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How to Sharpen Lawn Mower Blades

Read on to learn how to sharper lawn mower blades on your own!

Read on to learn how to sharper lawn mower blades on your own!

Sharpen Your Mower Blade for a Clean Cut

A sharp lawn mower blade cuts cleanly for a professional, finished look to your yard and improves the health of the lawn. Dirt, sand and debris can quickly dull a lawn mower blade, even when used on a near-perfect lawn. A dull blade tears through the grass, leaving ragged edges that are more susceptible to pests and disease, leaving your lawn with an uneven cut.

Cleaning and sharpening a lawn mower blade is very easy and takes only a few minutes. To make the job even easier, purchase a spare blade for your mower and rotate blades every few weeks, swapping out the dull blade for a pre-sharpened replacement. A clean and sharp lawn mower blade provides a clean cut for a great-looking and healthy lawn.

After all of the time and money spent on fertilizer, watering and weed control, spend an extra couple of minutes to sharpen your lawn mower blade. Your grass will thank you!

A sharp mower blade cuts cleanly

A sharp mower blade cuts cleanly

How to Sharpen Your Mower Blade

Step 1: Remove the Mower Blade

  1. The first step in sharpening a lawn mower blade involves removing the blade from the mower.
  2. Before removing the blade, disconnect the spark plug wire to prevent the mower from starting accidentally.
  3. Also, drain the gas tank to avoid spilling fuel on your lawn or driveway. With the spark plug disconnected, turn the mower on its side to expose the blade and the retaining hardware.
  4. Using a block of wood as a wedge to hold the blade in place, remove the retaining bolt with a socket or large wrench (my Toro mower uses a 7/8" socket). Some mower models have three bolts which must be removed. If the bolt is rusted on or is especially tight, slip a short section of pipe over the ratchet handle; the longer handle provides additional leverage for removing stubborn nuts and bolts.
  5. Before removing the blade, take note of the blade's orientation and the retaining bracket and washer. Most lawn mower blades have distinctive "top" and "bottom" sides, and the blade must be re-installed in the proper orientation. With the blade removed, use a penetrating oil such as WD-40 and a rag to clean both surfaces of the blade.
  6. Inspect the cutting edges carefully; in most cases, the blade will be dull and worn with just minor nicks along the edge. If the blade is noticeably bent or if the cutting edge is suffering from deep dings, the edge may need to be professionally re-ground or possibly replaced.
Removing the lawn mower blade

Removing the lawn mower blade

Step 2: Work the Edge

  1. In most cases, just a light sharpening is needed to increase the cutting efficiency of the blade.
  2. Using a fine-tooth metal file (designed for use with metal), clamp the blade securely on a workbench and lightly file the cutting edge. Take care to follow the established bevel of the blade. Use light but firm strokes.
  3. Start the stroke in the center of the blade and work outwards.
  4. After a few strokes, flip the blade over. The filing process creates a "burr" or ridge on the backside of the blade. With a few light strokes, remove the burr from the backside of the blade to reveal the sharpened edge. Repeat this process on the other cutting edge of the blade.

What tools to use:

  • A fine-tooth metal file (designed for use with metal) works great.
  • A drill, rotary tool or a rotary sharpening stone is a good alternative to the metal file, especially if the blade is very dull or has a few dings on the cutting surface. With the rotary sharpening stone spinning at the tool's higher RPMs, a few light passes along the cutting edge will quickly restore the blade's sharp edge (you still have to remove the bur from the back side of the blade to create the sharp edge).
  • A grinder is another alternative, though this removes a lot of material and is harder to control than either the metal file or rotary sharpening stone. But if the blade has large dings, a hand-held or bench grinder may be the best option to restore the blade's edge.
Use a file to sharpen a dull mower blade

Use a file to sharpen a dull mower blade

Step 3: Balance the Blade

After sharpening both ends of the blade, it is important to ensure that the blade is balanced. An unbalanced blade spinning at high speeds can damage the mower's motor and is dangerous to the operator.

To determine if the blade is balanced properly, simply hang the blade on the wall from a nail, supporting it in the middle. A balanced blade will sit level to the ground or workbench. I used a small triangular block to check the lawn mower blade in the photo for proper balance. If the blade is unbalanced and tips to one side, make a few light passes with the file on the side of the blade that is tipping downward and try again.

Consider Having a Back-Up Mower Blade

Consider purchasing a spare blade for your mower. Keeping a spare mower blade sharpened makes it quick and easy to swap out the dull blade for the sharpened spare and quickly gets you back out and cutting with a sharp blade. Later, sharpen the first blade, wipe it with the penetrating oil, and store the blade until it's time to swap the blades again.

How often do you need to sharpen your mower blade?

I usually swap my blades every few weeks or when the mower's cut leaves random blades of grass standing tall.

Still not sure how to sharpen a lawn mower blade? Take a few minutes to watch this video, and see how easy it is to sharpen your own lawn mower blade. Why pay someone else to do a simple chore that you can do yourself?

Nutsedge may look like grass, but it is an aggressive weed

Nutsedge may look like grass, but it is an aggressive weed

How to Kill Nutsedge

Product Review: Ortho Nutsedge Weed KillerNutsedge is a perennial grass-like plant that spreads by seed or through underground rhizomes and tubers. Its three-side stalk easily identifies nutsedge as a member of the sedge family.

Pluck a stalk from the ground and gently roll it between your thumb and forefinger. If the plant is nutsedge, you will feel the triangular shape of the stalk.

Once established in a lawn, nutsedge spreads quickly and aggressively during the warm summer months. It is a very difficult weed to control. Within a few days of mowing the lawn, the bright yellow-green nutsedge leaves grow above the rest of the grasses.

As cold weather approaches, leaf growth slows and the nutsedge seems to disappear among turf grass blades. But it is still there, going dormant for the winter and getting ready to burst forth in greater numbers in the following spring.

Nutsedge plant

Nutsedge plant

There are two types of nutsedge found commonly in lawns and garden beds throughout North America: Yellow Nutsedge and Purple Nutsedge. The two plants closely resemble each other, and though I think the invader in my front yard is the Yellow Nutsedge variety, I'm not sure. It doesn't matter if it's yellow or purple; it was spreading quickly, and I wanted it gone.

There are several products available that claim to kill nutsedge. I tried a couple of different general lawn care products that target weeds with different levels of success. However, the nutsedge seemed too tough for the general-purpose weed killer that targets the pest plant but leaves the grass alone.

Then, a friend suggested Ortho Nutsedge Killer for Lawns, so I ordered a couple of bottles. This product comes premixed in a small spray bottle, and applying the Nutsedge Killer is as easy as spraying the offending plant with the lethal liquid.

Coverage is somewhat spotty, and I used about a bottle and a half to spray about a ten-square foot area plus hitting several isolated little nutsedge islands that popped up here and there around the lawn.

The impact was almost immediate, and within 48-hours, the nutsedge was already turning brown and starting to wilt. This isn't a guarantee that Ortho Nutsedge Killer will work for you but if you are trying to control this botanical pest, buying a bottle or two seems like a small risk.

I'm sure that I'll need to buy more in the future because nutsedge is a tough perennial, and there are still lots of little tubers just beneath the surface that are waiting for their turn to sprout. If too many do, they'll get hit with a dose of Ortho Nutsedge Killer.

Our freshly mowed lawn

Our freshly mowed lawn

This article is accurate and true to the best of the author’s knowledge. Content is for informational or entertainment purposes only and does not substitute for personal counsel or professional advice in business, financial, legal, or technical matters.

© 2012 Anthony Altorenna


Cooper Goldie on June 04, 2018:

Great tips. I know people that just buy a new blade each year or two which is just a waste of money. Everyone who regularly mows should learn to sharpen their blade.

Rose Jones on February 14, 2013:

I am trying to replace my lawn, but we still have to mow. This info on sharpening the blades is helpful.

beindustrial on October 28, 2012:

Lots of great information in this lens! We do have a rotary mower at home and sharpening it is in deed very tricky, fortunately I found a site that provides step by step DIY lawn mower maintenance stuffs. If I can remember it well the site's name is lawnEQ.

anonymous on June 20, 2012:

Thank you for this information! We have a lawn mower that works great except the blades aren't very sharp anymore which makes lawn mowing a difficult task. My husband loves taking things apart so he'll be excited that I found this, and I'll be excited to have the mower working better. Thanks again!

pawpaw911 on June 19, 2012:

Great how to lens, step by step with photos. Balancing is very important. Seeing the reel type mowers reminded me of trying to use one, when I was a kid.

bulululu on June 16, 2012:

great lens thanks for share push lawn mower

mockingbird999 on June 12, 2012:

I should do this myself. It would save a few bucks.

anonymous on June 12, 2012:

Stopped back to post this to +1, because this is helpful information for anyone with a lawn mower. You know! :)

Halcyon100 on April 21, 2012:

This is great - as someone into their lawn tractors this lens is much appreciated as it reminds us all how important it is to have sharp blades when cutting grass

Tony Payne from Southampton, UK on March 17, 2012:

Excellent advice and tips. Our electric mower is about a year old now, and it's probably time to look at the blade and to get it sharpened. I might just take your advice and buy a spare blade, so I can sharpen the spare one more easily. Even though our lawn isn't that big, it does pay to have a sharp blade. Nicely done, blessed.

anonymous on March 15, 2012:

Anthony, you've done it again...created a DIY that will be so helpful to so many people and you make sharpening a lawn mower blade so very interesting with your little tips and insights from experience along the way. I especially love how you always emphasize safety...removing the spark plug to prevent a start is excellent. I think many a person has faced that orientation issue and that is such good advice (no swearing required). I love your balancing act and advice on the burring...first timers will love that. A good way to drain the tank is to mow until the lawn mower runs dry but that is another point that is so very important, no one want to clean up spilled gas. I notice that you have notched your wood block to stabilize the blade...of course!

Lorelei Cohen from Canada on March 15, 2012:

There are times when I definitely appreciate being a woman. My husband gets to take care of cutting the grass and sharpening the blades on the lawn mower.

Darcie French from Abbotsford, BC on March 13, 2012:

Very nice tutorial for sharpening lawn mower blades, many thanks

flycatcherrr on March 12, 2012:

Ooh, nice tip about checking the balance by hanging the blade from a nail - useful to know! My lawn is a former hayfield, death to mower blades. :S

Renaissance Woman from Colorado on March 12, 2012:

Excellent tutorial, as always. Appreciated! Right now I don't have a lawn to mow, as my acres are all natural desert terrain (mostly sagebrush, cacti, wildflowers, native grasses, and pine trees). One day, though, this learning will come in handy. Thanks.

Ahdilarum on March 12, 2012:

Great insight about lawmaker maintenance. Liked this lens..