Marilyn grew up in farm country, learning to plant crops, flowers, and ornamental trees. She holds a Master's Degree in Psychology.
Starting From Seed
Mimosa trees are beautiful, drought-resistant, and delightful to observe in their sensitivity. The leaves fold when touched at night or when exposed to extreme cold or heat. The blossoms are puffy and attract hummingbirds with their bright color and aroma.
Purchasing the trees at various heights is usually fairly affordable, but there are several trees near our home, so I decided to pick up some of the dropped seed pods and try growing some from scratch.
I first made sure the pods were thoroughly dried out, fallen from the tree to ensure they were ready to plant. There were two methods to start the seeds that I tried.
Method 1: Paper Towel
- Open the seed pod which houses several seeds.
- Separate and place in a folded wet paper towel.
- Place in a dark cool place. Keep the paper towel damp but not too wet.
- In a few days, the seeds will begin to open up with sprouts.
- Plant in starting soil about 1/2 inch deep, and place in a sunny window or outdoors if the weather is warm.
My results: Two seedlings came up but turned yellow and withered in about a week.
Method 2: Seed Starter Soil
- Make sure seeds are dry.
- Plant in moistened seed starter soil about 1/2 inch deep.
- Place in a sunny window or outdoors in direct sunlight when temperatures are above 50 degrees.
- Keep the soil barely damp (overwatering can lead to fungus or mold growth). I allowed the soil to dry a little before wetting it again.
My results: Seedlings began to appear within the first week, and continue to grow, keeping them indoors at night and placing them in the sun during the day in temperatures over 50 degrees.
How to Collect Seeds From the Seed Pods
As seen in the photograph above, there can be quite a few seeds in one pod. On the other hand, I have picked up pods under a Mimosa tree that only had one seed inside. I still planted those single seeds in hopes it was not a genetic issue that would cause a weakness in the resulting tree.
The pods are thin, so be careful when opening them to get the seeds. A paper plate was used here to have a 'catcher' while opening the pods and to have a good light background for the photograph of the seeds.
How to Plant Mimosa Seeds
The best way to start seeds, I believe through experience, is to use peat starter pots using seed starter soil. Make sure there is enough soil in each pot to cover the seed well leaving space for new roots to develop.
- Plant the seed 1/2 inch deep in moistened starter soil.
- Place in a sunny window if the temperatures are still below 50 outside, or cloudy. Otherwise, set the pots outside in the direct sun during the day, and bring them into the house at night.
- Use a spray bottle to moisten the soil if you think you might be over-watering. I am using a small water bottle, dripping water on the soil away from seedlings so they are not disturbed. Overwatering can also 'float' the seedling and dislodge the new roots. Dislodging the roots at this time can put the plant into shock and it will wither away.
- After the seeds sprout, there will be a two-leaf bud that opens followed by two-leaf limbs that develop a fern look with several leaves on each side. Continue to carefully water the plant until it reaches about two inches in height.
- When the plant is two inches high, the pot can be separated from the cluster by using scissors to cut it away.
- Prepare a large, deep pot with more seed starting soil, and moisten thoroughly.
- Make a hole as deep as the peat pot in the middle of the large pot and place the entire peat pot into the hole, pressing it down slightly.
- Move a small amount of the new soil over the top of the peat pot all the way to the base of the plant.
- Proceed to continue watering lightly, keeping the new soil damp but not too wet.
Read More From Dengarden
Why It's Important to Transplant Seedlings From Peat Pots to Large, Deep Pots
The reason for larger, deep pots is that new growth of the new seedling will develop rapidly, so there needs to be room for the base to grow, root systems to spread, and new growth of limbs and leaves on the top. If there is limited space the plant will stay small and could die, also if there are too many plants in one pot.
When Can You Put the Plant in the Ground?
The seedling can be contained in the large pot until it is up to two feet high, then transplant to an even larger pot would be necessary. When the plant is three to four feet high, it can be safely transplanted into a sunny area in the ground.
How to Transplant From Container to Ground
- To prepare the dirt for transplanting the tree from container to ground, dig a hole the same depth as the container, but twice as wide.
- Add just a handful of growing soil, or fertilizer and mix with the dirt at the bottom, water until moist.
- Let the ground absorb the moisture for an hour or so before transplanting.
- Carefully use a spatula, or table knife to cut around the inside edge of the pot, loosening the tree and root system from the container.
- Lean on one side next to the hole that has been readied for the plant. Do not use the stem of the tree to pull it out of the pot; this will damage the plant and possibly kill it. Loosen the plant from the container enough that when laid on one side and tipped, the entire plant and potted soil around roots basically fall out of the pot.
- Lift the plant by cupping the root system with both hands and lower into the hole. Make sure the plant stays centered by filling in around the edges and press down slightly, so there is a shallow bowl effect surrounding the stem, or trunk of the tree.
- Water immediately.
A video on how to transplant a tree is provided below; however, it is showing how to move a store-purchased tree from a container to the ground. Just follow the steps on digging the hole, how to fill it in, and watering. I hope it helps.
Update: How My Mimosa Tree Is Growing!
This small tree shown in the photo above is now five feet high and doing well after the winter. It is amazing how resilient they are! I also transplanted two very small ones in our front yard in full sun, and they are doing very well also.
These trees take a lot less care than I thought at first, lending to mostly watering and I have only fertilized them one time. I now have seven trees growing, two that are five feet high or a little over, three that are about three feet high, and two that are about 1 1/2 foot tall.
I am using bamboo poles to prop the tree until the trunk fills out. Trimming the very top of the tree off helps to fill out more branches, promotes flowering, and helps the trunk develop more. It is actually a good idea to trim the top off when the plant is about two to three feet tall, that way the trunk fills out as it grows.
Winter comes, plants lose their leaves, go dormant and regenerate in the spring. One way to keep them healthy during the winter months is to keep them hydrated. Plants do not go completely dormant, the roots are still alive and in need of water, and periodic fertilization. This keeps the ground warmer, especially if you surround the base of the plants with mulch or wood chips.
If your plants are in large pots, I suggest wood chips around the base, on top of the soil, and wrap the bottom of the planter in plastic or Burlap. A friend also suggested wrapping a string of Christmas lights around the plant to provide a subtle warmth.
This winter has been a merry-go-round with the weather here in Las Vegas, with temperatures in the mid and high 70's until a few days ago (February 15th), now the temperatures dipped to the mid 30's at night, and low 50's for the daytime.
Many plants thought spring was here blossoming, budding new leaves, but now the cold temperatures have destabilized them. Hopefully, with the wraps, wood chips, mulch, fertilizer, and water, they will survive.
Recap and Supply List
To grow a Mimosa Tree from seed, it is necessary to purchase seeds from a seed company, or if there is a nearby Mimosa Tree, ask the neighbor if he or she would allow you to pick up some of the fallen seed pods.
This is what is necessary to start the seeds.
- Seed pods
- Peat pots (when transplanted these will disintegrate into the soil)
When the seedling grows to about 2 inches high, transplant the Mimosa and peat pot into a larger pot, and continue to water without overwatering. When the plant grows to 2 to 3 feet, it will be time to transplant into the ground. Items necessary for this last process:
- Table knife or spatula to loosen plant roots from pot
- Fertilizer or mulch
- Gloves (to protect hands during transplant process)
The trees grow best in warmer temperatures, are drought resistant, and love sunlight. Grow at least 10 to 15 feet away from buildings. Be aware when seeds fall many seedlings may grow in the surrounding area if not cleaned up right away; however, the tiny leaves fall off during the fall and disintegrate, so there is no leaf cleanup necessary.
Water periodically, and enjoy watching beautiful growth, pink blossoms, and hummingbird visits!
Mimosa Seed Pods, Marilyn Fritz (2015)
New Seeds, Marilyn Fritz (2015)
Peat Pots, Marilyn Fritz (2015)
Transplanting, Marilyn Fritz (2015)
How To Properly Transplant a Tree From Container - Treeland Nurseries(October, 25, 2010).
Planting Zone Map, National Arbor Day Foundation, (2002).
This content is accurate and true to the best of the author’s knowledge and is not meant to substitute for formal and individualized advice from a qualified professional.
Questions & Answers
Question: Will a mimosa grow from a clipping?
Answer: Mimosa trees grow quickly from the seed. They are very sensitive, so I am sure a cutting would wither. I haven't tried, but maybe if you have a "green thumb" it might work for you. My best suggestion is the easiest way is to grow them from seed.
Marilyn (author) from Nevada on November 13, 2020:
They go dormant during winter months but start budding when the temperature gets above 70 degrees.
Marilyn (author) from Nevada on November 13, 2020:
I started my Mimosa seeds indoors and waited until they were about 3 inches tall to transplant when the weather was about 70 degrees. They are warm weather trees for most of their growth. They go dormant during winter, but come back hearty in spring if you continue to water them at least 3 times per week for 15 minutes to keep the roots from freezing, and keep them moist.
Fran Ellis on April 21, 2020:
Just wondering when my tree will start producing it's leaves. It's now late April & I don't see any sign of budding.
Nathan Weber on September 12, 2019:
I just found your website through a Google search... Anyways, I've been trying to propagate mimosa from seeds and haven't had any luck at all. I'm also in Vegas and was wondering what time of year you did this? Are they like some other Desert plants where the seeds need to "go through a winter" before they'll sprout?
Sarah in Greensboro,NC on July 19, 2018:
Enjoyed your article. Simple, clear easy-to-follow instructions. Here, mimosas plant themselves, and we love the delicate fronds and peach aroma, which lends an exotic aura to our patio outings.
Marilyn (author) from Nevada on October 20, 2017:
This summer I have had to fight off white flies, black flies, aphids, and some unknown other predator of the Mimosa leaves. Alas, the weather is cooling, causing the bugs to migrate somewhere else offering relief to the Mimosa's. They are producing more green leaves, growing taller, and are much happier. So am I!
Marilyn (author) from Nevada on October 13, 2017:
The leaves on my Mimosa's started turning yellow and falling off too. On inspection, I found tiny white fly's were sucking juices out of them. I used a spray of natural ingredients to kill the fly's, waited about half an hour and gently rinsed off the pest control with a fine mist of water. So far they are doing better and sprouting new limbs, and leaves.
Gale on September 02, 2017:
If U live in Arkansas they grow like weeds. My yard is full of them. Love them
geoffrey smith on July 31, 2017:
l live in Lancashire England, interesting reading learned alot. Can l transplant one in my garden its in the place and its 10 foot tall. Thank you. Geoff.
jimmie hargrove on June 29, 2017:
I replanted 2 mimosa plants and when they started to grow the leaves somehow started falling off. can anyone answer why this is happening. This is very strange.
Mrs. Gamble,Rockne on June 02, 2017:
Found,that bye reading your thoughts the pictures of each step,make u feel better.like yep! I am doing the rite thin.Do I belive their is a male or female tree.
Marilyn (author) from Nevada on May 29, 2016:
I am off work over the Memorial Day weekend, so I will be posting an updated photo of that 5 gallon Mimosa. It has grown, and I now have two of them that size, and I experimented transplanting two small ones directly in soil on the north west side of our house. So far, they are growing nicely, unfortunately so is the Burmuda grass that I am trying to get rid of.
Mimosa lover on April 27, 2016:
I love Mimosa trees!! I thought I was the only one! I had one in my backyard growing up and I loved climbing them and smelling the pink flowers. I've been wanting to plant one in my backyard for a long time. They are definitely one of my favorite childhood memories!
Marilyn (author) from Nevada on January 20, 2016:
This winter has been a little tough on the Mimosa trees, however they are thriving and beginning to show signs of new growth, especially the ones I placed under the awning to protect them from frost. I will post some new photos as they keep growing.
We actually moved several to the front patio and they are doing great!
Marilyn (author) from Nevada on March 26, 2015:
The Mimosa seeds I planted are growing nicely now that it is warming up a bit. I have been able to place them in the sun for a few hours every day to acclimate them to the outdoors for future transplanting. I now have 6 small trees, with 20 more seeds planted. The air is so dry out here, and rain is very low, so the trees are not so invasive. When the seeds blow around and settle beneath the soil, the seeds don't sprout. After a few months the seeds decay. The only ones that survive are ones that land in areas where sprinkler systems keep the soil moist, or near manmade ponds or lakes.
They are becoming popular trees here in the desert area.
Marilyn (author) from Nevada on March 05, 2015:
Hi DDE, I am happy to hear you have a Mimosa. How tall is it? Has it blossomed? Mine are still pretty small, but growing fast again now that the weather has warmed up a bit. Keep us posted how the tree is growing, or if you run into any problems with it. Thank you for commenting on my hubs.
Devika Primić from Dubrovnik, Croatia on March 05, 2015:
I do have a mimosa tree planted on the outside of the front yard and it looks great.
Marilyn (author) from Nevada on March 02, 2015:
Hi Rachel. Thank you for your comment. I love Mimosa, and they smell nice when they bloom, not to mention that they draw Hummingbirds. From what I can tell from the USDA Plant Hardiness Zone Map, most of PA can grow the cold hardy Mimosa, except for a very small area in the extreme NE and NW. Depending on how far NE you live, it looks like you are in Zone 6, and the Mimosa will grow in zones 6 through 9. Some parts of upstate New York can also grow Mimosa. You can look up the USDA Plant Hardiness Zone Map online, put in your zip code and it will show what zone you are in.
Rachel L Alba from Every Day Cooking and Baking on March 02, 2015:
What a beautiful tree the Mimosa is. Do you know if they grow in NE PA? If so I would love to get one. Thanks for all the good information. I voted thumbs up, useful, beautiful and interesting.
MariaMontgomery from Coastal Alabama, USA on February 27, 2015:
I do think mimosa trees are pretty, especially when blooming. In the south where they cover the roadsides, they are considered by many as "trash trees" because they are so very prolific at reproducing. We had one in our front yard when I was a child, and I loved it. They branch low to the ground, so they are easy to climb. I used to climb ours and sit up there and read. I loved the tree -- my dad hated it, because of all the seeds it dropped.
Marilyn (author) from Nevada on February 25, 2015:
Living in Las Vegas for many years, and experiencing cold weather from 29 degrees up to and exceeding 115 degrees, I can honestly vouch for the trees resistance to drought, and weather conditions. The Mimosa is a beautiful tree, and hardy, the only thing I know of that could be a problem is disease. A fungal infection, Fusarium oxysporum ( a vascular wilt disease) can damage or destroy a tree. Having researched the disease (because I am growing quite a few saplings and have one mature tree), a balance of fertilizer is necessary, and maintaining good root foundation and repair of wood wounds helps to avoid infection. I don't keep the soil too moist, nor do I allow it to dry out completely around the roots. Care is also taken to keep insects under control. So far so good, no disease.
poetryman6969 on February 25, 2015:
I like the seeds and flowers on these trees. If they truly are drought tolerant that's a definite plus.