Facts About the Lucky Bamboo Plant

Updated on September 8, 2018
Vellur profile image

A graduate in Botany, Nithya Venkat enjoys writing about plants that help sustain life on planet Earth.

Lucky Bamboo Plant
Lucky Bamboo Plant | Source

Lucky Bamboo is a plant that is well-known for bringing good luck and is one of the essential elements of Feng Shui. Lucky Bamboo is very easy to grow and adds to enhance the décor of your home.

The botanical name of Lucky Bamboo is Dracena sanderiana. The Lucky Bamboo is named after a renowned German–English gardener Henry Frederick Conrad Sander.

The Lucky Bamboo plant is also known as Curly Bamboo, Chinese Water Bamboo, Friendship Bamboo, Goddess of Mercy Plant and Ribbon plant.

Description of Lucky Bamboo Plant

The Lucky Bamboo is not a Bamboo plant at all. It belongs to the same family as the Lily plants. It is native to the tropical rain forests of Africa and parts of South East Asia.

The Lucky Bamboo house plant can grow to about 2 to 3 feet in height. It cannot survive under direct sunlight and can grow in soil or water.

How to Care for Lucky Bamboo Plant

The Lucky Bamboo plant grows well in a vase filled with pebbles with just an inch of water above the pebbles. You can add a drop of liquid fertilizer once a week to encourage growth. It can also grow in well aerated potted soil.

The Lucky Bamboo needs clean water. The water should not contain chlorine or fluoride in it because these chemicals affect the color of the leaves and make them turn yellow or brown in color. The water should be changed once in every two weeks.

When the Lucky Bamboo plant is grown the soil should be moist and not water logged.

Curly Bamboo
Curly Bamboo | Source

Lucky Bamboo in Chinese Culture

The Lucky Bamboo plays a significant role in Feng Shui in Chinese culture. It is supposed to bring positive energy into your home or office or into the surroundings wherever the Lucky Bamboo is placed.

People select Lucky Bamboo plants as gifts to give near and dear ones. Receiving this plant as a gift is supposed to bring good luck.

In Chinese, the Lucky Bamboo is known as Fu Gwey Zhu –

  • Fu - luck and fortune
  • Gwey - power and honor
  • Zhu - Bamboo

According to Feng Shui the positive effect of the Lucky Bamboo plant differs with the number of Lucky Bamboo stalks that are bound together.

Here is a list of Bamboo Stalks explained -

Lucky Log
Lucky Log resembles a log with no roots. The Lucky Log is supposed to bring prosperity and longevity. It is one of the most sought after gifts for newly starting companies or business endeavors.
Two Bamboo Stalks
Two Bamboo Stalks are supposed to bring in abundance of love and double the luck factor. People gift this to express their love and affection.
Three Bamboo Stalks
Three Bamboo stalks is very popular as a gift. The combination of three stalks is supposed to bring in happiness, long life and career promotions
Four Bamboo Stalks
Four Bamboo Stalks represents bad luck.
Five Bamboo Stalks
Five Bamboo Stalks attracts positive healthy energy in five areas of life such as emotional, intuitive, mental, physical and spiritual.
Six Bamboo Stalks
Six Bamboo Stalks is supposed to bring in opportunities to increase your wealth.
Seven Bamboo Stalks
Seven Bamboo Stalks is supposed to bring in positive energy to endow a person with good overall health.
Eight Bamboo Stalks
Eight Bamboo Stalks is supposed to bring in positive energy to increase fertility.
Nine Bamboo Stalks
Nine Bamboo Stalks bestows great luck to the receiver.
Ten Bamboo Stalks
Ten Bamboo Stalks denotes all things good in life. Gifting Ten Bamboo Stalks shows that you want the person to have a perfect happy life.

It is believed that when the Lucky Bamboo plant is placed in the east all members in the family will be bestowed with good health.

Placing the Lucky Bamboo plant in the south-east is supposed to bring in more wealth.

Diseases that can affect Lucky Bamboo

Brown Spots

Brown Spots on leaves can be due to lack of proper nutrition or due to too much of fluorine and chlorine content in the water. Do not use tap water to grow the Lucky Bamboo instead use distilled water.

Brown spots can also be due to exposure to direct sunlight. Place the plant in a place where it receives indirect sunlight.

Growing the Lucky Bamboo plant with the required amount of nutrients helps the plant to grow and makes it resistant to diseases.

Leaf Spot

When the Lucky Bamboo plant is infected with the Leaf Spot fungus the leaves develop small, dark spots marked by red colored margins. As this disease progresses the leaves decay and die. Fungicidal spray helps to kill the Leaf Spot fungus. Cut off the infected leaves to prevent the disease from spreading.

Oedema

When the Lucky Bamboo is over watered the roots swell due to excessive intake of water. When this happens, the leaves develop small blisters on the surface that turn into hard, brown colored bumps.

As the Oedema progresses the leaves become yellow and droopy. This condition can be taken care of by not over watering the Lucky Bamboo plant.

Powdery Mildew

Powdery Mildew is a fungal disease that spreads through fungal spores. When the fungal spores land on the leaves they infect the leaves. Due to the infection the leaves develop a powdery white coat. The powdery white coat prevents the sunlight from reaching the surface of the leaves. When this happens, the leaves turn yellow and die. Powdery Mildew can be controlled through fungicidal treatments. Severely infected foliage must be removed from the plant.

Sooty Mold

Sooty Mold is caused by small insects such as aphids, mealybugs and scale. These insects excrete a sticky substance called honeydew. This honeydew attracts the sooty mold fungus that causes black spots to appear on the leaves and stalks. Applying insecticidal soap or oil on the affected regions of the plant helps to treat Sooty Mold and prevents it from spreading.

Curly Lucky Bamboos

Lucky Bamboos are curled by controlling the light that the Lucky Bamboo receives. Curling Lucky Bamboo plants takes a long time and needs expertise.

Questions & Answers

© 2014 Nithya Venkat

Comments

    0 of 8192 characters used
    Post Comment

    • Vellur profile imageAUTHOR

      Nithya Venkat 

      3 months ago from Dubai

      Liz Stirlling you can trim the plant and transfer them to soil or water. Make sure the cut portion is healthy to replant.

      When you cut the plant cut it just below the node so that new leaves can sprout from the node. Transfer the stalk to a jar with distilled water. After a few days you will see roots growing out at the base.

      Now you can plant this in water or soil and let it grow.

    • profile image

      Louise 

      3 months ago

      Hello I've just bought 2 of theses from Ikea something draw me towards them caint wait to get a pretty vase and put this in my window

    • profile image

      Liz Stirlling 

      6 months ago

      I have 1 bamboo plant in it's original small pot, which has sent out two other shoots. The main stem is nearly as tall as I am 5'7", and am wondering whether I need to take top out of it, or put it into another pot. Can I take 'cuttings' off it so as I have more plants.?? Thanks

    • Vellur profile imageAUTHOR

      Nithya Venkat 

      7 months ago from Dubai

      Wishing you best of luck for great times in your new house. Thank you for taking the time to read and comment.

    • profile image

      vika 

      7 months ago

      I brought 12 stalks of lucky bamboo and i kept them in my room

      But i want to know which direction to be kept in.

    • paolaenergya profile image

      Paola Bassanese 

      7 months ago from London

      I have bought six stalks of lucky bamboo, I need all the luck in the world because I’m moving house! Thank you for an informative article

    • profile image

      Shree 

      8 months ago

      Thank you for the info i have two bamboo plants

    • profile image

      Je 

      11 months ago

      I have lucky bamboo, it is in a spiral shape with 2 stalks!

    • profile image

      Mary 

      13 months ago

      I found that very interesting & Love this plant. Thank you.

    • Vellur profile imageAUTHOR

      Nithya Venkat 

      19 months ago from Dubai

      Frances Metcalfe glad you came to know about the Lucky Bamboo through this hub.

    • Frances Metcalfe profile image

      Frances Metcalfe 

      19 months ago from The Limousin, France

      A really interesting hub, I know nothing about Lucky Bamboo. Bamboo grows in our garden - we haven't planted it, it is creeping through from next door and will need to be tamed! Also thank you for following me.

    • Vellur profile imageAUTHOR

      Nithya Venkat 

      2 years ago from Dubai

      Peggy W thank you for your visit and share.

      Vinaya Ghimire thank you and am glad you got to know more about this plant.

    • Vinaya Ghimire profile image

      Vinaya Ghimire 

      2 years ago from Nepal

      What a co-incident. Yesterday, I spotted lucky bamboo in a store. I had never seen or known the plant. And now I read this interesting article.

    • Peggy W profile image

      Peggy Woods 

      2 years ago from Houston, Texas

      A friend gave us a pot of them with at least 10 stalks and they are curved in design. Nice to know more about them. Will share!

    • Vellur profile imageAUTHOR

      Nithya Venkat 

      2 years ago from Dubai

      ChitrangadaSharan thank you for your visit and comment.

    • ChitrangadaSharan profile image

      Chitrangada Sharan 

      2 years ago from New Delhi, India

      Came back to read your wonderful hub once again. Many people keep lucky bamboo plants in their homes but they may not be aware about all the details about it. Your hub is very interesting and informative and it will benefit them.

      Thank you for sharing!

    • Vellur profile imageAUTHOR

      Nithya Venkat 

      3 years ago from Dubai

      amazmerizing am glad you came to know why your plant was not thriving, thank you for stopping by.

    • amazmerizing profile image

      amazmerizing 

      3 years ago from PACIFIC NORTHWEST, USA

      Interesting article... now I understand why mine has not been thriving... lol ;) thanks for sharing

    • Vellur profile imageAUTHOR

      Nithya Venkat 

      3 years ago from Dubai

      mary615 thank you for stopping by and thanks for the vote up and share.

    • mary615 profile image

      Mary Hyatt 

      3 years ago from Florida

      I see these plants often and I keep saying I'm going to buy one, but I don't! Now I really want one. Thanks for the good info about them.

      Voted UP and shared.

    • Vellur profile imageAUTHOR

      Nithya Venkat 

      3 years ago from Dubai

      Charu Bhatnagar thank you for reading and leaving a comment. Thanks for the share too, much appreciated.

    • Charu Bhatnagar profile image

      Charu Bhatnagar 

      3 years ago from India

      Thanks for making this Hub. Fantastic information, especially about how to care for Lucky Bamboos. Loved it and shared. :-)

    • Vellur profile imageAUTHOR

      Nithya Venkat 

      3 years ago from Dubai

      Dana Teresa thank you.

    • DanaTeresa profile image

      Dana Strang 

      3 years ago from Ohio

      very interesting and easy to understand. great info!

    • Vellur profile imageAUTHOR

      Nithya Venkat 

      3 years ago from Dubai

      vocalcoach am happy this plant brings a peaceful feeling. Thank you for the share. pin and tweet, much appreciated.

      teaches12345 it is beautiful and easy to look after, thank you.

      vibesites thank you for reading, they are great as gifts.

    • vibesites profile image

      vibesites 

      3 years ago from United States

      I love those lucky bamboos! I often buy these for gifts. And they're easy to care for. :)

    • teaches12345 profile image

      Dianna Mendez 

      3 years ago

      I find it fascinating that it was named after an English gardener. I have a small one of these plants in my kitchen and it is such a nice delicate green. It doesn't need much attention but it sure does bring much needed beauty to the room.

    • vocalcoach profile image

      Audrey Hunt 

      3 years ago from Idyllwild Ca.

      I just want to thank you Vellur. After reading this hub a few months ago, I purchased Lucky Bamboo for my bedroom which gets little light. It has done very well and adds beauty along with a peaceful feeling. I will share this hub with HP, friends and FB, Pinterest and Twitter. Audrey

    • Vellur profile imageAUTHOR

      Nithya Venkat 

      3 years ago from Dubai

      ocfireflies(Kim) thank you for reading. vote up and share. Am glad you enjoyed!

    • ocfireflies profile image

      ocfireflies 

      3 years ago from North Carolina

      Really cool! Interesting. Will be weary of anyone giving me four-stalk bearing bamboo. V+ and Shared. Very Much Enjoyed.

      Kim

    • Vellur profile imageAUTHOR

      Nithya Venkat 

      3 years ago from Dubai

      Gypsy Rose Lee thank you for reading and for the share.

    • Gypsy Rose Lee profile image

      Gypsy Rose Lee 

      3 years ago from Riga, Latvia

      Great hub. Lots of interesting information. Passing this on.

    • Vellur profile imageAUTHOR

      Nithya Venkat 

      4 years ago from Dubai

      cat on a soapbox thank you for stopping by and am glad my hub was informative.

    • cat on a soapbox profile image

      Catherine Tally 

      4 years ago from Los Angeles

      I am familiar with Lucky Bamboo but still learned so much from this informative hub about its care and symbolism. Thank you!

      Cat :)

    • Vellur profile imageAUTHOR

      Nithya Venkat 

      4 years ago from Dubai

      thumbi great that it is growing well!

    • thumbi7 profile image

      JR Krishna 

      4 years ago from India

      I have one plant. Planted them in soil. Growing well

    • Vellur profile imageAUTHOR

      Nithya Venkat 

      4 years ago from Dubai

      CrisSp thank you, great that you have these plants at home, wishing you more and more good luck!! Thank you for sharing too.

    • CrisSp profile image

      CrisSp 

      4 years ago from Sky Is The Limit Adventure

      This is awesome. I have these plants in the house just because I find them quite pretty and easy to maintain. And, although I know they are good luck plants, I never really know more than that until I read this hub.

      Gotta go find myself the "Six Bamboo Stalks" or better yet ask someone to get it for me. :)

      Good, useful and delightful hub. Passing it along.

    • Vellur profile imageAUTHOR

      Nithya Venkat 

      4 years ago from Dubai

      suzettenaples thank you for stopping by, the vote and share, much appreciated.

      mary615 thank you and am sure the plant will survive under your great care! Thank you for the vote up too.

    • mary615 profile image

      Mary Hyatt 

      4 years ago from Florida

      Someone gave me a lucky bamboo for Christmas. It has six stalks. I hope I can keep it living: so far, so good.

      Great info here in your Hub.

      Voted UP, etc.

    • suzettenaples profile image

      Suzette Walker 

      4 years ago from Taos, NM

      This is fascinating! I have seen these bamboo arrangements before, but I didn't know anything about them. This is so interesting and informative and didn't know about the numbers of bamboo or luck behind them. Thanks for sharing your knowledge. Voted up+ and shared.

    • Vellur profile imageAUTHOR

      Nithya Venkat 

      4 years ago from Dubai

      hlwar thank you, now you know the meaning!!

    • profile image

      hlwar 

      4 years ago

      What a fascinating read! I have a two-stalk bamboo plant growing like crazy, it was a gift from a co-worker years ago, and now I know the meaning behind it. Thanks for a great Hub! (^_^)

    • Vellur profile imageAUTHOR

      Nithya Venkat 

      4 years ago from Dubai

      vocalcoach (Audrey) Lucky Bamboo will grow well in your room and does not need direct sunlight. Wishing you all the luck in this world!! Thank you.

      suajaya venkatesh yes indeed. Thank you for stopping by.

      travmaj thank you for reading and leaving a comment.

      rebeccamealey they are Lucky Bamboo that is supposed to bring in good luck. Thank you for stopping by.

      tobusiness growing house plants is awesome!! Thank you for stopping by.

      fpherj48 thank you for reading and great that you are getting one for yourself, wishing you all the luck in this world! Thank you for your many votes.

    • fpherj48 profile image

      Paula 

      4 years ago from Beautiful Upstate New York

      Nithya...I love this hub. I was not familiar with this bamboo and the purposes/luck involved. Perhaps because I have never studied Feng shui.

      I have a close friend who is seriously into decorating her apartment totally Feng-shui.....she lives a State away from me so we don't visit often.

      I am looking forward to asking her about this bamboo, as I'm sure she would be knowledgeable on it.

      I am also planning to place some bamboo in my home! Thank you. Up++++

    • tobusiness profile image

      Jo Alexis-Hagues 

      4 years ago from Lincolnshire, U.K

      I've seen this plant, and thought it looked interesting but never actually bought one. they are lovely plants, now that I know more about it I'll certainly get one, I'm slowly getting back to growing house plants again, thank you for this.

    • rebeccamealey profile image

      Rebecca Mealey 

      4 years ago from Northeastern Georgia, USA

      I've seen these plants in stores. I didn't know about the lucky part of the name. Thanks!

    • travmaj profile image

      travmaj 

      4 years ago from australia

      I bought Lucky plant not long ago. Not quite sure if it is identical to yours, will check it out. It is flourishing in a lovely Chinese style pot on the patio.

      Great hub with so much detailed information. Thank you -

    • sujaya venkatesh profile image

      sujaya venkatesh 

      4 years ago

      hail the belief

    • vocalcoach profile image

      Audrey Hunt 

      4 years ago from Idyllwild Ca.

      I have always had lucky bamboo in my home. But now I live with my daughter and would love to have a small plant in my room. I have little light in the room and wonder if it will grow okay.

      Wonderful hub and voted Up, useful, awesome, interesting and sharing. Thank you my friend - Audrey

    • Vellur profile imageAUTHOR

      Nithya Venkat 

      4 years ago from Dubai

      DDE thank you for stopping by and your vote up.

    • DDE profile image

      Devika Primić 

      4 years ago from Dubrovnik, Croatia

      Great advice here. I did not know of the Lucky Bamboo. I am quite surprised and your approach tot his topic is so well understood. Voted up!

    • Vellur profile imageAUTHOR

      Nithya Venkat 

      4 years ago from Dubai

      midnightbliss thank you am glad you came to know about this plant.

      Artois52 thank you for your visit.

      ChitrangadaSharan thank you, yes these plants are great to have.

      famhauz thank you. It is great as a gift and thank you for the votes.

      AliciaC thank you. The curly form is beautiful!

    • AliciaC profile image

      Linda Crampton 

      4 years ago from British Columbia, Canada

      I've never heard of Lucky Bamboo before. Thanks for sharing the interesting information, Vellur. The curly form of the plant is beautiful!

    • famhauz profile image

      Peter Mwai 

      4 years ago from Kenya

      Wow! I think I'll save this for future reference - for real! It would be a great simple gift that someone who understands its meaning would never forget. The quandary of 'What do I get them?!' has just been solved.

      Was intending to get a few house plants myself and reading this just gave me some ideas. Useful, awesome, interesting, right up there!

    • ChitrangadaSharan profile image

      Chitrangada Sharan 

      4 years ago from New Delhi, India

      Very nicely explained hub! I have been keeping Bamboo plants in my drawing room since long. I love its greenery and it does give you positive vibes, when they are around.

      Thanks for sharing! Voted up and pinned!

    • Artois52 profile image

      Artois52 

      4 years ago from England

      Thanks for a really interesting hub.I have seen these plants around before but I never knew their significance. Now I do!

    • midnightbliss profile image

      Haydee Anderson 

      4 years ago from Hermosa Beach

      Geez, I can't believe I haven't heard of Lucky Bamboo until now. Sounds like the perfect plant for me, given I love the look and feel of being surrounded by house plants. I will forward this Hub to my neighbor who is a Bonsai fanatic. - Thanks!

    • Vellur profile imageAUTHOR

      Nithya Venkat 

      4 years ago from Dubai

      WiccanSage thank you, the luck factor differs with numbers!!

      alwaysexploring thank you and curly bamboos are great.

      Victoria Lynn thank you for your visit, the Lucky Bamboo does not survive under direct sunlight.

      Nell Rose, thank you. The curly bamboo is cool!!

      Jackie Lynnley thank you and yes they look great anywhere.

      Phyllis Doyle thank you for your visit.

      Faith Reaper I think you are referring to the actual Bamboo plant, the Lucky Bamboo is not a Bamboo at all!

      Hackslap am happy that it has made a difference for you. Thank you for the information, I did not know about the 21 lucky stalk bamboo.

    • Hackslap profile image

      Harry 

      4 years ago from Sydney, Australia

      Im a believer in Feng Shui and have 3 lucky bamboos in my house ..one's an 8-stalk ..one's a single stem and one's a 3-stem ...I can certainly say they have made a difference over the past few months I've owned them ..

      FYI ..there're the rare and expensive 21-stalk lucky bamboos too..

      Great and informative hub!

    • Faith Reaper profile image

      Faith Reaper 

      4 years ago from southern USA

      Such an interesting hub! I have never heard of Lucky Bamboo. We actually have bamboo growing in one spot towards the back of our yard. It can get so tall and spread just to a point and stopped. I am not sure what kind of bamboo it is. I thought it fascinating that the Lucky Bamboo is actually Lily plants!

      Great hub. Up and more and away

      Blessings

    • Phyllis Doyle profile image

      Phyllis Doyle Burns 

      4 years ago from High desert of Nevada.

      Vellur, I did not know all these things about Lucky Bamboo. I did not even know it was called that, nor did I know it is not really bamboo. I am amazed with all the information you provide. Very interesting and useful. Thank you!

    • Jackie Lynnley profile image

      Jackie Lynnley 

      4 years ago from The Beautiful South

      I just love these and the fantastic little containers they come in. The look great everywhere!

    • Nell Rose profile image

      Nell Rose 

      4 years ago from England

      This was fascinating, I had never heard of Lucky Bamboo! I love it when I learn something new! lol! love the curly one! great hub vellur, voted up and shared! nell

    • Victoria Lynn profile image

      Victoria Lynn 

      4 years ago from Arkansas, USA

      What about sun needs? I had a bamboo plant that flourished when I put it under fluorescent lights in my office! When I put it in front of a window, it died!!! Great hub. I didn't know about how lucky the bamboo is.

    • always exploring profile image

      Ruby Jean Richert 

      4 years ago from Southern Illinois

      I don't think we have it here in America, but i would love to have the curley lucky bamboos plant for the inside of my home. Interesting new plant to me. Thank you...

    • WiccanSage profile image

      Mackenzie Sage Wright 

      4 years ago

      This is awesome, I have heard of lucky bamboo but I never realized that how many you had/gave to someone was significant. It's good to know. Very cool, thanks for sharing.

    • Vellur profile imageAUTHOR

      Nithya Venkat 

      4 years ago from Dubai

      billybuc thank you for your visit, this plant is well known for it's good luck factor!!

    • billybuc profile image

      Bill Holland 

      4 years ago from Olympia, WA

      You hooked me with the title, since I've never heard of that name. Thanks for the information and education.

    working

    This website uses cookies

    As a user in the EEA, your approval is needed on a few things. To provide a better website experience, dengarden.com uses cookies (and other similar technologies) and may collect, process, and share personal data. Please choose which areas of our service you consent to our doing so.

    For more information on managing or withdrawing consents and how we handle data, visit our Privacy Policy at: https://dengarden.com/privacy-policy#gdpr

    Show Details
    Necessary
    HubPages Device IDThis is used to identify particular browsers or devices when the access the service, and is used for security reasons.
    LoginThis is necessary to sign in to the HubPages Service.
    Google RecaptchaThis is used to prevent bots and spam. (Privacy Policy)
    AkismetThis is used to detect comment spam. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide data on traffic to our website, all personally identifyable data is anonymized. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Traffic PixelThis is used to collect data on traffic to articles and other pages on our site. Unless you are signed in to a HubPages account, all personally identifiable information is anonymized.
    Amazon Web ServicesThis is a cloud services platform that we used to host our service. (Privacy Policy)
    CloudflareThis is a cloud CDN service that we use to efficiently deliver files required for our service to operate such as javascript, cascading style sheets, images, and videos. (Privacy Policy)
    Google Hosted LibrariesJavascript software libraries such as jQuery are loaded at endpoints on the googleapis.com or gstatic.com domains, for performance and efficiency reasons. (Privacy Policy)
    Features
    Google Custom SearchThis is feature allows you to search the site. (Privacy Policy)
    Google MapsSome articles have Google Maps embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    Google ChartsThis is used to display charts and graphs on articles and the author center. (Privacy Policy)
    Google AdSense Host APIThis service allows you to sign up for or associate a Google AdSense account with HubPages, so that you can earn money from ads on your articles. No data is shared unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Google YouTubeSome articles have YouTube videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    VimeoSome articles have Vimeo videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    PaypalThis is used for a registered author who enrolls in the HubPages Earnings program and requests to be paid via PayPal. No data is shared with Paypal unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook LoginYou can use this to streamline signing up for, or signing in to your Hubpages account. No data is shared with Facebook unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    MavenThis supports the Maven widget and search functionality. (Privacy Policy)
    Marketing
    Google AdSenseThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Google DoubleClickGoogle provides ad serving technology and runs an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Index ExchangeThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    SovrnThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook AdsThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Unified Ad MarketplaceThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    AppNexusThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    OpenxThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Rubicon ProjectThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    TripleLiftThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Say MediaWe partner with Say Media to deliver ad campaigns on our sites. (Privacy Policy)
    Remarketing PixelsWe may use remarketing pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to advertise the HubPages Service to people that have visited our sites.
    Conversion Tracking PixelsWe may use conversion tracking pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to identify when an advertisement has successfully resulted in the desired action, such as signing up for the HubPages Service or publishing an article on the HubPages Service.
    Statistics
    Author Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide traffic data and reports to the authors of articles on the HubPages Service. (Privacy Policy)
    ComscoreComScore is a media measurement and analytics company providing marketing data and analytics to enterprises, media and advertising agencies, and publishers. Non-consent will result in ComScore only processing obfuscated personal data. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Tracking PixelSome articles display amazon products as part of the Amazon Affiliate program, this pixel provides traffic statistics for those products (Privacy Policy)