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Jade plant (Crassula ovata) is a large, hairless, flowering plant with lots of shrubs that's commonly found in southern Africa.
Jade has been a worldwide ornamental plant for over hundreds of years, because it can be easily propagated by cutting and people enjoy growing it at their home. This characteristic allows it to grow in the wild, which is why it becomes weedy outside its natural environment. However, surprisingly it is not a significantly invasive weed, as it has been grown in homes and gardens for almost a century—so plenty of work has been done on its cultivation and vegetative propagation
- Abundant in its native range
- Tolerates, or benefits from, cultivation, browsing pressure, mutilation, fire, etc.
- Pioneering in disturbed areas
- Tolerant of shade
- Benefits from human association (i.e., it is a human commensal)
- Long living
- Has high reproductive potential
- Reproduces asexually
- Can causes allergic responses
- Potentially poisonous
- Highly likely to be deliberately transported internationally
Crassula ovata ‘Minima’ or small jade, miniature jade, or baby jade is a dwarf succulent, up to 30 inches (75 centimeters) tall and up to 20 inches (50 centimeters) wide. The leaves are thick, fleshy, glossy, and green with reddish edges. The trunk and branches are thick. Flowers are coral-pink in color.
Mode of Propagation
Jade plants may be propagated, or rooted, using stems or leaves. Leaves are regularly utilized when the plant is still little and the stems are not yet sufficiently long. When the leaf is removed, it is left to dry out before putting it, stem-side down, into the dirt. Soon enough, it will start to develop roots.
So as to utilize a stem cutting for propagation, it ought to be around three to four creeps long. Like the leaf, the stem ought to be left out to dry for one to two weeks before it is planted. A callus will be created over the cutting site. When it is dry, the stem can be embedded into the dirt where it will start to root.
High humidity is required for both stem and leaf of cuttings. Stems and leaves might break and fall off in the wild. After a few weeks, they will grow again and form a new plant.
For planting in soil, the stems and leaves are cut and placed in water and are kept there until roots grow back in about two weeks.
The maintenance of Jade plant is easy, make sure of the following factors
- Sunlight: Keep jade plants in full sun. They prefer daytime temperatures of 65–75°F and can tolerate night time temperatures of 50–55°F.
- Soil: As these plants are local to South Africa, they can make due in sandy soils. It is best for jade plants to be planted in a heavier sand that best stays the short roots. A mix of sand, peat moss, and organic matter that allows for water draining will provide a good growing environment. Though well-drained soil is needed, they are not very much particular about soil pH. Sandy and rocky soil is also acceptable.
- Feeding: Little organic fertilizer is given to the jade plant for better growth.
- Water: Water them properly while taking care of the fact that, since they are succulents, they do not need frequent watering, as they store it inside their leaves. Too much wet soil will result in rotten roots. During winter, allow the soil to dry out well, then water them. However, jade plants go in dormancy in summer and require even less water.
Mature Plant Size
The sizes vary according to the species and variety. There are shrubs, which are several feet tall, and tiny specimens, which are only a few inches long. They do not need any shaping and pruning.
Blooming time is spring and summer, and several varieties have ornamental flowers. Many gardeners remove the flowers that are not particularly showy. However, Jade plants grow for many years without blooming. Even when in their native environment they require enough time to get mature enough and start blooming. Jade Plants often require dry arid environment for flowering.
For making your Jade plant bloom, you need to give it to a dry condition and make sure it is holding water, and is exposed to a cooler nighttime temperature
Jade can be used as a home remedy used for treating warts, nausea, corns, and diarrhea. Touching and eating jade plants is not healthy, however, as it might lead to allergic effects. Pets should also be kept at a safe distance.
The flowers that grow and bloom on jade plants only have ornamental value and are not used for any other commercial purpose. In the past, the plant extract was used to treat upset stomachs or fresh wounds.
This content is accurate and true to the best of the author’s knowledge and is not meant to substitute for formal and individualized advice from a qualified professional.
© 2020 Rida Fatima
Rida Fatima (author) from Pakistan on January 30, 2020:
I did a project on this plant. All the information is genuine.
thank you for reading my hub :)
Peggy Woods from Houston, Texas on January 29, 2020:
We have had jade plants through the years. As you mentioned, they are so easy to propagate.
Imogen French from Southwest England on January 29, 2020:
We have a large one of these in a pot, probably about 20 years old now. We call it a 'money tree' or 'money plant' . It has had lots of 'babies' over the years, and most of our friends and family now have one too!
Thanks for the information.