10 Wonderful Trees With White Bark

Updated on June 12, 2016
Will Apse profile image

The author is a biologist who worked in conservation, aquatic biology, and woodland management over many years.

If you are looking for a tree with white bark for a garden, or trying to identify a tree that you have recently seen, this page is designed to help.

You will find:

  • Birch trees (some of the many kinds)
  • Eucalyptus
  • Aspen (sometimes called poplar)
  • Cypress trees
  • Whitebark pine
  • Plane trees
  • A few oddities...

Why Are These Trees so Popular?

Trees with white bark are always eye-catching. The trunks and branches of the White Birch (pictured above) stand out strongly in the shadow of woodland. In a garden, the white column of bark can be a wonderful contrast to the strong colors of flowers and foliage.

Magical Quality

There are not many truly white barks in nature. In a lonely place and a special light, a white tree can have mystical overtones.

In some settings, a white tree can be downright scary, the whiteness evoking a memory of bones and death.

White Birch
White Birch

Birches

White Birch, Betula papyrifera

This is a North American native found across most of Canada and in the most northerly US states, including New England.

It is sometimes called the Canoe Birch because, in former times, the bark was used by Native Americans to create canoes.

The 'papyrifera' part of its Latin name means 'paper.' It was named this way because, often, the bark peels off in thin papery layers. Yet another name for this tree is the 'Paper Birch.'

Small specimen of European Birch in a garden in Florida.
Small specimen of European Birch in a garden in Florida.

European Birch, Betula pendula

Betular pendula is native to northern Europe but is grown as an ornamental tree in many parts of the US, and right across Europe and Asia.

In the UK, it is usually called the Silver Birch, and if you look at the picture below you can see why. As evening falls, the bark with its shiny, silver-like surface seems to glow like the precious metal.

The 'Widow-Maker'

Foresters sometimes call this tree the 'widow-maker' because any dead branches tend to rot quickly while the tree stands, then fall silently and unpredictably on unsuspecting heads.

Silver Birch bark, dazzling in the evening.
Silver Birch bark, dazzling in the evening.
Papery bark of Betula utilis var. jacquemontii
Papery bark of Betula utilis var. jacquemontii

Birch Cultivars

Birch trees have been specially bred for ornamental purposes for over a hundred years.

Betula utilis jacquemontii has especially striking bark. It is very light-colored, almost white, and peels back naturally into thin paper-like layers.

This variety grows to a height of around 30 feet. It is tolerant of most soil types but does best in well-drained but moist soils.

Grayswood Hill bred from Ermans's Birch
Grayswood Hill bred from Ermans's Birch

Ermans's Birch (Betula ermanii) is native to Siberia, Northeast China, Korea and Japan.

It has a wonderful white or cream-colored bark and it has become a favorite starting point for new garden varieties.

'Polar Bear' is a dazzling white small ornamental tree.

The cultivar 'Grayswood Hill', pictured, is famous for its exceptionally smooth, and appealing bark.

This PDF has a list of the most common birch cultivars in the US and UK:

http://stonelanegardens.com/wp-content/static/2011/09/Research-of-Birch-cultivars.pdf

Bald Cypress

Cypress trees in a Louisiana swamp
Cypress trees in a Louisiana swamp

The Bayous of Louisiana and the Florida Everglades are the two places where you are most likely to come across Bald Cypress Trees (Taxodium distichum) in the US.

These can be real monsters with thousand-year old trunks that spread out at the roots to dance-floor diameters.

The bark of a Bald Cypress is not entirely white, but certainly light enough to give the trees an arresting presence.

Aspen/Poplar

There is some confusion around the word 'aspen'.

In the US, 'aspen' can be applied to almost any fast growing tree with light bark.

Having said that, for the most part, the name is applied to Populus species. So to keep things simple, I will keep this section down to members of that group, alone.

Outside of North America, Populus species trees are called 'poplars.'

American Aspen in the Rockies
American Aspen in the Rockies | Source

American Aspen Populus tremuloides

The American Aspen is an iconic tree in Canada, New England and the Rocky Mountains, probably inspiring more photographs than any other.

In the fall, it produces spectacular displays as the leaves turn gold and shimmer in the breeze.

The trunk is slender, and tall, and the white bark stands out sharply against dark undergrowth.

How to Tell an Aspen from a Birch?

The American Aspen and the White Birch often grow in the same areas and they can easily be confused for each other. The leaves of Birch and Populus species are quite different. though, as you can see in the drawings below the video.

Another big clue is the way that the two trees react to wind.

The 'tremuloides' part of the American Aspen's Latin name describes the way that the leaves shiver or tremble at the lightest air movement, in a very characteristic way.

Birch trees are more robust and less prone to 'quake' in a light wind.

The University of Denver video, below, catches the fall display of the Aspen wonderfully well.

Difference between Birch and Aspen (leaf and catkin).
Difference between Birch and Aspen (leaf and catkin).
European poplar
European poplar

European (or Eurasian) Poplar Populus tremula

This tree is one of the most characteristic trees of Siberia and is found throughout Northern Europe, as far west as Iceland.

It is closely related to the American Aspen.

The bark tends more towards gray than pure white.

In the US, it is present as an invasive species.

http://www.invasiveplantatlas.org/subject.html?sub=11717

Eucalyptus Species

Blue Gum Trees from Australia have gone wild in California!
Blue Gum Trees from Australia have gone wild in California!
Eucalyptus pauciflora
Eucalyptus pauciflora

Most species of Eucalyptus (often called gum trees, because of the sticky gum that oozes from the bark) have a characteristic grey/green mottled bark. Some species, though, like Eucalyptus perriniana and Eucalyptus mannifera, often used in landscaping, can have bone-white bark.

Eucalyptus trees are natives of Australia, but people, attracted by their unusual beauty and, commercial uses, have transplanted them far and wide.

The results can be seen in gardens around the world.

In some places, they have escaped from human cultivation, and now thrive in the wild.

This is especially so in California, where Blue Gum Trees (Eucalyptus globulus) have established themselves in many forests. A great deal of this is down to the efforts of a Santa Barbara rancher, Ellwood Cooper. In the 1870's he planted out 200 acres of Blue Gum and encouraged other people to do the same in his writings.

The beauty of the trees is very obvious, but nowadays it is understood that non-native species can have harmful effects on native plants and animals.

Pine

Whitebark pine
Whitebark pine

Whitebark Pine Pinus albicaulis

This grand, long-lived pine tree is found in the Western US and Canada, most especially in the Rocky Mountains and Sierra Nevada.

It likes high altitudes, and, typically it is found at the tree line of mountains. Harsh conditions at these elevations often mean it is dwarfed and bedraggled in appearance.

In a more sheltered setting, the tree can grow to a height of sixty feet.

Plane Tree

London Plane
London Plane

If you have ever visited London, you will have seen huge numbers of London Plane Trees (Platanus x acerifolia). This huge tree is a favorite ornamental and shade tree found in thousands of streets and parks. Partly it is admired for its bark, partly for its resilience in coping with an urban environment.

The Plane Tree has been extensively bred to grow well in the US, Asia and Australia.

Most species are monumental in size but a few are suitable for small gardens.

Questions & Answers

  • Where do you get London Plane trees?

    If you want to buy a sapling, try this search: "buy Platanus acerifolia in ......." (wherever you happen to live). There might be a local nursery. You can get them through mail order companies, too. The Arborday Foundation sells them for around 15 dollars in the US.

    Another (slower) option is to take cuttings or gather seeds from a specimen in your area.

Comments

    0 of 8192 characters used
    Post Comment

    • profile image

      Sheryl Massey 

      3 months ago

      Very helpful; I have determined that we have a white birch in our front yard by the leaf pictures posted.

    • profile image

      Renee 

      11 months ago

      Thanks for sharing. These are beautiful! I saw a post a few minutes ago that someone called a grove of Birch, a grove of Alders. They were not Alders. I had a lot of Alder on my property years ago and none had white bark. Are their any Alder Species with really white bark?

    • Will Apse profile imageAUTHOR

      Will Apse 

      2 years ago

      @blanca

      Before poets and artists started celebrating the natural world, the wilderness was seen as a scary place to be avoided. Great paintings helped bring out the beauty of the natural world and encouraged people to explore more, so I reckon that what you say makes perfect sense.

    • profile image

      blanca 

      2 years ago

      I've started to like trees due to paintings, if that makes any sense. They bring about so much character to a view.

    • brakel2 profile image

      Audrey Selig 

      2 years ago from Oklahoma City, Oklahoma

      I love birch trees, Will. We have a dining room table that is from birch. It is brown, due to the finish I guess. These trees in the hub are very beautiful and mystical. I wonder how a white birch table would look, if there is such a thing. Thanks for sharing the photos and stories. Blessings, Audrey Sharing hub.

    • Sunder1 profile image

      rahul 

      3 years ago from India

      very happy to see tree related hub. Specially I like eucalyptus tree

    • Will Apse profile imageAUTHOR

      Will Apse 

      4 years ago

      Thanks, to both of you.

      The older I get, the more I appreciate the natural world and the more I love trees.

      I don't sidle up to them for a hug, just yet, but that might be on its way, lol.

    • rebeccamealey profile image

      Rebecca Mealey 

      4 years ago from Northeastern Georgia, USA

      What a unique topic! And the trees are just beautiful. I love white bark trees.

    • WiccanSage profile image

      Mackenzie Sage Wright 

      4 years ago

      Very cool, and you're right-- they do have a magical quality. Where I went camping when my kids were young there were a lot of white birch trees they were always a favorite. Nice hub, voted up.

    working

    This website uses cookies

    As a user in the EEA, your approval is needed on a few things. To provide a better website experience, dengarden.com uses cookies (and other similar technologies) and may collect, process, and share personal data. Please choose which areas of our service you consent to our doing so.

    For more information on managing or withdrawing consents and how we handle data, visit our Privacy Policy at: https://dengarden.com/privacy-policy#gdpr

    Show Details
    Necessary
    HubPages Device IDThis is used to identify particular browsers or devices when the access the service, and is used for security reasons.
    LoginThis is necessary to sign in to the HubPages Service.
    Google RecaptchaThis is used to prevent bots and spam. (Privacy Policy)
    AkismetThis is used to detect comment spam. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide data on traffic to our website, all personally identifyable data is anonymized. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Traffic PixelThis is used to collect data on traffic to articles and other pages on our site. Unless you are signed in to a HubPages account, all personally identifiable information is anonymized.
    Amazon Web ServicesThis is a cloud services platform that we used to host our service. (Privacy Policy)
    CloudflareThis is a cloud CDN service that we use to efficiently deliver files required for our service to operate such as javascript, cascading style sheets, images, and videos. (Privacy Policy)
    Google Hosted LibrariesJavascript software libraries such as jQuery are loaded at endpoints on the googleapis.com or gstatic.com domains, for performance and efficiency reasons. (Privacy Policy)
    Features
    Google Custom SearchThis is feature allows you to search the site. (Privacy Policy)
    Google MapsSome articles have Google Maps embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    Google ChartsThis is used to display charts and graphs on articles and the author center. (Privacy Policy)
    Google AdSense Host APIThis service allows you to sign up for or associate a Google AdSense account with HubPages, so that you can earn money from ads on your articles. No data is shared unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Google YouTubeSome articles have YouTube videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    VimeoSome articles have Vimeo videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    PaypalThis is used for a registered author who enrolls in the HubPages Earnings program and requests to be paid via PayPal. No data is shared with Paypal unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook LoginYou can use this to streamline signing up for, or signing in to your Hubpages account. No data is shared with Facebook unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    MavenThis supports the Maven widget and search functionality. (Privacy Policy)
    Marketing
    Google AdSenseThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Google DoubleClickGoogle provides ad serving technology and runs an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Index ExchangeThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    SovrnThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook AdsThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Unified Ad MarketplaceThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    AppNexusThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    OpenxThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Rubicon ProjectThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    TripleLiftThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Say MediaWe partner with Say Media to deliver ad campaigns on our sites. (Privacy Policy)
    Remarketing PixelsWe may use remarketing pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to advertise the HubPages Service to people that have visited our sites.
    Conversion Tracking PixelsWe may use conversion tracking pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to identify when an advertisement has successfully resulted in the desired action, such as signing up for the HubPages Service or publishing an article on the HubPages Service.
    Statistics
    Author Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide traffic data and reports to the authors of articles on the HubPages Service. (Privacy Policy)
    ComscoreComScore is a media measurement and analytics company providing marketing data and analytics to enterprises, media and advertising agencies, and publishers. Non-consent will result in ComScore only processing obfuscated personal data. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Tracking PixelSome articles display amazon products as part of the Amazon Affiliate program, this pixel provides traffic statistics for those products (Privacy Policy)