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How to Care and Propagate Jade Plants

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TacTac enjoys hiking outdoors and is especially fond of caring for houseplants.

A healthy jade plant.

A healthy jade plant.

The Wonderful World of Jade Plants

The jade plant is an interesting and rewarding houseplant, but it requires particular care. It is one of the few houseplants that seems to do better with less meddling, but like all houseplants, it does require our help to grow indoors. Excellent jade care is possible with the right knowledge. These plants are also remarkably easy to propagate!

I learned how to care for and propagate jade plants over time, from personal experience and reading online. Now I'm going to teach you!

Quick Reference

Country of origin: South Africa
Latin pronunciation: "Krass-yew-luh ar-JEN-tee-uh" (Crassula argentea)
Lifespan: Perennial

  • Light requirements: Moderate to bright
  • Moisture requirements (spring and summer): Let dry
  • Moisture requirements (winter and fall): Very dry
  • Soil requirements: Sandy and quick-draining
  • Soil pH requirements: pH 6.1 to 6.5
  • Fertilizer requirements: Every 2 to 3 months with a mild succulent fertilizer
  • Temperature requirements: 55°F nighttime and 75 to 80°F daytime
  • Repotting: Springtime, when necessary

How to Care for a Jade Plant

  • Light requirements: Moderate to bright. It's recommended that you provide at least four hours of direct sunlight daily. Keep the plant 2 to 3 inches away from window glass to avoid scorching the leaves. The glass can act as a magnifier and intensify the sun's rays.
  • Moisture requirements (spring and summer): Let dry. Water your plant thoroughly, but allow the soil to dry out at least 2" deep between waterings.
  • Moisture requirements (winter and fall): Very dry. The plant will enter a dormant growth cycle as the days grow shorter. Reduce watering to once or twice a month during the cooler months to help prevent rot and leaf drop.
  • Soil requirements: Sandy and quick-draining. A soil that is quick-draining works best for these plants. A commercial mix suitable for cacti and succulents is good but can be expensive. I've read that cactus and succulent soil mix contains peat moss, sand, perlite, small amounts of lime, and occasionally gypsum. Perlite is used to help prevent water loss and soil compaction. My go-to mixture contains 1/3 parts peat moss, 1/3 parts coarse sand, and 1/3 parts perlite.
  • Soil pH requirements: pH 6.1 to 6.5. Jade plants thrive with a pH balance of around 6.3. You can also use a soil pH guide to understand pH balance and how to change your soil's pH.
  • Fertilizer requirements: Every 2 to 3 months with a mild succulent fertilizer. Fertilize with a 10-20-10 or 5-10-5 ratio soluble plant food once every 2 to 3 months during the spring and summer months. Use only liquid fertilizer, and reconstitute it so that it is weaker than the directions recommend. Do not fertilize from November through March during the plant's dormant cycle.
A close-up of leaves showing some sun scorch.

A close-up of leaves showing some sun scorch.

  • Temperature requirements: 55°F nighttime and 75 to 80°F daytime. The plants seem to do well between 55°F at night and 75 to 80°F during the day. They can even hang in there when temperatures drop to 40°F, but it's not recommended to allow them to get so cold—they are from South Africa, after all.
  • Repotting: Springtime, when necessary. It is recommended to repot your plant in the springtime when new growth appears. Remember: You control the size of the plant by the size of the pot, so keep the pot small if you don't have a lot of space for your jade.
A mature jade plant.

A mature jade plant.


Propagation of the plant is done mainly with cuttings, and either leaf or stem cuttings will work. Although leaf cuttings are easier to work with, they take much longer to become a "jade plant".

Remember to use sterile equipment and soil when propagating. It helps to prevent many common ailments, such as fungus, mold, and insect infestations.

Supplies Needed for Plant Propagation

  • A sharp knife or scissors
  • Rooting hormone (liquid or powder), or try a recipe for homemade organic rooting hormone
  • A pot or container
  • Suitable soil (a cactus or succulent soil works best)
  • A parent plant (the plant you will take the cutting from)
  • An area where you can work
  • Some paper towels or a surface to help you clean up and/or place cuttings on
Leaf nodes on a plant stem.

Leaf nodes on a plant stem.

How to Start Propagation

  1. Place soil in the pot or container you will be using for your new plant and water it thoroughly; let it drain while you prep the rest of your items. This step is not necessary if you plan on allowing the cuttings to callous (see step #5).
  2. Select the branch you wish to use to start your new plant.
  3. Using your sterile knife, cut as close to a node as possible. Nodes are the sections of the stem that allow for the growth of new leaves and stems. Make the cutting 3 to 4 inches long.
  4. Trim the leaves from the bottom inch of your cutting. This section will get anchored in the soil.
  5. Place the cutting off to the side to dry. Some experts recommend allowing the cutting to dry for 2 to 3 days, or until the cuts to the stem and leaves callous over.
  6. At this point, use some liquid or powder rooting hormone (you may need to moisten the stem to get the powder to stick) on the bottom inch of the cutting.
  7. Make a 1-inch deep hole in your pre-moistened soil with a pencil or chopstick.
  8. Place the cutting in the hole and try not to rub off too much of the rooting hormone in the process.
  9. Press the dirt around the cutting. If it doesn't stand on its own, insert a straw or chopstick to support it.
  10. Place a plastic sandwich bag over the top (2 straws work to keep the bag supported) to help prevent moisture loss through transpiration.
Plastic bags over clippings.

Plastic bags over clippings.

Scroll to Continue

Read More From Dengarden

Tips for Propagation Follow-Up Care

  1. The cutting will not require much light at this stage, so keep it in a shaded area that is fairly warm.
  2. Keep an eye on your cutting and remove the bag if condensation appears.
  3. In 3 to 4 weeks, roots should be forming, and you can gradually move the cutting closer to a window. Don't place it right on the windowsill just yet—gradually build its tolerance by moving it closer to full-on sun week by week. Think of it as tanning your jade.
Jade clippings growing on their own.

Jade clippings growing on their own.

Propagating Your Plant Using Leaves

The leaves are even easier to grow. It seems this hardy succulent has an unstoppable urge to live (though I know a few people who've ended the reign of a jade plant and who'd disagree).

What does letting the leaf callous over mean? Letting the leaf callous means letting the cut you made to it dry. Placing the leaf on moist soil seems to work just fine. You can add a drop or dusting of rooting hormone to the cut area after it drys to greatly increase the odds of it rooting. Remember, it takes quite some time to resemble a mature plant, so be patient.

A young plant forming from a leaf.

A young plant forming from a leaf.

Tips and Tricks for Growing Your Plant

  • The plant's root growth seems to be stimulated by dry conditions. The roots will seek out moisture by growing off in all directions and securing the plant firmly to the soil. This keeps the plant from becoming "top heavy" and falling over, which is another good reason to let the soil dry between waterings.
  • If you use succulent or cactus potting soil for your jade (which you should!), a clay pot will work best. Instead of trapping moisture in the soil and around the roots like a plastic pot, clay or terracotta will aid in the evaporation of moisture and help to dry the soil.
  • After owning a jade plant for some time, many owners can tell when the plant needs water just by the look of its leaves. If the leaves aren't their usual plump and happy selves, it might be time for some water.
  • The plant is a succulent, which means that it stores moisture in its leaves and stems. This trait makes the plant very sensitive to water availability. Too much water is just as bad as too little.
  • Jade is a slow-growing plant, so exercise some patience, and give it time to do its thing.
  • A window that receives ample light and even four or more hours of direct light suits this plant best.
  • Never let the leaves touch the windowpane if it's placed on a windowsill. It could cause the plant to be burned in the summer or receive some nasty frostbite in the winter.
  • Some compensation while watering in the winter might be necessary. If your home gets particularly dry during cooler months, your plants may need more than the recommended amount.
A jade plant in bloom.

A jade plant in bloom.

  • Jade will bloom with the right care and right conditions. If I figure out how to make it happen, I will let you know.
  • The plant seems to prefer dry air and does not respond well to water on any part of their leaves or stem, so take care when watering them.
  • The cuttings make great gifts. A nice terracotta pot and some soil will make your cuttings a wonderful addition to a friend or family member's home.
  • Jade plants are sometimes referred to as jade trees, money trees, and dollar plants.
  • The plants lack eye-catching color, so consider using brightly colored pots.

Plant Care Tutorial

Additional Reading

This content is accurate and true to the best of the author’s knowledge and is not meant to substitute for formal and individualized advice from a qualified professional.

Leave your comments below:

Donna Doyle on September 24, 2018:

Donna Doylewhat do you do to a jade plant to make it bloom what kind of fertilizer or what do you do

Cass on July 28, 2017:

I have 5 reasonably small jade plants 10" tall (all taken from cuttings via my main plant). I have a couple of questions if I may:

A) Can I put them all together in one pot as they are taking up my windowsill?

B) Can I put them in the garden over summer (UK) and put them in the cold house over winter in the garden?

C) Also I tested their PH earlier and it came out at 7.0, they are growing fine so i'll assume that's ok?

Susan on January 22, 2017:

Thanks for the info as I have had my jade plant for 2 years and it has grown huge! It is loaded with bright yellow flowers and has 10 large leafy sprigs about 8 inches tall. Now I will try to make new ones off of this. Thanks again.

Nell on October 24, 2016:

My jade keeps shedding leaves but it's not under watered or over watered, I've been following the care instructions as close as possible. It's not ever in direct sunlight but it's right near the window and gets a lot of light, should I give it more? The few new leaves that are growing in are kinda thin, is that normal? I've grown a ton of other plants fine but this is my first succulent and it is not going well. Does anybody have any tips?

TacTac (author) on December 02, 2014:

As long as it seems healthy and you don't mind it just let it grow!

Daitoshi on December 01, 2014:

My jade is droopy.

Not like 'Oh the leaves are shriveling/needs more water' but like... all of it tends to grow sideways and downward. Even when the light is to the side and above it, the leaves will tilt toward the light, but the new growths will be facing the ground like the plant is a waterfall-type bonsai....but I don't prune it.

Friggin weird.

Natural Bonsai, I guess.

anonymous on October 25, 2014:

I have a jade that was given to me as a cutting 22 years ago. It's huge now, and has had several generations of plants started from it. In the 22 years I have had it, it has bloomed twice. Both times were in winter, and I have no idea why it bloomed, so now I just hope for a happy surprise!

anonymous on August 19, 2013:

We started with a huge jade plant 23 yrs ago in the Bay Area of CA. This came from a neighbor, and I grew successive cuttings, or generations, off of it, all got huge and I gave them away, keeping a few to continue the family. My current one, called 8 after its generation, is a small cutting I brought to ID when we moved. It's a bit slow growing, but seems happy in a SO window and being turned around every couple days. In CA we left jade # 5, 6 and 7 out on our west facing front porch, where all of them grew into hearty giants, 3' tall and bushy, and bloomed every spring. I started 8 as a little 4 leaved stem, in water, and potted it into soil this past June. For a while it seemed not to thrive, so I moved it around to different windowsill exposures in the house. After a few weeks in the SO window, 8 has the lovely red tinge around the edges of its leaves, and they are plump and shiny. We are at 6200' in elevation now, so I have to watch 8 to be sure it has enough water. I don't know if 8 will get as large as its forbears way up here where the normal outdoor foliage is coniferous, but I love this little bit of tropic in our otherwise northern cabin!

anonymous on May 26, 2013:

Thank you for the comprehensive information.

anonymous on May 01, 2013:

@anonymous: Simply cut off the very top leaves and watch it branch off.

imagelist lm on April 08, 2013:

A really helpful lens...

Laura Hofman from Naperville, IL on March 28, 2013:

A very interesting and informative lens! I don't currently have one...need to get one soon to add to my indoor plant collection.

anonymous on January 30, 2013:

@anonymous: What happens when it gets exposed to cold is, I think, that the moisture in the succulent leaves freezes. When it warms up the cells in the flesh collapse. Good luck. Be patient, but you may as well also cut it back below the limp part. You have nothing to lose.

anonymous on January 30, 2013:

@anonymous: What happens when it gets exposed to cold is, I think, that the moisture in the succulent leaves freezes. When it warms up the cells in the flesh collapse. Good luck. Be patient, but you may as well also cut it back below the limp part. You have nothing to lose.

anonymous on January 30, 2013:

@anonymous: I don't know what else you can do. The article mentioned feeding it. That might help. Those big trunk-like stems can be brittle. Good luck.

anonymous on January 30, 2013:

@anonymous: I don't know what else you can do. The article mentioned feeding it. That might help. Those big trunk-like stems can be brittle. Good luck.

anonymous on January 01, 2013:

@lotusflowrlovr: I have many small jades and one that is 30+ years old and one maybe 20+ a baby of my first. They are both over 4 feet tall and 4 feet wide. I summer them in full shade every year, they love it and grow like crazy during those very hot months, then as soon as I bring them in they start blooming now for about 7 years, some years tons of flowers and some very few. I think they have to be at least 10 years old before they bloom maybe older and lack of water at the end of the summer season will force more flowers in the fall. Oh, get one of those wheeled plant stands and then you can easily roll them out of the house into a shady part of your yard, its important they love the heat. They bloom around Thanksgiving and Christmas so I put little while Christmas lights on them and with their white flowers they are soooo pretty.

anonymous on December 29, 2012:

I have a jade plant that I started from another jade that I had 17 years ago. I know because that's when I moved into this house. I just treated it for mealy bugs that of which I have never had on my jade before. I sprayed it and trimmed it and it looks good. It is about 36'' tall from the dirt and at least that big around, after just trimming. It sits in my south window(nw Oregon) in the winter and I put it outside in the spring and bring it in in the fall. It sits due east and I cover it with a sheet when the sun hits about 87degrees or more so the leaves don't burn. The last few years when I bring it in in the fall time, it starts to bloom about two to four weeks after it comes in! Little white flowers. What a treat! I just wanted to share that!

GardenIdeasHub LM on December 05, 2012:

Thanks for your advice about jade plant care and propagation. I think it will really help me.

anonymous on November 27, 2012:

Thanks for the wonderful information on Jade plants you provide. What I would like to know is this: how doe I make newly propagated jade plants branch rather than continue to grow straight up? I was given a large pot of baby jades and have 15 plants ranging from 2 inches to 7 inches high and I would like them to branch like trees. Should I cut the tops? If so, at what height should I doe so? The are growing fine and look healthy, and lived through a 2,000 mile move in a moving truck, so I don't want to hurt them now! Thanks in advance for any advice.

anonymous on November 14, 2012:

Excellent, very informative, cuts right to the chase without frills.

anonymous on November 14, 2012:

i have 3 pots of jade plants bought in manila and carried out from plane back to my place but so sad it died after months it only last around 3 months...all leaves fall down and sad.... :(

shadeslinger on November 04, 2012:

@anonymous: They get up to 10 feet in the wild. I have a 6 1/2 year old jade that started out one inch tall and is not just over 3 feet tall and almost 4 feet wide. It has bloomed every year for the last 3 years or so and is currently beginning to flower now. Here is a picture. Go to and search for Shadesjade to see a picture.

anonymous on October 29, 2012:

@anonymous: I have a jade that is 3 feet tall measured from where it comes out of the dirt to the top. I have seen ones that are taller.

anonymous on October 29, 2012:

I have a big beautiful jade that does bloom for me. I was amazed the first year it bloomed. I think it has bloomed 5 years now, sometimes a large amount of blooms and sometimes not. There are actually two big jades in the one pot and only one is doing the blooming. It actually looks like one plant but when only part of it bloomed, I figured out I had two. I have had it a long time and mostly just water it, sometimes I forget for awhile. It is now so big I can't move it or I would put it outside in the shade in the summer. I love the jade plants and have several. I keep growing more from the cuttings of the ones I already have. None of the others have bloomed, but they are not huge plants like the one that does bloom. Hope others have had jades that have bloomed. They really are pretty.

lotusflowrlovr on October 27, 2012:

@anonymous: If it is a regular jade plant (I don't know what a bonsai jade is. Sorry) I'd the leaves are looking like they are what I call "wilty" its time to water. The only time I have seen bonsai plants they always have rocks glued on top. If hours is like that you might want to check to make sure it has enough soil or isn't root bound. Hope that helps a little.

lotusflowrlovr on October 27, 2012:

I just realized yesterday that my 10 year old Jade plant has flower buds all over it. I'm so excited because I have never seen a Jade plant flower and now the first one I will get to see will be my own!

anonymous on October 27, 2012:

After having my jade plant for 8-10 years, I noticed yesterday it has little flower buds all over it. I'm so excited and can't wait to see what they look like! I don't follow a whole lot of "rules" when taking care of my plant. I put it outside on the porch after the threat of frost has passed and it stays outside until it threatens to frost in the Fall then I bring it in. It gets plenty of sun and watered when it rains. I only water it if we are in a drought, and a few times in the Winter. I don't repot it often. I have read they don't like it and I don't want to risk injury to it because it is a big plant. If a leaf falls off I stick it in dirt and it grows. I've never used cactus soil. I just use Miracle Grow potting soil. Maybe it grows so well because it has always been in it and is used to it. Wish I could put a picture on here so you could see it.

anonymous on October 19, 2012:

i was wondering if you knew how big the jade plant could get? for instance if i were to ohh stick it in the ground or a giant pot could it grow 4-5ft? or does it generally stay about 9"-16"?

WriterJanis2 on October 10, 2012:

Wow! You went all out with the info here. Great lens with lots of helpful information to grow Jade plants.

Brandi from Maryland on October 07, 2012:

Excellent info on jade plants! :)

anonymous on October 06, 2012:

My small "bonsai" jade has stopped drinking all together (I think I was over watering it). I've been letting it dry (last month or so) and I've lost no leaves but its poor leaves are so thin I'm afraid it will die. When should I water again?

RyanBlock on October 03, 2012:

I really like the lens, and jade plants are awesome. One of my favorite indoor plants, they tolerate abuse and are always cool to look at.

anonymous on October 01, 2012:

I live in Fresno, CA. I leave my, potted, jade plant outside, against the house, facing East. All of my jade plants are doing well. It gets over 100 degrees in summer and sometimes 28 degrees in winter. I cover them before it freezes. These plants appear to be really easy to take care of.

anonymous on September 29, 2012:

My Jade has developed spots on some of the leaves. I took a sample to a local garden store and the only thing they could come up with is sunburn, but I really doubt that's the problem. I'd like to send pictures to get an assessment/diagnosis. Is that possible?

anonymous on August 31, 2012:

@anonymous: Yes, you can cut it back, but be aware that if you cut off all the leaves it won't be able to make food until it grows a new crop, so make sure it's happy and healthy first. I'd recommend tons of sunlight for a couple months. Or if you're not in a hurry, just put it outside in direct sun for the summer and it will probably sprout new branches all over, including down low on the branches and trunk.

anonymous on August 31, 2012:

@anonymous: I would have saved the root ball, planted it in some dry soil and see if it would regrow. But more importantly, you should NOT put the rest of the plant back into soil until the wound heals over, or it will likley rot! Let it lie in a safe place for at least a week, then put some hormone rooting powder on the base and pot it up. Then do NOT water it until the leaves go soft, which may take a couple months, and don't water it much because there aren't enough roots to use the water yet and it may rot. It's even better to keep the soil just barely moist and mist the branches and leaves with a spray bottle once or twice a week to keep it from dehydrating while the roots develop.

anonymous on August 27, 2012:

OMG Thank you SO MUCH for this information on how to PROPERLY grow one of these beautifully green & hardy plants!

I have mine growing in a cup of water (no soil at all) and it's been there for about 2 years now. I know this doesn't seem possible for a succulent, but it IS growing this way. Now I'm afraid to move it to soil for fear of shocking its system. Any advice on this?

anonymous on August 16, 2012:

I found to get my jade to bloom was to leave it outside all summer and then bring it in when the night temps starting dipping below 50. My plant is huge probably 4 feet high and 6 feet across. Since it has gotten so big I can't put it outside any longer - won't fit through the patio door.

anonymous on August 14, 2012:

cguerard: My jade plant was exactly like yours. I trimmed about 1/2 of it down, replanting the clippings & it did wonderful. Once I've given it time to heal from the shock, I'll trim the other half. I'm definitely NOT a green thumb, so I was pleasantly please to see it doing so well. Now it's getting very bushy - I almost like the new pot better!

anonymous on August 11, 2012:

Advice needed! My roommates gigantic (base 6-7 inches around) Jade Plant was over-watered and today it just snapped off! We took it outside on the roof, pulled out the broken root ball and tossed it. Because the plant is so big we placed it deep into the pot with new soil and are now hoping for the best!

What else should we be doing?

anonymous on July 31, 2012:

I was interested in how to start new Jades from my current plant. Good thing I went to your site because it was not at all how I thought. But in reading your material, I thought I should share my experience with my Jade. I bought it about15 yrs.ago. I picked it up in the grocery store and it was in a 4" pot. I thought it would look nice in a bay window that faced the east. I live in the midwest so the window got sun all AM. I put it there and for several years it got the red edges on the leaves which is what I thought was nice. As the years passed, I kept re-potting it as it kept growing. I rarely watered it. Sometimes in the winter I'd only water it only 2 or 3 times. We also kept our house fairly cool. About six years ago we had been gone on vacation and when we got home, the jade was blooming! I didn't even know they bloomed. It was so interesting because the flowers were so delicate. By this time, the plant was big enough to be on the floor and was about 5 feet tall. It bloomed for four years and then stopped. I thought it bloomed because it was root bound. From the time it was in a large pot, I put it out on a small balcony off my bedroom that faced the north in the summer and let mother nature water it. A 4" plant that has lasted over 15 years and was basically ignored. I think it is now about done and so I would like to start a couple new ones. Several friends want starters too. I have thoroughly enjoyed this plant especially because it has taken so little care. Hopefully, I will have good luck starting these new plants. Your information has been extremely helpful, Thank You

anonymous on March 17, 2012:

Hi everyone. Really enjoyed reading all the site, and the comments. I inherited a very scraggly large jade plant. The ends of the branches have leaves, but nothing below the ends of the branches. Can I cut back so the branches look less bare? How do I cut back, and where?

anonymous on March 11, 2012:

I received a "starter' Jade plant from a friend about 3 years ago. I keep it in our sunroom in the summer where it gets full sun all day. In the fall I move it into the kitchen at a south facing window. Much to my surprise it bloomed late last fall. I should have taken photos, but I didn't realize how lucky I was to see my plant bloom so soon. Beautiful tiny pinkish-white flowers.

anonymous on March 11, 2012:

Hello, I am a collector and grower of cacti. i recently recieved a jade plant. and was also interested in the blooming process. i volunter at the local botanical gardens in the desert/succulent room. i know that many cacti have to be "mature" before they are able to bloom... and that usually depends on the size. some are full size when they are 2 inches... some when they are 15 feet. i have been told jades take any where from 10-20 years to reach a mature size... i'm sure this could giver or take depending on the conditions and size it was when you got it, so if u have a small 3 inch jade..... don't get upset if it doesn't bloom,... it will someday :) hope this helps- M

ollan on March 07, 2012:

just the information I'm looking for! my jade cutting is about to get transplanted to the soil. funny thing is, I cut a branch off of another jade plant over a month ago, and the cutting still looks healthy even though it's just sitting on top of a jar with no soil. I see the roots starting to come out of the bottom, so time for this cutting to get it's own pot.

anonymous on March 04, 2012:

Help! my Jade plant is 6 years old,Yesterday I found it onthe floor out of the pot. My husband and I re planted it but today it is VERY wilted. From the reading I've done I have over watered the poor thing. How can I get it stand upright again?

anonymous on February 13, 2012:

DESPERATELY NEED ADVICE PERLEEEEAASSE... I have a very old (approx 40+yrs old) Jade plant. It was my mums for many yrs then I inherited it some 25+yrs ago. I'm useless with plants but for some reason my beautiful money tree flourished in my care(or lack of it)Every yr it blooms pretty little flowers by the hundreds & the leaves blush healthily in the summertime. I bought a husky dog(not puppy) last year which also now sleeps in the conservatory along with my money tree. The dog gets nervous when locked in over night so we left the conservatory door open over night. The money tree lives beside the conservatory door & has done for many yrs. Then we had this recent snow fall & for some stupid reason I forgot about the cold affecting my poor old money tree..Once I realised that it has been open to the frost & snow these past weeks I promptly brought it indoors into the warmth of the spare room...Needless to say the branches of my poor plant have drooped dramatically & it appears I may lose it:( I'm devestated to say the least. I will be heart broken if I lose my pride & joy. If there is anyone out there that can give me some advice or tips on how to save it I would be most grateful...Please help I'm gutted & devestated that I could be so stupid after having it in the family for so many yrs:(

anonymous on February 08, 2012:

I've had my jade plant for about 18 years. We moved from the country where it received alot of direct sunlight to where we are now and it is on the front porch where it gets a couple of hours of sunlight each day. During the move, the contractor's left it in the front yard for several days. Needless to say it needed a big trim after that. Two years ago, my husband and I decided it needed to be repotted. It was about four feet by four feet. He had to cut the pot open to get the plant out. I cannot remember what we forgot to have right there at hand but he had to run into the garage for something as I held the plant upright so the branches didn't hit the ground and break. I'm somewhat disabled and needless to say wasn't strong enough to hold it and down it went! Finally got it repotted but I was pretty sure we were going to lose it. I made many, many baby plants so that at least I'd have something to remember it by. Well, it not only lived but is now about 1-1/2 the size it was and it bloomed the first winter after this happened!! It has always bloomed where it is now and I thought it was normal until reading up on jades and finding that it can be pretty difficult. All I can say is that it was in poor soil until I repotted it and it still bloomed then.. The only constant is I have kept it in the same place, getting about 2 hours of direct light, water heavily when the leaves look wrinkled, and give it fertilizer about every other watering. As for the person who's plant has red under the leaves, my main plant will do that when it gets a little more sun and any "baby" plants I have that get more son will also get reddish around the leaves. It's a healthy sign! Oh, it's so easy to start new plants that when my daughter was about 10 I bought several clay pots and we started new plants and when they looked strong and healthy the local nursery bought them from her! We did not at the time know about letting them callous first, just stuck them in the dirt. I personally feel both ways work well.

Thanks for all of the info here!

anonymous on February 06, 2012:

I just received a Jade plant from a friend. Since I don't have very much sunlight in my home, I brought it to work with me. I have other plants in my office that have grown with the artificial light, but I am wondering if this will be enough for my new Jade. I have light for approximately 9-10 hours a day, the rest of the time it is dark with just a bit of light from the hallway. Please advise!

Miha Gasper from Ljubljana, Slovenia, EU on February 04, 2012:

Very helpful and straight to the point lens. Tthanks!

Luckyplayer on January 30, 2012:

Thank you for all of the good information!

anonymous on January 25, 2012:

What do you do with leaves that fall off, can you root them?

iWriteaLot on December 21, 2011:

I've had several Jade plants and they're one of my favorites. They'll get HUGE! And you lens is filled with great information. Blessed!

anonymous on December 20, 2011:

I had a jade plant many years ago. It's time I got another. Thanks for the lens!

wolfie10 on December 19, 2011:

i do grow some succulent and this would make a good addition to my collection. thanks for all the info

anonymous on August 16, 2011:

Very helpful information. We've taken your advice, and our first jade plant has been flourishing with no more than weekly waterings and about 5 hours of sun each day. We'll be trying the video lady's advice about "tricking" it into blooming by keeping it in the basement from September to early December.

anonymous on August 14, 2011:

Hello. This is my first post. My jade plant bloomed last fall, in December. It put out around thirty faintly pink flowers the size of the power button on an iphone. The plant bloomed from the topmost branches only, which are about eighteen inches above the soil surface. I live in Arlington, Virginia, close to Washington, and I bring the plant outside to the same place at the end of April, where it gets 5-6 hours of direct sun each day and I let rain take care of its water needs. I bring it inside around Halloween, after a thorough watering and park it in a window that faces north, so it took about a month to flower with drastically less light and much drier air. The plant is about twelve years old, has never been repotted or fertilized, is in a lightly glazed, large but shallow clay pot (@ seven inches deep by seventeen inches across). The soil pH is 6.5 and I try to give it rain water only. With pot it weighs about 45 pounds. Hope this helps.

anonymous on August 13, 2011:

Hello!!! Thank-you for posting this info!! My jade is very pert, large, and the leaves are falling off. Well duuhhh, no wonder!! It is sitting on a table AWAY from it's beloved Sunshine!!! So I will move it to where it needs to go, and I am going to make some smaller ones so that I can also give them away. Again, thank-you for posting, and thank-you to those who replied, your comments are also helpful!

KANEsUgAr on July 01, 2011:

Wow you make it sound so easy. I like low maintenance house plants.

RinchenChodron on June 06, 2011:

I do love cactus, but I have never had luck with jade for whatever reason. I have killed several and have never had one bloom. I enjoyed reading this lens. Good info. I have better luck with other cactus myself such as Christmas cactus.

anonymous on April 17, 2011:

Really good info. I used to have two very large jade plants. Alas, they were in the house when it burned down. I was lucky enough to get them to blossom. I was given some cuttings today and looking forward to them growing and getting large. It can not be stressed enough about the watering they need.

anonymous on April 14, 2011:

@anonymous: I have the same "problem" with cuttings. I have so many jade plants, and have given away more. They'll root if they fall into a wet spot on the windowsill.

anonymous on April 10, 2011:

Thanks for the good info. It will help a lot.

pheonix76 from WNY on April 06, 2011:

Great jade lens! Jades are my favorite succulent and I currently have three. My jades spend the summer outside with my cacti in a location that's shaded from harsh sunlight and they thrive. I have lensrolled your page to my houseplant lens.

SamanthasArtStu on March 28, 2011:

Thanks so much- this is a great article! I have a jade cutting that calloused over and I have never propagated that way, so I came here looking to see if there were any special instructions on potting it up!

auntmae on March 15, 2011:

@GonnaFly: i bet they are beautiful.

anonymous on January 22, 2011:

I inherited a beautiful, large jade plant from my mother about 6 years ago. All I do is snip off 4 â 6 inch pieces and put them in water and they root beautifully. Iâve let the pieces sit in water for months on end and they thrive and flourish until I can find someone who I havenât already given some too. Iâve given so many cuttings out that it is getting more difficult tp find someone who doesnât already have one! I also take any leaves that fall off and put them in the pot with the âopenâ end touching the soil and they take root with no problem. Mine has never bloomed perhaps because Iâve never fertilized it. I will definitely try that this year!

anonymous on January 20, 2011:

Umm i got my jade in HORRIBLE condition, it's the first jade i've had..

The leaves are crumpling and drying out, then falling off,

the stalks are droopy and crackly looking,

the stems and undersides of the leaves are a reddish color,

and some of the leaves have holes.

Can someone please respond to this and tell me how to cure my plant? it makes me sad to look at it, i feel like it is in pain :'(

My email is

Please respond!!!!


anonymous on January 16, 2011:

Thank you so much for the information. I should have looked two yrs ago when a very close friend of mines mother gave me her beloved Jade plant. It was so big we had a hard time transporting it. She told me it would be very easy to take care of just wait until it is dry - and water it. We both live in Oregon, her on the coast and she would actually keep it outside most of the year with temperatures there very moderate (70's and 80's mostly in the summer) I have done pretty good with it although ever since I have had it it has slowly been loosing leaves, this winter it has been loosing branches. I didn't know that it was dormant in the winter and when it first started it was dry so I thought I wasn't watering enough. I now know from your information - I was not only giving it too strong of fertilizer but that I also shouldn't be giving it any during it's dormant stage. I do have a question about pots currently it is in a huge one - should I repot in the spring or now that it has gotten so much loss of limbs, should I keep it in the same one?

I hope now that I am better informed that I can pull it through and get it to the beautiful plant that it was when I first got it. Cross your fingers for me.

CrazyforCollecting on January 03, 2011:

I love jade plants, but I never seem to be able to keep them alive. I think I overwater. I'll have to try again, I guess.

anonymous on November 23, 2010:

I have a Jade tree that is around 10 years old that is in full bloom right now, it is absolutely beautiful. It takes up the center of my family room and is quite the conversation piece when friends come over.

anonymous on November 13, 2010:

Awesome lens! I love jade plants!

anonymous on August 04, 2010:

Thank you. I did not have idea how to propagate it. Very helpful.

anonymous on July 14, 2010:

no rooting hormone is needed to create more plants from the parent. many times, i have just cut or snapped off a piece from the parent plant - at least a 3" piesce on up to about 6" inches. the older piesces seem to suffer a bit. water a bit more than usual, let dry bx waterings and maybe twice a week in dry climates and 1x week in fall/winter while it's dormant.

lasertek lm on June 30, 2010:

My mother nurtures a couple of jade plants in her house. They are so lovely to look at and very appeasing to the eyes. I'll let her read this lens.

anonymous on June 28, 2010:

I have had a jade plant/tree for about 15 years. Whenever I get a hint of mealy bugs, I put the pot in the sink and spray the entire plant with 91% isopropyl alcohol, making sure to get the underside of the leaves and the trunk. I also try to take great care to under water, especially because it is in a clay pot with no holes.

Amy from New England, USA on June 27, 2010:

Jade plants are so lovely, I enjoyed reading your lens!

Cheryl Kohan from England on June 26, 2010:

This is a really great lens! I love jade plants and haven't had one for years and after reading this great information I am going to go buy myself another! The video is really interesting, too. I had no idea you could force a jade plant to bloom, either. Good job!

Virginia Allain from Central Florida on June 24, 2010:

Lovely plant and very detailed care instructions. I love the way they can be rooted.

Sandy Mertens from Frozen Tundra on June 22, 2010:

I had one of these years ago. Great source of information.

JeanetteS on June 15, 2010:

My mother in law gave me a beautiful Jade plant after me begging for it for 6 years. I was happy to find this lens to prepare me to take great care of it!

Karen from U.S. on June 14, 2010:

This is a really well thought out and executed lens. Great information! I'm not the best house plant grower, but maybe jade would be hardier than some of my other plants :-)

dahlia369 on May 25, 2010:

Excellent lens, very helpful information and beautifully organized. I have loads of plants and never tried to grow a jade plant yet. After reading this lens I just might try! :)

Laraine Sims from Lake Country, B.C. on May 24, 2010:

I used to have a jade plant but when I moved I gave it away thinking that I would be able to get another. Hmmm I never did! I have never seen a jade plant in bloom. Do you have a photo of one in bloom? That would be interesting to see. Love plants and love this lens.

Tarra99 on May 23, 2010:

I've never had a jade plant...they look interesting...I was checking out your houseplant lens too...I used to be the queen of each little plant a "good home"...that was before kids! LOL...then I found something new to take care I focus on them and my outdoor gardens. Informative lenses...thanks for sharing...and thanks for popping into my Shepherd's pie lens...I appreciate your comments.

Jeanette from Australia on May 22, 2010:

Great plant. We have a couple growing outside in our garden that are growing into trees!

myraggededge on May 22, 2010:

Good information and photos.I haven't got any of these but I shall keep my eye open for one. Angel blessed :-)

Diana Grant from United Kingdom on May 09, 2010:

I've got 2, one grown from the other. The large one is getting too big and top heavy for its window ledge, and I may have to put it outside although I don't want it to die from frost-bite as I've had it about 10 years.

anonymous on August 16, 2009:

I once saw a hugh jade plant in full bloom in a retail greenhouse in Toledo, Ohio and asked how they made it bloom. The answer was that it needed some exposure at lower teperatures, 40ish, during the dormant season. Never found out how much time but hard to do in Miami :>)

Let me know if anyone else learns how.

anonymous on August 02, 2009:

Thanks for the Jade information, I didn't know it but I was way overwatering my Jade plant. I will let it dry out between waterings.

anonymous on July 26, 2009:

Trying using a 2 by 4, or something similar. Tie the tree around it, like they do to other trees. I hope this helps. [in reply to Carolyn]

anonymous on June 02, 2009:

This site was extremely useful. My brother just gave me a jade plant for my 25th birthday. It's very tiny so I hope I can keep it going. I have already started using the info I found here.

Susanna Duffy from Melbourne Australia on March 08, 2009:

It's supposed to bring in money, right? Do I have news for my jade plants (now all thriving giants and almost completely obscuring my house) it's not working! Seriously, this is a lovely plant and a lovely lens to showcase it.

anonymous on January 10, 2009:

Received a jade this summer when a friend was moving away. Your site has been great for finding information for a first time jade owner. Thanks.

anonymous on December 26, 2008:

I have an old Jade plant which is in the correct sun exposure. I water it very rarely (as instructed). Here is my problem - the large stems will not stand upright and they all are hanging over the pot. I want this to look more like a tree, with the main stems like trunks. Do you have any suggestions for this? My husband says it must be a different variety than the ones that look like trees, but I don't think that is the problem. Any suggestions?

TacTac (author) on December 20, 2008:

Haven't been around to update in a while, got really busy. Will start updating soon. See you all then :)

TacTac (author) on October 22, 2008:

Thanks Lynn - glad to know you like the lens.

To answer your questions -

1. Cut just under the nodes, and try to cut the stem diagonally. This allows the stem more surface area to continue to draw up moisture.

2. Yes you can propagate during dormancy, but it takes longer for the parent plant to fill in with new growth so it might look a little barren for awhile depending how much trimming you do.

3. Pinching or cutting jade plants will cause branching, sometimes the same spot will need to be cut back several times before the desired effect is reached.

4. It sounds like you have several plants together, and they can be separated by division, just be careful of the roots.

5. It is ready to gift when it first starts new growth and when you are comfortable with it's appearance.

6. I have only seen pictures of the jade plant's flowers, a quick google image search for jade plant flowers will provide some pictures for you.

And thanx for the correction, you are absolutely right about the climate swings in Africa. I suppose that's part of what makes the jade plant so resilient.

anonymous on October 21, 2008:

Ahhh, thanks! I know the basics for Jade, but don't know specifics. Your lens helps. Still have questions though:


- Cut under or above the nodes?

- Can I propagate during its dormancy?

Other Questions

- I bought the Jade to make it into a bonsai, but, then I found it was 5-7 stems sticking out of the soil. All it is doing is getting taller. How do I get it to branch? Do I have several plants together, or one plant? Can I separate it into several plants from under the soil, or should I leave well enough alone?

How long after propagation is it big enough for a gift?

Do you know what the flowers look like?

One minor "correction"

I don't even know if this qualifies as a full-fledge correction, but thought you might like to know. You wrote, "...They are from south Africa after all." That part of Africa can have temperate climates, too. After all, it's not that far from Antarctic.

Love your lens! Thanks!

anonymous on October 14, 2008:

Thanks for the response. The plant was moved from bare sun to bright sun & looked ill. The leaves were yellow & my friend gave it to me to revive. I did what I thought right & then found your site. I'll let it be, carefully observe, & ask you before I do anything else.

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