Vegetables to Plant in the Cold Fall and Winter - Dengarden - Home and Garden
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Vegetables to Plant in the Cold Fall and Winter

Building a sustainable lifestyle through gardening is something Marlene finds rewarding. Sharing tips with other gardeners is a true joy.

It’s Cold Outside

When the weather starts to turn cold, the harvest from the vegetables you planted in the spring are likely coming to an end. Warm weather crops are squeezing out the last few veggies you will enjoy for this season. But, just because the weather is turning cold doesn’t mean you can no longer enjoy fresh vegetables. Contrarily, if you get busy planning for your winter garden, you can enjoy fresh vegetables in as little as 30 days.

Prepare the Garden

Rake up dead leaves and dried stalks from the past harvest. Fertilize the soil in preparation of the seeds you will be planting. Now, let’s consider which vegetables you will be able to plant during the cold season of fall and winter.

Select Your Vegetables

In order to make the best selection of plants that do well in cold weather, there are three things that you need to know. You need to know the:

  • First Frost Date - A frost day is when the temperature reaches 36° Fahrenheit or below. Celsius is 2°or below.
  • First Freeze Date - A freeze day is when the temperature reaches 32° Fahrenheit or below. Celsius is 0° or below.
  • Days to Maturity - A maturity day is the day the plant is ready to be harvested.

First Frost Date

There are several places you can go to find out what the First Frost Date and the First Freeze Date are. The most reliable source is the National Centers for Environmental Information where you will be able to find historical information about the weather and traditional dates for frost and freeze dates.

The climate and environmental resources listed in this report retrieve data from the National Climatic Data Center.

Another reliable source for information is The Old Farmer’s Almanac where you will find an interactive map for Frost Dates. Just enter your zip code to get the information for your area.

First Freeze Date

Victory Seeds is a reliable source to find Freeze Dates. You can find a chart that lists the dates by state, then city.

Days to Maturity

The best place to find the Days to Maturity is to look on the back of your seed packet. If the information is not readily available, there are other sources for finding that information. Typically, the agricultural department of most major universities will have reliable information about anything you want to know about plants.

After visiting several websites, I found the most success with Cornell University.

When to Plant Your Vegetables

Plant vegetables so that they become mature on or before the First Freeze Date or the First Frost Date, depending on how hardy the plant is.

Hardy Vegetables

Some plants, like collard greens, kale, and spinach are very hardy and actually taste better after they have been hit with a few days of frost. A plant is hardy when it can withstand light frosts (usually 25° to 28° Fahrenheit or 3.9° to 2.2° Celsius). These hardy plants can withstand freezing temperatures and can be harvested throughout the winter months.

Semi-hardy Vegetables

Other plants, like lettuce, Swiss chard, and endive are more delicate and while they can tolerate extremely cold weather, they can only tolerate light frosts (usually 29° to 32° Fahrenheit or 1.7° to 0° Celsius). It is best to harvest less hardy vegetables before the first frost.

Once you know the maturity date, you simply count back from the frost or freeze date. For example, if the days to maturity is 60 days, then count 60 days from the frost or freeze date. Plant your vegetable so that it will mature on or before the frost or freeze date according to its hardiness factor.

Cold Weather Vegetables

See the table below for a list of vegetables that grow well in cooler climates.

This information was retrieved from the back of my seed packets and seed company websites. The list is arranged in order of days to maturity from the shortest days to maturity to the longest days to maturity.

Hardy vegetables can tolerate temperatures of about 25° to 28° Fahrenheit (3.9° - 2.2° Celsius). Semi-hardy vegetables can tolerate temperatures of about 29° to 32° Fahrenheit (1.7° - 0° Celsius).

VegetableDays to MaturityHardiness Factor

Asparagus

30

Hardy

Chives

30

Hardy

Leaf lettuce

30

Semi-hardy

Pak Choy

30

Semi-hardy

Radish

30

Hardy

Spinach

30

Hardy

Mizuna

45

Semi-hardy

Mustard greens

45

Hardy

Arugula

60

Semi-Hardy

Bok choy

60

Semi-hardy

Cabbage (Early)

60

Hardy

Carrot (Early)

60

Hardy

Cauliflower

60

Semi-hardy

Collard greens

60

Hardy

Kale

60

Hardy

Kohlrabi

60

Hardy

Leek

60

Hardy

Peas

60

Hardy

Swiss chard

60

Semi-hardy

Turnip

60

Hardy

Beet

90

Semi-hardy

Broccoli

90

Hardy

Brussels sprouts

90

Hardy

Garlic sets

90

Hardy

Carrot

90

Semi-hardy

Onion

90

Hardy

Parsnip

90

Hardy

Rutabaga

90

Semi-hardy

Shallot

110

Hardy

Healthy Soil Encourages Healthy Vegetables

Prepare the soil for healthier vegetables.

Prepare the soil for healthier vegetables.

Prepare Healthy Soil for Growing Your Vegetable Garden

For information on how to prepare your soil for the most healthy vegetables, read my article titled, "How to Prepare Soil for Planting and Growing a Healthy Vegetable Garden."

Read about soil pH levels and when to add nutrients to increase nitrogen (N), phosphorus (P), and potassium (K). Also, read how mulch protects plants from harsh weather and helps keep nutrients in the soil.

Enjoy Your Garden!

Start looking up the First Frost Date, the First Freeze Date, and the Days to Maturity for the plants you enjoy. Plant the vegetables that are suitable for the cold harsh weather of fall and winter and you can enjoy fresh vegetables all year long.

This content is accurate and true to the best of the author’s knowledge and is not meant to substitute for formal and individualized advice from a qualified professional.

Questions & Answers

Question: When is the best time to grow vegetables?

Answer: The best time to grow vegetables varies by the region where you live.

Each vegetable has a climate preference for the duration that it is growing. In order to know when to plant, you must first consider what type of climate you live in and which vegetables grow in the type of climate you would be able to provide for them.

© 2016 Marlene Bertrand

Comments

Marlene Bertrand (author) from USA on May 03, 2020:

Catherine, what a great idea to start a garden. I wish you much success with a beautiful bounty.

catmalone on May 01, 2020:

I just started a small garden today. Very useful information to keep in mine while I'm gardening. Great Hub!

Marlene Bertrand (author) from USA on October 18, 2019:

Hi Sharon. Thank you for your feedback. I am so happy this article was helpful to you. I wish you much success in your gardening endeavors.

Sharon on October 18, 2019:

Thank you for this. I was wondering why my vegetables were not doing well this summer and started growing wild when it got cold. I truly needed this article. I will be harvesting today.

Marlene Bertrand (author) from USA on January 21, 2018:

Hi Bronwen Scott-Branagan. I am constantly amazed at how much can be grown is such a small space. With a little bit of planning, even the small space on a balcony can be quite productive.

Bronwen Scott-Branagan from Victoria, Australia on January 20, 2018:

Thank you for an interesting and helpful article, even if we are on opposite sides of the equator. I enjoy growing vegetables in a small space and it's surprising how much can be produced.

Marlene Bertrand (author) from USA on January 17, 2018:

Hi Chitrangada Sharan! It's so good to see you. Thank you for your kind feedback. I absolutely enjoy growing vegetables and the good news is that even though you may have limited space, you can still grow quite a few vegetables in the garden.

Chitrangada Sharan from New Delhi, India on January 17, 2018:

Very useful information about growing vegetables in cold weather. I love to grow plants, but don’t have much space. Only my terrace and that too, I have to manage it in earthen pots.

I liked the list you have provided here. I would definitely try to grow some of them from your list.

Thanks for sharing this useful and informative article!

Marlene Bertrand (author) from USA on December 19, 2016:

Hello Nell! Thank you for your feedback. Well the beauty of gardening is that you can start very small. With a balcony, you might consider growing a vertical garden. It is a little bit challenging, but I'm going to try it this year to get the experience. I'll let you know if it works for me.

Nell Rose on December 19, 2016:

I love gardening, sadly we only have a balcony, but I love your tips and ideas. hopefully my brother will let me loose with his this year! Have a wonderful Christmas !

Marlene Bertrand (author) from USA on November 19, 2016:

Hello MartieCoetser. Thank you for your feedback. I hope you do get that garden because, to me, gardening is one of the most relaxing and rewarding activities in my life right now.

Martie Coetser from South Africa on November 19, 2016:

Thanks for this list of vegetables that can be grown in the Fall and Winter. One of these days I will have my own vegetable and herb garden.

Marlene Bertrand (author) from USA on November 06, 2016:

Thank you, MsDora, for your feedback about the maturity dates. This list keeps me from wondering what I can plant and still enjoy for the season.

Dora Weithers from The Caribbean on November 06, 2016:

Very insightful and helpful. Not planting right now, but your systematic maturity date calendar got my attention. I shall try planting seeds. Thank you.

Marlene Bertrand (author) from USA on November 05, 2016:

You are so welcome, BlossomSB. Thank you for your kind comment. Sometimes, I forget that this is a world-wide platform and people are experiencing various seasons right now.

Bronwen Scott-Branagan from Victoria, Australia on November 04, 2016:

Although I live in the Southern Hemisphere and it's now spring, these instructions will be useful when autumn and winter come around, I'm sure. Thank you for all your helpful advice.

Marlene Bertrand (author) from USA on November 04, 2016:

Thank you for your time here, Manatita. Although my garden is not filled to the brim with vegetables, still, I am enjoying lots of fresh vegetables even in the winter time.

manatita44 on November 04, 2016:

Cold fall and winter vegetables. Interesting time. I guess that they will be nutritious too. Well done!

Marlene Bertrand (author) from USA on November 04, 2016:

Hi Bill! When are you NOT busy! Well, we have our usual cold weather plants like arugula, lettuce, cilantro, garlic, leeks, and onions. Normally, we have collard greens and kale, but we didn't get around to planting them. I'm really surprised that the tomato bush is still producing. Happy Friday to you, too!

Marlene Bertrand (author) from USA on November 04, 2016:

Thank you for your feedback RTalloni. Lettuce grows very well in a container. You'll be eating lettuce in a very short while. But, I am sure you are looking forward to next year when you will have a full garden bed. Cheers to your garden!

Bill Holland from Olympia, WA on November 04, 2016:

All done! All we planted this year was garlic...that and a cover crop to give nutrients to the garden for spring. We had bigger plans but just got too busy. Such is life. :)

Happy Friday my friend!

RTalloni on November 03, 2016:

Thanks for this info on cold hardy veggies that can be grown at home. I've started some potted lettuce that I'm hoping will do well under a new carport but am hoping that next fall I'll be ready to expand a real fall/winter garden.