What Is the Difference Between a Bine and a Vine?
A Typical Vine Tendril
What's the Difference Between a Bine and a Vine ?
Sometimes the words “bine” and “vine” are used interchangeably, but there's a technical difference between them. It’s related to the way they grow and hold on to things. The words “bine” and “vine” are often misused as people assume there is no difference between them. However an observant gardener will be able to pick out some key features to enable them to distinguish between the two. Once you've been alerted to these differences you'll wonder how you ever imagined the two types of climbing plant were similar.
A Grapevine Has Curly Tendrils
Gardeners Can You Name a Vine Plant?
If asked to name a vine, most people would think of a grapevine. They'll have seen pictures of grapes hanging from the plant and perhaps noticed some tendrils. If you've seen a grapevine growing you may have seen that the climber uses tendrils, suckers and runners to cling onto a frame or nearby tree branches as it climbs and grows upwards. The tendrils, runners and suckers of the plant grow in a cyclical or entwining form. The main stem of the vine grows upwards without twisting in shape.
What Kind of Bine Plants Grow in Gardens?
An example of a garden or back-yard bine is the columbine flower. Bines use stiff hairs on their main stem as anchors (and not tendrils like vines). The circular climbing action of a bine is carried out by the stem itself. It encircles the item which it is climbing in order to gain support as it grows upwards. Thus its stem is a spiral shape unlike the vertical one of a vine.
Columbine Flower in Full Bloom
Bines Can Be Clockwise or Anti-clockwise
Bines can be subdivided into those that always have stems twisting in a clockwise direction and those which always grow anticlockwise. These different directions of growth remain true on whichever side of the Equator they are grown.
Some common examples of clockwise bines are bindweed (Convolvulus) and the runner bean. A common example of an anti-clockwise bine is the honeysuckle plant (Lonicera species).
The European Honeysuckle is an Anti-clockwise Bine
Key Differences Between Bines and Vines
tenrdrils and suckers
Direction of spiral
Clockwise or anti-clockwise depending on species
Clockwise or anti-clockwise depending on species
Gazebo and Trellis Support for Climbing Plants
Climbing plants like bines and vines grow strongly once they've found a structure to provide them with support. This can be manmade, such as a trellis or fence, or it could be natural such as the branches of an existing tree. If you live in an area that is prone to strong winds, you should provide extra support for your climbing plants.
Vines and bines are better able to survive storms and strong winds if they are planted next to a large sturdy structure like a gazebo frame or garden trellis with concrete foundations. Lightweight bamboo poles or wire mesh trellis can be used for climbers as a temporary measure. However, the flimsy nature of this type of cheap support means that they're unlikely to last beyond a single season and so need to be replaced every year.
Convolvulus or Morning Glory is a Clockwise Bine
Choose a Climbing Plant Suited to Your Climate
There are such a wide variety of bines and vines that there is one to suit virtually all climates. Vines are particularly adaptable and many are able to grow as ground plants if there is nothing immediately available for them to climb. With their tendrils able to grip onto the tiniest of cracks, vines can grow on rock faces and brick walls. This has made a common vine, the ivy plant, a nuisance species in many parts of the world.
Many climbers have accumulated both a proper name and a slang name which illustrates the way people feel about them. For example Convolvulus is known as both Morning Glory (for its beautiful flowers) and as Bindweed (for its tendency to strangle other plants). Sometimes this climbing tendency can be used to good effect as camouflage. An ugly fence or a dead tree that has not yet been felled can be quickly hidden under a fast growing climbing honeysuckle.
How to Grow The Cardinal Climber Vine
Which of these characteristics relates only to a vine and not a bine?
How to Plant Clematis
Beer Uses Bines, Wine Uses Vines
To help you remember the difference between a bine and a vine, think of beer and wine making. Hops, which are used to flavor beer, are an example of a bine. Grapes, which are used to make wine, are an example of a vine.
Hop plants have firm stems and the plant becomes quite bushy. They anchor themselves by wrapping their whole stem around the supporting frame. Grape vines send out tendrils like little fingers that wrap around a supporting structure.Their stems remain relatively straight and do not carry the weight of the plant.
Common Hop Plant With Flowers Used to Make Beer
Insect Predators on Bine and Vine Crops
Being able to tell your bines and vines apart can also help with pest control. Insect predators are usually species specific. Ones that favor vines will not normally be found on bines. Of course, there are chemical pesticides to control most predators, but if you prefer organic methods then crop rotation changing between bines and vines is a good tactic.
There are also various biological methods of pest control. In some, insect predators are deliberately infected with either a parasitic mite (bine predators) or a nematode worm (vine predators) which eventually kills them. Another method of biological control is to use a creature that eats the plant’s predator, but does no harm itself to the plant. An example of this is using ladybird larvae on vine crops. They eat the aphids that would otherwise damage the vines.