9 Herbs for Your Perennial Herb Garden - Dengarden - Home and Garden
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9 Herbs for Your Perennial Herb Garden

Teacher, gardener, author, and painter, I am always following my heart and expanding my awareness.

Like all plants, herbs can be either annuals, biennials, or perennials. Perennial herbs are among the most popular herbs for herb gardeners, since they grow for several years, giving you a continuous harvest for your kitchen.

Many can be dried or frozen for winter use, when the plants have either died back for the season or are covered with snow, awaiting spring's warmth to once again bring them to life.

Plant your perennial herbs in their own garden space near the back door where they are in easy reach for cooking. It is possible to grow them in containers, but most perennial herbs prefer a permanent position in the garden. Judge how you plant them by checking their hardiness. Thyme and sage are very hardy, for example, while your rosemary bush just won't tolerate much cold weather.

Nine of my favorite culinary perennial herbs to have just outside my kitchen door are mint, Greek oregano, thyme, chives, winter savory, rosemary, sage, lavender, and French tarragon.

The 9 Best Perennial Herbs for Your Garden

  1. Mint
  2. Greek Oregano
  3. Thyme
  4. Chives
  5. Winter Savory
  6. Rosemary
  7. Sage
  8. French Tarragon
  9. Lavender

1. Mint (Mentha)

Mint can be an invasive plant, but if you plant it in a bucket or bottomless container sunk in the ground, you can contain it somewhat. It has a pretty purple flower on a small spike and exudes a fresh smell. Its strong flavor complements lamb, peas, fish sauces, chocolate, and vegetables. The leaves, harvested fresh, make a refreshing tea, or you can cut the stalks and hang them to dry for winter use.

I've set my mint plant into its own bed, and it has become a three-foot wide monster this year. Several bundles are hung to dry in my pantry, and each day I brew a fragrant and delicious tea—still from the fresh leaves. However, the dried leaves are equally fragrant and delicious.

Quick Facts About Mint

When to plantAgricultural zoneNeeds pruningCareSun exposure

At least two months before the first frost of the year

3 through 8

Yes, frequent harvesting is key to keeping the plant healthy

Make sure to apply mulch to keep the plant's roots from spreading and taking over your garden

Full sun

Mint

Mint

2. Greek Oregano (Origanum vulgare hirtum)

Oregano may not overwinter well in cold climates, but if you cut it back in fall and shelter it with straw, it will usually rejuvenate in spring. I find here in the Pacific Northwest, my oregano is green all year, and I can often use it fresh in winter months. However, it does not continue growing in cold weather, so I dry bundles every summer and have the harvest to use over winter.

Its strong sage-like flavor is used in much Mediterranean cooking, and it goes well with tomato dishes. Oregano requires regular pruning, as it tends to sprawl, with the stems rooting where they touch soil. Snip fresh sprigs all summer for immediate use, and preserve it for winter by cutting long stems just before flowering and hanging bunches to dry. I find dried oregano retains its flavor very well.

Quick Facts About Oregano

When to plantAgricultural zoneNeeds pruningCareSun exposure

The best time is when the soil is still warm, so late summer or early fall is best.

5 through 9

Yes, try to prune the plant at least twice a season

Trim every season to help avoid legginess

Full sun

Greek Oregano

Greek Oregano

3. Thyme (Thymus vulgaris)

Thyme has to be my favorite herb. It's small, aromatic, and flavorful. It takes virtually no care and will grow almost anywhere. The plants will grow for years and are very easy to propagate from cuttings.

Culinary thyme is a small shrub with tiny aromatic and flavorful leaves and small spikes of purple flowers. I use it widely with most meats, in soups and sauces, stews, stuffings, and even in breads. It likes a sunny spot and needs clipping back in spring to encourage fresh new growth.

With its attractive flowers, even culinary thyme can be a good addition to a path border. For cooking, use it fresh or cut the sprigs before flowering, and hang them to dry. Rub the dry leaves from the stems and store them in a cool, dry, airtight container.

Quick Facts About Thyme

When to plantAgricultural zoneNeeds pruningCareSun exposure

2 to 3 weeks before the last frost of the spring

5 through 9

Yes, cut back the excess growth from time to contain the growth of the plant to time

Be sure to harvest regularly when in the growing season

Full sun, part sun

Thyme

Thyme

4. Chives (Allium schoenoprasum)

Chives are part of the onion family, and the green hollow spears add a mild onion flavor to salads, eggs, sauces, vegetables and dips. Just snip off the leaves as needed. Add the flowers to your salads for both color and a mild onion flavor.

Chives are easily started from seed, and will soon expand to a clump of bulbs and tops. Thin the clumps every three years for best growth. The clump will die down in late fall, and in spring, the new green shoots are often the first green in the garden. Chives do not dry well, but it is easy to pot up a small clump for indoors over winter.

Quick Facts About Chives

When to plantAgricultural zoneNeeds pruningCareSun exposure

Right after the last frost of the spring

3 through 10

Occasional trimming of the plants is a good idea

Make sure to remove the flowers after they bloom so the seeds don't spread to other parts of your garden. Consistently water the plants during the growing season

Full sun

A chive blossom.

A chive blossom.

5. Winter Savory (Satureja montana)

Winter savory is a bushy hardy perennial with a peppery flavor. It can be used to flavor teas, herb butters and herb vinegars as well as other dishes.

This herb does best in drier medium soil, since that is its natural habitat. As the shrub ages, the leaves become sparser, so take cuttings and start new plants every three years or so. This herb has been used for hundreds of years and has some medicinal qualities as well.

Quick Facts About Winter Savory

When to plantAgricultural zoneNeeds pruningCareSun exposure

In the spring, a few weeks before the last frost of the season

5 through 8

Yes, during the early fall or early spring are the best times to cut it back

Harvest as needed

Full sun

Winter Savory

Winter Savory

6. Rosemary (Rosmarinus officinalis)

Rosemary can grow into a lovely shrub, with its pine needle-like leaves and tiny blue flowers. The bees love it, so it will attract them to your garden. This plant can be used also as an ornamental, and if you're in the right area, a few rosemary shrubs will make a pretty hedge. The needles release a wonderfully pungent aroma when crushed or cut, and a few sprigs tossed in the bath make a refreshing soak for tired muscles after a hard day.

It is hardy only in zones 8–10, but can easily be grown in a container and overwintered in a cool sunny greenhouse or enclosed porch. With its pungent scent and flavor, rosemary can easily overpower a dish. Use it with roast chicken and meats, and in stews. Finely chopped leaves make a nice addition to breads and biscuits. It can be dried for winter use, or small twigs can be put in freezer bags and stored in the freezer.

Quick Facts About Rosemary

When to plantAgricultural zoneNeeds pruningCareSun exposure

During the early spring when the soil is starting to warm

6 through 9

Yes, prune regularly to prevent the plant from getting too lanky

After the plant flowers, trim it back

Full sun

Rosemary

Rosemary

7. Sage (Salvia)

Sage has a strong bitter flavor, and is generally used in stuffings, stews, sausages and herb breads. You'll find a little sage goes a long way in cooking.

It comes in many colorful varieties, with soft leaves in variegated colors of green, or in dark greens. It sports a very pretty flower spike, so as a small shrub, sage can be planted around the garden as an attractive filler plant. It will grow in most climates, and if cut back severely in fall, will come back well next spring. It also can be dried, and the dried herb retains its full strong flavor.

Quick Facts About Sage

When to plantAgricultural zoneNeeds pruningCareSun exposure

At the start of the spring when the soil gets warmer

5 through 9

Yes, prune the heavier stems every spring

Make sure the young plants get plenty of water as they start to grow

Full sun

Sage

Sage

8. French Tarragon (Artemisia dracunculus)

French Tarragon has slender green leaves with a licorice aroma and a loose shrubby growth. It cannot be grown from seed, but you can take cuttings from the new growth in fall to start new plants. Its heavy licorice flavor makes it a useful herb in vinegars, fish dishes, poultry and vegetables. Freshly cut foliage will last for several weeks in the refrigerator if wrapped in paper towels. It can be grown indoors for fresh taste all years round.

When buying a tarragon plant, make sure you have the true French tarragon, as other varieties do not have the same flavor, and are of no use in cooking.

Quick Facts About French Tarragon

When to plantAgricultural zoneNeeds pruningCareSun exposure

During the early spring

4 through 9

Yes, trim the plant regularly to keep its hight under 2 feet and to prevent flowering

Make sure the plant does not get too tall otherwise it will fall over. Protect the plant with mulch around its roots in the winter

Full sun

Tarragon

Tarragon

9. Lavender (Lavandula)

One of the most beautiful and aromatic of the perennials, lavender can be a great addition to your herb garden. Lavender can be used for cooking, floral arrangements, and as an aromatic.

Culinary lavender is best used for cooking, and it comes from the same family of plants as fennel, oregano, rosemary, thyme, sage, and savory. The best type of lavender for cooking is English Lavender, as it has a sweet floral taste with notes of citrus.

You can plan lavender seeds or use cuttings to grow your own. If you are using seeds, it's best to plant them during the springtime while the soil is warming up.

Quick Facts About Lavender

When to plantAgricultural zoneNeeds pruningCareSun exposure

Best planted in the spring as the soil is warming up

5 through 9

Yes, prune about 1/3rd of the plant during the spring when green leaves start to emerge from the base of the plant

Water once or twice a week until the plant matures, then water once every two weeks

Full sun

A lavender bloom.

A lavender bloom.

Growing Culinary Herbs

Before You Plant

Before you plan your perennial garden, research each herb to familiarize yourself with the best growing conditions and soil type.

Decide which ones you will use in cooking, teas, or herbal preparations. Having these fresh herbs growing in your perennial herb garden will supply you with both fresh and dried herbs for your home use throughout the year.

Tips on Growing Your Own Herb Garden

  • The most important thing to keep in mind is to carefully plan out where to put your herb garden. If you have room outside in your backyard, you have to consider the types of herbs you wish to grow and the space they require.
  • Depending on where you live, you may have to take protective measures to make sure your plants don't get eaten by wildlife. If you have a lot of deer where you live, you will need to take precautions otherwise they will eat your plants. Putting mesh over your plants will help but make sure you tie the mesh down otherwise the deer, and other wildlife will find a way around it.
  • Make sure that your garden will get enough direct sunlight. Many people make this mistake, or they allow other plants and trees to grow in their backyards, and they eventually block out the direct sunlight.

Dealing With Frost

Cold temperatures can cause frost to form during the night, which can adversely affect your herbs. Most of the herbs are resilient enough to last through a frost if they are old enough, but you should still exercise caution when it comes to protecting your plants from the cold. There are a lot of different methods for protecting your plants from frost, and you will have to find one that is suitable for your needs.

This content is accurate and true to the best of the author’s knowledge and is not meant to substitute for formal and individualized advice from a qualified professional.

Questions & Answers

Question: Will lemon grass grow as a perennial in southern Ontario?

Answer: Lemongrass only thrives in zones 8 - 10, so it would likely would not survive as a perennial in southern Ontario. Try planting it in a container (would need a large one) and protect it in winter or bring it indoors where it can go into a dormant state if you place it in a cool but dark spot.

Question: What herbs are suitable for a mostly shady location?

Answer: Mint, cilantro and chives will be fine in partly shady areas. Most herbs prefer a sunny location. Try thyme, tarragon and lemon balm as well.

Question: I want to create a living wall on the back of my house. I have 10”w x 7”d x 7”h planters. I can bring them in during the winters in NY. Which herbs do you suggest for this size planter?

Answer: I assume you want culinary type herbs. The planter size will limit you somewhat to smaller plants - chives, parsley, basil, some oreganos, some mints, thyme, chervil, lemon balm, cilantro and summer savoury.

Question: Is parsley a perennial?

Answer: Parsley is a biennial, but often if you remove the flower stems, it will come back for in the spring for the third year, but the leaves may taste stronger and be more bitter. It's easy to grow, so sow it annually and you'll always have a crop of these extremely nutritious leaves.

Question: Which herbs have purple flowers?

Answer: Lavender and chives have attractive purple flowers, as does thyme.

Question: Which herbs like full sun?

Answer: The Mediterranean herbs like full sun - thyme, marjoram, rosemary, basil, oregano, sage, rue and lavender. Also, chives, fennel and dill. Others that do well in the partial sun are parsley, tarragon, chervil, mint and cilantro.

Question: How are culinary herbs helpful in gardens?

Answer: Not only are these culinary herbs attractive additions to the garden, they all are useful in adding flavour, minerals and vitamins to your cooking. Many are perennials, so do not need to be replanted or replaced on a yearly basis.

Question: What herbs do squirrels eat?

Answer: I don't know if squirrels will eat herbs - they've never touched mine. If you think they are after yours, and want to repel them, try sprinkling cayenne pepper around your herbs. They're also reputed to be repelled by planting nasturtiums next to your plants

Question: Do I have to replant herbs after the winter?

Answer: This article talks about perennial herbs, meaning they will live for several years. Depending on your location, most will do well over winter. However, some are more tender. For example, rosemary may freeze and require replanting in zones below USDA zone 7. Protect more tender herbs by wrapping them in burlap or planting them in containers and moving those containers to a protected location over winter if you live in a colder climate.

© 2009 Nicolette Goff

Comments

Helen on August 30, 2020:

What are zone areas? Esp 8-10 for lemongrass, I’m in Maine ?

Dave/Davey/David on June 03, 2019:

Dill, French liquorish (tarragon), French thyme, oregano, culinary lavender, garlic chives, strawberry kiwi mint, and Thai basil are some of our herbs this year not excluding catnip. Love them all, love the therapy.

jojo siwa on April 26, 2018:

I love the purple flowers!

Nicole on May 15, 2016:

Rosemary is hardier than you think. We live in a mountain community. While we are not snowed in all winter, most of our winter nights are below 40 with many below freezing, and we usually get S vetal good snows every year. I have had a rosemary bush growing in my front pksntet for 5 years and it does great. If it is buried in snow, the tips of a few branches might get a little freezer burned, but I just clip them off and we are good to go. As soon as it warms up in spring it grows like crazy and bees cover all the lovely flowers.

Vivienne Gray on April 22, 2016:

Very good information lovely clear pictures I grow many herbs found your list most helpful Thank You

Stella Ann on June 07, 2015:

What a wonderful hub! Outstanding information and beautiful pictures! You answered all of my questions plus giving me a storehouse of ideas and options to consider! Thank you so much!

lama ani pelma on February 27, 2015:

When I was growing up my grandmother brought fresh herbs from the market every Saturday. I also enjoy just walking out my door while cooking to snip pieces of herbs. It is so much more flavorful that dried herbs.

Hendrika from Pretoria, South Africa on October 06, 2014:

I love growing my own herbs, but since we moved to a place with less space I haven't started growing them again. It is spring here now I you have inspired me to start again.

Nicolette Goff (author) from British Columbia on July 07, 2014:

I'm on Canada's west coast, Dolores, in zone 8, and still lost my rosemary during one cold snap. It does grow quickly, though. Now I have it in a pot, and can bring it in during any colder weather.

Dolores Monet from East Coast, United States on April 16, 2014:

Well it's spring and time to work on the garden. I've been thinking about adding some more herbs so this hub came in real handy. I live in US Zone 6 and had a real nice rosemary going for about 5 years. It had beautiful flowers. Sadly, this cold winter killed it, but I'll try it again!

twig22bend on May 04, 2013:

All of these herbs are my favorites. Thanks for sharing.

Nicolette Goff (author) from British Columbia on October 01, 2012:

I'd try that - but why not take a clipping and root it just to make sure?

Marina on September 28, 2012:

Just found this through pinterest. I'm a recent transplant to the PNW from Florida where I could grow Tarragon into a huge shrub. I'm very sad by the state of my tarragon here. Are you saying that I can keep it alive indoors over the winter and then put it back out in the spring? I love to use it in cooking and would love to have it year round. Thanks!

toomuchmint on June 19, 2012:

Rosemary is my favorite shrub! I love old houses with massive rosemary bushes near the sidewalk. Brushing past them releases a burst of scent that just makes my day.

Great hub!

Nicolette Goff (author) from British Columbia on November 24, 2010:

K - Most every herb will bloom but some have less conspicuous blossoms than others. There are some beautiful sages - some with purplish black leaves or deep green leaves - that make a nice small shrub. Try also some of the artemisias - lovely feathery foliage. You can trim them back annually, and the ones I have grow to around 80 cm.

Dave Pinkney from United Kingdom on October 26, 2010:

Great info - my favourite herb has to be basil - but I just love the smell of nearly all the fragrant ones anyway.

k on October 16, 2010:

hey, may i know some auspicious herb other than mint for the entrance which is about 40cm - 80cm tall, without flowers, without yellow or orange leaves.

Nicolette Goff (author) from British Columbia on September 14, 2010:

Thanks, Marty

I've a large patch of mint (getting larger every year!), and I dry some for mint tea each year. Love it! But my favorite herb would have to be thyme... or is it rosemary... or oregano. Love using them all!

JamaGenee - you can grow some of these indoors, if you have good light.

Marty1 from New South Wales Australia on September 14, 2010:

Some lovely herbs and really great content here.

I would have to say Mint is my favourite, i just love the flavour and smell.

Happy Gardening

Marty

Joanna McKenna from Central Oklahoma on June 03, 2010:

Marvelous information, but alas, the lack of a balcony where I can have a container herb garden is one downside of living in a third-floor flat. Great hub!

Moulik Mistry from Burdwan, West Bengal, India on February 23, 2010:

Though not much of a gardener, I got a few good lessons...

Nicolette Goff (author) from British Columbia on November 09, 2009:

Thanks Trudy. I'm not sure how I'd cook without my herb garden!

TrudyVan Curre from South Africa on November 08, 2009:

Fantastic information thank you so much for sharing. bookmarked this hub and rated you.