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How to Attract Butterflies to Your Garden With a Puddle Club Party

I like to host puddle club parties for butterflies in my garden. Here are my tips for hosting these beautiful guests.

A beautiful butterfly visitor.

A beautiful butterfly visitor.

Attract Gorgeous Guests to Your Garden

Recently, I learned that planting the flowers butterflies like best isn’t the only thing it takes to be a good host to these beautiful garden visitors. It is also very important to provide a source of water for them.

Butterflies avoid spraying or dripping water because it can damage their wings; however, many species love mud puddles. In fact, groups of butterflies often congregate on shallow water. It's a beautiful thing to see! There, they sip water as well as ingest nutrients from the wet soil.

If you'd like to host a puddle club party for butterflies in your garden, here are five easy ways to attract lots of gorgeous guests.

Swallowtails in Argentina swarm in the mud.

Swallowtails in Argentina swarm in the mud.

1. Sandy Puddles

In her book Attracting Butterflies and Hummingbirds to Your Backyard, Sally Roth recommends this sand puddle project as a means of providing a relatively long-lasting shallow water source for butterflies:

  1. Bury a plastic or metal lid so that a little of the rim is exposed.
  2. Fill the lid with half sand, half soil. (Including a bit of manure will make it even more attractive to butterflies.)
  3. Smooth out the soil mixture, making a depression in the center that is about two inches deep.
  4. Saturate the soil with water.
  5. Repeat as needed to keep the material moist.
Empty bottle puddles.

Empty bottle puddles.

2. Empty Bottle Puddles

Another interesting way to provide water for butterflies in your garden is by using empty bottles:

  1. Bury upside-down bottles with large concave bottoms along the edges of your butterfly garden or in other open locations where butterflies can easily land.
  2. Then spray the bottle bottoms with a garden hose. Water will collect in the dimpled bottoms at the perfect depth for a butterfly puddle.

Because I didn't have any equipment with which to cut off the wine and sherry bottles I'd collected, I simply dug a deep hole and buried all but the very bottoms of the bottles. A rubber mallet was helpful in making the bottle bottoms level.

A butterfly visitor

A butterfly visitor

Some Words for Talking About Butterflies

For more butterfly terminology, visit the Information Center for the Environment (ICE), University of California, Davis at


Puddle Club

A group of butterflies on a puddle


The attraction of butterflies to wet spots


A group of butterflies


Another name for a group of butterflies


Another common name for a group of butterflies

Our Butterfly Garden

We grow a variety of herbs, herbaceous perennials and annuals to attract butterflies to our yard. Here's a partial list:

  • apple mint
  • bee balm
  • butterfly bush
  • butterfly weed
  • cosmos
  • golden alexanders
  • parsley
  • purple cone flower
  • shasta daisies
  • zinnia

Many of the plants listed above are favorites with other pollinators as well, including bees and hummingbirds.

Reapply water as needed to your rocky water pot bottoms.

Reapply water as needed to your rocky water pot bottoms.

3. Rocky Water Pot Bottoms

This butterfly water source is super easy to make:

  1. Simply fill a flowerpot tray with gravel or pebbles and then add water, leaving the tops of the rocks uncovered so that butterflies can perch on them as they sip.
  2. Place the tray in an open spot where butterflies can easily land. Refresh the water occasionally as it evaporates.
Flat flowers like zinnias make it easy for butterflies to land and sip nectar comfortably.

Flat flowers like zinnias make it easy for butterflies to land and sip nectar comfortably.

4. Brick and Sidewalk Puddles

Here's an even easier way to create a source of shallow water that will attract a puddle club:

  1. Simply hose down a sunny brick or concrete patio or sidewalk.
  2. Rather than sweep away the excess water, allow it to puddle on the rough surface.

5. Mud Puddles and Muddy Ground

Another super simple idea for attracting butterflies? Water empty spots in your garden to create mud puddles. Not only will the puddles attract puddle clubs, but they'll attract other wildlife as well, including birds and dragonflies.

This content is accurate and true to the best of the author’s knowledge and is not meant to substitute for formal and individualized advice from a qualified professional.

© 2014 Jill Spencer


Jill Spencer (author) from United States on May 14, 2019:

From what I've read, Crayola brand sand and some other sands are labeled nontoxic and, according to a study by Duke U., safe for children. I still am not sure if it's safe for butterflies, however.

Jill Spencer (author) from United States on May 11, 2018:

I don't know, Adriana. Good question! Let me do a little research and get back to you. (: Best, Jill

Adriana Duarte on May 11, 2018:

I recently watched a video of a puddle made with colored sand. Is it safe for the butterflies?

Love your article! Thank you :)

Jill Spencer (author) from United States on August 27, 2017:

Judith, thanks so much for stopping by and sharing information about your novel for fourth graders, BUTTERFLY GARDENS, and for describing your own butterfly garden. It would be great if pictures would attach here, but unfortunately they don't. All the best, Jill

Judith benson, salmon arm, bc on August 27, 2017:

Since the late nineties when I published an early chapter book called BUTTERFLY GARDENS (4th grade/grade 4 reading level) I've strived to create my own. At last I've succeeded in attracting a variety rather than just sulphurs thanks to planting a thriving butterfly bush. Now I've added a puddling feature, too, thanks to your informative site. If I can figure out how, I'll attach photos of an American Painted Lady on my butterfly bush and my elevated puddling dish (elevated to protect puddlers from curious felines). Thanks for your information and reader comments.

Jill Spencer (author) from United States on July 31, 2015:

Hi MsLizzy! Your weak fountain sounds perfect for butterflies. They tend to avoid splashing water that damages their wings. Hope some visit your yard soon. They're so pleasant to watch. And so pretty. Thanks for stopping by! Take care, Jill

Liz Elias from Oakley, CA on July 30, 2015:

Hmmm... Interesting, though we get such hot summers (hotter lately), that I think such shallow water would evaporate several times a day. We are also in a drought & on water use restrictions, so I'm hopeful that my recirculating fountain, which has a few shallow 'steps' to it, and is located next to Hydrangea bushes might suffice. The original pump gave up, and the replacement is from a smaller fountain, and pretty weak, so there's overflow down into the other basins, but very little splash.

The list of plants is interesting. We have Marigolds, several types of ferns (which of course, don't flower), African Daisies (Agapanthus), and that's about it for flowering plants..oh, and a small rosebush.

I've really rarely seen butterflies around here.

Voted up, useful and interesting.

Jill Spencer (author) from United States on July 10, 2015:

Thanks so much, MG! Appreciate your kind comments.

MG Seltzer from South Portland, Maine on July 09, 2015:

Love it! Gonna share this with my daughter, who is really into having buterflies visit the backyard. I can see why this Hub was chosen as an Editor's Choice. The photos are clear and very helpful. Thumbs up!

Jill Spencer (author) from United States on June 22, 2015:

Hi frogyfish, don't you love butterflies? I only wish we had more! Thanks for your comment. All the best, Jill

frogyfish from Central United States of America on June 22, 2015:

A marvelous hub with fun tips to help those butterflies. Glad you do have a garden for feeding them, as well as those unique puddlers. Simply amazing in word, picture, and deed!

Jill Spencer (author) from United States on March 16, 2015:

Hi tillsontitan! Butterfly weed is in the milkweed family. I have some swamp milkweed seeds and am going to give them a shot. Hope they grow! Thanks for stopping by. -Jill

Mary Craig from New York on March 16, 2015:

Nicely done Dirt Farmer. I find the butterflies love the butterfly bush and the cone flowers the most.

I have read that we need to plant more milkweed because the butterfly population is dwindling.

Loved your photos.

Voted up, useful, awesome, and interesting.

Patricia Scott from North Central Florida on March 16, 2015:

Jill This is the coolest. I cannot wait to get started. Butterflies are one of the greatest treats of the summer.

I even visit a nearby butterfly garden part of U of F...and the lovelies land right on us. Wow.

thanks for sharing....voted up+++ pinned and shared

Know that Angels are once again on the way ps

Jill Spencer (author) from United States on August 01, 2014:

Hi Robin! It was news to me, too. Glad you stopped by. All the best, Jill

Robie Benve from Ohio on July 31, 2014:

I never knew this magic puddle attraction for butterflies, thanks for sharing the knowledge and the awesome ideas!

Deb Hirt from Stillwater, OK on July 30, 2014:

These are all such fantastic ideas! Who wouldn't want butterflies in the back yard? I might just invest in a butterfly bush, as there have been so few butterflies around this year.

Jill Spencer (author) from United States on July 30, 2014:

Virginia, you're so lucky to be in the middle of a migration route. How wonderful! Good luck attracting puddle clubs.

cheeluarv, sounds like the butterflies are already having parties around your pots! It should be easy to attract them to a more "formal" water source. Just think of the cool photos you'll be able to take! All the best, Jill

Jill Spencer (author) from United States on July 30, 2014:

Patty, we have very few Monarchs this year, too. Mostly I'm seeing American Ladies and Swallowtails.

cheeluarv from INDIA on July 29, 2014:

In my terrace garden I have seen one or two butterflies drinking the water seeped out from the pots.Your article has given me a great idea of attracting them more in number,with creating puddles.Thank you for the wonderful ideas.

Virginia Kearney from United States on July 29, 2014:

We have lots of butterflies in our garden, which seems to be across a migration route. I've never tried to attract/help them with mud puddles--I love this idea and will be trying it!

Patty Inglish MS from USA and Asgardia, the First Space Nation on July 29, 2014:

We're even seeing some monarchs this year, despite the shortage of them and their milkweed habitats.

Jill Spencer (author) from United States on July 29, 2014:

Hi Robert! I have a big box of empty wine bottles for either a bottle tree or the project you described. Unfortunately, my husband doesn't like either idea, so . . . they'll probably keep collecting dust.

Sallybea, just spotted (I think) a chrysalis on a sunflower. It's so high up, I'm going to have to get a ladder to be sure--and then, if I'm right, my camera. Thanks for stopping by!

Hey Patty! Butterflies are fantastic creatures. Don't you love having them in your yard? And when they land on you, it's like a blessing. All the best, Jill

Patty Inglish MS from USA and Asgardia, the First Space Nation on July 29, 2014:

This is a fantastic idea that I never imagined. Thanks for the Hub!

Sally Gulbrandsen from Norfolk on July 29, 2014:

The Dirt Farmer,

This is a great idea and as an amateur macro photographer, I support any ideas which encourage butterflies to our gardens. Thanks for sharing.


RTalloni on July 29, 2014:

Uh oh--your great ideas here have started me thinking… I love the bottle idea as an edging along a flowering border! Pinning to Gardening: Flowers/... board.

Jill Spencer (author) from United States on July 29, 2014:

Hey Maren. A broken wok would be ideal! I'm getting some visitors to our "puddles," but butterflies are tough to photograph! Unlike the bees, they find my camera irritating & flutter off. Have fun! --Jill

Maren Elizabeth Morgan from Pennsylvania on July 29, 2014:

Yes! I can do this easily -- I have a broken wok. Thanks, Jill!

Jill Spencer (author) from United States on July 22, 2014:

Hey, Cat! Glad you enjoyed the hub. Puddle clubs were new to me, too. I'm hoping to catch a few when I've got the camera out. Thanks for commenting! --Jill

Catherine Tally from Los Angeles on July 22, 2014:

I really enjoyed reading this! When visiting Priest Lake, ID years ago, I couldn't figure out why the yellow swallowtails were congregating on the wet beach. Thank you for enlightening me! We do have shallow moisture dishes throughout the garden for bees, but I'm going to try the bottle idea too.

Take care,


Jill Spencer (author) from United States on July 22, 2014:

Thanks, MsDora. I'm trying to make our yard a place where lots of animals like to hang out, although sometimes they can be destructive. This year, we've had box turtles, several types of snakes, lizards, toads, lots of insects, and of course the usual bunnies, squirrels and deer. I'm particularly thankful for the toads. Seeing them makes me feel good about the ecology of our garden. Thanks for stopping by! --Jill

Dora Weithers from The Caribbean on July 22, 2014:

This is such an interesting read, and the pictures are gorgeous. What a meaningful activity to create a hangout for butterflies. Voted Up!