Fire Sticks Succulent Care and Cautions

Updated on May 22, 2018
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Sherry has maintained homes and landscaped yards for 45 years in Southern California. She has collected water-wise succulents for 10 years.

Firesticks Succulent
Firesticks Succulent

Care of the Fire Sticks Succulent

This instructional page about caring for the fire sticks or Euphorbia tiruccalli was prompted by actual events. Nothing brings home a fact more than true life stories.

It is winter and my favorite time to work in the succulent garden. It is nothing fancy because the plants are placed haphazardly as acquired.

The 'Sticks of Fire' was a one gallon specimen when planted about 6 years ago and now it needs serious tending almost twice a year. WARNING: Sap causes serious burning to the eyes!

Always Use Full Goggles When Trimming Firesticks

Needs and Growing Habits of Euphorbia tiruccailli

  1. The location of firesticks should allow for full sun year round.
  2. Water very sparingly. It is very drought tolerant. Less water helps control growth.
  3. I have not given the plant any nutrients and have not needed to fight off unwanted bugs. It is easy to take care of in Southern California.
  4. Heard rumors about a plant being used for fencing in Mexico? Firesticks grow forever and can eventually be tree-sized.
  5. If the plant is simply topped, growth is encouraged to become thick up and down the whole trunk. If the plant is too tall rip it out and start a new cutting.
  6. The color of the plant may be the reason for its name, but if you get its white sap on your skin, you will find another reason to call it "fire sticks." It hurts!
  7. Since this succulent can develop a woody trunk, it might be advisable to replant the whole bush with a new cutting every three years. If you do, it will remain small and manageable.

Add Color to the Succulent Garden With Fire Sticks
Add Color to the Succulent Garden With Fire Sticks

Growing Tips and Tricks

  1. Thick older branches develop tough cords inside. A sharp clipper can be used.
  2. Every branch you remove can be used for a new plant. Let the end dry for a day and simply put into soil and watch for new growth.
  3. The plant grows new red branches in the winter and adds color and interest to all succulent gardens.
  4. Add small branches of red color to pot arrangements. It brings height, color, and textural interest. Let it dry out for a couple of days between each watering.
  5. Since it is a vigorously growing plant, it will need more replanting than other succulents.

My full grown plant. The trunk is about 4-5 inches thick and well established in six years.
My full grown plant. The trunk is about 4-5 inches thick and well established in six years.

Your Euphorbia Experience

Have you tended euphorbias?

See results
Rash from Euphorbia  tiruccalli, Sticks of Fire succulent. It cleared after four days.
Rash from Euphorbia tiruccalli, Sticks of Fire succulent. It cleared after four days.

Things to Consider Before You Plant

The fire sticks succulent gets too big and is too toxic to have where kids or unknowing adults may break off a stem and get exposed to the sap. I am hearing eye irration stories more and more, so watch the toddlers and curious youngsters when walking the neighborhood.

This plant near public walkways might cause problems because the stems are tender and break very easily.

Evidence of the sap. It drips freely. BEWARE.
Evidence of the sap. It drips freely. BEWARE.

Gloves are Essential When Trimming This Succulent

These are the gloves I have in the garden shed. I always wear them for roses and sago palm trimming, but failed to think of them when I attacked the sappy Euphorbia plant.

The gloves are washable too. Put in the laundry if too dirty or sappy. They fit snug around the fingers and the arm shield guards against pricks and sap.

Made by the baseball outfitter.

My favorite garden gloves. They also come in wrist length.
My favorite garden gloves. They also come in wrist length.

What to Beware of When Trimming Succulent Fire Sticks

New branches are tender and can easily be removed by breaking them off by hand. Be cautious because the sap running from the branches can irritate eyes and skin. Even little flying droplets can become a painful episode.

A cool day in the garden seemed like a good time to thin branches. I know the white sappy stuff is toxic but have worked on the plant before without any problems. I did not have long sleeves or gloves on. Next day I had a rash on my arm and the side of my face. It was itchy.

So a word of caution to all Euphorbia growers: the sap can cause rash and eye irritation! Lisa from Los Angeles says in the Comment Section below that Benadryl seemed to stop the severe eye irritation from the sap quickly. I had a second eye burning incident and I swore the plant was coming out. Full goggle eye protection is going to be used for the next trimming.


Fire sticks succulent close-up.
Fire sticks succulent close-up.

Maintain and Enjoy In Planters

The easiest way to enjoy this colorful plant is in a planter or pot with other succulents. Planters and decorative pots requiring plantings for seasonal renewal is a good method for keeping this succulent a manageable size.

Last warning do not get the sap near your face and eyes and wear long sleeves to avoid getting sap on your arms. This plant can be enjoyed if the sap is safe inside the plant. My dog has never licked or bit into the stems or branches and has not suffered illness just because he has explored under it or near it. He is a smart dog, though, and has never became ill because of landscaping in the yard.

Questions & Answers

  • I have a new firestick plant, and I am trying to figure out exactly what his needs are. I water Most of my succulents about once per week; our climate is VERY dry here in AZ. I just noticed my firestick looks a little dull and wrinkly. Is this a sign of too much water?

    Is it in full sun or is it in the shade? It needs lots of sun. I would check for proper water by snapping off a branch. If the white sap starts to drip, there should be enough water. Be very careful to NOT get the sap in your eyes! I think it may need a bit more water if it is in full sun.; not so much water if it is in the shade.

  • We also live in AZ, and our fire sticks don't have that brilliant color it once had. We have an auto drip watering system, so it gets watered every day, and it sits in direct sun. Is it getting too much water? We transplanted it from a friend.

    I am in So. California so I am not sure about watering needs in AZ. Break a branch off and tend to it in a pot for as a back up a plant. Then water the ground plant only once a week and see what happens. You do not want it to grow into a tree in any case, so the backup can be used if the transplant does not come around.

  • Can firesticks tolerate a windy location?

    I think firesticks can. It is a tough plant, but do no let it get very large. Rip it out and start over every two years.

© 2014 Sherry Venegas

Any stories or questions to add in the comment section?

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    • profile image

      Steve R 

      4 days ago

      I cannot emphasize how dangerous this plant it...If you have it, wear gloves and eye protection. If you don't wear gloves, the sap that would get on your fingers, even when dry, hours later (even when washed with soap and water)...the tiniest amount, can cause a traveling and scary reaction...that moves from your eyes to your nose and throat...Benadryl ASAP will stop it...

    • profile image

      Kathy 

      4 days ago

      I trimmed this plant not knowing how toxic it is. Had to make a trip to ER because it felt like the fire and brimstone of hell was in my eyes. This is a very toxic plant and should have a warning label on it.

    • paperfacets profile imageAUTHOR

      Sherry Venegas 

      4 months ago from La Verne, CA

      Alicia, two weeks ago I reexperienced the same thing. Every time I blinked I thought I was destroying the eye. It seems that more eye washing or more eye drops of any kind made it worse. I paced around the house in hand shaking pain for 3 hours. After the episode was over everything was fine. Sorry this happened to you, as well. I am seriously thinking about removing our plant. Will wear full proctective goggles for the next trimming.

    • profile image

      Alicia 

      4 months ago

      I was trimming one of the Fire Stick plants in my yard. I threw it out in garbage, came back to get another branch and a new shoot had broken off and a tiny drop of sap got close to my eye. I used an eye cup to flush out my eye but the burning continued to intensify. Called my doctor and he told me to go to ER. My neighbor drove me to the hospital. I felt as though my eye was on fire. The ER doc called Poison Control, and my eye was continually washed out for more than 20 minutes. This was the most painful experience I've ever had. The pain lasted well over 6 hours. I had prescriptions for drops, an ointment and several pills: for pain and inflammation. I saw my eye doc two days later and I still felt pain in my eye socket. My eye sight is ok and the pain slowly dissipated and lasted just a few days more. It was one hell of an ordeal. I plan on taking my 4 plants out of the yard. I will be wearing protective glasses, long sleeves, gloves and long pants. Such beauty, but not worth it!

    • paperfacets profile imageAUTHOR

      Sherry Venegas 

      8 months ago from La Verne, CA

      Robert. At this point we are relying on information about your experience. I have yet to see experience with breathing or swallowing the white sap. If you come up with more conclusions with this wacking let us know.

    • profile image

      Robert in San Diego 

      8 months ago

      Well, i just something "stupid" it seems, the plant was big & touching the house *allowing access for many baby ants...so i took a 'weed-wacker' & fixed the problem...now i have an acidic taste in of my mouth ;( i wonder if i ingested some mist from the plant... just gargled with baking soda...called Poison Control Ctr he didn't seem to think i needed to take any Benadryl sp... ** Lots of info on touching your skin but not ingesting the stuff...Any home remedies are Appreciated, Thanks Robert

    • paperfacets profile imageAUTHOR

      Sherry Venegas 

      9 months ago from La Verne, CA

      Lisa Thank you for the Benadryl tip. That is good to know because the irritation tends to last up to 20 minutes or longer.

    • profile image

      Lisa from Los Angeles 

      9 months ago

      My mother was breaking off some pieces and transplanting them. she was not wearing gloves and pushed the hair back out of her eyes and Instantly her eyes began to burn, her face around the eyes, cheeks,nose and forehead started swelling,her nose began to run, and she couldn't see. She began flushing her eyes with running tap water, that helped a little,then tried eyewash,then ice packs. Finally what worked was BENADRYL. within 5 minutes...she was better.

    • profile image

      Karen from SydneyAust. 

      11 months ago

      Got sap in my eye today, been in hospital having eye irrigated for 3 hours, red and has similar characteristic to chemical burn... very itchy and feels gritty... I'll live though

    • profile image

      Tammy 

      11 months ago

      They are lethal to pets! Especially if ingested!

    • profile image

      Mariette 

      11 months ago

      Eileen, I am sure they will do well in Australia. Our similar dry climate in South Africa, makes it an easy plant to grow and spectacular colour to your garden

    • profile image

      Eileen Faucett 

      11 months ago

      Hi there, these plants seem very nasty, do they grow in Australia? Thanking you in advance, Eileen

    • paperfacets profile imageAUTHOR

      Sherry Venegas 

      11 months ago from La Verne, CA

      Thanks Catzz61 for this observation on the changing of the red colors.

    • paperfacets profile imageAUTHOR

      Sherry Venegas 

      11 months ago from La Verne, CA

      These plants can become a tree, so pull out and replant with a large slip to keep it manageable.

    • profile image

      Annekie 

      11 months ago

      Is it wise to plant a big fire sticks plant close to a wall? Can the roots do any harm to the wall?

      Thanks!

    • profile image

      Catzzz61 

      11 months ago

      I have this plant in Phoenix and it is doing GREAT! It is on the watering system and gets full sun until 9am-4pm, The change in color only happens when it is COLD, then it goes to it's normal succulent green. Not sure about the dog thing, you can check the ASPCA website for poisonous plants. I wear gloves and long sleeved shirt to trim and take cuttings...the cuttings have done well also due to being on the same watering system.

    • profile image

      LILLY 

      12 months ago

      Is this plant toxic for dogs if they chew or eat it and can it cause dogs serious problems?

      If so can you please list the problems.

    • paperfacets profile imageAUTHOR

      Sherry Venegas 

      12 months ago from La Verne, CA

      You are the second to have this problem. My plant gets full sun and water once a week. Are your conditions the same? Is it in a pot?

    • profile image

      Martha 

      12 months ago

      My fire sticks have lost the fiery color, is there anything like plant food, fertilizer that can b given?

    • paperfacets profile imageAUTHOR

      Sherry Venegas 

      12 months ago from La Verne, CA

      Hi Rose Marie, My plant gets all day sun. Do you see shriveling of the branches? Guessing, I would say the water is not at a good level. Too much, say from lawn sprinklers. If that is not the case, make sure it gets a watering once a week.

    • profile image

      rose marie 

      12 months ago

      my fire stick plant is facing East .... full sun in the morning hours .. recently the beautiful orangey color has changed to white..

      any thoughts on why???

    • paperfacets profile imageAUTHOR

      Sherry Venegas 

      2 years ago from La Verne, CA

      Nora, This is a question that has me wondering too. I remember as a kid in the 60's plants like the Fire Sticks that were called the Pencil plant. They were all green. I was not much impressed with them. If you started with a red plant and it is in full sun, let the soil dry for a few

      weeks, at a time, the red may come back. Over watering may be the problem. Or try to get a red branch from a neighbor or friend and start over. The color is what makes this plant eyecatching.

    • profile image

      Nora 

      2 years ago

      How do you keep the orange color in the plant. Mine has become all green. I bought it for its orange color

    • DDE profile image

      Devika Primić 

      3 years ago from Dubrovnik, Croatia

      An unusual plant indeed! A striking color and I appreciate the helpful tips. Voted up, interesting useful.

    • YogaKat profile image

      YogaKat 

      3 years ago from Oahu Hawaii

      Attractive plant for vibrant color and texture . . . thanks for all the gardening tips.

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