I like to write about DIY gardening and general homesteading tips. I hope to provide readers with ideas and inspiration.
How to Choose Which Herbs to Grow
When you are looking through the fresh herbs in your produce department to cook with, you look for the greenest, freshest looking, and most fragrant herbs that you can find. There is no difference when you are purchasing herbs to try to grow.
Things to Look for When Selecting Herbs
- Deep green color
- High moisture content
- Minimal signs of browning or dried up leaves
- Strong fragrance
- Possible roots already at the bottom of the cutting
These are all signs that your herbs are fresh or want to still keep growing even though they have been harvested from their mother plants.
Preparing Your Herbs for Rooting
After you get home from the market, take your herbs out of the packages and give them a thorough rinse under cool water. While you are doing this, strip all of the leaves off of the bottom 2/3 of the stem. Pinch them off with your fingers, or use a knife or scissors to remove them, being careful to not harm the stem of the cutting.
Two Methods of Rooting Herb Cuttings
Once the herb cuttings are prepped, it is time to make a decision. How will you root your herbs? There are two ways to root herb cuttings:
- Root Herb Cuttings in Dirt
- Root Herb Cuttings in Water
How to Root Herb Cuttings in Dirt
In order to root herbs in dirt, you will need a way to keep your cuttings in a humid environment. Special terrariums can be bought from the garden store for a fairly reasonable price.
What I like to do though to save money, is to use plastic clamshell packaging from the deli, bakery, or produce section. They're going to be thrown away after the contents are consumed anyway. Might as well use them again since they've been paid for once already.
All you need to do to start your plants is poke some drainage holes in the bottom, and fill them with soil. Then plant your plants deep enough to where at least two sets of nodes (where you took the leaves from) are in the soil. Keep the soil moist by misting it gently with a spray bottle and in about two weeks your cuttings will begin to root.
How to Root Cuttings in Water
Rooting the cuttings in water is much the same as rooting the cuttings in soil, but not all herbs will make roots this way. Lavender, for instance, will rot instead of setting roots.
In order to root your herb cuttings, fill a container with water deep enough to cover two nodes on the stems. When you put the stems in the water be sure that no leaves are in the water or they will rot and kill the cuttings. Be sure to not crowd the containers either because bad air circulation will also kill off the cuttings. Change the water every two to three days to keep it fresh, and in about two weeks you should be seeing roots.
Note: All of your cuttings will need light, but try not to let them get above 80 degrees Fahrenheit. If you do they will steam in their environments.
How to Transplant Your Herbs
In order to transplant your herbs into their final homes, you need to be extra careful with the new root systems that they are starting to develop.
Transplanting Dirt-Rooted Herbs
The herbs that were started in dirt are a little bit easier to transplant in my opinion. After their new home has been assigned, a hole just large enough to accept the root ball needs to be dug in the soil. Then carefully remove the plant from its container, and lower the root ball into the hole. Backfill the soil around the roots and water it in.
Transplanting Water-Rooted Herbs
The part that makes transplanting the water starts harder is the bare roots. They are really fragile and easy to break. Just dig a hole deep enough to accept all of the roots, and lower the roots into the hole. Fill the hole back in with dirt very gently, and resist the urge to pack it too tightly. Water the soil around the herbs a little more heavily than you would other transplants. This will help the soil to settle naturally around the roots.
This content is accurate and true to the best of the author’s knowledge and is not meant to substitute for formal and individualized advice from a qualified professional.
Michael (author) from Indiana, PA on December 01, 2018:
I agree. I got really discouraged a lot of times after patiently waiting for all that time. Then killing my plants by not being careful when I was transplanting them. Now I just loosely backfill around them and let the water do what it does.
Don on December 01, 2018:
This is great info to get out. Transplanting and the resulting shock risk is where I always had problems. My better half finally got through to me that transplanting roots takes patience and care.