Methods of Seed Germination
I used just throw the seeds in the dirt and hope for the best, but that made it much harder to monitor growth (if you can even locate where the heck your planted the seeds in the first place). By germinating seeds yourself, you can rear them into young seedlings in a controlled environment during the harsher months.
I’ve tried many methods, but here I will go through the three I’ve had most success with. These include the paper towel method, rockwool method, and the plain old regular seed germination method with quality soil. You can increase your success by buying one of those small plastic greenhouses.
1. Paper Towel Method for Seed Germination
The paper towel method is very simple. All your need is a square of paper towel, water, and a plastic Ziplock bag or cling wrap (and, of course, seeds).
- Rip off a square of decent quality paper towels (something that can hold its shape when moist and not fall apart).
- Wet the paper towel and then squeeze it, so it's moist but not dripping.
- Place your seeds on the paper towel and fold them over.
- Put a folded paper towel in a Ziplock bag or cover in cling wrap.
- Place on a sunny window sill.
- Check progress in 3–5 days.
Note: It's best to plant the seeds earlier than later; otherwise, they become quite embedded into the paper towel and can become tricky to dislodge.
2. Rock Wool Seed Germination Method
Rockwool is often used for house insulation to reduce noise and prevent mold. Visit your local nursery or hydroponics store and pick up some small Rockwool cubes, either with holes or without.
- Soak the Rockwool in water for a few hours, longer if desired.
- Make a hole with a toothpick or knife.
- Drop the seed into the hole and push it down to the bottom.
- Place the Rockwool on your window ledge and play the waiting game.
This method works great for a hydroponics system where you can use the Rockwool throughout the process. Otherwise, separating the young plant from the Rockwool can be tough.
Safety note: It's best not to breathe in the fumes from Rockwool. It is safe once it has been soaked in water for a little while.
3. Regular Seed Germination Method
This is the regular method, and it involves simply mixing some high-quality potting mix with compost. You may think this method is totally hopeless, but I’ve had lots of success with it by following the specific needs of the seeds. Ensure you read the seed pack to check if the soil needs to stay moist or if watering is only required after the seedling pops out.
I’ve had success growing mint from seed using this method, and if anyone has tried to germinate mint seeds before, you know it can be very tricky, and you need to have the patience of a saint.
- Mix 2/3 quality potting soil with 1/3 compost.
- Add the seeds on the top, then cover with a light layer of soil.
- Gently pat down the soil, so the seeds don’t move around.
- Water occasionally if required.
- Wait until seedling bursts out; this can take quite some time. It took 2–3 weeks for my mint plant to show up.
Good luck with germination!
Someone strange on December 19, 2019:
This was super useful! Another way i found was using sponges and that has worked well
rain rhianne on July 02, 2019:
hello im in philippines this my assignment thank you author for your help
i on January 26, 2018:
my name is siddique on December 10, 2017:
dear sir I want to increase to seed germinate ,this is my question.
this methods I have used but not increasing to seeds yes sir so I need your help
Evan Vanauskis on October 23, 2012:
When did you post this
Asim on March 21, 2012:
I like paper towel technique to germinate seeds. I can grow basil, thyme, sage and other flowering small seeds like portulaca. Thanks
USMAN ABDULLAHI on February 17, 2012:
Thank you for this information you just got me started in my research.
JK on February 10, 2012:
Snap lock bags and toilet paper is a WINNER. I was having trouble getting pepper seeds to germinate in soil, they took off like rockets in the toilet paper though!
claire on October 29, 2011:
my sketches on December 07, 2010:
ur soooooooooooo cute
expectus (author) from Land Downunder on September 19, 2010:
glad it helped :)
don on September 15, 2010:
thanks in giving info..
marcaida on September 15, 2010:
thanks, and add also other information......
samantha amielle on September 13, 2010:
kristin yvanna carrillo on September 12, 2010:
thank you so much for helping me:)
sachie kyra nudnud on September 10, 2010:
thanks for this info,this helped me a lot :)))
Jairo Ambus on September 09, 2010:
Thnx for helping for my project...!
james carl contreras on September 06, 2010:
thanks for helping me to my assignment
blackbird on March 04, 2010:
Any "to-go" container ,as for salads, with a clear lid may be used.Place a 1/4 in.thuroughly dampened layer of sterile sand
expectus (author) from Land Downunder on July 28, 2009:
very true psychicdog.net:) , its really amazing to see a seed grow into a mature plant and produce fruit :), thanks for the comment
psychicdog.net on July 28, 2009:
where would the world be without the planting of seeds!Thanks for the reminder expectus!