DIY Flow-Through Composter: How to Build a Coffee Can Worm Composter

Updated on April 26, 2019
IsadoraPandora profile image

Jocelyn writes about homesteading and organic living. Many of her ideas can be put to use on small plots of land.

My stacked, flow-through, worm composter made with three plastic coffee cans.
My stacked, flow-through, worm composter made with three plastic coffee cans. | Source

How to Make Your Own Worm Composter

Using a few plastic coffee containers and a few common tools, you can make your own stacked, flow-through, worm composter that you can use indoors. My homemade composter was able to make 15 gallons of worm tea!

Click thumbnail to view full-size
Drill and drill bit (1/4" to 3/8").Three plastic coffee containers.Photo of drill bit (for size reference).
Drill and drill bit (1/4" to 3/8").
Drill and drill bit (1/4" to 3/8"). | Source
Three plastic coffee containers.
Three plastic coffee containers. | Source
Photo of drill bit (for size reference).
Photo of drill bit (for size reference). | Source

Tools You Will Need:

  • 3 plastic coffee cans with lids
  • Cardboard
  • Drill
  • A small drill bit (a 1/4" bit will do)
  • 8 one-inch wooden or plastic dowel pieces
  • Stones (to hold down the leachate collector)
  • Nontoxic moss
  • Worm food
  • Composting worms (I use red wigglers)

Step-by-Step Instructions for DIY Worm Composter With Pictures

Below is a step-by-step guide for making your own worm composter at home. I also included pictures for reference.

1. Drill Holes in One Coffee Can Lid

I drilled a hole in the center of the lid and then six more around it in a hexagon pattern.
I drilled a hole in the center of the lid and then six more around it in a hexagon pattern. | Source

2. Drill Several Holes in Two of the Coffee Cans.

The holes don't have to make a symmetrical pattern, but you want a few around the perimeter for the next step.
The holes don't have to make a symmetrical pattern, but you want a few around the perimeter for the next step. | Source
  • The holes don't have to be in a symmetrical pattern, but you want enough to allow for drainage.
  • Make sure to have a few holes near the edges so that you can insert the dowels to allow for stacking.

3. Insert the Dowels in the Holes Around the Edge

The dowels keep the cans from sliding off each other.
The dowels keep the cans from sliding off each other. | Source
  • Push the dowels snugly into the holes so they catch the sides of the can they are stacked on.
  • I am using plastic screw anchors because I didn't have dowels handy.

4. Layer One Drilled Coffee Can With Worm Bedding

Moss balls are great for composting worms.
Moss balls are great for composting worms.

What I Use to Make Compost Worm Bedding

  • Brown leaves
  • Moss
  • Soil
  • Cardboard pieces

A sprinkle of healthy soil gives the worms food and helps jumpstart the composting process.

Moss balls are the preferred habitat for egg laying. Mine were literally speckled with eggs less than a week after I placed the worms in the container. They love moss and can be found in the balls every time I turn the bin.

Moss balls also retain a good amount of moisture without getting sodden. If you're afraid of disease and pests, try boiling the moss for several minutes before adding it to the container.

5. Stack the Coffee Cans

  • Set the filled coffee can in the center of the three cans. This is where the worms go.
  • When the center can has composted, start adding bedding and food to the top can. The worms will go through the holes in the top can and into the fresh bedding/food.

6. Remove the Moss Balls From the Center Bin

Red wiggler worm eggs in moss balls.
Red wiggler worm eggs in moss balls. | Source
  • Remove the moss balls from the finished compost. They contain lots of eggs.
  • Place them in the new compost in the top bin.

Note the eggs in the moss ball above. There are several eggs attached to the moss. They cling firmly, and the entire moss ball can be removed and placed in fresh litter. My worms lay most of their eggs in the moss, not in the bedding or the food.

7. Make Use of the Worm Castings!

Worm castings!
Worm castings!
  • Sift the center (finished) can to remove leftover worms and stray egg casings.
  • Use the castings (poop) to make worm tea or add them directly to your garden or flowerpots.
  • Happy worms make lots of poop. These castings are just right for houseplants, aquarium plants, and garden vegetables and fruits.

Red wiggler leachate collected from my DIY flow-through composter. I use this on my houseplants.
Red wiggler leachate collected from my DIY flow-through composter. I use this on my houseplants. | Source

How to Harvest Worm Castings From Compost

Harvesting the worm castings is easy.

  1. Place the compost container in a large bucket, and pour rainwater through it.
  2. Do this until it starts to run pretty clear but not too clear. You want to get all the poo you can without diluting the tea.
  3. Run that liquid through a sieve to collect any worms or eggs that passed through.

This makes a great start to perfect worm tea, with the added bonus of not having to pick the worms and eggs out! The worms in this DIY composter made more than enough castings to mix up over 15 gallons of tea!

This content is accurate and true to the best of the author’s knowledge and is not meant to substitute for formal and individualized advice from a qualified professional.

© 2011 Jocelyn


    0 of 8192 characters used
    Post Comment
    • profile image


      2 years ago

      I tried outdoors but, while my worms did a wonderful job converting the scraps into compost, I can never find them afterwards. They either escaped or they died. =( So now, I'm using the large Folgers coffee canisters to try for an indoor kitchen composting system.

    • profile image

      Deana Rogers 

      3 years ago

      Definitely need to try this idea out.

      Just perfect for just me and my husband.

      Then see how it goes and build from there.

    • Seafarer Mama profile image

      Karen A Szklany 

      4 years ago from New England

      Gtrat idea, Jay. Enjoyed your hub.

    • IsadoraPandora profile imageAUTHOR


      6 years ago from Tennessee

      How many of you lovely ladies and gentlemen have tried out the coffee can composter? This was one of my favorite projects!

    • profile image


      6 years ago

      always looking for ways to go green within my little world. will try this soon.

    • IsadoraPandora profile imageAUTHOR


      7 years ago from Tennessee

      Thank you so much Ann!

    • profile image

      Ann C. 

      7 years ago

      I am totally using this design in my "how to compost with coffee grounds" speech. I will properly cite your article and ensure you get all the credit for the ingenious design.

    • juanforall profile image


      8 years ago from Q.C. MNL

      Nice hub, lots of helpful pics and the article is very helpful. I'll follow your profile ^_^

    • IsadoraPandora profile imageAUTHOR


      8 years ago from Tennessee

      Updated this at the Introduction for an easy way to harvest your castings!

    • IsadoraPandora profile imageAUTHOR


      8 years ago from Tennessee

      Thanks for the comment. Its fun-I just harvested some great castings from mine yesterday. I have them bubbling away making a tea for my garden.

    • AliciaC profile image

      Linda Crampton 

      8 years ago from British Columbia, Canada

      Thanks for the useful information. Building a coffee can composter sounds like an interesting project and the instructions don't look very difficult. I might try this soon!

    • IsadoraPandora profile imageAUTHOR


      8 years ago from Tennessee


      Yes, large scale needs bigger containers. Those drums are really useful! I've got mine as a rain barrel. You could totally take this design and make it using the drums.

      I would build a frame if you're planning on stacking them. The would work really well standing alone though. There are YouTube videos showing how to build 55-gallon drum flow-through composters.

      This is a really fun thing to do!!

    • 50 Caliber profile image

      50 Caliber 

      8 years ago from Arizona

      Halo, statue? Reckon a feller could take 3 55 gallon plastic drums for large scale operation and how you might figur the amount of moss etc for the barrels? I don't need a lot of "Red Wriggler Lechate", cuz' I just have one house plant, it's an annual, called a "tater butt" it appears when the weather hit 106 degrees out side. during those months it's not good for much but it does keep the weeds at

      Serious about the barrels and size and would you go by using 3 or just two. I have the blue and a few white, food grade barrels (If that makes a difference? probably to the worms?) and how much light gets in. A bag of the house plant soil and a container of jigglers from the bait store in a 5 gallon bucket and a deer head buried to the antlers, in 3-4 months the head is cleaned spotless inside and out, then the bucket holdings get added to tater mountain and mixed in, everyone tells me I'll have worms in my taters and I just say "wish you'd a told me that a ton or two of taters ago!"

      great DYI, sorry it took so long to get here, peace, 50

    • Barbara Kay profile image

      Barbara Badder 

      8 years ago from USA

      This is a great idea. I might try it this year.


    This website uses cookies

    As a user in the EEA, your approval is needed on a few things. To provide a better website experience, uses cookies (and other similar technologies) and may collect, process, and share personal data. Please choose which areas of our service you consent to our doing so.

    For more information on managing or withdrawing consents and how we handle data, visit our Privacy Policy at:

    Show Details
    HubPages Device IDThis is used to identify particular browsers or devices when the access the service, and is used for security reasons.
    LoginThis is necessary to sign in to the HubPages Service.
    Google RecaptchaThis is used to prevent bots and spam. (Privacy Policy)
    AkismetThis is used to detect comment spam. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide data on traffic to our website, all personally identifyable data is anonymized. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Traffic PixelThis is used to collect data on traffic to articles and other pages on our site. Unless you are signed in to a HubPages account, all personally identifiable information is anonymized.
    Amazon Web ServicesThis is a cloud services platform that we used to host our service. (Privacy Policy)
    CloudflareThis is a cloud CDN service that we use to efficiently deliver files required for our service to operate such as javascript, cascading style sheets, images, and videos. (Privacy Policy)
    Google Hosted LibrariesJavascript software libraries such as jQuery are loaded at endpoints on the or domains, for performance and efficiency reasons. (Privacy Policy)
    Google Custom SearchThis is feature allows you to search the site. (Privacy Policy)
    Google MapsSome articles have Google Maps embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    Google ChartsThis is used to display charts and graphs on articles and the author center. (Privacy Policy)
    Google AdSense Host APIThis service allows you to sign up for or associate a Google AdSense account with HubPages, so that you can earn money from ads on your articles. No data is shared unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Google YouTubeSome articles have YouTube videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    VimeoSome articles have Vimeo videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    PaypalThis is used for a registered author who enrolls in the HubPages Earnings program and requests to be paid via PayPal. No data is shared with Paypal unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook LoginYou can use this to streamline signing up for, or signing in to your Hubpages account. No data is shared with Facebook unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    MavenThis supports the Maven widget and search functionality. (Privacy Policy)
    Google AdSenseThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Google DoubleClickGoogle provides ad serving technology and runs an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Index ExchangeThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    SovrnThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook AdsThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Unified Ad MarketplaceThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    AppNexusThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    OpenxThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Rubicon ProjectThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    TripleLiftThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Say MediaWe partner with Say Media to deliver ad campaigns on our sites. (Privacy Policy)
    Remarketing PixelsWe may use remarketing pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to advertise the HubPages Service to people that have visited our sites.
    Conversion Tracking PixelsWe may use conversion tracking pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to identify when an advertisement has successfully resulted in the desired action, such as signing up for the HubPages Service or publishing an article on the HubPages Service.
    Author Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide traffic data and reports to the authors of articles on the HubPages Service. (Privacy Policy)
    ComscoreComScore is a media measurement and analytics company providing marketing data and analytics to enterprises, media and advertising agencies, and publishers. Non-consent will result in ComScore only processing obfuscated personal data. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Tracking PixelSome articles display amazon products as part of the Amazon Affiliate program, this pixel provides traffic statistics for those products (Privacy Policy)
    ClickscoThis is a data management platform studying reader behavior (Privacy Policy)