English Ivy Facts, Uses and Problems

English Ivy
English Ivy | Source

English ivy is a beautiful plant with a long history. Some people value ivy for its ability to form an attractive cover over walls and tree trunks. Other people consider the plant to be an annoying weed that damages the environment and must be eradicated.

English ivy is native to Europe, western Asia and northern Africa. The plant has been introduced to other parts of the world. Unfortunately, as an introduced plant ivy may have no natural enemies to control its growth and may become invasive. An "invasive" plant spreads rapidly and hurts native organisms.

Ivy is mildly poisonous. In addition, some people develop dermatitis after coming into contact with the plant. On the other hand, the plant may have health benefits. It has other benefits as well, even in North America, where it can be a problematic plant. In this article I'll discuss English ivy from a North American perspective.

Variegated English Ivy Leaves
Variegated English Ivy Leaves | Source

The English Ivy Plant

English ivy, or Hedera helix, is an evergreen plant that is found in many parts of Canada and the United States. Hedera hibernica is a similar plant that has also been introduced to North America and is often known as English ivy. In its native habitat the common name of this plant is Atlantic or Irish ivy. Like Hedera helix, it may become invasive.

The part of English ivy that most people are familiar with is the thick, lobed and often glossy leaves. These are usually medium to dark green in color and have light green, yellow or white veins. There are three to five lobes on each leaf.

The leaves sometimes have an attractive variegated appearance consisting of two or more colors. These colors include dark green, light green, yellow, white and red. English ivy can be found in a cultivated form as well as a wild one. Cultivated variegated ivy is a popular addition to plant containers and landscaped areas.

English ivy stems with lobed leaves are actually the juvenile form of the plant. The adult flowering stems have oval leaves instead. Ivy has yellow-green flowers that are borne in clusters. The flowers are generally produced in the fall in the part of North America where I live. They produce blue-black berries that don't ripen until late winter or early spring.

English ivy berries and adult leaves
English ivy berries and adult leaves | Source
English Ivy Roots
English Ivy Roots | Source

How Does Ivy Attach to Surfaces?

English ivy is a climbing, trailing and creeping vine. It develops long stems that become thick and very strong as they mature. The plant can climb as high as ninety feet if it has a good support.

An ivy plant has two types of roots. The subterranean roots extend into the soil, attaching the plant to the ground and absorbing water and nutrients from the soil. Clumps of adventitious or aerial roots are located at intervals along the climbing stems. The function of these roots is to attach the plant to a surface as it climbs.

Until quite recently it was thought that the only factor joining the adventitious roots to the support was a glue produced by the roots. New research indicates that the glue is not the only factor involved. A root actually changes shape to anchor the plant. It also produces root hairs that fit into crevices in the support.

The English Heritage organization has published an interesting document assessing the effects of ivy on walls and monuments. Their research suggests that in some cases ivy causes no damage to walls but in other cases it does cause damage.

Ivy growing on the wall of a house
Ivy growing on the wall of a house | Source

Does Ivy Damage Walls?

Ivy may or may not damage walls. The topic is a controversial one. Some people say that ivy is destructive, causing walls to crumble as it clings to them. Others say that ivy actually protects walls.

Ivy is often said to cause walls to break down as it sends its roots into crevices. However, some researchers say that instead of causing crumbling, ivy often attaches to sections of walls that are already starting to crumble and have many crevices that the roots can enter.

Supporters of English ivy say that ivy growing on the outside of a building helps a wall by providing thermal insulation, keeping it cooler in summer and warmer in winter. Some people claim that ivy traps water next to the wall, increasing structural damage, while others say that the waxy covering on ivy leaves repels water from the wall instead.

It can certainly be difficult to remove ivy from a wall once it's attached, since it clings to the wall so tightly. Bits of plaster may be removed with the ivy and pieces of root and ugly marks may be left behind.

An insect feeding on English ivy nectar
An insect feeding on English ivy nectar | Source
English Ivy Flowers
English Ivy Flowers | Source

English Ivy and the Environment

English ivy can spread rapidly and aggressively and can be troublesome if its growth isn't controlled. In North America it grows all year in some areas. It thrives in shade but also grows in sunny areas. It also tolerates a wide variety of soils.

Sometimes ivy is accused unfairly of crimes. For example, it doesn't damage tree trunks directly. It attaches to them with its adventitious roots, but these don't penetrate the trunk or absorb nutrients from the tree.

If there is a very dense growth of ivy it may damage trees indirectly. The ivy's weight may injure the tree. In addition, a sheet of ivy may act like a sail and make the tree more susceptible to damage caused by windstorms. The ivy may also block light that the tree and other plants need for photosynthesis. Photosynthesis is the process in which plants use light energy to produce their food. Ivy is also said to trap water that increases the chance of plant disease, although as in the case of ivy growing on walls not everyone agrees with this idea.

In the wild, the creeping form of ivy can prevent light from reaching seedlings, causing them to die. The ivy may also smother wild flowers and ferns. Some people appreciate English ivy as a ground cover in their garden, however.

Research suggests that English ivy can absorb particles that are polluting the air. English Heritage is one organization that has found evidence supporting this idea. They examined ivy growing beside very busy roads and discovered that it removed fine particles from the surrounding air. The organization says that they would like to do more research in order to determine whether their discovery is applicable to other areas.

Monarch Butterflies Feeding on English Ivy Nectar in California

English Ivy and Wildlife

English ivy does have benefits for the environment. It can be very helpful for wildlife in its native habitat. In Europe, the ivy on tree trunks provides a hiding place for a range of small mammals and a nesting site for birds. Unfortunately, in North America the "small mammals" that shelter in ivy seem to be mainly rats, especially the Norway rat, which is a pest. The nectar inside English ivy flowers is a food source for bees and butterflies in both Europe and North America. Some North American birds eat the berries. Far more European bird species feed on the berries, however.

How to Deal with an Ivy Invasion

How to Control or Remove English Ivy

The war against unwanted English ivy can be won with effort and persistence. The task involves cutting the ivy at frequent intervals (or all at once if the growth is small) and then digging out the roots. Protective gloves and clothing are useful, especially if a person develops dermatitis after touching ivy. Pruning shears, loppers or a saw are needed to cut the stems, depending on their thickness.

Experts often say that when trying to remove a large ivy vine, cuts should be made at shoulder height and at ankle height. This may enable the vine to be unravelled from a tree trunk. However, some people recommend that the upper portion of the vine be left to die naturally and crumble (as it will do, since it no longer has a water supply), because pulling the vine down may damage the tree. Experts also say that a wide zone around the base of the tree trunk should be cleared of ivy to prevent or delay a new invasion. Once the ground is clear it should be covered with mulch.

A gardener will likely need to return to an ivy patch in a garden periodically to do more cutting, but the process usually becomes easier as the ivy thins out. As soon as the soil can be reached, digging is necessary to remove the roots. It's important to realize that the plant can regrow from a piece of root or stem.

Once all the ivy seems to have been removed, the area should be checked periodically to ensure that new plants aren't growing. Ivy is much easier to deal with when its stems are thin and relatively weak than when they are thick and strong.

Invasive Ivy in Woodlands

English ivy (on the left) growing as a houseplant
English ivy (on the left) growing as a houseplant | Source
A bud of an English ivy leaf
A bud of an English ivy leaf | Source

Health Effects of English Ivy

Toxic Effects

Intact parts of the English ivy plant should never be eaten. The plant is considered to be mildly poisonous, but the dangers of plant ingestion increase with the amount eaten.

Ingestion of berries or leaf material in small quantities may cause no symptoms or only minor gastrointestinal upset. Ingesting large amounts of the plant can cause breathing difficulties, muscle weakness, coordination problems, fever, hallucinations and even coma.

A standardized extract made from the English ivy plant is generally safe, depending on how the extract is made. It may even be useful medicinally. A "standardized" extract is one with a known concentration of the active substance. This concentration is chosen for both effectiveness and safety.


It's advisable to wear protective gloves when handling English ivy. Ivy contains a substance called falcarinol that can cause dermatitis as well as blisters when people handle the ivy plant. Dermatitis is a condition in which the skin becomes inflamed, red and itchy. Both irritant contact dermatitis and allergic contact dermatitis can be caused by ivy contact. In irritant contact dermatitis, the skin is damaged by touching a substance. People with allergic contact dermatitis experience an allergic response after coming into contact with a substance that acts as an allergen. Interestingly, not everyone develops dermatitis after touching ivy.


In Europe, English ivy extracts are used as an expectorant. An expectorant is a substance that relieves coughs by thinning mucus, enabling it to be coughed up easily. Ivy extract is approved for use by the German Commission E. This organization is a scientific advisory group that examines the safety and effectiveness of traditional herbal remedies.

There is a some evidence that English Ivy extracts help the coughs that develop in certain health conditions, but ivy seems to work no better than other expectorants. Medicines containing guaifenesin are often used as equivalent expectorants in North America.

English ivy berries and the leaves of the flowering stems
English ivy berries and the leaves of the flowering stems | Source
English ivy on tree trunks
English ivy on tree trunks | Source

Ivy and Cancer in Mice

Potential Health Benefits of Ivy Chemicals

English ivy may have other health benefits for humans in addition to acting as an expectorant. Like other plants, ivy contains many different chemicals in a wide range of concentrations. Some of these chemicals may be helpful for us. Although the plant isn't currently used for either of the following applications, it may be in the future.

Anticancer Activity

Falcarinol is found in carrots as well as English ivy. In carrots it acts as a natural pesticide that fights fungi. In one experiment, mice were fed freeze dried carrots containing falcarinol, corn starch to which an equivalent amount of falcarinol had been added or corn starch on its own. All of the mice in the experiment were given a chemical that causes colon cancer.

After the experimental treatments were finished, the researchers examined lesions (damaged areas) in the animal's colons that typically enlarge and become tumours. The lesions in the mice that received falcarinol were significantly smaller than those in the mice that didn't receive falcarinol. The researchers concluded that the falcarinol had delayed or slowed the development of cancer.

The mouse research is very interesting, but the discovery doesn't necessarily mean that falcarinol will have the same effect in humans. More research is needed.


The adhesive secreted by the root hairs of English ivy contain tiny nanoparticles that have been found to block dangerous ultraviolet radiation. They may be able to act as a safe human sunscreen. Nanoparticles of titanium dioxide and zinc oxide are already used in sunscreens. There is some concern that the nanoparticles of these chemicals can travel through our skin and into our body, however, where they may have harmful effects. English ivy nanoparticles may be safer, although this hasn't been proven yet.

Ivy Alternatives For Gardens

Growing English Ivy

English ivy is a beautiful plant. However, it's potentially harmful to the environment. Growing it deliberately requires caution. Landscapers and gardeners may love ivy, but its ability to grow invasively, hide pests and interfere with the growth of other plants needs to be taken seriously. A dense growth of ivy can affect not only the ivy grower's garden but also their neighborhood.

The history of English ivy in North America is a sad one, as it is for many introduced plants. Ivy is often referred to as a "noxious weed" instead of a valued part of its ecosystem. Some people may think that importing a plant from another part of the world either deliberately or accidentally is unimportant, but there may be serious consequences. Without the natural checks and balances that often develop during their long occupation in their native habitat, introduced plants may become invasive and damage their surroundings.

© 2014 Linda Crampton

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Comments 54 comments

Jodah profile image

Jodah 2 years ago from Queensland Australia

Very informative hub Alicia with great pics too. We have English ivy growing on our woodshed. It is a very attractive plant but grows quickly and becomes invasive, clogging the gutters and there is a chance as it thickens it could dislodge the guttering from the house, so I am forever cutting it back. It also provides a haven for snakes so that is a worry. Voted up.

AliciaC profile image

AliciaC 2 years ago from British Columbia, Canada Author

Hi, Jodah. I know what you mean about English ivy! I love its appearance, but it can be a big nuisance if it's not controlled. Thank you very much for the comment and the vote.

MJennifer profile image

MJennifer 2 years ago from Arizona

I thoroughly enjoyed this, Alicia. Despite being in the hot desert, in my backyard I have a thriving, old, enormous English Ivy plant growing up against the drystone wall in the sunken garden. As an Anglophile at heart, I cherish that plant! I appreciate the reminder that it is toxic and can cause a skin reaction. Of course, I am already cautious around it because, as Jodah mentions above, it is a popular hangout for our snake population -- I never know what's lurking beneath those abundant leaves.

Best -- MJ

AliciaC profile image

AliciaC 2 years ago from British Columbia, Canada Author

It's very interesting to hear that you have an English ivy plant growing in the desert, MJ. What a versatile plant! Where I live rats hide out in ivy, but generally not snakes. I'm lucky that there are no poisonous snakes living near me. Finding a dangerous snake in ivy would be very scary! Thanks for the visit and the comment.

ologsinquito profile image

ologsinquito 2 years ago from USA

English ivy is very pretty. It's interesting that it may have some medicinal uses. That would be wonderful if it could be used to treat cancer. I hope it would be a non-toxic treatment, as that's what is desperately needed.

billybuc profile image

billybuc 2 years ago from Olympia, WA

I've never been a big fan of ivy. It always seemed like more work than it was worth. Very interesting facts here my friend. Thank you for the research.

bdegiulio profile image

bdegiulio 2 years ago from Massachusetts

Thanks for the education Linda. Very interesting hub. We see lots of ivy covered buildings here in the northeast. I didn't realize how difficult it can be to get rid of it. We also see it as ground cover around trees a lot. I can definitely see it providing cover for snakes and other critters. Great job. Voted up, shared, etc.

alison monroe profile image

alison monroe 2 years ago

In the Bay Area we would see Robins eat English Ivy berries and get intoxicated and fly into things One flew in the bathroom window and into the trash.

AliciaC profile image

AliciaC 2 years ago from British Columbia, Canada Author

Hi, ologsinquito. I agree - I think that English ivy is pretty, too. It would be wonderful if new and safe cancer treatments were discovered. The falcarinol research suggests that the chemical may inhibit cancer development rather than treat it, but that's still important!

AliciaC profile image

AliciaC 2 years ago from British Columbia, Canada Author

Hi, Bill. Yes, I can definitely see how gaining control over ivy could be considered "more work than it was worth"! I guess it depends on how much a person likes the plant. Thanks for the comment!

AliciaC profile image

AliciaC 2 years ago from British Columbia, Canada Author

Thanks for the comment, Bill. Ivy does look beautiful on buildings. Lots of ivy grows in my neighborhood, too, both in a cultivated and a wild form. It's an interesting plant. Thank you very much for the vote and the share.

AliciaC profile image

AliciaC 2 years ago from British Columbia, Canada Author

Thank you very much for the visit, alison. Thanks for sharing the interesting story, too! Poor robins - especially the one that fell in the trash!

Faith Reaper profile image

Faith Reaper 2 years ago from southern USA

We have English Ivy growing along the brick walls of one side of our driveway leading up to the walkway to our front door. It is very beautiful but we do have to keep it cut down as it does take over. I have a black cement container for container gardening on both sides of the driveway near my house, and the Ivey that is growing on one side has grown up the wall and attached itself to the container.

I did not know all of this interesting information as to its dangers too. Plus the cancer information is most fascinating.

Excellent job as always. Up and more and sharing.


AliciaC profile image

AliciaC 2 years ago from British Columbia, Canada Author

Hi, Faith. English ivy sometimes seems to have a mind of its own! It certainly has interesting growth habits. Thanks for the comment and for sharing the information about your ivy. I appreciate your votes and the share very much, too. Blessings to you as well, Faith.

DDE profile image

DDE 2 years ago from Dubrovnik, Croatia

Incredible hub!

The facts about English Ivy enlightened me more. The lovely plant has a very interesting appearance and character.

AliciaC profile image

AliciaC 2 years ago from British Columbia, Canada Author

Thank you very much, Devika! Ivy does have an interesting appearance. I think it's a lovely plant, too, despite the problems that it can cause.

WiccanSage profile image

WiccanSage 2 years ago

Wonderful hub. Ivy is one of those plants I've never bothered to use medicinally, but I tell you-- I had a house once with a large expanse of ugly chain link fence at one end, and it was a pretty barren area. Planting Ivy at the base did the trick-- within a few years I had essentially a gorgeous. leafy living wall that gave me more privacy and a much better view. Love the hub, voted up.

AliciaC profile image

AliciaC 2 years ago from British Columbia, Canada Author

Thank you very much for the comment and the vote, WiccanSage. Chain link fences are useful, but they're certainly ugly! There is one around my garden to keep my dogs safe. My family has used cedar to disguise the fence, but ivy would have worked, too. Like you, I think that English ivy is a lovely plant (as long as its growth is controlled), but not everyone agrees with us!

Imogen French profile image

Imogen French 2 years ago from Southwest England

Very interesting, I have quite a lot of wild ivy in my garden growing up fences and walls, and it does have to be controlled to some extent as it can take over. However I really like the look of it and it is great for birds that like to nest in it and eat the berries.

AliciaC profile image

AliciaC 2 years ago from British Columbia, Canada Author

Hi, Imogen. Yes, ivy can be useful, especially in its native habitat. I think that ivy growing on a fence or a wall looks lovely. Thanks for the visit!

truthfornow profile image

truthfornow 2 years ago from New Orleans, LA

I think ivy is very pretty but it does tend to take over. I had no idea it could irritate the skin - that is good info for me to know as I have very sensitive skin.

AliciaC profile image

AliciaC 2 years ago from British Columbia, Canada Author

Hi, truthfornow. Thanks for the visit. I think that ivy is pretty, too. Some people are sensitive to it, so it is a good idea to be cautious.

Vellur profile image

Vellur 2 years ago from Dubai

Great information about the English Ivy. It is a beautiful plant but it's rapid growth makes it a real problem. Great hub, voted up.

AliciaC profile image

AliciaC 2 years ago from British Columbia, Canada Author

Thank you very much, Vellur! I appreciate your comment and vote.

TotalHealth profile image

TotalHealth 2 years ago from Hermosa Beach, CA

Interesting hub! Although I like the look of English ivy on structures, walls, and trees I would not, however, want to maintenance this growth or respond to the possible damage it can cause, as you highlighted so appropriately. Also, thanks for pointing the health advantages associated with this plant. Is there a book you recommend I purchase to learn more about these benefits?

AliciaC profile image

AliciaC 2 years ago from British Columbia, Canada Author

Thanks for the comment, TotalHealth. I appreciate it. I don't know of a suitable book to read about Ivy's potential health benefits. There is information on the Internet. As is the case with lots of health information on the web, though, many people list benefits for the plant uncritically without looking at the evidence.

VioletteRose profile image

VioletteRose 2 years ago

Great hub, you have shared so much of information about the plant here. English Ivy looks really great, its sad that they are invasive and may cause damage to the walls.

AliciaC profile image

AliciaC 2 years ago from British Columbia, Canada Author

Hi, VioletteRose. Thank you very much for the comment! It's interesting that ivy may either be safe for walls or may damage them.

epbooks profile image

epbooks 2 years ago from Las Vegas, NV

Wow! Very informative. I never knew any of this and it is certainly interesting!

AliciaC profile image

AliciaC 2 years ago from British Columbia, Canada Author

Thank you very much, Liz!

CraftytotheCore profile image

CraftytotheCore 2 years ago

I've always loved ivy plants. I think it's so pretty growing up the side of buildings. This is a very well thought out and informative Hub.

AliciaC profile image

AliciaC 2 years ago from British Columbia, Canada Author

Thanks for the comment, Crafty. I appreciate your visit!

Eiddwen profile image

Eiddwen 2 years ago from Wales

Very interesting Alicia and your obvious hard work certainly paid off here.

Here's wishing you a great day and voting up for sure.


AliciaC profile image

AliciaC 2 years ago from British Columbia, Canada Author

Thanks for the comment and the vote, Eddy. I hope you have a great day, too!

FlourishAnyway profile image

FlourishAnyway 2 years ago from USA

I learned so many things reading this. I didn't know rats mainly sought cover in ivy or about the health benefits or toxic effects. I certainly have experienced its rapid takeover of land, however. It grows anywhere and everywhere.

AliciaC profile image

AliciaC 2 years ago from British Columbia, Canada Author

Thank you very much for the visit and the comment, Flourish. Ivy does seem to have the ability to grow almost everywhere! It's a very successful plant.

vespawoolf profile image

vespawoolf 2 years ago from Peru, South America

I love the look of English ivy, but I did know that it can damage surfaces and choke out other plants. I didn't know it had medicinal uses until reading this information. I do develop a slight rash if I handle ivy too much. This was enjoyable and well-written. Thank you!

AliciaC profile image

AliciaC 2 years ago from British Columbia, Canada Author

Thank you for the comment, vespawoolf. I like the look of English ivy, too. Not all of the health benefits of ivy are definite yet, but they are all interesting!

teaches12345 profile image

teaches12345 2 years ago

We had ivy covering our brick home in the midwest. It gave the home a nostaligic look. This is such an interesting topic and you wrote it with excellence.

AliciaC profile image

AliciaC 2 years ago from British Columbia, Canada Author

Thank you very much, Dianna! I appreciate your visit and comment.

Michael Thomas Lemen 2 years ago

You would think that in this time in history we would know more about ivy's affect on walls. That was what I was trying to find out when I read the article, otherwise I already knew the rest. It doesn't seem like it would take some long term intricate test just that.

AliciaC profile image

AliciaC 2 years ago from British Columbia, Canada Author

It is frustrating that the experts can't give us a definite answer about whether or not ivy damages walls. Some researchers say that the most important factor in determining the outcome of ivy growing on walls is the initial state of the wall. They say that if cracks are already present, ivy may cause further damage to the wall, whereas if the wall is in good condition the ivy is unlikely to cause any problems.

There may be other factors controlling the outcome of the ivy growth, though. Determining these factors is actually a harder job than it seems. Ivy is a complex plant!

aviannovice profile image

aviannovice 2 years ago from Stillwater, OK

Great information that I never knew about. Thanks so much for filling in so many of the details that I didn't know.

AliciaC profile image

AliciaC 2 years ago from British Columbia, Canada Author

Thanks, Deb. I appreciate your comment.

Rolly A Chabot profile image

Rolly A Chabot 2 years ago from Alberta Canada

Hi Alicia... over the years I have used English Ivy, Virginia Creeper and Clematis as a safety barrier on Golf Course where there may be a danger of a poorly hit golf ball could hit others. Mainly on tee off boxes, installing a chain link fence and simply planting your choice on either side a foot or so apart. In a few years with all the organic fertilizers and water coming from the irrigated tee box and you have dense, lush green barrier both pleasing to the eye, a cheap alternative for course beautification and a privacy screen... works very well...

Hugs from Alberta

AliciaC profile image

AliciaC 2 years ago from British Columbia, Canada Author

This sounds like a great use for English ivy, Rolly! Thanks for the interesting comment.

Greensleeves Hubs profile image

Greensleeves Hubs 22 months ago from Essex, UK

Linda, a very informative and impartial look at the pros and cons of ivy both in the wild and in gardens (in England of course, it's just called 'Ivy' not 'English Ivy' !) The videos are all useful too. A great companion piece to your 'English Ivy Symbolism, Traditions and Mythology'. Voted up and shared. :)

AliciaC profile image

AliciaC 22 months ago from British Columbia, Canada Author

Thank you very much for the kind comment, the vote and the share, Alun! I appreciate your visit. I grew up in Britain, so I call the plant ivy, too. In Canada I need to use the more specific name when talking to people, though!

tobusiness profile image

tobusiness 22 months ago from Bedfordshire, U.K

Alicia, great informative hub. Our previous home was a cottage practically covered in ivy, quite a job yanking the strands to stop it climbing into the guttering and on to roof. However, I do like the red ivy. You've done a sterling job of explaining the pros and cons of this plant. Voting Up +++ and sharing.

AliciaC profile image

AliciaC 22 months ago from British Columbia, Canada Author

Thanks so much for the lovely comment and for the vote and share, Jo! Ivy can certainly be annoying when it spreads. I think it can be attractive as well, though!

Natalie 3 months ago

Well I have Ivy on the front of my house from next door and it's very annoying. I am also someone recovering from colon cancer i was very young to get it and was actually in the 5% statistics..... So considering all this is would say that the article is very misleading and evidently untrue.

AliciaC profile image

AliciaC 3 months ago from British Columbia, Canada Author

Hi, Natalie. I find your comment very puzzling because it doesn't make sense in relation to the article. I'm glad that you're recovering from colon cancer. At no point in the article do I say that ivy can treat human cancer, however. What I do say is that in one experiment with animals, a specific chemical found in ivy had benefits when it was eaten. The chemical reduced the size of colon lesions that typically become cancerous at some point in time (but were not yet cancerous). I also state that more research is needed to determine whether the chemical has the same effect in humans and that the chemical is not currently used as a medicine in relation to cancer.

In addition, since I mention that some people find English ivy annoying and discuss the fact that the plant spreads rapidly and can be invasive, you are agreeing with me in your first sentence. Please read articles carefully before you make comments such as the one that you posted.

Isabella 5 weeks ago

why is English Ivy successful outside of its native habitat?

AliciaC profile image

AliciaC 4 weeks ago from British Columbia, Canada Author

Hi, Isabella. The climate and environment is suitable for English Ivy in many areas, which enables it to survive outside of its native habitat. It seems to do very well as an introduced plant. It's very successful where I live.

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    Linda Crampton (AliciaC)1,244 Followers
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    Linda Crampton is a teacher with an honours degree in biology. She loves to study nature and write about animals and plants.

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