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How to Plant Pumpkins: Rows vs. Hills

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Learn how far apart to plant pumpkins and the benefits of planting pumpkins in rows!

Learn how far apart to plant pumpkins and the benefits of planting pumpkins in rows!

How to Plant Pumpkins

Many people have raised pumpkins, gourds, and other vining plants in hills for centuries. However, for years I used row crop techniques to raise pumpkins and gourds to great success. Increased numbers of plants make for higher yields and better ground cover, which conserves water and edges out weeds in your garden. It's easier to plant and maintain row crop pumpkins and gourds than conventional hills.

Prepare the Soil

Before planting any pumpkins or gourds, know your soil. Soil preparation will go a long way with vining crops, which take a lot of nutrients from your soil. Pumpkins and decorative gourds alike prefer well-drained soil, such as a sandy loam type. Too much moisture being trapped in the topsoil will create problems with mold and mildew on your vines. If you have a heavier soil, like clay, you can use organic material, like lawn clippings, leaves, compost, and peat moss to loosen the soil and allow it to hold more nutrients. Doing this will build up the soil and thin it out enough that root systems can penetrate and your plants can grow uninhibited.

The Row Crop Method (How Far Apart to Plant Pumpkins)

Once you've got your garden bed prepped, you can plant. Normally, with hills, you would plant four to five seeds per hill with each hill being four to six feet apart. This works well, always has.

However, row cropping your pumpkins and gourds is more efficient, for these reasons:

  • Spacing rows six feet apart, you can plant gourds and miniature pumpkin vines five inches apart in your rows.
  • Regular size "carving" pumpkins will need more space, 12 inches or so between seeds in a row. This is because these pumpkins have larger vines and root systems that will choke each other off if they are too close.
  • Vining plants will cover the ground quickly, making it hard for weeds to grow. As vines start to mature, you will notice that they will climb existing weeds and eventually overtake them.
  • By using row cropping, you are harnessing the vine's natural defense mechanisms to your advantage more so than in conventional hill methods.


Now, as good as row cropping can be for your vining plants, there is one drawback. Because the ground cover is so dense, pests are more concealed and can become more prevalent. This can be remedied by keeping an eye on your vines. Check under leaves, near the stem, and at the base of the vine. If you notice small red bumps at the base of the leaf where it meets the stem, you probably have squash bugs. It is easiest to get rid of them while in egg or larval form.

There are organic and inorganic pesticides that will take care of these pests. If you don't need organic, anything with Diazinon in it will work well on squash bugs. Also, checking the base of the vine is important. If you notice a small, almost pin-sized hole, you have vine borers. This is the larval stage of the insect, however, in the adult phase, they look similar to bees.

They will do exactly what their name implies: they bore through the middle of your vine, making the transport of nutrients impossible and subsequently killing your vines. Insecticides do not do much, once the vine borer is in your vine, which is why keeping an eye out for the adult insect is key. If you do see you have one in your vine, chances are you can cut them out. Using a razor blade, you can slice into the vine in the direction of the hole until you find the borer. Removing the borer can save part or all of the vine, but not always. If caught too late, the vine will either lose major sections or die altogether.


Harvest the Pumpkins!

Harvesting your row-cropped gourds and pumpkins is a joyous experience. As the vines die off, your mature gourds and pumpkins become visible through the foliage. Now you have a bountiful harvest for home use or for selling at your local produce markets. Now that you're aware of the benefits of this planting method, try it out!

This content is accurate and true to the best of the author’s knowledge and is not meant to substitute for formal and individualized advice from a qualified professional.


K S Sood on May 28, 2018:

I am having the problem of fruit drop before it matures. There is sufficient cow compost added to the soil where the pumpkin vine grows. I also add need cake and Epsom salt to the soil near the roots of the vine. The plant and fruit appears to be doing fine then suddenly it drops after it starts getting spoilt.