Silver Maple: Nuisance Tree or Great for Landscaping?
The Silver Maple tree is one the most common trees of North America and can be an excellent tree for landscaping but it also presents some undesirable characteristics. Its scientific name is Acer saccharinum and like all maple trees has a five pointed leaf and produces a prolific amount of seeds in the early spring. The seeds grow in a pair of "wings" and when mature, separate and whirl down from the tree on a single "wing". The Silver Maple generally grows 50 to 80 feet tall. A 10 year old sapling will stand approximately 25 feet tall.
The Silver Maple tree is the fastest growing type of Maple making it ideal for planting in landscaping projects. It can recover from flooding and does well in poor, rocky soils. It transplants easily when small and is ideally suited for growing in a nursery. The leaves are silvery white on the bottom which provides its name. The silvery appearance of the leaves is very apparent during a moderate wind. The bark is smooth on the branches and younger trees, however as the tree matures the trunk bark becomes rough and has a shaggy appearance. The tree requires ample lighting but provides excellent shade as the leaves grow densely. It is commonly used for shade but careful planning and estimation should be used when planting near homes or other permanent structures..
The Silver Maple tree can become a real nuisance for a home owner or business owner. Since the tree is fast growing the wood is softer and more brittle than as slow growing hardwood tree. The tree is easily damaged on windy days and does not fare well in heavy snow or when coated in ice by freezing rain. Downed branches are common and a regular chore to dispose of. The favorable characteristics, shade and fast growth, lend themselves to future problems with this species. The root system of the tree grows shallow and will result in an uneven lawn. Great care is required when mowing the grass lawn growing at the base of the Silver Maple or the mower blades will likely strike the protruding roots. If planted too closely to a foundation or sidewalk, the roots can cause upheaval of the walkway and crack foundation masonry. The roots are also known to invade septic fields and damage well pipes requiring costly replacements or repair. The branches and trunk commonly fork and requires careful pruning. Additionally, the dense foliage that provides shade in the hot summer months demands late fall raking cleanup; the tree holds it's leaves longer than most other trees.