Best of Ornamental Flowering Hedge Plants
Hedge plants provide the privacy that you need or form a beautiful border for your garden. It is easy to plant and maintain hedge plants when you choose the right plants based on what you want.
Think about what type of hedge plants you want, the effort that you have to put in to maintain the hedge and check whether the soil condition is well suited for the plants to grow, flourish and form a hedge.
Here are some of the best of ornamental flowering hedge plants.
1. Golden Bells (Forsythia x intermedia spectabilis)
Forsythia x intermedia spectabilis commonly known as Golden Bell is a hybrid garden variety derived by crossing Forsythia suspensa and Forsythia viridissima. It is a deciduous shrub that grows to a height of 8–10 feet with a spread of 10–12 feet in width. The flowers are yellow in color and blooms from early to mid spring.
The flowers are bright yellow in color. These plants grow well in areas that receive a maximum amount of sunlight during the day. Forsythia plants need well-drained soil that is rich in organic matter. They grow very fast and spread rapidly.
Watering these plants regularly help them to flourish and bloom to its full capacity. Forsythia x intermedia spectabilis should be pruned right after flowering.
2. Rose of Sharon (Hibiscus syriacus)
Hibiscus syriacus is a deciduous shrub that blooms through summer and fall season up until it gets frigid. It is also referred to as the Rose of Sharon, Chinese Hibiscus, and the Althea shrub.
The flowers of this plant are colorful, cup-shaped and bloom in colors of blue, pink, red, lavender, purple and white depending upon the plant variety. Most varieties of the Rose of Sharon plant grow up to 6–10 feet tall.
Hibiscus syriacus is easy to maintain hedge plant. They have to be planted in spring. Dig a hole just as deep as the root ball of the plant with a width of 2–3 cm. Plant them 6 to 10 feet apart. Prune the hedges in early spring. Remove dead, diseased and broken branches for a flourishing growth.
Though Hibiscus syriacus is a slow bloomer and appears late in the season, and it has a long bloom time. Prune this plant in spring to encourage more flowering.
3. Nanking Cherry (Prunus tomentosa)
Nanking cherry is also known as Manchu Cherry, Chinese Dwarf, and Downy Cherry. The scientific name for the Nanking Cherry is Prunus tomentosa.
Nanking Cherry, native to China is a medium to a large deciduous shrub that produces juicy small, shiny, red berries in late May to early June. These berries can be eaten plain or used to make pies, jams or jellies.
The Nanking Cherry is a hardy shrub that grows well in full sun and can tolerate shade. These plants grow to a height of 6–10 feet with a spread in the range of 15 feet in width. It flourishes in well-drained soil, can tolerate drought and can grow in semi-arid conditions.
The Nanking Cherry blooms in early spring with pink buds and pale pink or white flowers. It is a hardy shrub that can tolerate cold winters, hot summers, and drought.
The Nanking Cherry does not self-pollinate, two or more shrubs must be planted near each other to ensure cross-pollination. It can be pruned in winter and can be made to bloom indoors in early spring.
When planting, the Nanking Cherry dig the hole 2 feet wider than the root system. Plant them 4–5 feet apart depending on how dense you want the hedge to be. The depth of the hole must be must be slightly deeper than the root system. Water the plant once a week.
4. Korean Spice (Viburnum carlesii)
Viburnum carlesii are also known as Korean Spice viburnum. It is a low maintenance, deciduous shrub native to Korea. It grows to a height of 4-6 feet with a lateral spread in the range of 4–7 feet wide.
The Korean Spice viburnum plant flourishes in well-drained soil and needs full sun to partial shade for best growth conditions. The leaves of this plant are dark green that turns attractive shades of red in fall.
The flowers are fragrant, white in color and blooms from March to April. Buds are red in color and as they open the buds transforms into a beautiful pink color and slowly changes to white in full bloom.
The flowers are grouped together in snow-ball like clusters. In late summer after pollination Koreanspice viburnum flowers produce berry-like drupe fruits.
5. Hydrangea (Hydrangea macrophylla)
Hydrangea is a perennial plant that flowers in a range of beautiful colors such as blue, pink, red, lavender and dark purple depending on the variety. They grow up to 3–9 feet tall. They are shade-loving plantings that flourish shaded from the sun and strong winter winds.
The color of the flowers of the plant Hydrangea macrophylla depends on the cultivar and acidity of the soil.
The flower buds form in late summer and flower later on in the following, so it is best to avoid pruning after August 1. Cut and remove dead wood in fall or very early spring.
In alkaline soil with a pH above 6.0, the plant produces red or pink flowers and Hydrangeas that are grown in acidic soil pH below 6.0 produce blue or lavender flowers. The color of the flowers cannot be controlled by the pH of the soil across all species of Hydrangea.
Hydrangeas should be planted about 3–10 feet apart in a hole three times the width of the root ball. During dry conditions water the Hydrangeas once a week. Add one inch of compost or manure once a year. The best time to plant Hydrangeas is during fall. Prune the Hydrangeas when they seem overgrown and need to be cut.
There are two groups of Hydrangeas the plants that bloom on new growth or this year's stems and plants that grow on old growth or the last years stem.
Hydrangea macrophyla bloom on last year's growth or old stems. The buds of Panicle Hydrangeas and Smooth Hydrangeas form in early summer on new growth and will flower each year without any special care.
Which one is your favorite hedge plant?
This content is accurate and true to the best of the author’s knowledge and is not meant to substitute for formal and individualized advice from a qualified professional.
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© 2016 Nithya Venkat