Indoor Bonsai Tree Care Guide

Updated on March 3, 2017
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Dasha Prokopenko is an avid gardener. She loves growing organic fruits and vegetables to live a fit and healthy lifestyle.

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Bonsai - is not just a green decoration in the house, it is a miniature tree that is quite temperamental, caring for them will take some work and time, but the result well exceeds all expectations. Bonsai will create a whole new world in your home, if you are already a professional in dealing with this little miracle of Japan and its culture. The love of this beautiful and unusual plant will help to overcome the difficulties that will come up in the first years of getting to know the bonsai. A few years later your world will be filled with unusually spectacular views of the miniature landscape.

The prototype for a bonsai tree was taken from regular trees, which grow in subtropical climates, in tropical forests, as well as coniferous places. Naturally, the first problem relates to the climate to which the original is used to. If you are buying a bonsai, then try to buy the ones that are closer to your habitat zone, which makes it harder if you were given this wonderful plant.

Temperature

When it comes to indoor bonsai tree care it is important to reproduce the temperature that is necessary to the plant. Pomegranate, olive, myrtle - perfectly adapt to room conditions - this applies to all versions of the subtropical bonsai. Summer garden, a balcony or just an open window will bring enormous benefits to the bonsai. Fresh air has a positive effect on the growth and development of this unique house plant.

Surviving the winter is better in a fairly cool room where the temperature ranges around 15 Celsius. For this a well-equipped and closed balcony would be perfect. Often it is this temperature is maintained in the winter and in the apartments. Of course, the balcony will fit well, but if it is not too insulated. The window sill can be used instead of the balcony if you fence it off so that the bonsai receives as little heat as possible.

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The term 'bonsai' literally translated from Japanese means tray planting or tree in pot. The term refers specifically to the training and artistic vision applied to the tree; ultimately this will give the illusion of an aged miniature tree in nature. It is more than just a little tree, it is an attempt to represent nature itself in a small pot.

 
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Bonsai is an art that has been practised in Asia for many centuries. Bonsai trees are grown in small containers and trimmed and trained with wires so that they remain small and elegant. Planting a Bonsai tree from seed is a slow but rewarding process and you will have to allow time for the tree to take root and grow strong before you start training and pruning.

 

Lighting

Before setting up the lighting for the bonsai you must be very well acquainted with the natural conditions in which the tree grows. Apartment - is, of course, not its natural habitat, but you can try to get as close as possible to it, having done the necessary research before. The most optimal position of the light will be on the east and west sides, therefore, we need to focus on these windows. The west window means that the plant will have to be on the right side. If you place it on the east window a more favorable effect would be if the plant is on the left side.

The lack of light is bad for the growth of the bonsai. To avoid this it is necessary to raise the curtains and blinds during daylight hours. When the right lamp is chosen it is placed at a height of not more than 50 cm above the plant, this will help give the plant the necessary light and increase daylight to half a day.

Watering

When watering, the frequency and amount will depend on the soil, tank, where it grows, evaporation and absorption of fluid. For this reason, many believe the correct procedure for watering is not possible. The most optimal option for indoor bonsai tree care is watering in small portions, but more frequently. This option is not available to most gardeners.

Common irrigation method includes immersion option. For this you would need to take another container and place your bonsai inside it. It can be removed only when no more air bubbles rise to the surface. That is a signal that the soil no longer needs moisture, but before putting the bonsai in its place, it is necessary to drain the excess water from the container.

In summer, the fresh air washes over the leaves of your tree, the moisture evaporates from the soil much faster. During this period the bonsai should be watered at least two times a day. In the winter months, watering is changed to a frequency of once a week. Before you water the plant, you must be completely sure that the earth is dry. Bright color of the soil indicates that the bonsai is in need of watering. For the most experienced people who have dedicated their lives to bonsai trees the need for water is determined by the weight of the pot or pan, where the plant is planted.

Fertilizer

Fertilizing bonsai trees requires serious knowledge or a time-consuming process. The most well-known mineral supplements, that are suitable for indoor plants, when used at least once a month will feed the bonsai with the most necessary nutrients. With the coming of winter months the additional fertilization is stopped, except for the tropical species, if their daylight hours are equivalent to half a day.

I hope you have learned something new about these beautiful ornamental trees and if you decide to buy one you will know what sort of care awaits you.

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Creating beautiful, healthy bonsai is a wonderful skill that anyone can learn, with a little time, patience, and this all-inclusive manual. With color photos and drawings to illustrate the points, it introduces all the cultivation techniques; offers expert advice on location, soil types, watering, and pest control; and provides intricate instruction on training the bonsai--including pruning, wiring and stretching it.

 

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