What Is Zero VOC Paint?
Most home improvement stores sell VOC free paint, which typically costs more than traditional paints, but are these paints worth buying? I work with paint year round, so having the ability to work with less toxic products is a must. But even if you're a homeowner with a one-time painting project, purchasing less toxic paint is definitely the way to go. I'll explain why low and zero VOC paints are important.
Regular house paints contain higher levels of VOCs (volatile organic compounds), which are pretty bad for your health, even when dry. Most of the paints I use are either zero VOC or low. Long-term exposure to paint fumes can cause health problems including kidney and liver damage, memory loss, mental illness, and even cancer.
Dry Paint Is Toxic Too
Paint is most harmful when wet, obviously, but even dry paint releases harmful fumes several years after application, with about 50 percent occurring in the first year. If you are painting a room for your children, absolutely paint the walls with zero VOC paint. Regular paint can cause asthma and even brain damage in young children.
Latex paints are less harmful than alkyd paints, but both include harmful chemical compounds. Oil-based paints are probably the worst because these coatings dry slower, prolonging exposure to the fumes. Latex paints contain ethylene glycol, a component of anti-freeze, which can cause liver damage. Cheap latex paints usually contain more VOCs and are more toxic.
Is VOC-Free Paint Really Zero VOC?
All paints contain volatile organic compounds, but these eco-friendly paints typically contain the lowest amount. According to the EPA, zero VOC paint is 5 g/L or less, and low VOC paint is no greater than 250 g/L.
Keep in mind too that while these paints have lower levels of organic compounds, the tint the paint store uses does not, so when you tint your paint colors at the store, you're increasing these levels. Additionally, satin, enamel, and semi-gloss paint contain higher levels of VOC than flat paint.
There are paints that are totally natural and virtually chemical-free, but these products are usually available only through special ordering online because most major home improvement stores don't carry them. The prices for these natural paints are generally higher too than traditional paints found in stores.
Natural paint is formulated using raw ingredients like plant oil, water, bee's wax, clay, milk protein, and natural minerals. Bio Shield and Livos are two companies who sell organic paints that are safe and contain natural ingredients.
1. Benjamin Moore Natura
Natura is a popular zero VOC paint manufactured and sold by Benjamin Moore. I haven't personally used this product before, but based on what I've read, I don't recommend buying it. Natura paint gets mixed reviews and complaints from consumers who claim the paint smells horrible after application. There was even a recent lawsuit relating to the same complaint. Natura is sold as a premium paint that is supposed to resist fading and staining, and it contains zero VOCs.
As an alternative, I recommend Duration Home from Sherwin Williams, a low VOC paint I use a lot for painting walls. The fumes go away shortly after the paint dries, and stains wipe from the surface easily without the paint rubbing off. The coverage is excellent too. I've had customers walk in the door after I've painted the room with this product and they can't smell the paint. I definitely recommend Duration if you're concerned with paint odor.
2. Harmony Interior Paint
Harmony is another good choice from Sherwin Williams. I've mostly used ProMar 200, but I've used Harmony quite a few times too and found it to be very good paint. The paint has less odor than many other "odorless paints" on the market I've tried.
The main advantage of Harmony, other than minimizing fumes, is the durability of the paint finish. After painting two coats, the surface of the paint is very smooth and easy to wash without causing damage. Harmony is a good paint to use for walls in a children's nursery or bedroom. In terms of coverage, I find that Duration Home covers better, but both are good paints for walls and ceilings.
3. ProMar 200 Zero VOC Interior Paint
ProMar 200 is a Sherwin Williams paint I've used a lot. The paint is very affordable, but still offers advantages of pricier paints.
ProMar 200 covers exceptionally well, and the paint doesn't have a strong odor. The paint also dries fast, so you can apply the second coat no more than one hour after applying the first coat. This product won't give you the durability of more premium Sherwin Williams paints like Duration, but it's still a decent product.
Another advantage of this paint is you can have it mixed in practically any color. The smell of the paint doesn't linger and usually goes away in a couple hours.
This article is accurate and true to the best of the author’s knowledge. Content is for informational or entertainment purposes only and does not substitute for personal counsel or professional advice in business, financial, legal, or technical matters.
Questions & Answers
Question: How is Harmony as far as coverage, hiding ability and general quality of application?
Answer: The coverage of Harmony is pretty good, but not as good as Duration, in my opinion. I honestly haven't used Harmony as much as Duration and other Sherwin Williams paints, so I can't comment on the hiding ability.
Question: Does paint with primer in it work ?
Answer: No, not for priming. I have an article on Dengarden that addresses paint and primer in one. These products do not have primer mixed in with the paint. The paint is thicker for better coverage. These are usually premium paints that do cover better, but again, there's no actual primer in the paint.
© 2012 Matt G.
Matt G. (author) from United States on November 12, 2019:
If you need to prime new, unpainted drywall, use a PVA drywall primer sealer, not the Harmony primer. The PVA drywall primer seals the surface so the taped and mudded joints don't show through the paint. If you paint directly over the bare drywall, or use the wrong primer, the paint finish can look streaky and rough. Sherwin Williams sells a PVA primer for this, but I'm not sure if it's low VOC.
grace on November 11, 2019:
Do you recommend Harmony Primer on mud/sheetrock walls? If not, which primers would you recommend that are relatively low VOC?