How to Plant, Harvest, and Cook Ampalaya (Bitter Gourd)
Also known as bitter gourd, ampalaya is a plant that produces long, green melons with many beneficial properties. I plant ampalaya in our garden because its folate and vitamin C promote cardiovascular health. It also boosts vitamin A intake, which promotes red blood cell growth and healthy vision. My favorite herbal property of ampalaya, however, is that it contains vitamin K, which speeds the healing process of wounds.
In this article, I'll show you how to plant, care for, and harvest ampalayas. I've also provided some recipes at the end for delicious meals to make with the gourd, including directions on how to brew bitter tea by using the plant's tops.
How Do You Plant the Seeds?
Planting ampalaya seeds is pretty much like any other vegetable. First, you'll need to prepare the soil for sowing. For large-scale planting, plow the soil thoroughly three times before putting the seeds in the ground.
In my case, I had 12 seeds that were waiting to be planted. I let them grow in a large black bag until it was time to transfer them.
Once the soil is ready, go ahead and sow the seeds. If you like, you can do this directly into the wet soil. Alternatively, you can soak the seeds in water overnight before sowing them.
Give Them Room to Climb
After two weeks, or if the young plants are at least three inches tall, transfer them into a place where they can climb. I made a crude framework out of plastic straw, tying a string around the plant base and pulling the string upward. I then secured the twine to a post and let the plant climb as it pleased.
It's important to water your ampalayas every day. During the summer, I watered mine every day, once in the early morning and again in the late afternoon.
Transfer Your Plant in the Late Afternoon
Always transfer plants during the late afternoon. They will have time to recover during the night. You may also transfer during rainy days, because there is very little sunlight, and the soil is already wet.
How to Feed Your Growing Plant
Once your plant has spent a week recovering from the transfer, it's time to apply organic fertilizer. I used dried chicken manure.
Cultivate the soil around the plant beforehand, then mix three scoops of manure (or your desired fertilizer) into the soil. Sprinkle the area with water so that the manure will get wet. Repeat this entire process by adding more manure every two weeks.
As you periodically water your plants, be sure to inspect your ampalayas for signs of potential diseases or insect infestations. It's always best to catch them early.
Note: I tried using plastic bags to wrap the fruits, but found that this caused them to sweat too much. But I saw significant improvements when I switched to wrapping the struggling fruits in paper bags and stapling them shut, which allowed the ampalayas to grow in peace.
Inspect the Fruits Frequently
I checked on my young fruits regularly. When I noticed a hole on the body of a fruit, I covered it with a paper bag and secured it with a stapler.
I wanted to stay organic and not use pesticides. So instead of using dangerous chemicals, I diligently checked in on my fruits and bagged them whenever necessary.
How Do You Tell the Difference Between a Healthy Fruit and an Infected Fruit?
An infected ampalaya fruit has dull skin, while the healthy fruit has glossy, robust skin. When you use a knife to cut through the skin of a healthy ampalaya, it should sound crunchy.
Give Your Fruits a Chance to Bounce Back
You don't have to harvest and throw away infected fruits until they're done growing. They might only sustain minimal damage while growing to full maturity and wind up being salvageable.
How to Harvest Ampalaya
Using a pair of scissors, pick the ampalaya fruit while still green and a little unripe. The insides of the fruit should be cottony white and can be scraped by a spoon. The seeds should have a greenish filling.
How to Cook Ampalaya: Preparing the Fruit
Now that you've grown and harvested your own ampalayas, it's time to take them to the kitchen and start making some delicious dishes.
In order to start cooking with the fruits, however, you need to know how to prepare them. Below you'll find a quick visual tutorial on how to cut and clean the melons.
Easy Recipe: Guisado Ampalaya
Now that you know how to cut the ampalaya, you're ready to make one of my favorite dishes: Guisado Ampalaya.
- sliced ampalaya
- 5 garlic cloves, minced
- 2 small onions, sliced
- 4 small tomatoes, quartered
- 200 grams of ground pork
- 2 tbsp of oil
- salt, to taste
- 1 egg (optional)
- Brown the ground pork in oil over medium heat.
- Add the garlic, onion, and tomato and blend thoroughly.
- Cover the pan and cook for 3-5 minutes.
- Add in the sliced ampalaya and egg (if desired). Mix well.
- Simmer for 10 minutes.
Easy Recipe: Ampalaya Tops Salad
Instead of just going with the usual lettuce or spinach base, you can also make a great salad with the tops of the ampalaya plant.
- 15 tops or young leaves of ampalaya plant
- 1 salted egg
Wash the tops thoroughly. Place them in a bowl and serve with a salted, halved egg. It can be somewhat bitter, but the saltiness of the egg helps to overshadow the bitter taste.
In addition to its uses for cooking, ampalayas can also be used to make a vitamin-rich tea. I drink the tea from the bitter gourds to strengthen my bones and keep my vision healthy.
- 5 tops of ampalaya plant
- honey (optional)
Wash the tops thoroughly. Put the tops in a cup, and pour hot water over them. Steep for 10 minutes. Add honey if desired.
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