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The Effect of Music on Plant Growth

Author:

Mazlan acquired his love of gardening at a young age, and it has been his passion for over 55 years.

Do Plants Like Music?

Do plants have feelings? Can they hear sounds? Do they like music?

To the skeptic, the idea that plants have feelings or feel pain is ridiculous. Over the years, several studies have indicated that plants may respond to sound. However, the subject is still hotly debated in scientific circles.

Below, I describe several of these studies and their findings in detail, along with the critics' views, so that you can weigh the evidence and draw your own conclusions. First, we'll discuss the studies that support the idea that music helps plants grow, and then we'll look at the opposition.

the-effect-of-music-on-plant-growth

Studies Find Positive Effect of Music on Plants

If plants respond to the ways they are nurtured and have several sensory perceptions, then how do they respond to sound waves and the vibrations created by musical sounds?

Several studies have looked at this question, specifically how music effects plant growth. In 1962, Dr. T. C. Singh, head of the Botany Department at India's Annamalia University, experimented with the effect of musical sounds on the growth rate of plants. He found that balsam plants grew at a rate that accelerated by 20% in height and 72% in biomass when exposed to music. He initially experimented with classical music. Later, he experimented with raga music (improvisations on a set of rhythms and notes) played on flute, violin, harmonium, and reena, an Indian instrument. He found similar effects.

Singh repeated the experiment with field crops using a particular type of raga played through a gramophone and loudspeakers. The size of crops increased to between 25 to 60% above the regional average.

Through his several experiments, Singh concluded that the sound of the violin has the greatest effect on plant growth. He also experimented on the effects of vibrations caused by barefoot dancing. After exposure to dancers performed Bharata-Natyam, India's most ancient dance style, with no musical accompaniment, several flowering plants, including petunias and marigold, flowered two weeks earlier than the control.

Sir Jagadish Chandra Bose, an Indian plant physiologist and physicist, spent a lifetime researching and studying the various environmental responses of plants. He concluded that they react to the attitude with which they are nurtured. He also found that plants are sensitive to factors in the external environment, such as light, cold, heat, and noise. Bose documented his research in Response in the Living and Non-Living, published in 1902, and The Nervous Mechanism of Plants, published in 1926. In order to conduct his research, Bose created recorders capable of detecting extremely small movements, like the quivering of injured plants, and he also invented the crescograph, a tool that measures the growth of plants. From his analysis of the effects specific circumstances had on plants' cell membranes, he hypothesised they could both feel pain and understand affection.

Luther Burbank, an American botanist and horticulturist, studied how plants react when removed from their natural habitat. He talked to his plants. Based on his horticultural experiments, he attributed approximately 20 sensory perceptions to plants. His studies were inspired by the work of Charles Darwin's The Variation of Animals and Plants under Domestication, published in 1868.

You can read more about this research and its pioneers in The Secret Life of Plants, (1973) by Peter Tompkins and Christopher Bird. The book has short description of the experiments with a brief biography of these scientists. It should be mentioned that some, including botanists Arthur Galston and Leslie Audus, consider the book to be a piece of fiction, not science. A lot of the science in The Secret Life of Plants has been discredited but nevertheless, the book has made its mark on our minds and culture.

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The Effect of Music on Seed Development

Dr. T. C. Singh also discovered that seeds that were exposed to music and later germinated produced plants that had more leaves, were of greater size, and had other improved characteristics. It practically changed the plant's genetic chromosomes!

Working around the same time as Singh, Canadian engineer Eugene Canby exposed wheat to J.S. Bach's violin sonata and observed a 66% increase in yield. Canby's research reinforces Singh's findings.

Do Plants Like Rock Music?

In a 1973 experiment by Dorothy Retallack, then a student of Professor Francis Brown, three groups of plants were exposed to various types of musical sounds.

For one group, Retallack played the note F for an 8-hour period. For the second group, she played similar note for three hours. The third controlled group remained in silence.

The first group died within two weeks, while the second group was much healthier than the controlled group.

Fascinated by Retallack's findings, two other students went on to do their own test. Plants exposed to Haydn, Beethoven, Brahms, and Schubert grew towards and entwined themselves around the speakers. Another plant group grew away from a speaker that played rock music. That group even tried to climb a glass-walled enclosure in what appeared to be an attempt to get away from the sound.

Retallack later replicated the experiment with rock music (like Led Zeppelin and Jimi Hendrix) on a variety of plants. She observed abnormal vertical growth and smaller leaves. She also observed the plants to have damage similar to that associated with excessive water uptake. In the experiment, marigolds died within two weeks. No matter which way they were turned, plants leaned away from the rock music source. These findings were documented in Retallack's 1973 book The Sound of Music and Plants.

the-effect-of-music-on-plant-growth

What About Country and Jazz?

Plants that are exposed to country music have the same reaction as those who are subjected to no sound at all, showing no unusual growth reaction.

According to some studies, jazz music appears to have a beneficial effect, producing better and more abundant growth. The science television show MythBusters did a similar experiment and concluded that plants reacted well to any type of music, whether rock, country, jazz, or classical. Their experiments however, were not thoroughly conducted and are highly debatable.

Strangely, plants’ musical tastes show a remarkable congruence with those of the humans reporting them.

— Daniel Chamovitz

Music for Plant Growth in Practice

DeMorgenzon wine estate in Stellenbosch, South Africa, uses baroque music to enhance the ripening processl. They believe the vibrations help not just of the plants but also in the soil and produce good fungi and bacteria in the soil that are vital for healthy vines, which encourages better and stronger root development, resulting in vigorous growth and better fruit. Many commercial growers play music for their crops, regardless of the fact that there are no reliable studies to support the idea.

How Can Plants Hear?

How could music affect plant growth if plants don't have ears? To explain how it may work, let us look at how we humans receive and hear sound.

Sound is transmitted in the form of waves that travel through a medium, such as air or water. The waves cause the particles in this medium to vibrate. When you switch on your radio, the sound waves create vibrations in the air that cause your ear drum to vibrate. This pressure energy is converted into electrical energy for the brain to translate into what you understand as musical sounds.

In a similar manner, the pressure from sound waves create vibrations that could be picked up by plants. Plants would not "hear" the music, they would feel the vibrations of the sound wave.

Protoplasm, the translucent living matter of which all animals and plant cells are composed, is in a state of perpetual movement. The vibrations picked up by the plant might speed up the protoplasmic movement in the cells. This stimulation then could affect the system and improve performance, such as the manufacture of nutrients that develop a stronger and better plant.

Different forms of music have different sound wave frequencies and varying degrees of pressure and vibration. Louder music, like rock, features greater pressure, which some people think might have a detrimental effect on plants. Imagine the effect of strong wind on a plant compared to a mild breeze.

the-effect-of-music-on-plant-growth

Playing Music in Vineyards for Grape Production

In 2008, a 91-hectare vineyard, DeMorgenzon wine estate in Stellenbosch, South Africa, experimented with two vineyard blocks, exposing one to baroque music and the other to no music at all. This allowed the vineyard owner to monitor and observe any differences in the production.

The musical repertoire consisted of 2,473 pieces of classical baroque music. With this vast collection, they could play the music nonstop for 7.5 days without repeating.

Despite the outcome of the experiment by Dorothy Retallack, where plants exposed for an eight-hour period died two weeks later, the DeMorgenzon wine estate played the music around the clock with no negative results, not just in the vineyard but also in the wine cellar and tasting room.

Another vineyard, Paradiso di Frassina in Tuscany, Italy, uses classical music to get better production from its vineyards. They observed that plants mature faster when exposed to the soothing sounds of Mozart, Vivaldi, Haydn, and Mahler when compared to a controlled site.

This project to wire the vineyard for musical sound started in 2001 as an attempt to keep pests away. However, when they saw better and improved plants and fruits, the project continued as a 'productivity tool'.

Just like DeMorgenzon wine estate, the music is played non-stop 24 hours a day with no negative results.

In both of these vineyard examples, there were no negative results noticed after extensive exposure to music, and the benefits of the music remain anecdotal.

Music is not ecologically relevant for plants, so we shouldn’t expect them to be tuned in to it. But there are sounds that, at least theoretically, it could be advantageous for them to hear. These include the vibrations produced by insects, such as a bee’s buzz or an aphid’s wing beat, and minuscule sounds that might be created by even smaller organisms.

— Daniel Chamovitz

Are You Still Doubtful?

If so, you're not alone. It is true that the positive effects of music on plant growth is still highly debated among scientists. Because the scientific community only values results that can be repeated, and thereby verified, there are many skeptics who regard the studies mentioned above as bad science since most of them were unreplicable, meaning that when others tried to re-do the study as described, their results did not match those of the original study.

If a study's results are not scientifically significant or can't be supported by independent verification and replicable studies, they are no longer considered relevant. In some cases, upon further analysis, the original studies themselves were found to be faulty.

It was reported in the The Telegraph that scientists from National Institute of Agricultural Biotechnology in Suwon, South Korea played classical music in rice fields, and concluded that plant genes can "hear" and had improved yield. The research was published in the August, 2007 issue of New Scientist. This finding, however, received negative comments from some quarters which cited external factors such as wind that might have drowned out the experiment's effects. Others say too few samples were analyzed for it to be conclusive.

Linda Chalker-Scott, author of The Informed Gardener, questions the authenticity of Dorothy Retallack's findings. She listed several concerns, including:

  • Citing the works of professors in physics and theology, but not in biology.
  • Lack of relevant references.
  • Poor reasoning and biased expectations.
  • Insufficient number of samplings.
  • Poor experiment tools.
  • Publisher that does not specialize in science.
  • Journal not peer-reviewed.

Another skeptic, biologist and author of What a Plant Knows, Daniel Chamovitz, criticizes both the Retallack study and The Secret Life of Plants by Peter Tompkins and Christopher Bird (both described above) as not only perfect examples of bad science but for being detrimental to science as a whole. He also says that "Although research in this area has a long history, most of it is not very scientific and, if you think about it, experiments studying music and plants were doomed from the start. We don’t judge a plant’s vision by showing it an eye chart and asking it to read the bottom line." He cited one study that involved the effect of rock music (Meatloaf) and classical (Mozart) on corn and noted that although the results seemed to show slightly positive affect for both types of music on the growth of corn, when researchers redid the study but this time used fans to remove the heat generated by the speakers playing the music, they found no difference in the effects of Mozart, Meatloaf, and silence.

In his article "The Intelligent Plant" (published in The New Yorker December 23 & 30, 2013), Michael Pollan—author, journalist, professor, and critic of the book by Tompkins and Bird—said, "in the view of many plant scientists The Secret Life of Plants has done lasting damage to their field." He calls the book a "beguiling mashup of legitimate plant science, quack experiments, and mystical nature worship that captured the public imagination at a time when New Age thinking was seeping into the mainstream."

Studies have not been able to prove emphatically that music has any effect on plant growth whatsoever. This is why you can't find any recent studies on the topic published in any reputable science journals and why music isn't used universally by commercial growers.

Plants Affected by Compliment and Abusive Words?

Apparently, yes. According to Global News report, the study conducted by IKEA at a school in the United Arab Emirates showed plants that received compliments grew much better than plants that were 'fed' with abusive words.

Strange and I assumed the gentle and loving voice sound that is transmitted has the same effect as the positive music sound wave.

The abusive words which I suspect were said in a loud and threatening voice had a negative impact on the plant's growth.

This study by IKEA basically wanted to demonstrate to the students the destructive effect of school bullying.

Will you be interested to try out this plant experiment at your school?

Can Music Affect Our Brain?

If music can change how plants grow, will it also affect our brain? I wrote this article on the effect of music on the brain. Check it out and see how it helps you to stay focus and even improves your memory. http://hubpages.com/education/Effect-of-Music-on-the-Brain

Professor Daniel Chamovitz, Ph.D., Tel Aviv University

Science Projects Involving Music, Sound, and Plants

If you'd like to do an experiment on this subject—or if you simply want to mess around with your own plants to see what happens—consider designing an experiment around one of the following questions.

  • Test to see if you can detect any difference between plants that have been exposed to classical, heavy metal, punk, or Indian sitar music by exposing plants to different genres. (Don't forget to take the variable of the heat emitted from the speaker into consideration!)
  • Try talking to some of your plants but giving others the silent treatment. (What if you spoke only insults? Would that make any difference?)
  • What about the other sounds that plants might respond to, for example vibrations (like those produced by bees) or the sound of caterpillars chewing?
  • If you place a plant in a noisy area, does it seem to respond differently than a plant in a quieter spot? (This works best if all other variables are the same: same type of plant, same sun and water exposure, etc.)
  • What about the effects of different instruments (guitar, piano, kazoo) or non-musical sounds (traffic, baby crying, machinery)?

Remember, your experiment will be more meaningful if you use the scientific method and try to...

  • Keep track of the information by recording data.
  • Use a control group (a plant that is not exposed to the noise).
  • Use reliable tools for measurements.
  • Try to control the variables as much as possible.
  • Pay attention to how your wishes or preconceived ideas may be skewing your experiment.

Share Your Experience

Talk to Your Plant During This Coronavirus or COVID-19 Outbreak

As of this date (March 19, 2020), the coronavirus or the Covid-19 continues to ravage the world's economies and communities. It has also changed the way we work and socialize. We have to practice social distancing and work from home.

Amidst this self-isolation and challenging times, please take this opportunity to practice talking and playing music to your plant. By doing so, you not only help promote their health and growth but will also help take away some of your worries and stresses of the coronavirus outbreak. It may also help you relax and stay calm.

Give it a go and tell us about your experience.

What Say You?

What is your take on this? Do you agree with skeptics that believe that the benefits of music on plants are just a myth? Or do you strongly agree that music has a positive effect on plants?

Share your views here!

This article is accurate and true to the best of the author’s knowledge. Content is for informational or entertainment purposes only and does not substitute for personal counsel or professional advice in business, financial, legal, or technical matters.

Questions & Answers

Question: Does music work with a green bean plant?

Answer: I have not tried on the green bean plants but if it works on the grape/vineyard (as per my article), then I suppose it will work on the green beans. Give it a try and share your findings here.

Question: Is there a difference in doing it with indoor or outdoor plants?

Answer: There is no difference between indoor and outdoor plants as demonstrated by the vineyard example in my article.

Question: Would showing the effect of music on plant growth be a good science fair project?

Answer: Yes, I think so.

Question: How long should I let the plants listen to music to promote growth?

Answer: I personally let the plant listen for about 4 to 5 hours a day from the moment it started to sprout, and I continue to do this daily throughout its lifespan. So, most of my plants that listen to music are planted within the same area to receive music from one source.

Question: If I use mint trees would music work to help them grow faster?

Answer: Technically, yes.

Question: How much should we let a bean plant grow before giving them negative music?

Answer: It depends on what you want to achieve as your end result. To see a noticeable difference, let the bean plant grow to at least 6 inches high before you introduce the negative music.

Question: How will this experiment of music and its influence on plants affect the future of agriculture?

Answer: In some plantations, the owners played music and it was a good harvest. See my article for the example of such farm. So, if applied properly, it can mean less fertilizer for a good crop. Hence, less cost and less harm to the environment esp. if they use chemical fertilizers.

Question: When should I play music for my plants, in the morning or at night?

Answer: You will be surprised to know that most tree will sleep at night and wakes up in the morning. So it is better to play music in the morning. Likewise, if you apply fertilizer.

Question: What kind of music should I play for plants?

Answer: I suggest you play any of the Bethoven's classical musics. If you have access to raga music, that will be another good option.

Question: Do plants grow faster with music or sunlight?

Answer: One of the natural growth inducers is sunlight, so plants grow faster with sunlight. Without sunlight but only music, most plants will not grow.

Question: What's the scope in this effect of music on plant growth experiment?

Answer: It depends what you are asked to do. As you are aware the scope of a study means all those things that will be covered in your research project. In this particular case, it is to see if music will affect the growth pattern of plants

Question: What are the harmful effects of sound waves on plants?

Answer: As mentioned in the article, studies showed that certain music such as rock music (i.e. sound waves) had a detrimental effect on its growth. So you can say that certain sound wave frequencies have a negative effect on its growth rate and if exposed for a longer period, the plant may die.

Question: If there are two different types of plants that listened to the same music would they grow at different rates?

Answer: Yes, they will grow at different rates depending on the difference in soil mediums, watering rate, pH level, the differences in the plant leaves' intercellular void areas, differences in each plant's sensitivity level, etc. Different plants WILL have a different rate of growth even when all controlled factors are similar (amount of light, water, etc.)

Question: When was this article on music effecting plant growth published and where?

Answer: This article 'The Effect of Music on Plant Growth' was published on 09/06/12 on HubPages (and later transferred to its subsidiary, DenGarden). More on HubPages here https://hubpages.com/about/us

Question: What was the outcome of the study on whether music can affect plant growth?

Answer: Since the study showed that plant does have positive results when exposed to certain types of music, one of the conclusions can be the introduction of music for the farming industries for healthy and faster growth of vegetables and plants.

© 2012 Mazlan

Comments

Mazlan (author) from Malaysia on August 22, 2020:

Anh, good question and something that we should try and experiment but I think it will be juicier.

Anh on August 09, 2020:

Would the fruits be juicier when they listen to Mozat's music?

Mazlan (author) from Malaysia on June 18, 2020:

Hi Ayesha

You can go to the relevant sites that I had linked in my article for any further helps that you require. Thank you.

ayesha on June 16, 2020:

can you please give me review paper material for the topic music effect on plant growth

Mazlan (author) from Malaysia on May 10, 2020:

Hi Ashley. When you play the right music over a longer period, the sound that is transmitted in the form of waves cause the particles in the air to vibrate consistently. Hence, the plant will benefit faster from this vibration.

Ashley on May 10, 2020:

Why should you play the music for a long time?

ZayaGrey on December 16, 2019:

thanks for this it helped on my science fair project

don't ask on December 09, 2019:

planting my seeds as I speak!

don't ask on November 20, 2019:

It is me once again. My science teacher is very exited for me to finish my science fair project. Thanks Again!

pantherpride on November 18, 2019:

i love it

vp on November 04, 2019:

thanks a lot it helps me a lot

Mazlan (author) from Malaysia on October 10, 2019:

Hi Don't ask. Thank you. I am pleased to hear that this article on the effect of music on plant growth has helped you in your science project. Wishing you the best and have a great weekend ahead.

Don't ask on October 10, 2019:

This helped me a lot for my science project. Thanks!

Mazlan (author) from Malaysia on September 30, 2019:

Hi Ana. That is an interesting story and I believed they do react to positive and negative vibes.

This same thing happened to my aquarium fishes as well. I recently moved the aquarium nearer to the TV and the fishes now behaved oddly - kind of stresed. So it could be from the TV dramas etc!

Anyways, thanks for dropping by and sharing your observations. Have a good day.

Ana on September 30, 2019:

So I've been doing a plant study of my own on Christian music and the growth of it has been great.... but when i turn off the christian music and turn the TV on and everyone starts arguing around it it did not grow at all. so maybe I'm thinking plants have feelings and react to positive and negative sounds around them?

Mazlan (author) from Malaysia on September 10, 2019:

Hi Leo. You will need plants that germinate and grow fast such as beansprouts, radishes, melon, marigolds, sunflower, mustard, cress and squash plants. Try one of these plants but my favorite is beansprouts. Good luck.

Leo on September 10, 2019:

Great articles! I'm doing a science project on music influencing plant's growth. What plant do you think is the best to use for this experiment? Also since I have limited time? Thanks.

Mazlan (author) from Malaysia on August 26, 2019:

Hi al, sure you can. Thanks for adding the credit and link. Have fun and wishing you success in your science project,

Mazlan (author) from Malaysia on July 23, 2019:

Hi Jade, sure you can but please credit and put a link back to my site. Thanks.

Jade on July 16, 2019:

This article is so interesting! I hope u don't mind if I use it to my research

Mazlan (author) from Malaysia on June 25, 2019:

Athan, if you click on the links on my article, it will take you to some of related studies and write-up/comments on effects of music on plant growth

Athan on June 25, 2019:

Hi can u give us related studies for our research about Effects of Music on Plant Growth, we are struggling to find it.

Mazlan (author) from Malaysia on June 17, 2019:

Hi Darick.

That is a good observation. I guess the water molecules inside the plant are in sync with the vibrations created by the sound waves. Hmm.

Darick on June 17, 2019:

Maybe its affecting the water and not the plant itself . Look at studies on water.

Akshay dobariya on April 14, 2019:

I seen on HISTORY TV CHANNEL that "om... " sound listened in the our galaxy so i had been research om sound on the plant that how can be react it ? Your post is very helpfully for my research...

Mazlan (author) from Malaysia on April 13, 2019:

Hi gram. Good to know that it has helped your experiment project. Cheers.

gram on April 12, 2019:

Thanks so much this helped me with an experiment project

Mazlan (author) from Malaysia on April 10, 2019:

Jacob, I am happy to know that the article has helped you with your school project. Thanks for letting me know and thanks for dropping by.

Jacob on April 09, 2019:

This article was so helpful to my 7th grade project! Thanks!

Mazlan (author) from Malaysia on March 27, 2019:

Hi Bob. Yes, plants are getting the benefits (both positive and negative) from sound waves, as mentioned in the article. Thanks for highlighting the benefits they get from light waves (sunshines etc).

Bob on March 26, 2019:

Plants get energy from light waves. Why can't they get some benefit from sound waves, as well?

Mazlan (author) from Malaysia on March 05, 2019:

Jack W, thank you for sharing your thoughts and experience. I truly appreciate your comments. There are still people who find it hard to believe the effect of music on plant growth despite the fact that there are many living proofs for them to see.

Anyway, thanks for dropping by and commenting. Cheers.

Jack W on March 04, 2019:

I first came across the subject of sonic bloom with Kent Hovind's material. There you had pics of guys who grew their corn to 4.5m high and cherry tomatoes almost as big as normal tomatoes. This is a fact. So, whatever reasoning of sceptics against the fact that music does have (posotive) effect on plants is undisputable already, therefore it should go down on their lack of faith. And faith has nothing to do with science, therefore it's amazing how ppl who call themselves scientists (or science followers/lovers) can ignore the facts. Just research, experiment - but dont criticise just because you dont believe.

Mazlan (author) from Malaysia on February 07, 2019:

Anna S, you are welcome.

Anna S. on February 07, 2019:

I used this information for my statistics project and included it in my literature review. I thought the information was very helpful and reinforced my hypotheses. Thank you!

Mazlan (author) from Malaysia on February 04, 2019:

Blue Bettle, good luck in your science fair project.

Blue Beetle on February 04, 2019:

I used this for my science fair project. Hope you don't mind. Thanks for writing this article!

Mazlan (author) from Malaysia on January 31, 2019:

xthom57, no worries.

xthom57 on January 31, 2019:

hi and thanks i used this for my science fair progect hope you don' mind

Mazlan (author) from Malaysia on January 06, 2019:

Hi Anthony, thanks for highlighting this. I have now amended accordingly.

Anthony on January 06, 2019:

Hey Mazlan,

Just FYI, the book by Daniel Chamovitz is called What a Plant Knows, not What a Plant Feels.

Mazlan (author) from Malaysia on December 30, 2018:

Govardhan, pleased to hear that. Care to share what you have done?

Govardhan on December 30, 2018:

It is successful

thank you mazlan

Mazlan (author) from Malaysia on December 15, 2018:

Claire, this is already explained in the article.

Claire on December 13, 2018:

I need to know about HOW music effects the growth!

Selina on November 24, 2018:

Can you tell me your last name please I need it for a project

rose on August 18, 2018:

Hi. I was just wondering what the vibrations of a sound wave do to contribute to plant growth. e.g do they increase photosynthesis production

Mazlan (author) from Malaysia on May 23, 2018:

Thanks aarti

aarti goyal on May 22, 2018:

this is nice

Billy Joe Bob on April 25, 2018:

Well me and friend do experiment with planty plant and soundy sound the plant wit da sound di bette cuz science bitch

petrina on February 27, 2018:

Hi this article amazed me and as a student teacher I will love to do this with my learners one day ..GOD bless you sir

Hilary on February 16, 2018:

thank you

Mazlan (author) from Malaysia on February 04, 2018:

Hi Neal. Your questions on:

1. Q: draw conclusions after only 4 days...Ans: Can you point where was this mentioned in the article.

2. Q: what was the duration of time the music was played...Ans: For which experiment? For Dr. T. C. Singh's experiment, you can refer to the article in Asian Journal of Plant Sciences (2007)

For Sir Jagadish Chandra Bose, you can refer to his book 'Response in the Living and Non-Living'

For Luther Burbank, you can more of his experiment in the book 'The Secret Life of Plants'

For the DeMorgenzon wine estate, the experiment was for 7.5 days playing nonstop music 24hours a day etc.

3. Q: Heat from the speaker...Ans: this is the variables that might affect the study, as a sound is 'transmitted and heard' by the plant through changes in the pressure such as vibration. It is not heat from the speakers that influenced growth. But heat might affect the pressure energy.

Again, pls read the above books for a deeper understanding of the experiments.

For additional reading, you can refer to website (Journal of Canadian Acoustical Association on the study by the University of Ontario) https://jcaa.caa-aca.ca/index.php/jcaa/article/vie...

and you can go this site to download the full study on the influence of sound effect on strawberry growth in sunlight greenhouse: https://link.springer.com/chapter/10.1007/978-3-64...

Another good read is the 'Update on the Effects of Sound Wave on Plants' by School of Biotechnology, Yeungnam University, Korea: http://citeseerx.ist.psu.edu/viewdoc/download?doi=...

I respect your conclusion as to the viability of the experiment but to arrive at that conclusion without reading the full text of the study may be inconclusive as well.

Thanks for sharing your thoughts and for dropping by.

Neal on February 04, 2018:

Surprised to see that the science would draw conclusions after only 4 days. Also, what was the duration of time the music was played? Even more baffling (and drastically unscientific) is the reporting on heat from the speakers (?) Exactly how did they ascertain that it was the heat from the speakers that influenced the growth? What was the difference in temperature? Was it equally experienced among all the plants? Is that the only mitigating factor when placing a fan there? Circulation of air, CO2, etc. Sorry but this science or at least the display of evidence is incomplete and hence flawed and inconclusive.

Ezzy patra on February 03, 2018:

nice

Mazlan (author) from Malaysia on February 02, 2018:

J@c08, most people will have it on for between 5 to 8 hours, the same hours for a working person. Plants need to rest too :-)

J@c08 on January 31, 2018:

would you have to keep the music on 24/7, or just a few min. a day?

Mazlan (author) from Malaysia on January 11, 2018:

Hi Pablo

It is already cited in the links within the text and also by reference to the publication and/or author etc.

TQ for your comment.

joseeph on January 11, 2018:

good

Liton Mir on January 08, 2018:

Thank's a lot.

Pablo Glatz on January 03, 2018:

Mazlan, could you please cite your sources? You don't have to cite them properly but only the URL, I just think it would give your article a lot more of credibility. Nice job by the way :).

Cameron on December 19, 2017:

Thanks, this just saved my biology grade for a science fair project, now time to think of a Biblical application....

jazmin kees.m on December 12, 2017:

I like it so much. you or cool. I like you.I love you so much.

Rodrigo on December 09, 2017:

Great Job at showing both sides, it was all very interesting!

neha on December 04, 2017:

thank you sooooooo much this helped my science fair progect on this topice its really good

Mazlan (author) from Malaysia on December 01, 2017:

You are welcome, venus.

venus cayamanda on November 30, 2017:

this is so helpful, thanks

Mazlan (author) from Malaysia on November 29, 2017:

Happy to hear that PB

PeanutBUtter69 on November 29, 2017:

Thanks for this website!! Helped me get an A+ on my science project.

Mazlan (author) from Malaysia on November 28, 2017:

Hi, Unknown. Thanks and I'm happy to hear that my article has helped you.

Unknown on November 27, 2017:

I think this is really good to know because I was needing sources for my science project (I am doing... What is the effect of music on plant growth?) this website was really good use and I want to make sure people know about this website since its great. When I say great I mean like really great.

Mazlan (author) from Malaysia on November 11, 2017:

Hi, venus cayamanda. People who will benefit from this study on the effect of music on plant growth?

There are many I think and to start with are people who want to see better plants in their private garden, plantation owners who want to see an increase in the fruit/plant yield (see example above on the vineyard in Italy), researchers who will recommend a new planting method or procedures etc.

venus cayamanda on November 11, 2017:

well, i'm actually making a similar research as this, mind if you'll help me out....

who do you think will benefit from this study?

sciencegeek101 on October 17, 2017:

u dont even know how much this has helped me with my research for a very toncomplicated lab experiment

thank u mazlan

mahdi on October 17, 2017:

wow .......this is really helpful

Mary Rose B. Estigoy on October 11, 2017:

Hey Mazlan, Good Evening

I am a Fourth Year BS Biology Student and I just read your work.

I was searching about the Physiological effects of Music on Plants and you just made my proposal research study super easier. The results are very promising having ample harvest but the thing is how could they think of it as a faulty work? Aren't we all working for d benefit of all?

I am still thinking as to what topic I am to propose tomorrow.Pray for me ^_^

Thanks a lot and God Bless You Mazlan. Plant more

Jasmine Flower on October 09, 2017:

Hey everyone I need some ideas for the science fair. And i need some ideas so you could think of any i would be very happy.

Joe Durt on September 27, 2017:

WOW...................... I NEVER THOUGHT AN EXPERIMENT LIKE THIS WOULD HAPPEN. Mazlan your my hero for putting this beautiful article on this World Wide Web. You really help me understand this subject.

Mailman Joe on September 27, 2017:

I always know that sometimes that we can hear plants grow... It's pretty darn amazin that we can hear music in plants. Is that how that experiment worked? I just darn don't understand this subject.

Mazlan (author) from Malaysia on September 26, 2017:

Hi, Williams. If you go back to my article under subsection 'How Can Plants Hear', it explains how.

Mazlan (author) from Malaysia on June 29, 2017:

Hi, Roger. With your more than 60 years of gardening expertise, how about writing and sharing these experiences on a blog site? It will make an interesting read. Would you consider doing this? If you do, I will be one of your subscribers!

Anyway, thanks for dropping by and sharing your personal involvement with plants and plant language!

Roger Laporte Ottawa on June 29, 2017:

I was nearly born in a garden,2 august. My grandfather was a gardener. My father was a gardener. I also was a gardener ,but grew flowers for 60 years. I always worked with plants. I have problems for human made up language,

French, English Spanish etc. Plant is the only language I understand . O f course I do not wear a white jacket. I am 92

Mazlan (author) from Malaysia on May 31, 2017:

No worries. Thanks for dropping by vlada.

vlada@cps.edu on May 26, 2017:

That is what I meant Mazlan. Thank you for correcting me. :-)

Mazlan (author) from Malaysia on May 23, 2017:

Thanks, vlada. But I think you meant how music affect Plant? :-)

vlada@cps.edu on May 23, 2017:

This article really helped me to understand about how music effects music.THANK YOU Mazlan!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!

Mazlan (author) from Malaysia on April 27, 2017:

Hi, Neelkanth. Thanks for sharing this and I am glad it is showing some positive results. And thanks for offering to update us here on the 1-year result. Hope to hear from you soon.

Mazlan (author) from Malaysia on April 27, 2017:

munza, you can check my article on the effect of music on the human brain at

https://hubpages.com/education/Effect-of-Music-on-...

muzna on April 25, 2017:

can anybody give me conclusion or result of how does music have an effect on biological system

Mazlan (author) from Malaysia on April 03, 2017:

Thanks, Jonathan. I am glad this article on the effect of music on plant growth has helped you in your Biology and Music examinations. Wishing you the best in your exam results.

Jonathan on April 01, 2017:

Thank you Mazlan!!!

I am very glad to have find this on my reseaching in my Biology and Music examen. I've made a experiment my self with some cress and the album:

Mother Nature's planetasia by Mort Garson (1976)

A truly wonderful album both for you and your plants!

Thank you very much

Mazlan (author) from Malaysia on March 27, 2017:

khalil and Jeff. Thanks for the kind words.

khalil misto on March 20, 2017:

very useful

excellent research

you saved me from failing biology

this will make an amazing project

i raise my glass for your hard work

Jeff on March 15, 2017:

Excellent article. Not here for a science fair or anything, just personal research. Thanks!

Mazlan (author) from Malaysia on March 14, 2017:

Hi Mary. Please check my earlier reply to another reader requesting for similar info

Mary on March 09, 2017:

Hello Sir,

Could you please provide your full name, as I will be referencing my project, and would need your full name for citations etc?

Thank you! :)

B.featherstone on March 01, 2017:

I hav sung and hummed while tending to my plants and I swear they seem to be growing better. Hey we are all and everything around us is energy so why not give it a try, worst thing could happen is you might be happier lol

MazlanUrMieHeeero on February 13, 2017:

Tomorrows Valentines day Mazlan: have you got me anything special?

Mazlan (author) from Malaysia on February 02, 2017:

zoe, when you enjoy doing the experiment or any work for that matter, the outcome will always be good. Cheers!

zoe on February 01, 2017:

this is a fun experiment