The History of the Garden Gnome

Updated on May 6, 2019

What Is a Garden Gnome?

A garden gnome (also known as a lawn gnome) is a figurine of a small humanoid creature usually seen wearing a tall, pointy (red) hat. Garden gnomes are produced to be used for the purpose of decorating one garden and/or lawns. These gnomes are thought and believed to protect whomever uses them from evil. These figurines originated in Germany in the 19th century and were called Gartenzwerg, which literally translates to “garden dwarf.” It wasn't until the 1930s that the English term “gnome” came to be.

Gnomes in different positions
Gnomes in different positions | Source
Hand carved wooden garden gnome.
Hand carved wooden garden gnome. | Source

Garden Gnome Typology

There are many different types of garden gnomes, seen in many different positions and even made from different types of materials. Typically they are male dwarfs with a long, bushy white beard wearing a tall, pointy red hat. They are also typically known to smoke a pipe (or are usually seen holding a pipe). They are seen in various positions, such as, standing, lying down, sitting, etc. and depicted to be engaging in various activities (fishing, napping, etc.). Garden gnomes can be made from wood, porcelain, ceramic, or terra cotta.

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German garden gnome. The biggest garden gnome of the World from Poland
German garden gnome.
German garden gnome. | Source
The biggest garden gnome of the World from Poland
The biggest garden gnome of the World from Poland | Source

The History of the Garden Gnome

Garden gnomes have always had a unique history in Europe, and they have even wedged their way into American pop-culture, becoming quite the craze. Now, they are seen everywhere, from the lawn next door to the lawn across the world.

Garden decorations, especially statuary, have been common throughout Europe since the Renaissance. It was believed that these small human-like beings would rid evil from the lives of those whom own the gnome. In 1616, the statues only depicted Gobbi (an Italian hunchback). By the late 18th century, porcelain “house dwarfs” were created and produced on a wide scale (at this time, Switzerland was also producing wooden statues of dwarfs and gnomes, as well). Soon enough, gnomes became a very popular house, lawn, and garden ornament and this popularity steadily grew throughout the 19th century.

They have been manufactured, produced, and distributed for centuries, but the “title of manufacturer of the first garden gnome is hotly contested,” according to Wikipedia. It is possible that their first manufacturer was in 1841, when these early gnomes were being produced by Baehr and Maresch of Dresden. However, there is evidence suggesting that they were being produced by many other countries as early as 1860, as well.

“Philip Griebel made terra cotta animals as decorations, and produced gnomes based on local myths as a way for people to enjoy the stories of the gnomes' willingness to help in the garden at night. The garden gnome quickly spread across Germany and into France and England, and wherever gardening was a serious hobby.” (Wikipedia)

Ever since gnomes came onto the hobby scene in the 19th century, small manufacturers have popped up all over Germany. Their manufacturing has spread all across Germany, and each manufacturer had their own style and design.

Germany was the first (or one of the first) countries to manufacture and produce gnomes for collectors since before the 19th century. They became very popular in Germany (there are an estimated 25 million gnomes spread across German lawns).

Gnomes are also considered to be a huge part of eastern and western European culture, and were even seen in the tales written by the Grimm brothers.

"The Brothers Grimm featured gnomes in 'The Gnome', a series of short stories detailing the lives of gnomes. These stories depict gnomes in benevolent and malevolent lights, but the first one is perhaps the most important: in it clothing is given to two helpful gnomes and they decide to serve a cobbler and his wife for the rest of their days. Other stories exist of gnomes’ helpfulness in the oral tradition and relate the willingness of gnomes to assist in gardens." (Gnomefrenzy).

Garden gnomes were first introduced into the United Kingdom when Sir Charles Isham came home from his vacation in Germany and brought 21 of the terra cotta figurines with him, displaying them in his home and lawn in 1847.

In recent history, they have made a resurgence in the United States and Western Europe. They have popped up in films, television shows, commercials, books, advertising, etc.

Today, garden gnomes are seen across the lawns and garden of many all over the world. Their popularity continues to grow and the production of garden gnomes continues.

Pranks have even been created around the stealing of garden gnomes (most commonly referred to as gnoming). Some have even begun to travel all over the world collecting (stealing) gnomes from gardens in different countries.

Garden gnomes even have their own holiday; International Gnome Day was instituted in 2002 and is celebrated on June 21st by over a dozen countries.

The history of garden gnomes is unique, long, interesting, and even comical. They may always be popular and will likely survive and live in peoples' gardens for centuries to come.

The traveling gnome prank (the roaming gnome).
The traveling gnome prank (the roaming gnome). | Source

Fun Facts:

  • The traveling gnome prank later became the basis for Travelocity's “Roaming Gnome.”

  • In 2008, a 53-year-old French man was arrested on suspicion of stealing upwards of 170 garden gnomes.

How to Make Your Own Garden Gnome



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    • MarleneB profile image

      Marlene Bertrand 

      13 months ago from USA

      This is interesting information about gnomes. I saw a gnome at a home improvement store about 10 years ago and could not resist buying it. They are adorable little "creatures." Knowing the history of them adds to my enjoyment. Thank you for providing such an in-depth article.

    • swordsbane profile image

      William Grant 

      7 years ago from Wisconsin

      What about the garden gnomes inner-city cousin: the metro gnome?? I've seen them growing along the road-side near construction zones... I think they live underground... All I usually see are their hats.

      Or maybe that's where they bury them when they die.... Not sure.

    • adrianeds profile image

      Adrian Palmer Edwards 

      7 years ago from Valley, Anglesey UK

      Not a gnome lover myself, but my parents liked them and had some in their garden, I grew up with them. Nice job keep it up.

    • profile image


      7 years ago

      I love garden gnomes. We have a copy of the gnome book by Gnomes by Poortvliet and it is a favorite. Love sticking those little garden gnomes on fun places around the yard. Great hub.

    • Jenna Estefan profile image

      Jenna Estefan 

      7 years ago from Seattle, WA

      super cute hub!

    • profile image


      7 years ago

      Love this! Voted up. Creative, cute, funny.

    • profile image

      Brenda Durham 

      7 years ago

      I don't like garden gnomes either. They seem silly and creepy at the same time to me; and are a symbol of superstition that I disagree with. Like keeping a rabbit's foot for good "luck".

      But I think your hub is well-written.

    • mary615 profile image

      Mary Hyatt 

      7 years ago from Florida

      Congrats on HOTD. Very interesting article. My neighbor has about 10 of these little guys in her yard. I think they are adorable.

      Voted UP, etc.etc.

    • StephanieBCrosby profile image

      Stephanie Bradberry 

      7 years ago from New Jersey

      I have a bog book about gnomes. When my niece saw it a few weeks ago, she wanted to take the book home. As a bibliophile it was tough to part with it, but I did not want to be a hypocrite as an English professor by not promoting and encouraging the love of reading and books. So I made my 7 year old niece sign a contract to return the book to me. She loved the pictures so much and kept asking everyone to fill in the words she could not read that she was driving them crazy. She has a garden gnome coming in the future as a present!

    • Sheri Faye profile image

      Sheri Dusseault 

      7 years ago from Chemainus. BC, Canada

      Well now I have learned something today. I didn't know anything about gnomes. But someone in my hometown took the local pubs gnome traveling. Then it just showed back up one day. Congrats on the hub of the day! You deserve it as this is great. Love the pictures!

    • profile image

      Jennifer Brummert 

      7 years ago

      There was a newstory on NPR recently about gnomes in Oakland, CA. Should check it out..Aah, gotta love a gnome really.

    • Eccentric-Lhee profile image


      7 years ago from Canada

      Congrats on the Hub of the Day! I too am not a fan of gnomes, ewwww I say! Great hub on them though and I enjoyed the history!

    • DzyMsLizzy profile image

      Liz Elias 

      7 years ago from Oakley, CA

      Congrats on HOTD!

      Very interesting history. I have a few ceramic molds for gnomes, and can make as many or as few as I want. LOL Until recently, I had a small, wholesale ceramics business, and the gnomes were never ordered much at all. I guess you have to live in a "gnomy" area. I don't see them displayed around here.

    • suzettenaples profile image

      Suzette Walker 

      7 years ago from Taos, NM

      What a charming hub and congratulations on HOTD! I thoroughly enjoyed reading this as I love these little guys. I have had some of these gnomes at different times, but I did not know the history behind them. And it is quite a history. Thanks for a really fun and informative hub!

    • Your Cousins profile image

      Your Cousins 

      7 years ago from Atlanta, GA

      Hey, I remember the story about the cobbler and the gnomes! This was an interesting feature. Voted up and interesting. Great HOTD.

    • pinto2011 profile image


      7 years ago from New Delhi, India

      Through your fantastic hub only I got an enriched knowledge about this figures. Very nice of you!

    • anatomynotes profile image

      Edmund Custers 

      7 years ago

      I played a garden gnorm screen game sometime ago. Now I know where those guys came from.

      Thanks for sharing!

    • melpor profile image

      Melvin Porter 

      7 years ago from New Jersey, USA

      I always wonder where these guys came from. Thanks for the interesting information.

    • coffeegginmyrice profile image

      Marites Mabugat-Simbajon 

      7 years ago from Toronto, Ontario

      I have a fascination on gnomes, dwarves, elves, to name a few of these characters in their own worlds, but I have no collection of any of them, or in my backyard garden. I do wish in some moments that they come visit me *smile*. I read about them and this is one nice read here. Thank you, JamiJay, and congratulations to Hub of the Day!

    • heidithorne profile image

      Heidi Thorne 

      7 years ago from Chicago Area

      I gotta get me an army of gnomes... especially if they actually do help out in the garden at night as reported. That'll save me a whole bunch of time. :)

    • mr-veg profile image


      7 years ago from Colorado United States

      I love the concept and also the movie Smurfs :) ... Good One and Congrats for being hub of the day !

    • Esmeowl12 profile image

      Cindy A Johnson 

      7 years ago from Sevierville, TN

      I love to put stuff in my garden but have never used a garden gnome. I might have to look into that if they are supposed to bring good luck. I need all I can get with my plants!

    • newusedcarssacram profile image


      7 years ago from Sacramento, CA, U.S.A

      I think garden gnomes are fascinating. Thanks a lot for sharing so much interesting information about them. Congratulation on becoming Hub of The Day, this is surely a deserving Hub.

    • Toytasting profile image

      Toy Tasting 

      7 years ago from Mumbai

      Lovely Hub, Jamijay! Brings back memories of the Grimm fairy tales. Extremely visual post, love the pictures :)

    • launchevity profile image

      Kristi Patrice Carter 

      7 years ago from Chicago, Illinois

      I didn't know anything about Garden Gnome until I read your article... I remember when I was a kid, I used to watch Snow White and the Seven Dwarfs...Now, I am loving more to recreate my backyard and put some Gnomes on my garden...Thanks for this wonderful idea that I can do this Springtime...

    • wqaindia profile image

      Ashok Goyal 

      7 years ago from 448 Dalima Vihar Rajpura 140401 Punjab India

      Beautifully Beautiful Hub indeed. I showed the photos to my grandchildren and they insisted we want it.. we want that....!

    • Thelma Alberts profile image

      Thelma Alberts 

      7 years ago from Germany and Philippines

      I love this hub. I like gnomes in the garden although I don´t have even one gnome in my garden. Seeing these photos inspire me of buying one or two from Germany and bring them with me to the Philippines. My garden would be the talk of the town because no one has a gnome in their garden. Besides that, I might put the gnomes inside the house at nighttime to avoid being stolen, lol. Thanks for sharing;-)

    • That Grrl profile image

      Laura Brown 

      7 years ago from Barrie, Ontario, Canada

      I don't have a garden of my own. But I still like the garden gnomes.

    • Mhatter99 profile image

      Martin Kloess 

      7 years ago from San Francisco

      Thank you for this. As I get older, I see no harm in allowing fantasy back into my life.

    • profile image


      7 years ago

      haha! Actually I not a reader guy, but this one got me.

    • JamiJay profile imageAUTHOR

      Jami Johnson 

      7 years ago from Somewhere amongst the trees in Vermont.

      billybuc, haha. I have never anyone who willing admitted they did not like garden gnomes :) I have always liked them and I have a lot of friends who make them themselves, but I do not own any myself, because here in Vermont there are a lot of gnomenappers. I had friends in high school that were involved with gnomenapping and they even created a special place in the woods (off trail) where they set all of them up, "releasing them back into the wild" lol.

    • billybuc profile image

      Bill Holland 

      7 years ago from Olympia, WA

      I have a confession to make....I don't like garden gnomes. LOL Having said that, the history you shared was pretty interesting, so thanks. If this ever comes up in Trivial Pursuit I'll be ready to score.


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