files required for our service to operate such as javascript, cascading style sheets, images, and videos. (Privacy Policy)
    Google Hosted LibrariesJavascript software libraries such as jQuery are loaded at endpoints on the or domains, for performance and efficiency reasons. (Privacy Policy)
    Google Custom SearchThis is feature allows you to search the site. (Privacy Policy)
    Google MapsSome articles have Google Maps embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    Google ChartsThis is used to display charts and graphs on articles and the author center. (Privacy Policy)
    Google AdSense Host APIThis service allows you to sign up for or associate a Google AdSense account with HubPages, so that you can earn money from ads on your articles. No data is shared unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Google YouTubeSome articles have YouTube videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    VimeoSome articles have Vimeo videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    PaypalThis is used for a registered author who enrolls in the HubPages Earnings program and requests to be paid via PayPal. No data is shared with Paypal unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook LoginYou can use this to streamline signing up for, or signing in to your Hubpages account. No data is shared with Facebook unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    MavenThis supports the Maven widget and search functionality. (Privacy Policy)
    Google AdSenseThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Google DoubleClickGoogle provides ad serving technology and runs an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Index ExchangeThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    SovrnThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook AdsThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Unified Ad MarketplaceThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    AppNexusThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    OpenxThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Rubicon ProjectThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    TripleLiftThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Say MediaWe partner with Say Media to deliver ad campaigns on our sites. (Privacy Policy)
    Remarketing PixelsWe may use remarketing pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to advertise the HubPages Service to people that have visited our sites.
    Conversion Tracking PixelsWe may use conversion tracking pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to identify when an advertisement has successfully resulted in the desired action, such as signing up for the HubPages Service or publishing an article on the HubPages Service.
    Author Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide traffic data and reports to the authors of articles on the HubPages Service. (Privacy Policy)
    ComscoreComScore is a media measurement and analytics company providing marketing data and analytics to enterprises, media and advertising agencies, and publishers. Non-consent will result in ComScore only processing obfuscated personal data. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Tracking PixelSome articles display amazon products as part of the Amazon Affiliate program, this pixel provides traffic statistics for those products (Privacy Policy)
    ClickscoThis is a data management platform studying reader behavior (Privacy Policy)