Home ImprovementRemodelingCleaningGardeningLandscapingInterior DesignHome AppliancesPest ControlDecks & PatiosSwimming Pools & Hot TubsGaragesBasements

How to Grow Grape Vine in Your Backyard

Updated on February 18, 2017
Ashish Dadgaa profile image

Ashish Dadgaa is an agriculture consultant with 7years of experience in the farming industry. He writes about farming with tips & technique.

Grapes are hanging from the plant.
Grapes are hanging from the plant. | Source

Grapes are known as long season crops that are repeatedly overlooked in the private gardens. It is proven that grapes are one of the largely harvested fruit around the globe.

Grapevines not only crop sweet fruits but will also enhance the beauty of your backyard. It will add grace in the most immaculate way. If appropriate care is taken then, they grow vigorously and yield fruits for years.

When you would take a bite of grape from your friend's backyard, it will burst with juice and a saccharine taste, and you will be tempted to grow grapes in your backyard too. Wouldn’t you?

Then what are you waiting for? Let's learn how to produce grapes and you will enjoy picking a fresh grape from the vine to taste an organic flavor.

Grapes will cultivate in every part of the country; however, you need to select the right type of grape for your area. It should suit your local weather of winter and summer.

Grapes require sunshine and a clean soil, which is free from wild grass or weed.

Grape Vine in Backyard of House.
Grape Vine in Backyard of House. | Source

Types of Grapes

Red Grape - New York Muscat

  • It is having a dark red skin.
  • Blackcurrant-flavoured dessert Muscat.
  • It has good disease resistance.
  • It is best grown in a warm place.
  • High-quality autumn color.

Red Grape - Boskoop Glory

  • It continually gives a good crop
  • It has good disease resistance.
  • It is fairly good in flavor.

Red Grape - Regent

  • It makes a high-quality wine.
  • It is good Disease resistant.
  • It continually gives good crop with a sweet taste.

Ripped White and Red Grapes.
Ripped White and Red Grapes. | Source

White Grape - Muller Thurgau

  • It has high production capacity.
  • It smells very good with delicious taste
  • It does not ripe in cold temperature and it suffers from incest.

White Grape - Foster Seedling

  • It ripens early with large bunches of grapes
  • It is very sweet in taste.
  • It has to be eaten instantly after picking.

White Grape - Schiava Grossa

  • It is ideal for a small backyard but it requires extra care.
  • It has good disease resistance.
  • It makes high-quality wine.
  • This is ideal for grape juice.

Procure Grape Plants

1-year-old vigorous plants are more preferable. Generally, many types of grapes self-fertile so make sure you ask before you purchase it. Sometimes nursery sells old stock as fresh and new plants. So ensure that you procure grape vines from a trustworthy nursery. You should always ask for certified disease free plants.

Building Wooden Trellis for Grapes

Planting of Grape Vine


  1. The best time to plant grapes is early spring, where you will find varieties of roots available.
  2. Make a sturdy wooden trellis before planting, as grapevines will need to give backing to grow vertically. This will reduce the risk of bugs or infection.
  3. Soak the roots in clean water for two to three hours before planting the grapevines.
  4. Make sure your backyard is getting air circulation early in the morning, as well as afternoon during the sunset. Backyard soil should be loose and well drained.
  5. When you plant, make sure you chop the existing roots back to 5 inches; it supports the feeder roots to expand closer to the trunk.
  6. For every vine, excavate a planting hole of 11 inches wide and 13 inches deep. Fill with 3 inches of topsoil. Place the vine in the hole and wrap the roots with 5 inches of soil and compress well. Now fill the hole with remaining soil but don't compress the top.
  7. Give enough water after planting


How to Plant a Grape Vine

Pruning Grape Vine and Improving Quality of Yield

  1. In initial two years, vines need to reinforce its roots before it can carry excess weight of grape bunches, thus vines are not permitted to yield grape in initials years.
  2. Trimming is very essential. During March and April, vines are inactive so it is an ideal time to trim. Trimming should be done before sprout beings to swell up.
  3. Make sure you trim at least 80% of preceding year's growth. This will give you high-quality grapes. Keep in mind, that the more you trim, the more fruit you will have.
  4. If you want your grapes bunches hanging on the wooden trails, then you will have to direct the vines that way, yet by trimming the branches and leaving few on the wooden trail.
  5. In the first year, trim all the buds apart from 2 to 3 best one. Ensure that bamboos are tied up and supported well by a good vertical growth.
  6. In the second year, take away excess of cluster flowers as they grow and leave buds on each trail arms.
  7. In the first year, do not give fertilizer unless you have poor soil. You can provide a small amount of fertilizer in the second year.
  8. Keep in mind, that vines can yield excess grapes. This is not a good sign because excess production leads to inferior quality of grapes. You can avoid this by trimming clustered flowers that look distorted and chop off grape clusters that grow randomly.
  9. A mesh net is highly recommended to keep birds away from growing grapes.

 Grapevine pruning during winter to improve the quality of yield.
Grapevine pruning during winter to improve the quality of yield. | Source

Harvest Grapes

  1. If grapes are not maturing well, then push back some of the plants and leafs to get more sunlight.
  2. Be careful: Grapes will stop growing if picked from the vine. Before harvesting, take samples from the different cluster and taste a few grapes. The best season to harvest is in between late summer to early fall.
  3. When grapes are full of color, juicy, sweet in taste and simply crushable, then it is a sign that it is fully ripped and ready for harvest.

Grape bunches hanging from the wooden trellis.
Grape bunches hanging from the wooden trellis. | Source
Grapes Harvesting
Grapes Harvesting | Source

Storage of Grapes

Grapes can be easily stored for two months in the basement. However, grapes can easily soak the odor of other vegetables and fruits, so it is better to store them away. Utilize cardboard boxes to store with dry straw. Keep them checking on a regular interval to prevent from decay.

Grapes storage in the basement.
Grapes storage in the basement. | Source

General Difficulties in Grape Vines

Difficulties
Symptoms
Solutions
Two spotted mite and the red spider
leaves drop too early, leaves are enclosed by webbing and they become pale & spotted, on which mites can be easily noticeable.
During the summer time, water-spray the plants regularly. Utilise plant oils and soft soap. Use biological pesticide control.
Animals & Birds
Pigeons and other birds can eat leaves, vegetables, and fruits
Shield the plants from birds by wrapping them up with mesh net.
Powdery Mildew
White powdery substance appears on the leaf top and shrinks in size.
Keep the soil wet and moist, and spray fish oil on leaves and grow plants in a cold place

Your Opinion

Would you like to grow Grape Vine in your Backyard?

See results

© 2017 Ashish Dadgaa

Comments

    0 of 8192 characters used
    Post Comment

    • Ashish Dadgaa profile image
      Author

      Ashish Dadgaa 5 months ago

      @Natalie Frank,

      Thank you so much for your feedback :)

      I am glad that you loved this hub and found it informative. Yes, this is very easy and doable. You can do it easily as per my given instruction :)

      Bless you.

    • profile image

      Natalie Frank 5 months ago

      Thank you for the informative article. I have become interested in gardening recently and the idea of growing grape vines in the back yard is intriguing. The pictures you show make it actually seem doable and in not such a large space! Great Hub.

    • Ashish Dadgaa profile image
      Author

      Ashish Dadgaa 5 months ago

      @hiichichi,

      Thank you so much. I am glad that you liked my work :)

      Bless you :)

    • hiichichi profile image

      Chichi 5 months ago

      Thank you so much Ashish Dadgaa for this beautiful write up. It is actually educating. Nice work.

    • Ashish Dadgaa profile image
      Author

      Ashish Dadgaa 6 months ago

      @Sakina,

      I am glad that you like the layout and photos :)

      Thank you so much, Sakina for detailed feedback :)

      Yes, certainly I will write helpful hubs for our community :)

      Regards,

      Ashish

    • SakinaNasir53 profile image

      Sakina Nasir 6 months ago from Kuwait

      Hi Ashish!

      Your hub looks so neat and detailed. I absolutely loved reading it. The pictures are awesome too! God bless you! Keep writing such useful hubs. :)

    • Ashish Dadgaa profile image
      Author

      Ashish Dadgaa 6 months ago

      @greenmind,

      Thank you so much for your feedback :)

    • Ashish Dadgaa profile image
      Author

      Ashish Dadgaa 6 months ago

      @Gina,

      Thank you so much, Gina for your valuable feedback :)

      Wow, that's awesome. I would say then you must be a master in gardening then :) Yes, trimming is very important in Grape vines as it improves its quality. You can't ignore Pruning of Grape Vine.

      Anyways, your hard work paid off and you are enjoying it's fruit now :)

      Bless you.

    • greenmind profile image

      greenmind 6 months ago

      Very detailed and knowledgable article about grapes. Nice work!

    • Gina Welds-Hulse profile image

      Gina Welds Hulse 6 months ago from Rockledge, Florida

      Love this. I have grown grapes in my backyard now for over 5 years. The last two harvests have been so abundant, I was pleased. Surprised myself, actually. They were muscadine grapes, but we got such a large harvest, and they are truly delicious. I am in the process of trimming the vines now so that they will come back with a vengeance the next harvest.