How to Grow a Tree or Bush From a Cutting
Do you have a particular tree or bush in mind you want to plant? Having trouble getting seeds for it or getting a seed started? Trees and bushes can be hard to grow. I have tried many times and failed a good amount. I find that planting them from seed is a very delicate matter. Once sprouted, the sapling can easily wither due to harsh weather, too much or too little water, or a lack of sufficient light, and now you are back at the drawing table.
If you know what you want to duplicate, however, you can instead grow that tree or bush by getting a cutting from it in early spring, preferably before they flower (if it's a flowering plant). This guide will show you how to do it.
How to Get a Good Cutting
To get a good cutting, you want to go to the tree or bush and bend a new growth. If you can bend it in half without it breaking, it is too soon. If you bend it and it breaks easily, it is too woody and you need a fresher shoot.
You will also get a better chance of the cutting you choose eventually rooting and growing if you get it after a rainstorm and as early as you can get it after sunrise. That way, the cutting has as much water stored internally as it needs.
Now, the cutting you want should have some leaves growing already. A few sets of leaves will help promote energy in growth. So with trees and bushes, I don't like to get a cutting smaller than 6 inches. You can go up to 3 feet long, but I usually try to keep it at no more than a couple feet.
How to Snip the Cutting
To cut the shoot or cutting, you should cut at a slight angle just a quarter of an inch below a leaf. (You want it as clean of a cut as you can get it.) With my 6-inch cutting, I will then pinch off the leaves 3 inches upward from the slice.
You now have a cutting, and you are now ready to do one of a couple things (or both if you want). You can put the cutting in a potato, or dip it in a rooting hormone. In this guide, I will show you how to do both.
How to Make Your Own Willow Rooting Hormone
These simple directions will show you how to make your own willow rooting hormone to help your cutting take root. Here's how to do it:
Supplies You'll Need:
- glass jar
- boiling hot water
- a handful of your newest, greenest willow twigs, cut into 1-inch pieces
Step 1: Prepare Your Willow Twigs
Go out to a willow tree and get some new twigs, as green as you can get them. Cut the twigs into 1-inch pieces with the leaves stripped off. They should be soft enough that you can use scissors to cut them. Cut enough twigs to fill 1/3 of whatever glass jar you plan to use. (I generally use a quart-sized Mason jar, but I sometimes opt for a pint-sized one.)
Step 2: Pour Boiling Hot Water Over Twigs
Boil water in a tea pot, or any pot you have handy, and pour it over the willow pieces in the glass jar until the jar is filled. (Like you're making tea.)
Step 3: Let the Jar Steep for Over 24 Hours
Cover the jar and put in a windowsill for 24 hours (or longer if you want the hormone to be really strong).
Note: The water in the jar will change color as it steeps.
Step 4: Strain Out the Rooting Hormone
Once it's steeped for at least a day, pour the willow water over a strainer to get the twigs out. Put the jar of the liquid rooting hormone in the fridge. It will keep for two months if refrigerated.
Note: To use the rooting hormone, soak the cutting in the liquid for a few hours. Then plant the cutting into a pot of soil or right into your desired spot in the yard.
Willow Rooting Hormone (Willow Water)
How to Grow a Cutting Using a Potato
This is a very odd notion but one I know works well, especially with rose cuttings. I have a few friends who like to experiment with gardening (along with myself), and we try lots of things. So when we found out you can put a cutting in a potato to help it root, I was all over it. I am currently in the process of trying it with a few different types of trees and bushes and will update as I get my results.
Now, this is a pretty simple procedure. The hard part is done after you have found and made your cutting. So here goes.
Supplies You'll Need:
- a screw or drill
- a pot with soil (Unless you plan to plant the cutting in the ground.)
Step 1: Gather Your Supplies
Go to the grocery store or farm stand and pick up some potatoes. Some recommend the Irish potato or a good, round potato. I used a Russet, which tends to lean towards the oblong.
If you don't have a spot to plant your cuttings, you can plant them in a pot as I did. At this point it does not really matter what soil or dirt you use. (You can even use sand for this initial part.) Until the cutting takes root, it gets what it needs from the moisture and the potato. Just make sure the dirt used is moist, but not wet. I will sometimes spritz the dirt with a spray bottle, instead of pouring water into the dirt.
Step 2: Drill a Hole Into Your Potato
Once you have a cutting, your potato, and a pot with dirt, you can then take your potato and poke a hole in it. I used a long screw to poke a hole. Some might advise using a drill, depending on the width of your cutting.
Don't go completely through the potato, but drill in as close to 3 inches as you can get. (I usually initially plant a cutting 3 inches into the ground, though some go as deep as planting most of the shoot in the ground.)
Note: It is not advised to do the hole-poking with the actual cutting. They are very finicky. You want a clean cut on the bottom of the shoot, and it needs to stay that way.
Step 3: Insert the Cutting Into the Potato
Go ahead and insert your cutting into the hole you just poked in the potato.
Note: If you want to be a little extra cautious about getting the cutting to grow, you can dip the cutting in the rooting hormone and then place it in the potato.
Step 4: Plant the Potato in the Soil
With your cutting sticking out of your potato, take your pot of dirt (or go to your desired planting location) and plant the potato. Cover the potato so that just the cutting is sticking out of the dirt.
Step 5: Transplant Your Cutting
It normally takes a few weeks to get a good growth of roots. So if you want to know if it is ready, lightly pull on the cutting. If it resists slightly, it is developing roots.
If you receive confirmation that it is indeed growing roots, you can wait a few more days, or you can immediately transplant it into your desired location. (Unless you started off there, in which case you're all set.)
Just make sure that once you plant it in the spot you want that it has the appropriate soil for the plant to thrive. Some plants need certain fertilizer or soil that has a particular pH balance.