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Earliest Blooming Spring Bulbs

Updated on March 14, 2013

Blooming Flowers in Late Winter and Early Spring

Have the first flowers in the neighborhood! Many of these bulbs will flower before the snow melts, bringing the first color of the season!
Have the first flowers in the neighborhood! Many of these bulbs will flower before the snow melts, bringing the first color of the season! | Source

The Best Bulbs in Early Spring

Winter stretches on for months in many areas of the country, and a touch of color is very appreciated when spring finally arrives. Which bulbs provide the first spot of color in the spring? There are many options for cold-weather areas: the bulbs listed in this article are all hardy and bloom in March or early April in zone 4 and zone 5 garden areas. Many of these flowers will bloom in the snow, and provide a bright spot of color against the wintry landscape.

Like all spring-blooming bulbs, these bulbs must be planted in the fall. Plant small bulbs (like crocuses and snowdrops) at the front of a flower garden, in large clusters. Early blooming daffodils can be planted under daylilies, which will hide the yellowing leaves once the flowers are done blooming. Some bulbs will naturalize and can create a beautiful ground cover - grape hyacinths naturalize well and will carpet the ground in a haze of purple in early spring.

Iris Reticulata - Early Blooming Bulb

The dwarf iris blooms at approximately the same time as snowdrops. This flower is a very pretty way to welcome spring!
The dwarf iris blooms at approximately the same time as snowdrops. This flower is a very pretty way to welcome spring! | Source

Iris Reticulata

The Iris Reticulata (also known as "Netted Iris" and "Dwarf Iris") blooms very early in the spring or in late winter. In a zone 5 garden, it will bloom as early as mid-March, and will persist through snowy conditions. These flowers are very small - from 3" to 6" in height. The flowers are deer resistant, cold hardy, and are extremely low maintenance.

Plant the bulbs 3-4" deep in clusters, spacing each bulb 3-4" apart. These bulbs do best in areas with dry summers, as dry, warm soil is required for the bulbs to set bloom the following year. Once blooming is complete, the strap-like leaves grow to about 15" in length. These leaves will disappear as the plant goes dormant, usually by early summer.

These flowers are excellent in a rock garden, near ponds, and clustered along a path. Individual flowers may be unnoticed, but the flowers pack a punch of color when planted in large groups.

Snowdrops

Galanthus, or snowdrops, are a well-known sight in very early spring. Sometimes, gardeners will have to dig through the snow to find them! These flowers bloom in very early spring or in late winter, usually before late March.

These diminutive white flowers look best when the bulbs are clustered together. These bulbs are fantastic for planting in a lawn - when the snow melts, the patches of delicate snowdrops are a sure sign that spring is on the way. Snowdrops will naturalize in a garden and are very low maintenance flowers.

These flowers are 4-6" in height and the bulbs must be planted approximately 3" deep. Like the Iris Reticulata, they are excellent flowers for planting in rock gardens, and along paths, streams, and ponds.

Naturalized Snowdrops

Snowdrops are beautiful when allowed to naturalize under lawns or in wooded areas.
Snowdrops are beautiful when allowed to naturalize under lawns or in wooded areas. | Source

Crocuses Welcome Spring

Crocuses bloom in early spring.
Crocuses bloom in early spring. | Source

Crocus

Crocuses generally bloom in late March or early April, depending on the gardening zone. These flowers come in gorgeous shades of purple, blue, pink, orange, yellow, and white. Planted under a lawn, these flowers will provide bright spots of color as spring arrives. These flowers also naturalize well and do well in rock gardens and along paths.

Crocus bulbs must be planted 3-4" deep in the fall. The spring flowers are approximately 3" tall, with a wide goblet shape. Crocuses will naturalize and return year after year in a garden landscape. Plant early blooming daffodils behind purple crocus for a beautiful contrast in color along a garden border.

Squirrels, mice, and voles like to eat crocus bulbs. If these pests continually destroy the flowers, consider planting the crocus bulbs in small wire cages.

Glory of the Snow (Chionodoxa luciliae)

Another miniature flower that pokes through the snow is Snow Glories, or Glory of the Snow. The flower stems are only 6" high, but each stem boasts 8-10 flowers. The flowers are 1" across - purple and pink varieties are on the market. This flower is very closely related to Scilla (Blue Siberian Squills).

Plant these flowers in clusters in rock gardens, along paths, or under a lawn. These flowers look very pretty when grouped with other early-blooming spring bulbs. The blue-purple flowers are striking when mixed in with daffodils.

Plant bulbs 3" deep and 2-3" apart. The bulbs will naturalize and increase in number each year. These plants do not like to have wet feet: well-drained soil is essential for their success. If water pools in the planting site after a rain, consider amending the soil with loam to increase drainage.

Blue Spring Flowers: Glory of the Snow

Snow Glories produce vibrant blue, star shaped flowers in early spring.
Snow Glories produce vibrant blue, star shaped flowers in early spring. | Source

Spring Snowflake Flowers

Spring Snowflakes have pretty, nodding flowers.
Spring Snowflakes have pretty, nodding flowers. | Source

Spring Snowflake (Leucojum vernum)

Dainty, bell-shaped blooms are the hallmark of the Spring Snowflake flower. These flowers are slightly taller than the previously mentioned bulbs: the flowers are 6-12" tall and are beautiful in a spring border.

These flowers are deer resistant, and all parts of the plant are poisonous. They are fragrant and make a pretty early spring bouquet. These bulbs are hardy and very low maintenance - this is one of the easiest garden plants to grow! The only requirement for these flowers is well-drained soil, as the plants will not tolerate standing water.

The leaves will turn yellow and go dormant by mid-summer. Do not cut off the leaves until they have turned yellow, as the leaves provide energy for the bulb to produce next year's flowers.


Winter Aconite

Neon yellow, cup shaped flowers adorn winter aconite. This flower is deer resistant, blooms in late winter or early spring, and has a collar of dark green leaves under each flower. These flowers are only 3-6" high and look best when planted en masse.

Unlike other spring bulbs, winter aconite prefers to have moisture throughout the summer and does not mind wet soil. Prior to planting the bulbs in the fall, soak the bulbs overnight. These flowers will spread in the garden, usually by setting seed. The plants go completely dormant by late spring.

Plant the tubers 2-3" deep and 3" apart. Once the plants have become established, do not disturb them. These flowers will naturalize and provide color for years on end in the right growing conditions.

Winter Aconite (Eranthis) Flowers

Winter aconite produces bright yellow flowers in early spring.
Winter aconite produces bright yellow flowers in early spring. | Source

Early Blooming Daffodils:

Some daffodil varieties, such as the Tete a Tete pictured here,  bloom in early spring, bringing a bright spot of color to the yard.
Some daffodil varieties, such as the Tete a Tete pictured here, bloom in early spring, bringing a bright spot of color to the yard. | Source

Early Blooming Daffodils

There are several varieties of early-blooming daffodils. In a zone 5 garden, these early bloomers will blossom in late March, alongside crocuses and hyacinths. Early blooming varieties of daffodils include:

  • Tete-a-Tete: a miniature daffodil
  • Little Gem
  • Rijinveld Early Sensation
  • Odorus Campernelli
  • Peeping Tom
  • February Gold

Daffodils range in size according to the variety. Plant daffodil bulbs 6" deep and 3-4" apart. Miniature daffodils tend to be the first to bloom: Tete a Tete stands a mere 6" high with brilliant yellow flowers. Like all daffodils, the early bloomers are deer resistant and will re-bloom year after year with almost no maintenance required.

The flowers and leaves will go dormant by summer - do not cut the leaves from the plant until they have yellowed. The green leaves provide nutrition for the bulb and will allow it to bloom again the following year.

Siberian Squills Bloom in Early Spring

Siberian Scilla, or Blue Siberian Squills, come in blue and white varieties.
Siberian Scilla, or Blue Siberian Squills, come in blue and white varieties. | Source

Blue Siberian Squills (Scilla)

As indicated by the name, this flower has gorgeous blue blooms. The plants stand 5'8" tall and is one of the best bulbs for naturalizing in a garden. Native to Russia, Asia, and Europe, it is incredibly hardy. Some varieties are also fragrant.

Plant Scilla bulbs 4" deep and 3-4" apart. These flowers prefer partial shade, and look beautiful when planted under trees and shrubs. They also do well in rock gardens and along streams and paths.

Varieties of Siberian Squills include a white-flowering form and a fragrant, blue form:

  • White Siberian Squill is a pure-white version of this beautiful flower
  • Spring Beauty is a deep blue, fragrant variety

These flowers are members of the lily family and is resistant to voles, mice, deer, and squirrels. The plant goes completely dormant by mid-summer.

Hyacinths

The incredibly strong perfume of hyacinths makes them a favorite of gardeners world-wide. Hyacinths come in nearly every color of the rainbow and bloom alongside daffodils in early spring. The plants stand 8-12" high, and produce 60-70 florets per stalk. Some hyacinths produce so many florets that the plant flops over!

Plant hyacinth bulbs 6-8" deep and approximately 4-6" apart. As with all spring bulbs, do not cut the foliage back until it has yellowed, to provide adequate nutrition for the bulb. Hyacinths tend to get smaller over time, and many gardeners will plant new hyacinth bulbs every year or two to ensure vigorous blooms.

Hyacinths for Spring Color

General Koehler is a beautiful variety of hyacinth.
General Koehler is a beautiful variety of hyacinth. | Source

Grape Hyacinths in Spring

Grape Hyacinths have an intense perfume and make a wonderful miniature bouquet in early spring.
Grape Hyacinths have an intense perfume and make a wonderful miniature bouquet in early spring. | Source

Grape Hyacinths

Grape hyacinths, or Muscari, are native to the Mediterranean, Europe, and Asia. The tiny flowers only stand 6-8" high, but will quickly spread and naturalize to form a carpet of color. The leaves are grass-like and will persist after the flowers have faded.

The only negative of these flowers is the fact that they spread a little too easily - do not plant them in a tidy garden bed, as they will spread and take over every empty space in the garden. They are beautiful when planted under shrubs and trees, as they provide a patch of bright purple color. These flowers arrive in early to mid-spring, and are intensely fragrant.

Plant grape hyacinth bulbs 3-4" deep and 3" apart. The plants flower best when placed in full sun, and require well-drained soil.

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    • carol7777 profile image

      carol stanley 3 years ago from Arizona

      I always love spring as it feels like new beginnings. Love the photos and timely information for all gardeners out there.

    • leahlefler profile image
      Author

      leahlefler 3 years ago from Western New York

      Thanks, Carol! I took the picture of the Iris Reticulata today - it is blooming through the snow (on March 14). I feel so very sorry for it - but it doesn't seem to mind! I love having a small spot of color on such a dreary day!

    • ThelmaC profile image

      Thelma Raker Coffone 3 years ago from Blue Ridge Mountains, USA

      Love the hub and your pictures are beautiful. You can almost smell the hyacinths!

    • leahlefler profile image
      Author

      leahlefler 3 years ago from Western New York

      I love hyacinths! They are so sweet, and a very welcome sight in spring. We are getting pounded by snow at the moment, and my little crocuses are waiting to make their debut. I can't wait to see some color! Thanks for your comment, ThelmaC!

    • The Dirt Farmer profile image

      Jill 3 years ago from United States

      Our crocuses were the first to bloom this year, followed by the 'Little Gem' Narcissus. So pretty! I'd like to try winter aconite--had forgotten about it--and am glad that your hub remineded me. Shared & pinned & voted up! Lovely hub. --Jill

    • Rod Rainey profile image

      RodneyBlaec Rainey 3 years ago from Louisville, KY

      My crocuses started coming up in December. They're coming up earlier every year. Nice hub, thanks for sharing.

    • leahlefler profile image
      Author

      leahlefler 3 years ago from Western New York

      Jill, I can't wait for or crocuses to bloom. Sometimes I wish I lived in zone 7, just to see color a little earlier in the year! We don't have winter aconite in our yard, either, but I want to add it. I love the bright spots of yellow in the yard. We're making a new garden bed and I'm planning it at the moment - it gets me through the winter!

    • leahlefler profile image
      Author

      leahlefler 3 years ago from Western New York

      Oh, I would be so excited to see crocuses in December. I think I need to move to Kentucky, Rod! Our crocuses came up early last year (as it was a very warm winter), but they are taking their time this year. We have snow and below-freezing temperatures on March 16 (and for the foreseeable future) - I truly can't wait for spring to arrive!

    • teaches12345 profile image

      Dianna Mendez 3 years ago

      I love a field of snowdrops. Such a simple flower, but so beautifully tells us Spring is near. Thanks for the education and the photo examples.

    • agusfanani profile image

      agusfanani 3 years ago from Indonesia

      Very beautiful hub. Those flowers really decorate spring atmosphere .

    • leahlefler profile image
      Author

      leahlefler 3 years ago from Western New York

      Oh, teaches12345, I can't wait to see some snowdrops. We just received another foot of snow and it is the first day of spring! I might be able to find some if I shovel off the front lawn. I am so ready for spring! They are beautiful, especially when naturalized in a lawn.

    • leahlefler profile image
      Author

      leahlefler 3 years ago from Western New York

      Thanks, agusfanani. Spring is so beautiful when all the flowers bloom. I can't wait for it to truly arrive in our neck of the woods!

    • SidKemp profile image

      Sid Kemp 3 years ago from Boca Raton, Florida (near Miami and Palm Beach)

      Thank you for these beautiful reminders of Spring. Down here in Florida, I miss the melting of snow. For me, these are wonderful reminders of childhood.

    • leahlefler profile image
      Author

      leahlefler 3 years ago from Western New York

      Oh, Sid - please send some of that warm weather this way! It is 22 degrees Fahrenheit (the high) and we have gotten over a foot of snow on March 21! I hope our snow will begin to melt in a few weeks - the long term forecast is filled with freezing weather. Enjoy that Florida sunshine!

    • lindacee profile image

      lindacee 3 years ago from Southern Arizona

      Leah, beautiful photos and great info on early bloomers. My favorites have always been grape hyacinths. Hopefully, they will all be blooming soon for you! :)

    • leahlefler profile image
      Author

      leahlefler 3 years ago from Western New York

      I really can't wait to see them this year, lindacee. We have seen our dwarf iris pop up, but they were soon buried by the snow. I can't wait until the snow is completely gone and we get some color!

    • Kristen Howe profile image

      Kristen Howe 22 months ago from Northeast Ohio

      Great hub for spring flowers to see any spring season. Lovely photos and information on the flowers. Voted up!

    • leahlefler profile image
      Author

      leahlefler 21 months ago from Western New York

      I am so grateful our daffodils are up (finally) in Western NY. It is April 22 and snowing this evening, so any and all color in early spring is appreciated! Are any of your flowers blooming, Kristen?

    • Kristen Howe profile image

      Kristen Howe 19 months ago from Northeast Ohio

      Lovely photos, Leah. Very vivid and visual to match the descriptions and tips on how to plant these flowers. Voted up for beautiful!

    • leahlefler profile image
      Author

      leahlefler 19 months ago from Western New York

      Thank you, Kristen! Our winters are very long in Western NY, and I always look forward to flowers peeking out of the ground!

    • Kristen Howe profile image

      Kristen Howe 19 months ago from Northeast Ohio

      My pleasure Leah. You poor thing! Don't tell me you live in Buffalo! I love flowers!

    • leahlefler profile image
      Author

      leahlefler 19 months ago from Western New York

      We live about 90 minutes from Buffalo, in a more rural area. I do have to say, the winters are very long here!

    • Kristen Howe profile image

      Kristen Howe 19 months ago from Northeast Ohio

      I've heard about that. My cousin avoided on getting a job in Buffalo, since she lives in Middletown, NY. Those winters are brutal, too!

    • leahlefler profile image
      Author

      leahlefler 19 months ago from Western New York

      We are grateful winter is over for the moment, though our summer has been extremely wet and cool this year. We hope it will dry out in August!

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