How to keep your water tank cool in summer

Updated on April 16, 2016
Water tank painted
Water tank painted | Source

It has really been hard for us, particularly in summer but in winter as well, to use the water from the water tank installed on the roof. The water tank is made of fiberglass and the water stored inside turns so hot at noon in the summer season that it is hard to touch. Temperature in my area during summer reaches 47 degree Celsius. We used to fill the tank in the morning and by noon; it turned too hot to touch. One way to deal with that was to drain the hot water in the evening and fill it again with fresh water. However, this way, much water was wasted. During winter, the temperature touches 0 degrees in December and January and we had to face the same problem. We don’t drain the water in winter but excessive use of water heater is common at that time. The water stored in the tank reaches 4-5 degrees Celsius during night. Kids are always reluctant to take a shower in the morning before going to school. I searched a lot on the internet to find some solution of the problem but couldn’t find something practical. Last week, I met a friend who is M.Sc. in chemistry and discussed the matter with him. He mentioned a simple procedure about how to keep the water tank cool in summer. It is very simple to do, economical as well as much effective. I am sure many can benefit from that.

The solution was so simple that I didn’t believe it when I heard but it really did wonders for us after we applied it. Here is some simple explanation of the details how anyone who has this problem can benefit from this.

The materials required are not too many. It only required:

  • 3-4 kilogram of fine powdered calcium carbonate
  • Two kilogram of white glue
  • A 4” paintbrush
  • A plastic bucket
  • That is all.

This material is enough to cover for a water tank of 200 gallons. You can increase or decrease the quantity based on the size of your tank. All these materials can be purchased from a paint or building material shop and they are not very expensive too.

The procedure is very simple. Take a plastic container, may be a bucket, add about 3 kilogram of calcium carbonate powder in it. Add some water and keep stirring to make a uniform paste. Lumps will start developing at the start but with constant stirring, a fine paste will be prepared. You can use a stick to stir the paste. When a homogeneous paste is ready, add about 1.5 kilograms of glue to it and stir again. It will take about 5 minutes to get the paste ready.

Have you tried this method before

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Now carry this bucket with the paintbrush to the roof where the water tank is installed. All you have to do is to paint a thin layer of this paste all over the tank. You need to make sure all sides of the tank are covered with this paste. Please pay attention to corners, bottom part and where the pipes are attached. These will be a bit difficult sections but could be done with a little effort. It took me about half an hour to cover the whole tank. Once you are all done with the tank, watch closely how much part of the water pipe coming to and going from the tank is open to sunlight. You need to add a layer of this paste to these parts of the pipes as well. If you don’t do this, the cooling factor would be affected, as the water will get hot while passing through these pipes. This way you can cover the water tank of the size of 200 gallons with about 4 kg of the powder and about 1.5 kilograms of the white glue. Let the things cool down. Preferably, perform this activity in the morning so that the paste can dry through the day in sunlight. Fill the tank with water as you will normally do and you will be amazed to see the results. I filled the tank with water in the morning when water was pleasantly cold. Until about 2pm, there was no change in water temperature. It was same like in the morning. This was really an amazing and good news for us. By 5pm, the water temperature increased by about 2-3 degrees. On the day when I did this assignment, the maximum day temperature at noon was 42 degrees.

On the next day, you need to use the remaining material i.e. about 1 kg of the calcium carbonate powder and about 500 grams of white glue. Mix them together the same way we did on the previous day. Reach out to the water tank on the roof and look for any spaces left yesterday or created after the white layer was dried. Fill out all those spaces same way with the paste and that’s all, you are done.

I am hopeful the results will also be encouraging in winter. I did some research on calcium carbonate and came to know that, in addition to many other uses, it also works as insulating agent. This simple, short, economical and effective procedure has really gone well for us.

water tank painted with calcium carbonate
water tank painted with calcium carbonate | Source

Questions & Answers

  • Do I have to paint my water tank every day to keep it cool in the summer?

    Not really. Once it is painted, and as long as there is no rain, it can work for 3-4 months.

  • Will these methods of keeping my water tank cool in the summer work on the kinds of water tanks found in India?

    It should work.

  • Does this technique give over cooled water in winter?

    This coating actually works as an insulator, trying to keep the original temperature of water. So, in winter, it will not give over cooled water but at temperature when it was stored in the tank.

  • Can this cooling technique be used on a rubber water tank?

    Yes, I believe it should work on rubber too.

  • What kind of glue do I use for this water tank project?

    You can use white glue, also called wood glue.

Comments

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    • profile image

      Shahid Iqbal 

      7 weeks ago

      I live in Lahore and have an overhead concrete water tank. I have two questions.

      1. Would it work on concrete water tank?

      2. How quickly the moonsoon rains wash away the material?

      JazakAllah Khayr

    • myefforts profile imageAUTHOR

      Asif 

      3 months ago from Lahore

      Brother Abdullah, It should work.The color of tank has nothing to do with it.

    • profile image

      Abdullah 

      3 months ago

      Brother. I have the blue one water tank. Will the chemical work on that too?

    • profile image

      Abubaker 

      3 months ago

      Asif ! I appreciate your research work and encourage you to keep going on the track for the innovation. I have a question about the health of water tank : Does the calcium carb, reacts with the tank's body? does it safe for the water tank or damage the tank physically in future?

    • myefforts profile imageAUTHOR

      Asif 

      3 months ago from Lahore

      Thank you for your comments Abdullah. Yes, I am still using it. You can sure try.

    • profile image

      Abdullah 

      3 months ago

      Brother Asif , i see that you are living in Lahore. I am from Sargodha. Are you still using this "TOTKA". I also want to try this...

    • profile image

      waseem 

      3 months ago

      Very useful . May God bless you

    • myefforts profile imageAUTHOR

      Asif 

      5 months ago from Lahore

      Yes, it will

    • profile image

      Aniket yadav 

      5 months ago

      Will it work on the plastic tanks also?? Like the black coloured tanks which are commonly used in India??

    • myefforts profile imageAUTHOR

      Asif 

      7 months ago from Lahore

      Done once will do for one summer. If you can cover it, that would be good otherwise it will be washed away if there is frequent rain.

    • profile image

      georgeyo22 

      11 months ago

      How often do I need to paste the tank? Also I was thinking to cover the tank to protect from rain. Do you think that will work? Thank you.

    • profile image

      Sardar Khan 

      12 months ago

      I have A tank capacity of 150 gallons. how much powder will mix in glue.

    • profile image

      Sardar Khan 

      12 months ago

      I have same problem (hot water) And I will also apply same paste and I think that this will work properly.Thanks for this.

    • myefforts profile imageAUTHOR

      Asif 

      12 months ago from Lahore

      "Sang e mar mar ka powder"

    • profile image

      Abdul Hafeez 

      12 months ago

      Please tell "desi" name of calcium carbonate powder...

    • myefforts profile imageAUTHOR

      Asif 

      12 months ago from Lahore

      This coating acts as an insulator so I guess this is helpful in both summer and winter.

    • profile image

      Rida Alkhdour 

      12 months ago

      Grateful for you.

      I will try it soon and get back to you.

      Can i ask a question please; Is this way from your experience effective in summer and winter as well? in other words; does the temp. remain cold in summer and warm in winter?

    • profile image

      Abdulla Khalifa 

      12 months ago

      I would like to know how many person applied the calcium carbonate and satisfy with results?

    • myefforts profile imageAUTHOR

      Asif 

      12 months ago from Lahore

      The purpose of adding the glue is to help the lime stay.. Hopefully that would work.

    • profile image

      Mohammad K 

      12 months ago

      Mr. Asif, thank you for your previous reply, I think I understood what the calisium carbo. is, it's called Lime, any how, do you think the will work on a plastic tank? My tank is a 3 pliers plastic and not a fiberglass.

      Thx again

    • myefforts profile imageAUTHOR

      Asif 

      13 months ago from Lahore

      I am from Pakistan and this is easily available here on chemical stores..who sell building materials.

    • profile image

      Mohammad K 

      13 months ago

      Super,

      Mr. Asif, where are you from? I'am from Bahrain and tried to find the calcium carbonate material in Bahrain but couldn't find it.

    • profile image

      Shamiul Alam 

      13 months ago

      Calcium Carbonate is chun (in Bangla). Ask for "chun" in paint shop (rong er dokan).

    • myefforts profile imageAUTHOR

      Asif 

      13 months ago from Lahore

      There would be an extra cost for fan, electricity as well as maintenance of fan.

    • profile image

      Mohamed 

      13 months ago

      I installed a fan on the top of the tank so the hot air come inside and leave the tank with some water steam after 3 hours the temperature of the tank water start dropping down until it be cold even at 1300 pm. ... the fan have to stay working from morning until 1700pm

    • myefforts profile imageAUTHOR

      Asif 

      13 months ago from Lahore

      I think you will have to do it every year.

    • profile image

      Hamad 

      13 months ago

      Will this work in my country Saudi Arabia when the temperature reached 50 degree? I mean will this material last and will I need to renew it after some years or yearly?

    • profile image

      K N Ajith Kumar 

      13 months ago

      Tis is one of the methods to insulate the tank .Now,many Modern insulating materials including foam wraps are available to insulate tanks and pipes.But the real problem is the water supplied to the tank in summer is normally very hot and if we Insulate the tank,the temperature will remain same as in a Thermo flask.Hence,mostly in hot climate areas ,shower chillers are attached to the Pipe to cool the water going to the tank and then insulate the tank and the supply pipes.

      Now,more innovations are coming in like self cooling eco friendly water tanks.

    • profile image

      Mduydv12@gmail.com 

      14 months ago

      What a nonsense. This is a cheap publicity. Cement is also made from calcium is not this get warm while day. The most nonsense post

    • myefforts profile imageAUTHOR

      Asif 

      14 months ago from Lahore

      Try some chemical store or industrial material store

    • profile image

      farhan 

      14 months ago

      where to buy fine powdered calcium carbonate. hardware stores they don't know about it paint shops too.

    • myefforts profile imageAUTHOR

      Asif 

      14 months ago from Lahore

      yes, that's the drawback that it washes away with rain. You need to adjust the amount of glue in a way to get maximum stability during rain.

    • profile image

      Arif zaman 

      16 months ago

      My tank is green plastic .can i use this method.is it really usefull

    • myefforts profile imageAUTHOR

      Asif 

      2 years ago from Lahore

      Are there any types ? I am not aware of that. I used it in powdered form.

    • profile image

      Simar Kohli 

      2 years ago

      Can you please specify the type of calcium carbonate powder you used?

    • myefforts profile imageAUTHOR

      Asif 

      2 years ago from Lahore

      I think it should work because its main job is to reflect sunlight. If a thick layer is established, I believe it would work.

    • profile image

      Sandeep Singh 

      2 years ago

      Please tell me can we apply this paste on concrete made water tank

    • myefforts profile imageAUTHOR

      Asif 

      2 years ago from Lahore

      Fiberglass is a kind of plastic I believe that I used. It was of red color.

    • profile image

      ibrahim 

      2 years ago

      can this paste work on plastic water tanki 200 gln generally in blue color for use water storage on the roof.

    • myefforts profile imageAUTHOR

      Asif 

      2 years ago from Lahore

      any wood glue would do.

    • profile image

      Murry Gammash 

      2 years ago

      Would you please tell me which white glue did you use?

    • myefforts profile imageAUTHOR

      Asif 

      2 years ago from Lahore

      I am not sure about that. I tried it on a fiberglass tank.

    • profile image

      shadabzmail 

      2 years ago

      Can this be applied without any bad effects, on an overhead black Sintex tank?

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