The Complete Guide to Hose Fittings
How to Connect Up a Hose
This guide shows you what fittings you need to connect up your garden hose to an indoor or garden tap and also how to attach it to spray nozzles, sprinklers, pressure washers and coiled hoses.
Taps & Faucets
As you're probably aware what's called a faucet in the US and Canada is known as a tap in the UK and the rest of the world. There are also some other regional variants in naming these fittings:
UK and Ireland
- Tap is used in the UK to refer to the fitting that supplies water to sinks, baths and wash basins. A tap outdoors is known as a "garden tap" or "outside tap"
- Faucet means the same think as a "tap" in the UK
- Spigot, silcock, bib, bibcock, hose bib corresponds to a "garden tap" in the UK
- Tap This usually refers to a beer tap
What Is the Thread Size of Garden Hose Fittings?
- In the USA, its territories and Canada, the standard thread used for garden hoses is commonly known as garden hose thread (GHT), but officially its title is NHR ('NH' standing for "National Hose"). There are two standards. 3/4-11.5NHR is for thin-walled couplers on hoses, and 3/4-11.5NH is for full-form threads on thicker material used to make valves and fittings. Thread pitch is 11.5 threads per inch (TI)
- For the rest of the world, the British Standard Pipe Thread standard (BSP) is used. Domestic fittings are 3/4 inch BSP and thread pitch is 14 threads per inch. Taps used on farms, factories and in horticulture and fittings for garden irrigation pumps use a 1 inch BSP thread system
What Size Is a Garden Hose?
- The nominal inner diameter (ID) of a garden hose is 3/8" 10mm, 1/2" 12.5mm, 5/8" 15mm or 3/4" 19mm.
- A 3/4-inch hose is generally reserved for professional use.
Quick Release Fittings and Semi-Permanent Fittings
The quick release, push-fit hose connection system used by Hozelock and other manufacturers is convenient because hoses can be easily attached to taps without having to screw on connectors. Also various accessories such as sprinklers, power washers, extra lengths of hose, branches and spray jets can be quickly added or removed as necessary, even with the water turned on. The older system before quick release connectors were invented involved attaching spray jets, tap connectors and hose joiners to a hose and hand tightening the fitting onto the hose with an integral threaded knurled plastic ring. If for instance the hose needed to be connected to a power washer, the fitting would have to be replaced. You can still buy these fittings, but they are not as widely available nowadays as quick release types.
Old Style Semi-Permanent Hose Fitting
How to Connect a Hose to a Sink Tap or Unthreaded Outside Tap
There's two options for connecting a hose to an indoor sink tap:
- Use a round tap connector that attaches semi-permanently to the hose. Not as convenient as a quick release connector because the fitting has to be pulled off the tap if someone needs to use it
- Use a round tap connector with a quick release outlet. Hoses then need a quick release connector fixed on the end that can be push-fit onto the outlet on the tap fitting. Depending on manufacturer, there are several types of these tap connectors. In the case of Hozelock fittings, there is a version for standard round and oval taps up to 18 mm, one for mixer taps up to 24mm diameter, one for short spout square/round mixer taps and a fourth type for mixer taps with an external male thread (used for an aerator)
Old Style Non-Push-Fit Round Tap Connector
Quick Release Round Tap Connector For Standard Sink or Unthreaded Outdoor Taps
Quick Release Round Tap Connector For Mixer Taps
Alternative Tap Connector For Mixer Taps
Screw on Quick Release Fitting For Indoor Taps With External Male Threads
How to Connect a Hose to a Garden Tap (Bib, Spigot, Faucet)
Garden taps in the UK have a 3/4-inch BSP threaded outlet. In the USA, the thread size is 3/4-inch GHT also known as NHR or MHT. There are two options for connecting a hose:
- Fit a brass female 3/4 inch BSP threaded connector to the hose. This has a barbed/bayonet section that pushes into the hose. A hose clip is tightened on the hose to stop it from being forced off the hose under pressure or pulled off during use. The advantage of these fittings is that they are cheap and being made from brass, are less likely to be damaged than quick release, plastic connectors. However they take longer to connect to the tap and the O-ring seems to wear quicker because it gets compressed during connection
- Screw a 3/4 -inch plastic fitting onto the tap. The hose connector can then be push fitted onto this fitting
A Garden Tap Has a 3/4 Inch Threaded Spout
Option 1: Use A Barbed Tap Connector For Connecting a Hose to an Outside Tap
Threaded Connector Screwed Onto Tap
Option 2: Use a Quick Release 3/4 Inch Garden Tap Connector
Fit a Quick Release Connector on the Hose
Hose Push-Fits Onto Tap Connector
Older Taps Had a 1/2 Inch Threaded Spout—A Reducer Adapter Is Available to Suit
How to Connect More Than One Hose to a Tap
2, 3 and 4 way tap connectors are available so you can connect more than one hose. This is useful if for instance you want to feed more than one sprinkler or drip feed system for plants. Note that flow will be divided if you feed more than one hose.
Multiway Outlet Tap Connectors
How to Connect a Spray Jet
- If your hose is a made up one bought in a store, the gun/sprinkler connector at the spray end of the hose is likely to be a water-stop type. This has an internal valve that stops water flow when the spray jet is removed. This is a useful feature because you can attach another hose or accessory, without having to turn off the tap
- The spray jet simply push-fits into the gun connector
Hose Spray Gun/Jet
Gun Connector For Hose With Integral Valve
How to Join Two Garden Hoses Together
- Remove the spray gun if fitted
- If the gun connector on the spray end of the hose isn't a water stop type, it's a good idea to replace it with one so that you can disconnect/connect accessories and the hose extension without having to turn off water at the tap
- You'll need a double male connector. One end plugs into the gun connector of the first hose
- The other end fits into the tap connector of the second hose
- Finally attach the spray gun, sprinkler, power washer or other accessory to the gun connector at the end of the second hose
How to Attach a Pressure Washer to a Hose
The procedure for connecting to a pressure washer is exactly the same as for connecting to a garden tap.
- Screw a 3/4" threaded outdoor tap connector onto the water intake of the pressure washer
- Remove the spray gun if fitted from the end of the hose
- Push fit the gun connector on the end of the hose onto the tap connector on the pressure washer
How to Connect a Sprinkler to a Hose
A sprinkler has a fitting similar to a tap connector, so you can simply push fit your hose onto it. This fitting is a little different from a garden tap connector and has male (external) threads. If the fitting breaks and isn't bonded to the sprinkler, it can be replaced.
How to Connect a Garden Hose to a Washing Machine
If for some reason your washing machine isn't permanently plumbed (it might be located in an outbuilding) or your house is undergoing renovations, you can use a garden hose to supply water to the machine. Washing machines in the UK have 3/4 inch water inlets. You can screw on a garden tap connector and then push fit the hose onto the connector.
Washing Machine Converted to Allow Connection of a Garden Hose
How to Repair a Burst Hose
- Use a knife or hose cutters to remove the bad section of hose and cut both ends square
- A hose connector is used to join the two sections of hose. You just need to push each hose end into the connector. Then tighten the two knurled rings
Hose Connector for Repairing a Burst Hose
Cutting Hose With a Tubing Cutter
How to Connect a Spiral Hose to a Tap
Spiral hoses are usually fitted with a crimped 3/4" female threaded connector suitable for a garden tap. A quick release adapter is available that allows you to connect the hose to a sink tap.
Spiral Hoses Normally Have a 3/4-Inch Fitting Suitable For a Garden Tap
A Quick Release Adapter Allows the Hose to Be Used With Sink Tap Connectors
Garden Taps or Hose Connectors Must Have a Backflow Prevention Valve
This is mandatory for an outside tap. It caters for the scenario where water has been lying in a hose for some time and has become stagnant. If the hose is left connected to the tap and your supply authority shuts off water for some reason, this water can syphon back into the supply when indoor taps are turned on, potentially contaminating your supply and your neighbours. Ideally an inline backflow valve (also known as a check valve or one-way valve) should be fitted in the plumbing feeding the outside tap to prevent this from happening. An alternative is to fit a backflow connector to the outside tap.
Backflow Connector for Outside Tap
Thanks to Hozelock for permission to use some of the photos in this article.
Questions & Answers
© 2017 Eugene Brennan