Tom has 17 years experience as a commercial locksmith and over 20 years in door hardware distribution.
If all you need to do is change the key to your lock, and you are fairly good with tools, you may want to do it yourself. Or, you may want to remove the lock and bring it to a locksmith to be rekeyed. In rekeying, only tiny parts within the cylinder are changed; the rest of the lock stays the same.
Following is an overview of the various locks there are and how to change them.
Cylinders for Locks
In order to change your lock, you can replace your entire lock, or you can replace just the cylinder, or you can take just the cylinder to a locksmith to be rekeyed. There are three basic types of cylinders:
- Rim cylinders
- Mortise cylinders
- Cylindrical lock or tubular deadbolt cylinders
They are each pictured below.
Cylindrical Lock Cylinder
Cylindrical locks are one of the most common types of locks, but they can be deceptively complicated to change. If this is the only lock on your apartment door, or if you want actual security, you might consider just leaving it alone and installing a deadbolt above it, since a cylindrical lock provides basically very little resistance to burglary.
Because of the great differences between cylindrical lock cylinders of different manufacturers and even between different product lines of the same manufacturer, it may not be feasible to purchase a replacement cylinder in advance unless you know the exact make and model of the lock. If you do not have a replacement cylinder in advance, you will have to leave the secured space open while you fetch a new cylinder or get the existing one rekeyed, so plan to have someone watch the space while you are gone.
Many manufacturers offer their cylindrical lock installation instructions online. If you identify your cylindrical lock make and model you may be able to find these instructions online.
Above is shown a cylindrical key-in-knob lock. Below that is the latch face of a cylindrical lock, where you can usually find the brand name. Below this section is an illustration of a cylindrical key-in-lever lock.
To access the cylinder, you will need to remove the outside knob or lever. To do this, you will need a piece of stiff wire and the key to the lock. In the illustration below I have (rather crudely) indicated the location of the all-important poke hole. If you determine that your lock has no poke hole, that means that your lock is either cheap, old, or complicated to disassemble. Your best bet is to replace the whole lock.
If your lock indeed has a poke hole, to remove the outside knob or lever, insert the key and turn it 90 degrees. Depending on the lock function, this action may or may not retract the latch. With the key turned to 90 degrees, insert a piece of stiff wire or other slender, rigid object straight into the poke hole. Beneath the poke hole, there is a pin which must be depressed in order to allow the lever or knob to slide off. This process would be easy if you had three hands. To remove the knob or lever, you must pull on the knob or lever while depressing the pin beneath the poke hole and turning the key to the 90-degree position. It should slide off with a small amount of force.
Once you have removed the knob or lever, look inside from the back. The cylinder should be loose inside the knob or lever, or held in by a piece of plastic or sheet metal. Remove whatever is holding it in and remove the cylinder. Now look on the latch face (visible on the edge of the door) for the brand name of the lock. Armed with the brand name of the lock and the cylinder, you should be able to bring the cylinder to a locksmith and either purchase a replacement cylinder or have the locksmith rekey the cylinder as an over the counter transaction.
Illustrated Cylindrical Lock
To avoid confusion, try to find installation instructions for your brand of deadbolt online. Like cylindrical locks, deadbolts often have their brand name stamped on the latch (or bolt) face (see picture of Arrow Latch Face above).
While tubular deadbolt cylinders can often be similar in appearance to cylindrical lock cylinders, they are usually much easier to get to. If the lock has a key on the outside and a thumbturn on the inside, simply unscrew screws until the lock comes off the door.
If the lock has a key inside and outside, the screws that hold the inside cylinder on are probably concealed. The usual way they are concealed is with drive-in covers, that is, screw covers that are tapped into place with a hammer. These screw covers are sometimes difficult to remove without damaging them. Some double keyed deadbolts have a shutter that turns when the inside key is turned. When you turn the key to a certain degree, holes appear which allow the lock to be removed. Once the lock is removed, the cylinder will be clearly visible.
The outside cylinder will be held into the outside housing with a clip or screw, or it will actually be the outside housing.
As with the cylindrical lock, you can usually look on the edge of the door where the bolt projects and find the brand name of the lock. Armed with the brand name of the lock and the cylinder in hand, you can take your cylinder to a locksmith for rekeying or replacement.
When you are at the locksmith shop, ask if it would be cheaper to rekey the lock or to replace the entire lock with an equal lock. The locksmith will probably express an opinion about the quality of the lock. Based on that opinion, you can decide whether you might want to upgrade to a better lock.
When you reassemble the lock, note that the tailpiece, that is, the piece of metal that connects the cylinder(s) to the bolt, is (are) "timed". That means that they must be rotated so that the tailpiece is free to turn when the bolt is thrown by the turnknob or other cylinder. Such tailpieces are called "lazy" tailpieces because they are passive, allowing themselves to be turned by an outside force. You will know that you did it wrong if you reassemble the lock and then find that you cannot lock or unlock it from one side or the other.
Mortise cylinders are much easier to deal with than cylindrical lock cylinders or tubular deadbolt cylinders, but there are still a couple of things you need to know in order to get one in advance, and those are:
- Cylinder length (dimension "X" in the illustration above left)
- Cam style (above right)
The cam pictured above is specific to Sargent mortise locks. Different manufacturers use different cams for different models of mortise locks. If you have the wrong cam, your cylinder will probably not work right.
You can take the mortise cylinder with you to the locksmith shop and tell the counter person that you want one just like it. Of course, while your cylinder is out of the lock, your door is not secure.
A mortise cylinder is actually a big machine screw. It threads into the body of the mortise lock. It is kept from turning by a set screw.
To remove the mortise cylinder from a mortise lock:
- Remove the lock front, or faceplate, by removing the two faceplate screws as shown above right
- Loosen (but do not remove) the cylinder set screw (next picture down)
- Turn the mortise cylinder counter-clockwise until it comes out
To put the new mortise cylinder in:
- Thread the mortise cylinder clockwise into the lock body
- Tighten the cylinder set screw (DO NOT OVERTIGHTEN)
- Re-install the mortise lock faceplate
Rim Cylinders are the easiest of all cylinders to replace. For one thing, since there is very little difference between rim cylinders made by different manufacturers, you can just go buy one and it will probably work just fine.
To remove your old rim cylinder:
- Remove the lock from the door
- Remove the two screws that hold the rim cylinder in place
To install the new rim cylinder:
- Cut the tailpiece if necessary with a bolt cutter or hacksaw
- Fasten the rim cylinder screws through the cylinder backplate
- Re-install rim lock
Very easy. Cutting the tailpiece can be challenging if you've never done it before. Just be careful not to cut the tailpiece too short.
This article is accurate and true to the best of the author’s knowledge. Content is for informational or entertainment purposes only and does not substitute for personal counsel or professional advice in business, financial, legal, or technical matters.
Questions & Answers
Question: Is it possible to change a mortise cylinder paddle lock (inside, key on the outside) with a thumb turn lock or deadbolt?
Answer: When you say "paddle lock," I think you probably mean an Adams Rite latch with a paddle inside and a cylinder outside. You can use a thumb turn mortise cylinder with this lock instead of the paddle. When you remove the paddle, there will be two mounting holes left visible.
If the faceplate of your Adams Rite latch is 6-7/8 inches tall, it can easily be replaced with an Adams Rite MS1850 deadbolt. You could use a thumb turn mortise cylinder with the MS1850, and you would still have the paddle mounting holes left exposed. The backset of the MS1850 (the distance between the centerline of the cylinder hole and the edge of the door) must be the same as the existing latch.
The strike, the part that receives the latch now, presents a bit of a problem in that there is no easy way to replace it with something that will receive the bolt. One would have to fabricate a custom metal plate to do the job. It would be difficult to make such a plate that would look anything but homemade. Getting the hole in the right place and the correct size to receive the bolt is a job for a professional.
Question: Which deadbolt is the most secure?
Answer: Every deadbolt has its strengths and weaknesses. In a cylindrical deadbolt, I like to see a good, strong, positively locking bolt, a cowl that protects the inner locking mechanism and a cylinder that offers at least some protection against picking and bumping. My recommendations would be the Medeco Maxum deadbolt, and the Schlage B660 in one of their Everest keyways. For a surface mounted deadbolt, I recommend the Segal 666 or 667 drop bolt. I have seen the Segal used with the Medeco Maxum on a hollow metal door resist attack pretty well.
The bottom line is always, however, that whatever can be put on with tools can be taken off with tools. All a good lock can really do is slow a burglar down. Burglars do not want to spend a lot of time breaking in. So, if you can make it difficult, they may either give up before getting in, or look for an easier door to break into.
© 2008 Tom rubenoff
Shaun W on August 23, 2019:
So I currently have older Kwikset locks (6 pin) that obviously have a KW keyway. This is for both my deadbolt and keyed entry lever. No "Smartkey" in them, thankfully. Now I'm looking at a smart home deadbolt, like Baldwin's (uses Kwikset's electronics, but their own locks), which use C keyways. Is there a way to insert a Baldwin C keyway cylinder lock (for one of their keyed entry knobs/levers) into a Kwikset keyed entry lever? I know the big issue is the tailpieces and getting them to play nice.
Tom rubenoff (author) from United States on September 08, 2018:
I'd say get it replaced. Many systems are tied in to the ignition. Best have the work done by an expert who specializes in car ignitions.
Selena Onstott on September 06, 2018:
If the tumbler locks on your ignition is broken do you have to replace it or not
Tom rubenoff (author) from United States on August 06, 2018:
There are several thousand combinations that are usable for a standard pin tumbler lock. It is certain in most cases that there are duplicates out there. So it is not surprising that your new key might open your old lock or vice versa. Your locksmith sounds good- your deadbolt situation doesn’t seem critical so may as well wait for now, maybe combine that repair with other service.
Best thing to do if you think you have unauthorized visitors would be to install video surveillance.
Nancy A. on August 06, 2018:
Question, our house was robbed. I've had the locksmith in 2016 to re-key all our locks and deadbolts in 2016. Yet we think someone has been back in our house. So frightening, especially as we have an alarm.
1. My husband installed a new door handle on our front door. We had not yet had it re-keyed to match all of the other locks. Accidentally, I inserted the new key to the door handle into the front door deadbolt which it unlocked. I freaked out. I checked and the new key did not unlock any of the other locks. I called the locksmith who came out. He said it was unusual but as there was a 7 on both keys, that was the reason the new key to the door handle unlocked the deadbolt he had previously re-keyed. Does that make sense? He re-keyed the door handle lock to match all the other locks.
2. The cylinder in the deadbolt on our kitchen door is loose. Also, you can push it in a bit from the inside, not from outside. I called the locksmith who said that was no big deal, something about a screw inside. Does that make sense?
I'm wondering if I need to get another locksmith in. This company gets very solid reviews and he is their senior locksmith.
Thank you in advance for your advice.
J Baldwin on November 25, 2017:
Thanks you so much. I had to change a lock tumbler and did not know about the push pin. Thanks again!!
Govinda on April 05, 2017:
Where can I get cylinders (to change the key) for NU-SET lock and Kwick ?
Tom rubenoff (author) from United States on June 22, 2016:
It is wonderful to know when my writing helps someone! Thanks for letting me know. Thank you.
Peter on June 20, 2016:
Thank you I am in Almeria Spain with a broken door lock, your very detailed information has enabled to repair my front door lock and secure my property once again. Thank You.
Tom rubenoff (author) from United States on January 21, 2015:
Thank you, Team Wiseman!
Team Wiseman on January 19, 2015:
Perfect! This article is exactly what one needs. Well written and detailed PLUS was super easy to understand. Thumbs up , Useful + followed you on all social sites. Also gonna Share this article with FB, Twitter, g+, and Pinterest for anyone who may need this info. Oh yeah, Bookmarked you also. Thanks for the well written advice!!
Tom rubenoff (author) from United States on April 14, 2014:
I am not acquainted with GMS cylinders, but I should be able to identify what the tailpiece arrangement is by looking at Medeco replacement cylinders for the Baldwin 5025. I will let you know what I find out.
Raffy on April 14, 2014:
Sorry, it's the 5025 Baldwin knob.
Raffy on April 14, 2014:
And more - I think he said the knob would need to have a "screw-on tailpiece that's flat. Not stubby". How would I find this out? Have looked at Baldwin website, but will look again.
Raffy on April 14, 2014:
Tom: I am trying to figure something out. My locksmith told me that in order to replace a Baldwin 5024 knob cylinder (that I will order, but haven't yet) with a GMS cylinder, I need to find out if it "is the same cylinder which fits into A cylinder knobs". The guy at Baldwin was out for the day that knows about cylinders, and this is not about the keyway. I can't even find anything online about A cylinders, except locksmith did tell me that it is medium duty (not heavy duty). I can't order the knobs until I have this piece of information. Do you know if this is the case? I've looked at Baldin website and done Google searches, but nothing mentins what type of cylinder comes inside the knob.
Tom rubenoff (author) from United States on April 04, 2014:
Thanks for that tip, Micah.
Micahwilson on April 04, 2014:
It's important to have the right tools if installing a new deadbolt so the job goes quickly and no mistakes happen. If you live in the San Diego area you can contact www.locksmith-sandiego.org for fast and personal service. We are available 24/7 to help with your home security needs.
Tom rubenoff (author) from United States on November 24, 2012:
It sounds like you have a double keyed cylindrical door knob or lever lock and the handle can only be removed when the key is turned 90 degrees. Therefore the only ways to overcome the problem are to either remove the broken key and duplicate it or destroy both cylinders so that the lock can be removed and the cylinders replace. Of these two, to first option would be by far the easier.
tony on November 23, 2012:
I have a cylinder lock with a keyhole on both faces and was only left with one key by the previous householder. unfortunately that key broke in the lock and I can't get the cylinder out to replace it. I have dismantled another similar lock to investigate the issue and in the middle of the shaft there is a latch that protrudes to lock the barrel in place when the key is centred (as it is on the lock with the broken key). Can you advise me if there is any way I can overcome this latch to allow me to replacee the cylinder
Tom rubenoff (author) from United States on March 12, 2012:
I'm sorry, Juanita, but that is something I will not discuss online. I wish you good luck. I think it is best to call a locksmith because they will be able to get in with the least amount of damage to your door.
Juanita on March 12, 2012:
I need help to remove a jammed jimmy proof deadbolt (vertical bolts). I am locked out so I cannot access the interior side of the lock. I don't mind damaging the lock in order to unlock the door.
Tom rubenoff (author) from United States on February 03, 2012:
Yes, Debbie, well, at least cookies. They love it here. They are my brother and sister locksmiths and of course they are welcome.
Debby Bruck on February 03, 2012:
Wow! Tom you are like the hub of locksmiths. They all clamber to unlock the door with their identity skeleton key. And leave some cookies and milk on the table. Blessings, Debby
Tom rubenoff (author) from United States on February 03, 2012:
Tom rubenoff (author) from United States on December 30, 2011:
Not sure what you mean by 3 lever. Is there a brand name on it? Does the cylinder look like any of those above?
ian groves on December 30, 2011:
hello can any one help i have a 3 lever i think the type that you pull handle up before you lock door,im after changing just for new keys is this possible.
Tom rubenoff (author) from United States on November 08, 2011:
Hi John. I will write a separate article on disassembling and reassembling a common pin tumbler cylinder down to its most basic parts, but in the mean time it may be simpler for you to buy a new cylinder instead. Also, how did it come apart? If it came apart spontaneously, in may need replacing anyway.
John on November 08, 2011:
What if the mechanism inside the Cylindrical lock where the key fits in all came off . It's practically in pieces now . How do i re-assemble it ?
Milwaukee Locksmith on April 18, 2011:
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locksmith on March 27, 2011:
Q- Why is it necessary to re-key your locks? -
A- It is necessary to re-key your doors for many reasons. If you have just moved to a new home, the previous home owners could have duplicated the key and have full access to enter your home and steal from you. Another reason is after a certain amount of time the pins and bolts are not as strong leading to easier break In’s. Another big reason is money; everyone wants to save money so re-keying saves you money.
Q- Are Jimmy Proof products a good idea to put it? -
A- Jimmy Proofs are very good. These are much more complex than doorknobs and dead bolts. Jimmy proof locks are created differently; two vertical bars are interlocked when you turn the knob to secure the jimmy proof. This causes the door to be extremely strong because there is no room between the door pry bar and the jamb.
Q- Why is it that Dead Bolts are better than doorknobs? -
A- Dead Bolts are better than regular doorknobs for many reasons. Doorknobs are easily picked. For example, you can slide a credit card or an ID and easily unlock a doorknob. On the other hand, a dead bolt lock cannot be easily picked. When you secure the door the lock goes way further into the door causing it to be secured better. An ID cannot push open the lock it would take a lot more than that!
Q- Are Biometrical ways of security worth using? -
A- Yes, Biometrical wats of security are worth using if you have the money. Most biometrical ways of security are used in buildings like hospitals, schools etc. Not a lot of people use Biometrical security in there homes because of the price. Biometrical Lock- Locks that can only be opened by a fingerprint (the owners fingerprint)
Q- How can you tell when your doors need re-keying?
A- it is best to re-key your doors every 5 years because 5 years is a long time. someone could have copied your key and etc. Another time is after a break in, if you have experienced a break in you should change the cylinders because they have been damaged.
Q- What's the difference between a panic bar and a push bar?
A- panic bar is the same thing as a push bar. the purpose of the panic bar is in its name. if there is an emergency thee easiest way to run out of a building is tosh the door open not turn a knob. All schools and hospitals must have panic bars. these bars are on the inside of the building not the outside.
Q- How to Re-Key?-
A- 1. Check the brand on every door; your locks might have different manufactures. Purchase a re-key kit for every brand you have. They are easily accessible at home stores and online. The kits come with two keys and tools to re-key six door locks.
2. Unlock the door, and remove the doorknob by inserting the wire tool, which you will find in your kit, into the hole on the knob. Release the clip and take of the knob.
3. Push the lock cylinder out of the knob. Once the knob sleeve drops off, use the retainer ring tool, also in your re-key kit, to free the cylinder.
4. Using your old key, turn it ninety degrees left or ninety degrees to the right. Take the key out and push the plug through with the plug follower tool in your kit. put even pressure on the plug and tool to make sure you don’t lose your springs by accident.
5. Empty the plug pins and put the new key in the product. Use tweezers or forceps to insert the new color-coded pins into the plug. Follow the kit instructions to ensure the new pins are put in correctly. Reassemble the doorknob after all this is done.
Tom rubenoff (author) from United States on March 20, 2011:
I appreciate that locksmiths are drawn here, as I am one.
Tom rubenoff (author) from United States on January 02, 2011:
Locksmith Toronto on January 02, 2011:
very well written, Clear and simple
Tom rubenoff (author) from United States on December 30, 2010:
Thank you, locksmiths!!! :D
Buffalo Locksmith on December 30, 2010:
SD-Locksmith from San Diego on December 13, 2010:
This is so much more than an overview! Wow! For those who happen to be in San Diego and are not so great with tools, we'd be happy to help - and at a discounted rate if you mention Tom's hub.
Locksmith Brunswick on August 22, 2010:
Very informative article.. Ty
Locksmith Melbourne on August 01, 2010:
Excellent article Tom! Thanks
Exit Alarms on April 24, 2010:
it is very nice article it is also useful for those people who change locks
scaffolding tower from United Kingdom on February 02, 2010:
Very detailed. Now, instead of waiting for the landlord to "come see what's broken" one could read through this and change the lock without much help. Good stuff.
Tom rubenoff (author) from United States on December 16, 2009:
I am glad that you found my article useful, Shanel, thank you!
shanel from Seattle on December 16, 2009:
What a wonderfully, detailed hub regarding locks. I have run into trouble trying to reset tumblers a couple of times where I get the springs jammed in the cylindrical lock cylindar. Your directions are really clear and precise. Thanks.