How to Plant and Grow Pineapple Top in 4 Easy Steps (With Photos)
Pineapples (Ananas comosus) are some of the healthiest foods on the planet. You can eat them fresh, juiced, cooked, or preserved. If you want them in your garden, this versatile tropical fruit is easy to grow. You chop off the top, plant it, and leave it on its own. A few years later, you can harvest this tangy and sweet spiky fruit.
Is it that easy? Yup. And if you want to know how to grow a pineapple from its top, here's the guide. I have included photos as well for better illustration. Have fun!
Which Pineapple Variety Do You Want to Plant?
There are several varieties available in the market, so you must decide which variety you want to plant. Do you want a fruit plant or an ornamental plant? Ornamental pineapple plants are showy. They have small, red or pink fruits that are attractive but not flavorful.
This article is for the sweet and juicy fruit variety, but the planting methods apply to the ornamental variety as well.
How to Tell If a Pineapple Is Ripe
To enjoy the health benefits of pineapple, eat only the ripe fruits.
It is ripe when the color is yellow, which forms from the base up. Some varieties are ripe even if it is green in color on the outside, however.
In this case, you should go to the next test: smell it. If it smells sweet, then it is ripe. It should also be firm but give in slightly to a soft pressing.
Other things to watch out for:
- There should be no soft spots or bruises (signs of damaged fruit).
- There should be no darkened “eyes” (this means it's "old" and has soggy flesh).
An over-ripe pineapple is also not recommended. You can tell this by whether or not you can easily pull off the leaves.
How to Grow a Pineapple From a Top in Four Easy Steps
Now that that is out of the way, simply follow these four easy steps to plant a pineapple plant in your garden or in an indoor container.
Step 1: Get a Fresh Pineapple and Cut the Top Off
Once you bring the pineapple home, cut off the leafy top part (about an inch below the leaves). This top is now ready for peeling, drying, and planting.
Some people prefer to twist the top off. To do this, wrap the leafy top with a piece of cloth. Hold it firmly and with a hard twist pull off the top (like unscrewing a lid from a jar). This method gives you less excess flesh to remove.
I prefer the "cut the top" method, as it is a lot easier, even if the fruit is not that ripe.
Step 2: Remove Excess Fruit Flesh and Strip the Lower Leaves
Remove the excess fruit flesh and slice the bottom part of the crown. This will expose the root buds, which look like small dots.
Next, remove some of the lowest leaves. Not too many, though, as you do not want to expose too much of the root buds.
In some of other articles, they ask you to peel off about an inch from the base. If you do this, the additional exposed area has a better chance for the root buds to sprout through. I don't agree, however, as I had no problem with my method of removing only the lowest leaves without having to expose an inch from the base.
Note: Make sure all fruit flesh is removed from the base. This will prevent the plant from rotting.
Step 3: Let the Top Dry Out for a Few Days
After removing the leaves from the stalk, let it dry for two to three days. This will allow the wound or the cut end to dry and heal. This is another step to prevent rot.
Step 4: Plant the Top
After the top or stalk has dried, you can proceed to the planting step.
Some people will root sprout the stalk in water before planting. But this might lead to a moldy or rotting plant.
I prefer to plant it directly into the ground. I get good results for all the pineapples planted this way. See my photo below of my one-year-old plants. Their roots do not need much room, so you can plant them in flower pots as well.
If you plant them in pots, get a 10” flower pot or bigger. Repotting may damage the roots, so I prefer to plant directly into the bigger pot. Use sandy soil mixed with organic matter.
If you prefer to re-pot, then use the 6" flower pot instead. Wait for about three months before re-potting.
How to Care for Your Pineapple Plant
- Watering: Pineapple plants prefer well-drained soil, so do not over water the plants. Keep the soil slightly moist and not waterlogged. Water the root area and the center part of the plant, i.e. at the rosette whorl of leaves.
- Sunshine: Pineapple is a tropical plant and needs lots of sunshine. So choose a spot in your garden that receives the most hours of sunshine, ideally for at least six hours. If you are growing it indoors, find a location that has full sun for most of the day. It is also advisable to do daily misting to raise the room humidity.
- Fertilizer: Use water-soluble fertilizer to feed the plant, with corresponding dosage as per your fertilizer brand instruction. I use Miracle-Gro fertilizer for all my plants, and I am pleased with the results.
How Big Does the Pineapple Plant Grow?
Pineapple plants usually only grow up to 3 feet, but they can occasionally grow as tall as 5 feet high and 4 feet wide.
How Long Does It Take to Grow a Pineapple?
Ananas is a slow-growing plant and a late-bloomer. It will only bloom after two to three years. It will take another three months or more before you can harvest the fruit.
Pineapple as Meat Tenderizer
Bromelain is a natural meat tenderizer, and ananas are loaded with this enzyme. But don’t leave the meat too long in the juice, as bromelain will make it mushy. Use it just before cooking.
What Can I Do If It Is Not Blooming?
You can induce pineapple plants to bloom by exposing them to ethylene gas using over-ripe apples. Wrap the plant in plastic together with a few over-ripe apples close to the rosette whorl of leaves. The decomposing apples will release the ethylene gas, which will then induce flowering.
Or you can induce blooming chemically by using two small pellets of calcium carbide mixed in a cup of iced water. Pour this mixture into the center part of the leaves.
Will The Plant Die After Fruiting?
Yes, your plant will die after fruiting. But you can re-grow it from the suckers that come out at the base of the plant and below the fruit.
More Photos to Help You Grow Pineapple From a TopClick thumbnail to view full-size
How to Propagate More Plants
Besides planting from a top, you can use suckers that come out in the axil of the leaves for growing new plants. Likewise for suckers that come out below the fruit.
For large-scale plantation productions, they use the in-vitro micropropagation techniques.
We Would Love to Hear From You
Do you have any successes, failures, or tips to share about pineapple planting? Did it bear any fruit? Or are you now thinking of trying? Do you still have the problem of not knowing how to tell if a pineapple is ripe?
Whatever the case, we would love to hear from you. Let us know in the comments below. Cheers!
This content is accurate and true to the best of the author’s knowledge and is not meant to substitute for formal and individualized advice from a qualified professional.
Questions & Answers
Before I read your article, I had twisted the top off my pineapple. It has a small point protruding from the top and I don't know if that is flesh or roots. It's been trying for 2 days now. Do I cut the tip to make it flat or can I plant it as is? The tip is dry & looks like swirls of roots.
If it is dry you can plant as it is and it should not be a problem. But I usually cut it off.Helpful 7
I planted a pineapple top about eight months ago in an average sized pot. Surprisingly, it has taken off and is outgrowing it. Should I transplant it into a bigger pot or the ground?
A bigger pot is okay but if you transfer it to the ground, the plant grows better and from my own experience, you get bigger fruits. Of course, the standard fertilizer application applies to both planting in pot or ground.Helpful 7
I have a pineapple that is leaning to one side. Do I stake it straight?
Yes, you can do that. The plant fruit stem may not be strong enough to hold the heavy pineapple fruit so that's why you have the pineapple leaning to one sideHelpful 3
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