Ohio’s Blooming Magnolia Trees

Updated on March 14, 2018
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Teri Silver is a journalist, commercial copywriter, editor, broadcast anchor, and Public Relations Specialist.

Magnolias are not only a symbol of America’s southern states—deciduous, evergreen, and semi-evergreen magnolia trees are growing throughout the country. In Ohio, our ever-changing spring weather determines when the most popular magnolia tree species will start to bloom.

There are four native magnolia (Magnoliaceae) species in Ohio; each has its unique characteristics. Depending on the weather, these flowering trees will bloom in early to late spring (March to June). However, when winter months yield unseasonably warm temperatures, magnolia tree flowers may start budding too early. Inevitably, falling temperatures and late frosts will damage the buds—keeping them from emerging into beautiful flowers.

Maggie is in full bloom!
Maggie is in full bloom!

Ohio’s U.S. Department of Agriculture Plant Hardiness Zones are 5b, 6a and 6b. Suitable magnolia species are Cucumber Tree, Umbrella, Tulip Tree, and Bigleaf.

There are a variety of cultivars for each species.

Cucumber tree magnolia flower
Cucumber tree magnolia flower

Cucumber Tree

The Cucumber Tree (Magnolia x acuminata) is one of the hardiest and most common of Ohio’s magnolia species. Its leaves are about 10 inches long and 5 inches wide. When growing in slightly acidic soil, these trees will reach up to 70 feet high and span 30 feet wide–they typically bloom in late May with greenish yellow bell-shaped flowers.

Cucumber magnolia trees sprout in forests and woodlands around the state; some grow in Central Ohio counties but they mostly populate northern and eastern thickets. Transplanting cucumbertree magnolias is best done in early spring. Seedlings are often used as root stock for growing many ornamental cultivars.

Cucumbertree leaves are ovate, large, alternating and medium green; they turn chartreuse or light brown in the fall. The flower is several inches long. In the summer, cucumbertree magnolias sprout young fruits that do resemble tiny cucumbers. Mid-summer buds are silvery-green and fuzzy.

Umbrella magnolia tree flower
Umbrella magnolia tree flower

Umbrella Magnolia

One of the smaller species, Umbrella Magnolia (Magnolia x tripetala) grows up to 30 feet high with clustering leaves that are about 18 to 25 inches long. Seen mainly in southern counties (Jackson, Scioto, Vinton), Umbrella magnolias are an endangered species in Ohio. The blooms have six or nine yellow-white petals that sprout in late May; they are about 6 to 12 inches long.

Bigleaf magnolia tree bloom
Bigleaf magnolia tree bloom

Bigleaf Magnolia

Suitable for Ohio’s USDA plant hardiness zones 5 and 6, the Bigleaf Magnolia (Magnolia x macrophylla) is a rare deciduous species with leaves that grow from 12 to 36 inches long. This magnolia tree’s ivory flowers have six petals; they are 8 to 10 inches across. Depending on the environment, bigleaf magnolia trees can grow to nearly 60 feet tall in full sun or partial shade but their average height is 30 to 40 feet. Trees may suffer ice and wind damage, especially when buds emerge before the final frost of spring.

Tuliptree magnolia flower
Tuliptree magnolia flower

Tuliptree Magnolia

Tuliptree magnolias (Liriodendron x tulipifer) are most notable for their yellow and greenish foliage and colorful tulip-like flowers. Growing in Ohio (and other areas of USDA zones 4 through 9), tuliptree leaves emerge in spring and bring flowers by the middle of June. Tuliptrees may grow to more than 100 feet high and four feet around; they thrive in damp woodlands, forests, and water-draining downhill slopes.

Magnolia tree varieties bloom in white, pink, magenta, yellow, and many hues in between.
Magnolia tree varieties bloom in white, pink, magenta, yellow, and many hues in between.

Recommended Magnolia Trees for Ohio

The USDA Plant Hardiness Zones are established by combining the lowest average temperatures over a specific time period. In Ohio, the zones are 5b to 6b—between minus 15 degrees Fahrenheit and zero. Some magnolia tree cultivars suitable for Ohio include:

  • Magnolia virginiana ‘Sweet Bay’: leaves are thin and green with white flowers that bloom in May or June. The tree grows from 15 to 30 feet tall and wide. Varieties of ‘Australis’ and ‘Jim Wilson Moonglow’ are popular Sweet Bay magnolias.
  • Magnolia soulangeana ‘Saucer Magnolia’: growing up to 20 feet tall and wide, the flowers often bloom in March (and may be damaged in extremely cold weather). ‘Alexandrina’ and ‘Lennei’ are recommended for zone 6.
  • Magnolia grandiflora ‘Brackens Brown Beauty’: (Southern Magnolia); evergreen with large dark green foliage and perfumed white flowers. Trees grow to about 30 feet tall in direct or filtered sunlight. Blooms in May or June.
  • Magnolia stellate ‘Star Magnolia’: a small tree—growing about 15 feet tall—with white flowers. Blooms in early spring. ‘Royal Star’ and ‘Waterlily’ are cultivars that grow well in zones 5b to 6b.

Consult your local garden store, greenhouse or nursery for advice on the magnolia cultivars (and colors) most suitable for your yard or landscape.

Frost damage
Frost damage

Frost Damage to Magnolia Trees and Shrubs

In Ohio, we often get late spring frosts; no surprise there! Temperatures drop when the sky is clear because there are no clouds to keep heat close to the earth. Frost protection strategies may include irrigation or wind turbines, but these methods are meant for large commercial operations; they are not practical for residential yards and landscapes.

One simple way to protect trees and shrubs from damaging frost is to cover them with light sheets or plastic cloths–if it can be done. Smaller trees and bushes are easy to manage, however, larger magnolias (and other trees) in your landscape can be damaged; there is very little we can do about it. Remove the sheets when the sun comes up because direct sunlight over heat covers can lead to tree and leaf damage.

Questions & Answers

    © 2018 Teri Silver

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    • TeriSilver profile image
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      Teri Silver 5 weeks ago from The Buckeye State

      Thank you!

    • Angel Guzman profile image

      Angel Guzman 5 weeks ago from Joliet, Illinois

      An article like this makes you appreciate nature and want to take a walk around beauty. Good read and great pictures.

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