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Montauk Daisies

(Nipponanthemum nipponicum)

From late summer until the first hard frost of fall, the cheerful flowers of the Montauk daisy add a splash of bright white beauty to landscapes.

Hardy bloomers with strong stalks, Montauk daisies are deer resistant.
Hardy bloomers with strong stalks, Montauk daisies are deer resistant. | Source
Because Montauk flower stems are long and sturdy, they're a popular choice for cutting gardens and floral arrangements.
Because Montauk flower stems are long and sturdy, they're a popular choice for cutting gardens and floral arrangements. | Source

Montauk Daisies

In addition to the name Montauk, Nipponanthemum nipponicum is also commonly called the Nippon daisy. Although they're related to Shasta daisies, Montauk daisies bloom later. In late summer, as Shastas begin to fade, Montauks start blooming—and keep blooming—until the first hard frosts of fall.

A drought-tolerant herbaceous perennial, Montauks are hardy in USDA Zones 5-9. They are members of the Chrysanthemum family and, like mums, grow in clumps.

Montauks add height and cheer to autumn gardens, their large, bright-white flowers with yellow-green centers reaching heights of up to three feet and measuring up to three inches across. If they like their location, Montauks spread readily.

Because their flower stems are long and sturdy, Montauk daisies are a popular choice for cutting gardens and floral arrangements.

Growing Montauk Daisies

In late summer, as Shastas begin to fade, Montauks start blooming—and keep blooming—until the first hard frosts of fall.
In late summer, as Shastas begin to fade, Montauks start blooming—and keep blooming—until the first hard frosts of fall. | Source
Nippon daisy is another common name for Nipponanthemum nipponicum.
Nippon daisy is another common name for Nipponanthemum nipponicum. | Source

Caring for Montauk Daisies

Montauk daisies are extremely hardy, no-fuss plants. During the growing season, they require little care beyond deadheading. Although not a necessity, deadheading will encourage Montauks to produce more flowers for a longer period of time.

Water

Because Montauks are drought tolerant, they need little, if any, additional water beyond normal rainfall—except in times of extreme drought or if they're grown in containers.

Fertilizer

Mulching Montauk daisies with organic matter increases the soil's drainage capabilities and is a good idea. In general, however, fertilizing Montauks can actually be detrimental to them, causing them to yellow, wilt and split.

Placement

In most climates, Montauk daisies prefer full sun; however, if grown in a particularly warm zone, they will perform best if provided with some shade on the hottest days.

Soil

Montauk daisies tolerate various types of soil, so long as the drainage is good. They grow as well in sandy soil as they do in loamy flowerbeds. In fact, Nipponanthemum nipponicum derives one of its two common names from the Montauk Lighthouse area of Long Island, New York, where it has naturalized, growing freely throughout the coastal region.

During the growing season, Montauks require litte care beyond deadheading to encourage new blooms.
During the growing season, Montauks require litte care beyond deadheading to encourage new blooms. | Source

Planting & Propagating

When planting Montauk daisies, prepare the soil by incorporating organic matter into it, especially if the soil is clay. Montauks don't like soggy soil, preferring a growing medium that drains well, and organic matter, such as compost and leaf mold, increases soil drainage.

As you incorporate the organic matter, add water as well, moistening the soil.

Next, dig a hole that's about three times the size of the Montauk's root ball and position the crown or individual clump in the center of the hole. Plant the clump so that the bottom of the crown is even with the soil line, and then water well.

Montauks are very easy to propagate. In fact, plants can be started simply by sticking stems cut to a node into prepared soil. They are also easy to propagate by division.

Montauk Daisy Seeds

MONTAUK DAISY ~White~ "Chrysanthemum Niponicum" *NEW*  20+Perennial Seeds
MONTAUK DAISY ~White~ "Chrysanthemum Niponicum" *NEW* 20+Perennial Seeds

Montauks are also relatively easy to grow from seed-- and much less expensive than nursery pot plants.

 

Growing Montauks in Containers

If growing Montauk daisies as a thriller or spiller in a fall container garden, be sure to match them with plants that have the same growing requirements: full sun and good drainage. Water only when the surface of the soil is dry. Montauks don't like wet feet!

Winter Care

The thick stems and leaves of the Montauk daisy are impervious to light frosts, and it takes a hard frost to make this hardy herbaceous perennial die back to the ground.

Once Montauks do die back, it takes only minutes to prepare them for winter. First, clear away any dead flowers, leaves and stems from the crowns. Those who live in warm climates with extremely mild winters may stop there; however, if lots of freezing and thawing is expected, cover the crowns with a two to three-inch layer of composted organic matter to protect them. If wood borers are not a problem where you live, a one to two-inch application of shredded wood will also protect the crowns from temperature extremes.

Spring Care

For Montauk daisies that grow bushy and upright, prune all of their stems back once after they emerge in spring.

Dividing Montauk Daisies

When Montauk clumps begin to die out in the center, it's time to divide them.
When Montauk clumps begin to die out in the center, it's time to divide them. | Source

Nipponanthemum nipponicum

Montauks originated in China and were initially used to breed Shasta daisies. Their botanical name was formerly Chrysanthemum nipponicum & Leucanthemum nipponicum.

Montauk daisies make pretty thrillers and fillers for fall container gardens.
Montauk daisies make pretty thrillers and fillers for fall container gardens. | Source

Like Shasta daisies, the center crowns of Montauk daisies tend to die out as the clumps spread. To avoid this, Montauks should be divided every three to four years, preferably in the spring.


Step One.

To make the division process easier, water the daisies a few hours beforehand, or even the night before.

Step Two.

Loosen the ground around the clump with a pitchfork and gently ease the crowns out of the ground. (If dividing the daisies in late fall or early winter, cut back the stems first.)

Step Three.

Finally, separate the crowns, pulling the roots apart by hand. Discard each individual clump or crown that looks old or withered, retaining the rest for transplant.

© 2012 Jill

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Comments 17 comments

The Dirt Farmer profile image

The Dirt Farmer 15 months ago from United States Author

Hi! If your montauks are in the shade, that could account for it.


ltonelli profile image

ltonelli 15 months ago

I planted Montauk daisies about 2 yrs ago, and they seemed to thrive but did not bloom at all the first year. This (the second) year, they have doubled in size and the leaves look healthy but still no sign of flowers.

Any thoughts?


The Dirt Farmer profile image

The Dirt Farmer 4 years ago from United States Author

Thanks, Eddy. I'm sure trying! Just got back from voting, so it's already been a good day. Hope you have a good one, too. --Jill


Eiddwen profile image

Eiddwen 4 years ago from Wales

Wow another great one for me to enjoy and learn from.You really know your stuff when it comes to flowers/gardening and no doubt about that!!!

Keeep them coming and have a wonderful day.

Eddy.


The Dirt Farmer profile image

The Dirt Farmer 4 years ago from United States Author

Hi Glimmer Twin Fan! Glad you're going to grow these Montauks. I really like them. Our garden is a work in progress. Right now we're creating deep beds for native plants along the wooded areas adjacent to the yard. It's a bigger project than I ever imagined, but ... it's giving me a chance to grow plants I haven't tried before. I'm sorry to say I've never visited either of those gardens, but they sound like a good day trip some weekend. Always nice to hear from you! Take care, Jill


Glimmer Twin Fan profile image

Glimmer Twin Fan 4 years ago

Seriously Jill - Your garden must be absolutely stunning! I am definitely adding Montauk daisies to mine. I notice your bio mentions that you are a Maryland Master Gardener. I used to live in Frederick, grew up in No. VA and one of my all time favorite gardens to visit was Brookside gardens in Wheaton and Dumbarton Oaks in DC. Not sure where you are, but if you ever get a chance, you'd love Brookside.


The Dirt Farmer profile image

The Dirt Farmer 4 years ago from United States Author

Hi Peggy. I really do enjoy the MG program. The first year was sooo time-consuming, with weekly 3-hour classroom meetings and 40 hours of required community service. After that, the training time and community serve time required to stay in the program drops by half--at least here in MD. It's a great way to learn about plants--mostly by doing, which I like best. Thanks for your comments! --Jill


Peggy W profile image

Peggy W 4 years ago from Houston, Texas

I love daisies and enjoyed learning more about these Montauk daisies. I am enjoying all of your gardening series since I also love gardening. You are becoming quite the expert especially since you are taking that Master Gardener class. We have one in our area but I have not taken the time to do that. Will look forward to reading more of these type of hubs. Up votes and sharing.


The Dirt Farmer profile image

The Dirt Farmer 4 years ago from United States Author

They are cheerful flowers! Thanks for stopping by, lizyetter. Nice to hear from you. (: Jill


lizyetter profile image

lizyetter 4 years ago from Oley, PA

I was always picking daisies in the fields as a child. They are one of my favorite flowers.


The Dirt Farmer profile image

The Dirt Farmer 4 years ago from United States Author

Hi suzettenaples! I'm growing Montauks in containers this year by our front entrance. Matched with grasses behind them and sweet allysum spilling out beside them, they're a really welcome sight. Hope you enjoy growing them, too. Thanks for commenting! --Jill

@ jainismus --Appreciate your kind words. It was the photos that prompted me to write the article. The Montauks are so pretty this year. Take care, Jill


jainismus profile image

jainismus 4 years ago from Pune, India

Nice article with nice photographs, thank you for sharing.


suzettenaples profile image

suzettenaples 4 years ago from Taos, NM

These daisies are beautiful as is the whole article. Thank you for an interesting and informative article. I love flowers and I will certainly look into adding these to my container garden. Thanks for sharing your expertise in this are with us! Voted up and shared!


The Dirt Farmer profile image

The Dirt Farmer 4 years ago from United States Author

Hi Pavlo! I really like Montauk daisies, too. We grow Shastas as well, and Montauks are a lot less fussy. Thanks for commenting! Take care, Jill


Pavlo Badovskyy profile image

Pavlo Badovskyy 4 years ago from Kyiv, Ukraine

Very informative and good hub!! I love these flowers.


The Dirt Farmer profile image

The Dirt Farmer 4 years ago from United States Author

Great, RTalloni! Hope you enjoy them.-- Jill


RTalloni profile image

RTalloni 4 years ago from the short journey

Oh! A new-to-me white flower. Thanks for this info on the Montauk Daisies. I have a perfect sunny spot for a stand of these. :)

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