Growing a Deck, Balcony, or Patio Vegetable Garden

Updated on April 26, 2016
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I'm a big fan of all things green and growing. I love planting a garden in the spring and watching it thrive.

Ideas for a Patio Herb or Vegetable Garden: Containers and Beyond

You may be one of the lucky few who happens to have garden space, but if you're like me, you don't. Many people live in small spaces or apartments, and we don't have an outdoor plot to claim. But don't give up hope! You can grow a patio garden in very little space, and enjoy wonderfully fresh veggies.

Patio or balcony gardens are becoming popular, especially as more people move to the city. Whether you have a green thumb or are just looking to add a new hobby to your quiver, it's a great thing to do. You can grow a surprisingly large amount of delicious food in a small space if you plan properly.

We'll look at some ways to maximize your space and yield, even if you only have a patch of dirt the size of a postage stamp to work with. We'll look at container vegetable gardening, but we'll look at some other methods, as well.

A beautiful carrot grown in a container on a balcony.
A beautiful carrot grown in a container on a balcony. | Source

Considerations of Small Spaces

If you are going to do some vegetable gardening using containers, tables, planters, or bags, and you don't have a ton of space to work with, here are some things to consider:

Maximize Sunlight: With small spaces, particularly balconies, plants can suffer from a lack of light. There are ways to deal with this, primarily by noticing where the light comes from and maximizing it. If you need to vertically stack your grow containers, be sure that the shadow of the top one doesn't block light to those underneath.

With extremely limited space and light, a pallet garden might be the perfect idea for you. (They're better for herbs than veggies).

Presentation is Key: A container-style garden is a good idea for a patio, but only if it doesn't make your outdoor space unusable. You still need access to the space, and it should be beautiful, not cluttered. In a moment, I'll go over some wonderful planters and configurations to make sure your little garden is easy to maintain and enjoy.

Weight Restrictions: Garden containers can be pretty heavy, so this is is an important consideration for anyone hoping to put one on a balcony. Be sure that you don't exceed the weight restrictions of your balcony or deck. Potato barrels, for example, can weight hundreds of pounds when watered. It shouldn't be an issue if you don't go overboard.

Table planter or raised bed.
Table planter or raised bed. | Source

Table Planters

No dirt? No problem! A clever and well-made table planter is an apartment gardener's dream! It provides a good amount of soil, and fits on your balcony.

The nice thing about a raised bed is that it really works. You've got a good amount of space to work with, so you can have a good amount of dirt in the planter itself. It can even be built waist high, which means you don't have to bend down and hurt your back when you're tending to it.

It has at least 11 inches of depth for your soil, so you have access to about 8 cubic feet to plant in! That's quite a bit. It's not really enough to grow potatoes in, but it's considerable all the same. Tomatoes, lettuce, and zucchini should all do well.

It's a patio herb and vegetable garden that is well made and good looking, made from natural cedar. Definitely worth a look!

Vertical Planters
Vertical Planters | Source

A Vertical Planter

Remember the issues I mentioned with small spaces and lack of light? Here is a great solution! This is a vertical planter, ideal for a wide variety of herbs and vegetables. It minimizes the space requirements while maximizing veggie output, and it looks amazing to boot!

This is a similar idea to pallet gardening, where it's intended to lean up against a wall. The advantage here is that it's much more well built than a pallet, and it looks a lot better and more 'refined.'

These can be made in natural cedar that will age nicely on your patio or deck. It's pretty versatile, boasting many tiers and a 'penthouse' top shelf for plants that need more sun.

It also enables a drip irrigation system, meaning that you don't have to water each tier. Just water the top, and it will trickle down to each plant. That's a nice thing, because it avoids root rot, too.

This is definitely intended for plants that don't require too much soil. Lettuce, basil, parsley, and oregano would do extremely well here. Tomatoes could grow here too, but be warned that tomato roots are aggressive and will overtake other plants.

On the whole, this is a well-thought-out solution for apartments, patios, and decks.

A homemade, DIY version of the vertical planter.
A homemade, DIY version of the vertical planter. | Source
Strawberry planters are ideal for maximizing space.
Strawberry planters are ideal for maximizing space. | Source

Multi-Tiered Pots

If you don't have a lot of square footage, you need to be creative with what you have. That's where this little planter shines. It's intended for growing strawberries, but it's actually ideal for a number of different types of plants.

It features a number of space-saving advantages: It can either sit on the ground or hang from a chain, and it allows a flow-through irrigation system that lets you water the system only once, rather than having to water each plant pod individually.

It allows plants to grow vertically. The planting spots are not huge, so don't expect to grow potatoes or carrots in them, but they're a good size for most herbs, cherry tomatoes, strawberries, and other similar vegetables and fruits.

If you get tired of growing vegetables in it, feel free to switch over to flowers!


Potato Bags for Growing Spuds and Root Vegetables

Potatoes traditionally require a good amount of soil because they're a root vegetable— that makes veggie gardening tricky on a balcony. However, a potato bag is a good way to give them the soil they need.

Conceptually, it's wonderfully simple. The bags are made of a felt-like material that is light and flexible, yet strong enough to hold in the dirt and plant. The fabric is breathable and porous, so the roots are aerated and the soil temperature is more conducive to growth. The material also allows excess water to escape, which prevents overwatering.

Note: If you're growing on a balcony, be aware that these bags leak! They're meant to. If that's a problem, you're better off to put the bag inside of a waterproof container. For places where the ground can get wet, you're fine to just grow the potatoes or carrots in the bag and let the water leak out.

You'll get a good yield with these inexpensive, light, smart, and reusable bags.

Felt Wall Planter Pockets

Okay, so what if your patio space is maxed out and there's nowhere else to grow? You can always grow herbs on the wall with this setup.

By placing this hanging fabric wall planter in a spot that gets plenty of natural sunlight, you can easily grow herbs like basil, oregano, mint, or dill. It doesn't take up any valuable floor space and you'll get tons of positive comments about this one! The concept is pretty simple, and if you're handy with a sewing machine you could probably make your own.

Note: Like the potato bags, a fabric pocket releases excess water onto the ground, so you'll want to watch for runoff.

What Can I Grow on a Balcony Veggie Garden?

You'd be surprised what you are able to grow in even the smallest space. Most container vegetables aren't going to be as big or robust as those grown in the ground, but you can do quite well. I've seen some huge tomatoes, carrots, and zucchini grown in very small spaces.

You'll be surprised by the yield, too. Herbs in particular seem to do well when they're given a little sun and space. We had more basil than we could eat last year, all from one little plant on our balcony. We were able to make several jars of pesto at the end of the season!

Do be careful of pests like thrips and aphids. In a large space they're not as dangerous, but an aphid infestation can devastate your small garden in no time flat.


Do you have an apartment or patio veggie garden?

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    • MaharshiRudra profile image

      Maharshi Rudra 2 years ago from India

      Good.... Green March... Step ahead save planet.

    • profile image

      Yesungssi 3 years ago

      I want to buy the container

    • profile image

      westcoastwife 3 years ago

      Heads up! Your fifth product is not showing a picture from Amazon.

    • kerlund74 profile image

      kerlund74 4 years ago from Sweden

      Great hub, I have a very small spot in front of my house. I plan to have some pees, potatoes, tomatoes, dill, pepper there this year. It is great to read about your experiences. Thank you for sharing

    • Samiaylor profile image

      Samantha Aylor 4 years ago from Wayne, WV

      I love this information. My Husband and I live in the country but we rent the land and have no space to plant a garden. This will be perfect on my deck.