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How to Care for a Sago Palm (and Why They Are So Difficult)

Eleven-year-old sago palm.

Eleven-year-old sago palm.

Sago Palm: One Landscape Plant You May Want to Avoid

There is nothing wispy or soft about a sago palm (Cycas revoluta). This plant has a thick skin of armor. Massive crowns of stiff, needle-clad spears grow out from the center of a trunk that sports more needles and tough debris. The babies are no better. Those little pups that sprout at the base of its trunk are a huge chore to dislodge.

This lush, long-living plant isn't actually a palm at all, though their foliage looks like palm fronds. Sagos are in the cycad family and are native to southern Japan. Cycads go back to the Jurassic Age, and with all of their armor, it's easy to see why they have survived so long. There are several types of cycads on the market, but the sago palm is one of the hardiest and the only one I have seen in a tree-like form.

What I've Learned From Caring for My Sagos

Having said all that, I have three in my yard and years of experience caring for them. I'm going to share:

  • How I care for mine, including a step-by-step tutorial on trimming.
  • My experience with having dogs and sago palms in the same yard.
  • The differences between the male and female plants (king sago and queen sago)
  • Some tips on how to acquire a pup plant for free.
  • A few reasons to think twice about planting a sago palm.
  • Some great advice readers have shared about caring for this plant.
Note the pups growing at the bottom and at spots higher up. Take caution to not let them grow for too long.

Note the pups growing at the bottom and at spots higher up. Take caution to not let them grow for too long.

Sago Palm Quick Facts

  • They are slow-growing, taking as long as 50 years to reach their full height.
  • Females (queens) grow to be 15 feet tall and 8 feet wide.
  • Males (kings) reach a height and width of 8 feet.
  • Sagos don't flower but do produce large, cone-like structures after about 15 years of growth.
  • Both males and females produce "pups", or sucker plants, around the base of the trunk. These small plants can be removed and planted elsewhere.
  • Sagos make great potted plants.
  • The starch of the trunk is a staple food for many Pacific Islanders, but the pulp is carefully processed to remove toxins.
  • All parts of the sago palm are poisonous to humans, dogs, and cats, but the seeds are the most toxic.
Time for a trim.

Time for a trim.

How to Take Care of a Sago Palm

This information will be especially helpful for anyone who has neglected or does not have a clue about sago palm care and maintenance.


Any climate that gets at least 9 inches of rain a year will sustain a sago. In dry climates, however, sagos need moderate watering. During very warm, dry weather, keep your sago happy by deep-watering it every two weeks or so.

  1. Leave the hose on a very low drip and place it at the base of the tree.
  2. Leave it there for an hour or so to let the water penetrate down to the roots.

Once the plant is well established, deep watering is not needed. I have never had to deep-water mine and rely only on our natural rain cycle for water, but then my sago is growing right next to our lawn.


Sago palms do best in well-drained soil. If your soil is full of clay or is very sandy, add good quality compost.

Trimming and Pruning

This is hard work, but I hope my experience may be helpful. For about 10 years, our sago remained an overgrown mess and I could not find any trimming advice on the Internet. The tree was neglected for a number of years, and now it has trunks or three crowns on the top and numerous sprouts at the bottom.

The Internet does inform me that some plants will grow multi crowns. Usually, it is a male that will branch off. But the internet does not say specifically what to do when growth is out of hand. So I'm going to start cutting. I'm going to begin by cutting the leaves as close to the truck as possible. See photos below.

How Often Do Sago Palms Need to Be Trimmed?

The practice of trimming the sago is controversial in plant circles. My plant has spent many years between trimmings. It is only in the last few years that I have had time to maintain and trim the plant to my liking. New flushes of leaves sprout every year and I trim the plant every year. I enjoy my sago trimmed and kept slim.

I don't fertilize my plant and since it grows near my lawn, it gets enough water even for southern California's dry climate.

Male crown of the sago palm: This is growing on the crown a few weeks after the branch cutting I did above.

Male crown of the sago palm: This is growing on the crown a few weeks after the branch cutting I did above.

The Differences Between Male and Female Sago Palms

The biggest differences between the male and female are the growing habits and size. Both males and females produce pups.

The Male or King Sago

When it is big enough, the male will start to branch out or grow new crowns. It took a good fifteen years for me to see that fact. In fact, I was clueless about the difference for decades. Once your male plant is established and has a thick two- to three-foot trunk, you will see the branching effect. King sago palms are smaller than queens, reaching full size at 8 feet in height and width.

The Female or Queen Sago

This plant will continue to grow and flush at the center, getting taller each year. If you are considering a queen sago for the yard, remember to think of it as a tree. Sagos are not little ornamental flower bed candidates. Queen sagos are bigger and more tree-like than kings, reaching 15 feet in height and 12 feet in width.

When seeds emerge on your queen sago, let the next year's crop of leaves push the seeds under. No need to clean them out like I did the first year this happened.

My mother has watched birds eat and break open the seeds on this plant near her front window, but I would advise keeping animals and children away. The inside layer of the seed is toxic.

A female sago palm with seeds.

A female sago palm with seeds.

New seed crown on a mature female.

New seed crown on a mature female.

How to Get a Sago Palm Plant

The best way to get a sago palm, either to plant in the ground or to grow in a pot, is to find someone who has a mature tree and ask them for a pup. The tree owner will probably be happy to part with the sucker for free, especially if you offer to help separate the pup from the mature tree!

How to Plant Sago Pups

Rooted pups are very popular at yard and garage sales, but it is impossible to tell which is female or male. It takes 5-7 years for pups to mature and reveal their sex.

Here's how to plant a sago pup:

  1. The moist ends need to be dried first.
  2. Bury your new hopefuls only two inches into the soil. Leave the prickly spines exposed.
  3. Water them often until they take root.

10 Reasons Not to Plant a Sago Palm

  1. If you tend to let gardening slide, don't plant this one, or you'll be sorry because new growth can be overwhelming.
  2. Every year, you must chop off the pups to avoid a tangled mess at the base of your plant. It is best to do this task when the pups first sprout at the base or along the trunk.
  3. Once a year the plant piles on a new row of leafy spines. (Sometimes this growth is called a "flush.") Old spears should be cut off every year.
  4. Think of it as a tree, not a flower bed plant. It will get bigger and bigger.
  5. Everything on this plant is needle sharp and dangerous.
  6. Its debris is too tough for the recycle bin. Our city will not take it for recycling.
  7. You must wear safety glasses and protective clothing for big trimming jobs.
  8. The female plant blooms over the entire crown and produces red seeds the size of hominy, all set in a bed of thorns.
  9. If the plant is no longer good for your landscape design there will be a problem getting rid of it. Generally, landscapers no longer desire mature specimens as stock.
  10. Sago palms are a favorite food of indigenous islanders in Indonesia, but the detox process is very lengthy and the plant is very toxic without it. Dogs and other pets will get sick if they chew on seeds, bark or other parts of the plant.

More About Sago Palms

  • Despite its difficult care, it is the most popular cycad of botanical gardens and of nursery stock being sold.
  • These plants do best in climes with no prolonged freezes.
  • The plants grow slowly and that is probably why a 5 gallon specimen may seem a bit expensive at the nursery. The price is not because it is hard to grow, but because the nurserymen had to water it for more than 3 or 4 years.
  • In the 1980s, this plant started highlighting landscapes all over Southern California. From the street, they give a yard lots of visual impact and go well with other palms and tropical plants.
  • We decided to get one to block the line of view of the neighborhood mail box and our front window. Ours was planted in 1984. It was only two feet tall, with one row of spears. Our neighbor planted a bigger one in their front yard. The next year, their plant disappeared. People steal them in the middle of the night because they're so popular and expensive.
This plant was grown from a pup. It has not been sexed as of 2015. I hope it is a male.

This plant was grown from a pup. It has not been sexed as of 2015. I hope it is a male.

Do You Have Sago Palms?

Huge female sago palm.

Huge female sago palm.

Compressed seed head of sago palm.

Compressed seed head of sago palm.

Other Good Information about Cycads

This is the sago pictured above with "Time for a Trim" caption.

This is the sago pictured above with "Time for a Trim" caption.

Readers' Comments (and Author's Answers)

"I am a gardener in the tropics and love the challenges from all plants, bring it on!" —Art

"We have three established sagos. I spent about an hour on a female which is easier of control. It is looking very stately. The male plant is overgrown again." —Sherry Venegas (author)

"I love sago palms! They are beautiful and stately to look at. Yes, they do have sharp spines all over their trunks, but these are very easy to avoid. Yes, they are poisonous, but the thought of a dog trying to eat a spiny Sago trunk just doesn't seem very plausible. By the way, sagos are actually edible and are the main staple in the diet of many pacific islanders. The pulp of the tree must be processed in such a way as to remove the toxins. Oh, and as to the prolific pups, that is my favorite part about sagos. The pups are so easy to harvest and cultivate. I have about a hundred or so I'm taking care of and it's so exciting to watch them sprout. It's like Christmas or something. I'm taking care of the pups until they get bigger, but I'm not sure what to do with them once they grow up. I might send them off to college." —Joseph Boggs

"Give your sago spouts as gifts!" —Sherry Venegas (author)

"Our local TV station reported that this entire plant is poisonous; nurseries do not warn potential buyers of this information..." —Joyce Spanos

"I know sagos are poisonous, but most breeds of dogs stay away. Our cocker spaniels , a beagle, and two Jack Russels lived their whole lives with the sagos in the backyard. But when in doubt, rip it out, is the best policy." —Sherry Venegas (author)

"We live in southern Texas and love our Sago plant! Actually hoping to plant a few more around our yard! :))" —Paula

"We just removed 5 sago palms from our backyard after I saw on local tv that they are deadly poison to animals. I love my dogs! Those palms had to go." —Brenda Vickery

"Your article is dead on. Palms should be grown on tropical islands. Excellent!" —Judy Specht from California

"I have never grown them. I don't even know if they grow where I live. But from the sounds of things, they are not a "people-friendly" plant and it would not work for me. They are beautiful plants, though." —June Campbell from North Vancouver, BC, Canada

"Great read, Sherry. My house was built in the 50s and when I bought it 3 years ago, there was a big sago palm just like yours in the front yard. Beautiful plant. It wasn't maintained since I bought it so it's getting out of control. It has multiple heads like the one in your photos and also 2-3 flowers with a crown (is that normal?). I managed to trim the outside part, but the interiors are a bit trickier to get to. When would you recommend doing the trimming? I live in the Central Valley (CA) it does frost for a good amount of the winter." —Randy the Noob

"Randy, by interior I thinking that you have leaves criss-crossing each other in the areas of the branching trucks. I would get in there with the long handled clippers and snip off all but the top newest row. Or if you want clip it clean, except for your high branch. One if the pictures I show how I did that one year. We do not get frost that often, so I would take precautions and wait till frost is past for the winter. The frost could burn and dry up the sago palm at the tip of the branches if it does not have these tall hard leaves protecting it. The male does get a cone shaped crown once a year that elongates as it matures over a few months." —Sherry Venegas (author)

"I had my landscaper move 4 of these from my backyard to the front yard. Considering Southern CA has had 1 of the worst droughts ever over the past 7 years (& I stopped watering long ago), these trees have surprisingly survived when other palm species have died off & I needed to have others removed altogether. I have 1 male that I'm aware of & I cut off the crown. I thought it was going to die after that, but it survived. I personally think they look great in my front yard. Yes, they're prickly and I've gotten stung by them on a few occasions, but I'm going all succulent combined with existing palms in the front yard since all the other vegetation died off. I just put them on a drip irrigation system - hopefully they don't grow too large." —Ben

"In the long haul if you are using less water the better for your pocket. If you have a natural sink in your yard a tree for shade, could be considered in the future, because this drought cycle will end sometime. We did water our sorry looking lawn a little and the birch in our sink faired okay. The already established birch is in front of a bay window and it is nice in the summer to have the filtered sun playing in the living room." —Sherry Venegas (author)

"One of the main reasons that you might not want this plant is that it can be very toxic (for anyone who decided to eat it: dogs, kids etc). It can kill if digested." —Gulia

"They take several years to grow large and flower. It is an easy investment as the plant is very low maintenance. Trimming is a pain and I get an alergic reaction from it. It is a neat plant and when grown very large you will be the envy of your block! As stated above, do not plant if it will be near pets or children. Other than that, it's fine." —Roldan

"Sagos require a Love/Hate relationship! They are incredibly beautiful and reign supreme in Houston, but can be vicious if you are not fully armored to deal with them. Here, they are low maintenance as compared to annuals and pups are plentiful, so share them :)"—BetsyofTexas

"I cut all the branches off of my male sage palm, probably a mistake. what I thought was a new thrush of branches. Is actually 4 cones growing. How quickly will the new branches grow back after the cones die off? I'm also in so cal." —Nate

"Nate, You should be seeing new trushes in six months, maybe sooner. Leave the cones on till they are dried, then break them off. You should be enjoying a clean plant till the beginning of next year. Watch the pups, though." —Sherry Venegas (author)

"We do not have them in our yard but many of our neighbors do. After reading this, I am not tempted to grow it. Will just continue to admire our neighbor's sago palms."—Peggy Woods from Houston, Texas

"Should you remove the gold crown from the top of the male. It seems like it has stopped the growth!" —Art

"Art, I would leave it for awhile. It should not interfere with the growth. Be sure to read the other Q&As in this column for more info." —Sherry Venegas (author)

"I just discovered I have a male plant. The cone shape in the center is pretty tall. When do I cut this or do I cut this off. And if it's OK to remove will it have seeds too?" —anonymous

"You can leave it as long as you want. It is an ornament, so to speak. Let it dry up on the plant. No seeds in it. Since you have a male you will see branching after the trunk gets 3 or 4 feet high. Have fun with your sago palm."—Sherry Venegas (author)

"If they would just top out at about 2 feet tall, they would be awesome!!!! They do need a lot of TLC but if you love gardening, the pruning isn't as bad as portrayed. With the right placement, they do give a great tropical appeal to any landscape." —anonymous

Male sago palm in spring bloom. Some years will look more spectacular than others.

Male sago palm in spring bloom. Some years will look more spectacular than others.

This content is accurate and true to the best of the author’s knowledge and is not meant to substitute for formal and individualized advice from a qualified professional.

Questions & Answers

Question: We bought this house. A sago was planted right next to the foundation of the house. It is very large. Is this going to harm the foundation?

Answer: I have never moved or dug up a sago palm, and the root system is not something I am familiar with. None-the-less, I would advise moving it away from a house fountain and right now because it is only going to get bigger. If you are going to tackle the job let us know what the root system is like, how tall your sago is, and if you can lift it out.

Question: I have a female sago and now has the bed of seeds with pollen and all. I really want to chop it all off because I have a son who has asthma and allergies. In addition, I have two German Shepherds pups that I'm trying to train not to get into everything. Will I be harming the plant if I remove the whole top portion?

Answer: You can remove it while it is still green. It is a very hard job because the area is still fresh and everything will have to be cut at the base. Be sure to wear heavy gloves.

Question: How much sun do Sago Palms need?

Answer: The hot summer sun is too much for most sagos in pots, especially, the young plants that are under two feet. Find partial shade and let it dry out before watering again.

Question: What causes the sago palm to flatten out, and what is my next step to keeping it healthy?

Answer: The female sago does have a horizontal growth pattern that the male does not exhibit. When the female develops the flower crown, the spears are pushed down and the plant has a plate-like shape. If this is what you are referring to, the plant is okay, and you do not have to worry about its health.

Question: My sago is starting to turn brown. What is causing this and how should I treat it?

Answer: Is your sago in a pot? If so, it was probably getting too much sun and not enough water. Move the location so it does not get direct afternoon sun and let dry out between watering. Sit tight and see what happens next spring. Yes, it will take that long with a prehistoric sago. You should see new sprouts of leaves in the center. If no sprouts emerge I am afraid you lost it.

Question: I harvested two sago pups and got some roots without any cut/damage at all to the pup. Do I still need to remove the roots and leaves and let it dry out for a week, or can I just plant it?

Answer: Trim off dried scales and leaves and cover the roots gently with a thin layer of soil. Let it dry out between each watering. The roots will be a good start.

Question: After a very cold winter, our two sago palms have been very slow to show new growth. One of the heads on the male plant and the only head on the female appear dead with rotten tops with holes. There are pups halfway up the 4’ trunks though. Do you think the female could survive if we cut off the dead head and let the pups go?

Answer: Clear all dead material from the tops of heads you mention. To encourage new growth next spring protect the damaged heads with a duck cloth loosely draped over the top at night when freeze returns. Remove each day. Remove the pups to allow growth energy to reach the top. Using that care for the winter coming up, all you can do is see what happens in the spring.

Question: Our sago palm is at least 25 years old, and about eight feet tall. I dug a flower garden at its base and removed 95% of the pups to a depth of about six inches. I then covered it with a black plastic cloth to prevent weeds and put down topsoil and bark chips. I am now getting overrun with new pups that have broken through to the top. How do I get rid of these things?

Answer: They will just keep coming; they will grow all over the trunk and around the base. The easiest way to control pups is to check your sago palm every month and break the pups off with the tip of a trenching shovel or a hori-hori knife.

Question: I have new growth this year on my outdoor sago palm tree and the leaves are pale and some of the tips are browning. Should I fertilize it?

Answer: I have never used fertilizer. Adjust the water depending on how hot it is.

Question: How come the pups I harvested near the beginning of 2019 are not showing any new growth?

Answer: The rate of pups becoming viable is about one in five. It is a very slow process. Look for roots developing in the first year. The second year during spring is when you will see new leaf growth. In two to three years you will finally see a plant suitable for potting. Filtered sun is good for starting the pups. Hot midday sun will be too much for tender start-ups. Let the soil dry out before watering again. I have been happy with one or two new pups sprouting a year and hoping they grow bigger in the next three or four years. I would say sagos are not a cash crop.

Question: I have a sago palm that has been trimmed but has divided into two plants at the top. If I were to cut it off below the "y," would it take off with one branch or would it die?

Answer: With the branching you describe here, it is likely you have a male sago palm. The branching effect can be very attractive in a landscape situation. If your cut is below the "y," you will probably get a ton of pups around the trunk. It will not die. If you do not want the sago palm any longer, you need to sever and then dig out the roots under and below the ground.

Question: I think I just made a huge error. I cut the fronds off my old, established, in the ground Sago mistakenly thinking that what was growing on top was new fronds. It was, as I have learned on this site, a "crown". I now have a crown with no fronds. Is my plant doomed?

Answer: No, your sago is fine, even though, it may look funny at this point. The crown is the seed head of the female version of the sago. In a couple of months after the head dries a bit new fronds will sprout from the center. You can leave the seeds in place as a "petticoat". There are a few pictures of the female plant above in the article showing that stage in the spring season. After the seeds are completely dry it is easier to knock them off for a clean look.

Question: I live in Northern California. I have recently purchased and planted a 3’ sago in a large ceramic pot. The branches are turning from yellow to brown. Am I watering too much or too little? I water once a day. It was planted 60 days ago.

Answer: The real test will be next spring after the plant gets acclimated to its new location. My potted sagos need protection from hot summer sun. Cover or move them to partial shade till Sept. Water only after it has dried out for a day or two. For now cut off the dried up fronds. Next spring you will see a new flush of leaves and your new plant should look established and accustomed to the new location and pot.

Question: My Sago is young. I just moved it to a bigger pot. It has 9 original fronds. 3 fronds are growing out of the middle and they are twice as long as the original fronds. Should I remove them?

Answer: No, do not remove them. This spring you should a new batch, as well.

Question: I live in Phoenix AZ. The summers are hot. I was given a sago palm and it was planted in a pot. The fronds are brittle and yellow. Can I cut them off and when? Do need a lot of water, sun or shade?

Answer: Potted sagos do not do well in midday hot sun during the summer. Put it in shade for now. After Sept. you can bring it out for more sun. Cut off the dried up fronds at the end of winter. Water once a week and then give it more in the spring. Let it dry out between those spring waterings. It should sprout again in the spring. Next summer find partial shade so the new fronds do not get cooked.

Question: I’m confused about all of this information. We have 4 sago at my front entrance and for the past 20 years have never done one thing to any of them. We don’t trim. We don’t do anything and they are gorgeous. Everyone who comes to our home (in south Ga) always remark on them. So why does this article advise on all the hard work to care for a Sago Palm? Since they’ve been around since prehistoric times it seems they are doing fine left alone.

Answer: You must have trimmed off old fronds? And what about the pups on top of pups that grow at the bottom? The seed heads and male cones can be a mess. I am wondering if we are talking about the same plants. Maybe they have different growing habits in the southeast states. Love to see them, though.

Question: Why are the leaves yellowing on recently transplanted sago palm pups?

Answer: Getting the pups to root is very hard to do. We plant any that are bigger than 2-3 inches. No more than half or less will root. Keep nursing your transplanted pups; they will look better next year. It will be two or three years before you have an excellent, sturdy specimen.

Question: I acquired a potted sago when we purchased our home here in Michigan. (COLD MICHIGAN!) It’s approximately three feet tall. The branches are all turning yellow starting at the tips. The pot is about 2 feet deep and wide. What could be wrong? Does it need a bigger pot?

Answer: I would put it in a bigger pot with lots of drainage. Make sure it gets warm clime in a sunroom for the winter.

Question: Can a sago palm rot from the top and if so, can it be saved?

Answer: Make sure the sago is not getting regular water from a sprinkling system. Too much moisture will sit on the crown and cause white fungus and rot. Put it in dry part shade for the summer, water only sparingly, and hope for new growth next spring.

Question: How do I get rid of white scales on small sago palm?

Answer: Is it in a pot? If so, make sure it is not crowded among other pots and flowers. Your sago does not need as much water as most plants. Let dry out before watering again. Also, it may need more sun to dry out the trunk and fronds every day.

Question: We have a mature male sago with a 4' trunk. It has started to get sprouts along the trunk 2 and 3 feet from the ground. Can these above-ground pups be pruned off safely without harming the adult plant?

Answer: Yes, snap them off with a hori-hori knife or hand shovel. I use a long-handled trenching shovel to scrape them off. Do it once a month so those pups do not get too big.

Question: I am in NW Florida, and we had a 3-day hard freeze this year. Needless to say, all the fronds turned brown and had to be cut off this spring. Altogether, we have about 15 sagos in the front yard. 4 of my sagos are males making cones, and 2 of my sagos are females making flowers, with no fronds at all. If I cut the cones and flowers off at this time (end of May), will it put off some new fronds at the top?

Answer: My three sagos are not flushing new fronds, either. The only thing I can think to do at this point is to wait and see. I always leave the cones and flowers on in past years and had the usual new set of fronds. This year is a bit different for some reason. Maybe for this season, the plant's energy needs to be regulated to propagating first and then the leaves sprout? Since you have a good set of sagos, I would not worry. We always have pups set in pots for backups or for sale and to give away. I honestly think our three plants are enough.

Question: My female sago has doubled bloomed which has never happened before. Live in San Diego and we more rain last year, maybe related. It has been doing nothing on top of the other bloom with the red seeds and in the meantime, the fronds are all yellowing. All my other male sagos bloomed normally in early summer. I am afraid I will lose it and it is quite large. The nurseries I have talked to say just to leave it alone. So I am not sure what to do?

Answer: I have seen female sago with no fronds and a bloom head only. If the fronds look yellow and sickly it is okay to cut them off. You will have a trunk with the seed head perched on top. I think the exotic look is okay. After the plant decides to stop producing seeds the fronds will start in the center. Maybe not till spring even. It is a wait and see situation, but larger sago are very hardy. The new seed growth is your confirmation that the plant is alive and well.

Question: I live in the Florida Panhandle. My pot planted Sago had a white scale. I took off all the fronds and was going to trash the entire palm. New fronds have started to sprout. Can this be planted in the ground? If so, should I keep the old root ball, or should the entire palm be trashed?

Answer: I would give it a try in the ground in a sunny, dry place with the root ball. If it does not survive, then trash it.

Question: Do you have a problem with scale? I live in South Florida and have 8 gigantic sagos to take care of. It's never ending with spraying with Organicide only to have scale return and return. The plants are beautiful and neighbors always complimenting how healthy they look. Taking care of them is a part time job.

Answer: I can imagine all the work for 8 sago palms. Other gradeners have mentioned scale on their plants in Florida. We do not have that problem in southern CA. I think the humidity in Florida is one reason, but also have you made sure sparklers are not watering on the trunks, foliage and the center of the flushes? Trapped water in the woody frond cuts may be making the problem worse. Check and see if the trunks remain dry the whole summer.

Question: Can a Sago Palm be planted in the ground in Zone 7's full sun? It’s been on my porch in the summer and would get a little afternoon sun. I would then put it in the greenhouse for the winter.

Answer: Areas outside Zones 8-10 generally get too much frost for sago palms. Any prolonged freezing over night for several days at a time would cause damage. Especially, if the ground stays below freezing for a couple of days. Full sun in winter is good but if the location is exposed to freezing temps at night it would be too stressful. Mulching and an overnight blanket would only work if freezing is just an occasional event for the whole winter.

Question: Is there a limit as to how large the pups of a Sago Palm can be safely removed from the mother Cycad? I have a large plant with five feet of clean trunk, and the pup in question already blooms (female), and has a head that is a foot in diameter.

Answer: You can safely remove large pups from the original plant and even try rooting it for a new plant. If the pup lends a good amount of visual balance, one can let it grow in place. The big draw back is the extra work a bigger plant like that will be to maintain. The male of the sago is my preference, and I would not enjoy cleaning an extra flower head.

Question: My sago palm Is overgrown with pups that are large surrounding entire original sago. How do I to start the pruning process to get rid of this tangled mess ? Also is there any chance these large pups will live?

Answer: You have work to do. Long gloves, a branch lopper and trenching shovel are the tools I use. Use the shovel to pop off the smaller pups. Bigger pups at the bottom may need some cutting next to the truck with a hack saw. I have seen how someone used a chain saw to shave them all off. That option is for those who have experience handling such equipment. One spring it took me two days to get the pups off. Since then I never let the sago go without attention for more than 9 months. Try setting all the pups. About 50% will sprout roots.

Question: When do I trim back my sago palm to keep it from growing too tall?

Answer: Sagos are trees that grow like palms and there is no way to control the height of growing sagos. The one pictured on this page is now seven feet tall because each year new growth is added to the top. Trimming is done on the sides of the trunks and at the base of the trunk to keep pups from overgrowing. Place your sagos at least six to eight feet from your porch and leave six to eight feet between sagos or you will have serious crowding in later years. I suggest looking up sago images on the internet to get an idea if full-grown sago can fit into your flower bed. Sagos are beautiful accent plants for larger areas in a yard.

Question: My sago palm has two crown heads, and they are about to cone, but there isn't a leaf-spine on either one. I cut them off after the cold because the leaves were brown from the cold but have not grown back. Should I be worried? The other sago palm I have has leaf spines already. I know it's not dead because it's ready to cone. I wanted to get rid of it until I noticed the cones coming out. Will the leaves come back?

Answer: The plant's energy is invested in the cones. My sago in Southern California has not flushed which seems late in the season. I would sit tight. Rain, sun, and heat will impact the plant differently every year.

Question: We built a cement patio around our sagos, they are about 5 feet tall (trunk only) and about 18 inches of the trunk of each now in a hole 4’ x 4’. Do we dare backfill that much trunk?

Answer: I am imagining that the patio is now higher than the plant's root system. Since the sago's trunk always has pup growth it might grow new roots, as well. I would backfill a few inches over a period of a couple of years. Sand will allow for drying faster. I hope the hole does not get filled with standing water. You have an experimental situation. If you can contact a nursery that deals in big tree and big plant landscaping you may get more and even better suggestions.

© 2012 Sherry Venegas

What Do You Think About the Sago Palm?

Sherry Venegas (author) from La Verne, CA on August 29, 2020:

I have seen that. Just shave the whole trunk of pups and buzz off the fronds from underneath.

Linda Mynatt on August 29, 2020:

In Texas we use a chain saw to trim sages works great

Sherry Venegas (author) from La Verne, CA on August 03, 2020:

Everything is very slow with sagos. Invest as many as 3 or 4 years for a plant to get, at the least, a trunk of a foot high. Then you may see pups around that trunk sprouting.

Jaffar on July 30, 2020:

Thanks for the informative article. I have a question, after how long will sago pups will give offsets as well?

rgk on July 23, 2020:

an interesting experience on my part. At least 20 years ago a lady came by my place of business where I had castor bean plants on the side of the building she wanted to trade three baby sago for some of the seeds. I cautioned her on what they were and told her sure. Never thought about it again. One day three fist size sago showed up at the doorstep.

I really did not have a clue what they were having never heard of it before.

they stayed on the back porch in a baby pot for a while I took them home set them over by the fence at the edge of the garden. The garden became overgrown they were covered up with debris went through several winters the pot cracked from around them they were still alive I put them in a new pot a few years later after I knew more I planted them in the ground understand completely and totally neglected for 15 years not even in the ground. they are planted healthy and beautiful. As I think about what went on I feel guilty but I am now rewarded.

Sherry Venegas (author) from La Verne, CA on July 15, 2020:

Marisa, I have had news of fungus from other Florida readers.I think two things are causing the fungus. The partial shade and the moister air in Florida.It is good that you trimmed it. The extra growing energy was good for it. Avoid water near the sago and control all pups. One flush of leaves is all you are going to get each year. So do not give up for a couple of years.Try to keep the area dry as possible during the summer months.

Marisa on July 15, 2020:

I have a 15+ yr old sago in ground partially under shade of oak tree in central Florida. When I bought this house 6 yrs ago, sago had white flaky fungus all over it and it was neglected and overgrown. I trimmed it and last year was finally able to control the fungus. Now the problem is that last summer in late July, the leaves all turned brown. I took them off and thought it was a goner. Then to my surprise, a new head came up early Spring this year. Bow it’s July and it’s doing same thing. Leaves turning brown. There is a teeny tiny head popping up but so small I don’t think it will produce very many leaves. Is it slowly dying? Can it be rescued?

Sherry Venegas (author) from La Verne, CA on June 22, 2020:


If the plant is in a pot place it in partial sun. The heat and sun is too much even with water. If you put it inground the first year will be time to acclimate. Let it dry out before watering again. Once it takes root in about a year, it should do well in a landscape setting.

Naïma on June 22, 2020:


We bought our very first sago Palm a few months ago and the tips of the leaves have gone yellow and some leaves have started to curl and look quite dry. However the soil always feels moist. What are we doing wrong? Thanks so much!

Henry Remmer on June 08, 2020:

Have King Sago in Wilmington NC, seemingly 20 plus years old, 24 plus rings. 12 inch diameter main trunk, about 24 inches long. Height about 5 foot. 3 trunks.

Virtually No yellow leaves, new foliage looking good.

Keeping it out of sprinklers. Other than light fertilization during they next 60 to 90 day growth period any recommendations? Is this a Japanese Sago? So short ? Seems easy to maintain, best to not mess with it. Will check for and remove pups.

Sherry Venegas (author) from La Verne, CA on May 26, 2020:

I read that story, as well. Very sad. Yes, the sagos are very poisonous. Beware of the indoor plant and young dogs or any dog that likes to chew on things around the house.

Gloria Anderson on May 26, 2020:

I looked up this particular plant, as when I was on FACEBOOK and reading that this aperson had got this plant indoors and it obviously was not that big. Some how her lovely dog got to the Sago without her knowing and it was rushed to the vets fighting for its life. It was a week in care of veterans and then allowed home with a drip through its nose and had to be done every 12 hours. This has left them heart broken because there dog was still hanging on to life, but in the end it died. I have a pet Shorkie and I would be heartbroken. She put this on Facebook to say she NEVER KNEW THIS WAS A POISONA'S plant and would never have purchased it had she known. It does not mention on the label any where that is poisona's all over. Also that it being poison could potentially kill a human if they dont know this. Just wanted to let you know the story. You have mentioned dogs in your home where they usually keep away, but this Sago Palm was inside her home not in the garden, so more chance of dog getting to sniff plant and knock it over. It was interesting all your reading on Sago Palm, but this persons story has touched me and wanted to let you in on this story. Im from England and so is the people who have lost there dog. My email is Thanks again.

Paul Chaney on May 23, 2020:

I have never had an issue with growing sago palms. It's always best to remove old leaves after they're brown and crispy--unless they're in the way. They are easy to grow, transplant, and propagate, but as you say, they are slow growers.

Sherry Venegas (author) from La Verne, CA on May 16, 2020:

If you are having more rain than a normal spring, use a big plastic shopping bag cut at the ends to make a light weight tent. Cover the top and the pot of the plant to ward off excess water. When the sun is out wisk it off.

Shesha on May 15, 2020:

If i leave it outside in a pot can the rain over water it in the spring?

Sherry Venegas (author) from La Verne, CA on February 17, 2020:

More sun. Full sun is the key and not too much water. Sagos do very well inground, as opposed to pots.

Luc on February 13, 2020:

I am wondering how I can increase the leaf size. Once it set leaves in winter with low light and short days , the leaves where fabulously large . Later I cant reproduce this growth. Someone recommended to give plenty of water when leaves appear , but it din't work for me .Leaves stay short

Eloise Monk on January 04, 2020:

My 6' high female Sega Palm is dropping the fronds around the top. Why and what should I do?

Sherry Venegas (author) from La Verne, CA on December 31, 2019:

I have not moved a sago that large, but if you wait longer the trunk will only get heavier. If you do the move in the winter new spring growth may help it along in its new location.

Darren on December 27, 2019:

I believe I have a nale Sago planted out front of my place. It's situated directly under my houses eves, aprox 7ft and the plants branches are 3inches from touching them.

The main trunk is only 3ft in height. Should I remove it now for transplanting or is it too late ? on December 14, 2019:

My Oueen Sago looks different than the photos posted here .

It has a single vertical stem straight about 7-8 ft tall. I have been just trimming the bottom 1- 2 rows off leaving the top to gracefully bend over to create a nice full size umbrella shaped tree. Only problem is spraying off the white things whatever it is, off the bottom of the branches once a year. The pups around the bottom are not large and I just trim off the green shoots. I do water when we have a long dry spell and sprinkle a TINY bit of epson salts around it once a year.

Sherry Venegas (author) from La Verne, CA on December 07, 2019:

Very early spring is the best time. After last frost. You may see some shock the first year, but next year should be looking good. Do not over water this summer and cut back watering in winter. Sagos do best in ground rather than a pot.

richard wayne butler on December 05, 2019:

our sago palm is just a baby now; we have kept it in the house and it is starting to sprout; it looked so pitiful at lowes; not kept up at all; want to plant it out in the yard; i guess we need to do that in the spring or when is ok?

Sherry Venegas (author) from La Verne, CA on November 06, 2019:

That is the female seed head. Leave it alone for now. After next years new fronds grow fully in knock off the seeds and leaves of the seed head that gets pushed under the new fronds.

Marti Worswick on November 06, 2019:

I have 2 Sago Palms next to each other. It is now November and I noticed that the cone in the middle is now with a round head in the middle of the palm like a cabbage head with nuts in the middle. I have not been able to find anyone on the internet to say what I should do about it. Should I cut it out? It's hard to get to it because the branches below are hard to get to the center.

Sherry Venegas (author) from La Verne, CA on September 30, 2019:

Removing the pups, as you thought, is not the problem. The thing to do, now that summer is over, is to observe next summer's watering. Plenty of drainage and letting the soil dry out between waterings should be your plan for next year. If you are getting pups the plant is healthy, but a new start for next year with a whole new set of fronds is your next step. I have observed that my smaller potted plants tend to get more yellowing. Don't get discouraged.

Mike S in NC on September 26, 2019:

The leaves on my sago are yellowing. I heard they may need an all purpose fertilizer, or maybe Epsom salt (2 tablespoons per quart of water, applied on the soil around the plant. I also read yellowing of the leaves may be caused by overwatering. I removed two pups in May, and another one a few weeks ago, but I do not think that has anything to do with yellowing leaves. My sago is in a pot, not in the ground. Any suggestions?

Tony H on July 20, 2019:

We live in Central Florida, have had sagos at two houses we've owned. Had several big dogs in fenced in yards, I don't think they're very interested in them so no problems with poisoning.

Cycad scale is a real pain and you see fewer sagos being used in new landscaping because of it. But If you have old ones it is definately a love - hate relationship as has been said. When new leaves unfurl and old leaves with scale have been removed, you love 'em. Usually trimming last year's growth gets rid of a lot of the scale. When the new leaves unfold make sure you're spraying regularly with a neem oil product. If it's a bad scale year you need to stay on it, every week or ten days especially when it's super hot. Don't spray while the sun is on the plant, do it in the evening. Scale is airborne so keep all your sagos sprayed even if they don't show scale. If you have leaves with scale on top and bottom and the length of the frond it's dead and probably all yellowish. Trim all but the new growth and keep it sprayed!

There was some question about root system. They look like palm roots, all spreading out from the center in a big mass or ball. It's my understanding that roots exposed to air such as in a transplant will die and need to regrow. So in transplanting you might as well "shave" them off with a really sharp shovel (the one you use to pop off the pups). I might get disagreement on that but it's going to make the root ball a lot lighter. Just don't cut into the underground trunk. I'm talking about big plants - moving anything with clear trunk of 3 or 4 feet is going to be at least a two person job as the trunk is really wet and heavy. This is a really big job! Do it quickly and don't let the shaved root ball sit in the sun for any length of time. Don't sink it past the crown and keep it well watered for a while especially if it's hot. Keep it straight for the rest of the season with three 2x4's angled against the trunk at three spots equidistant around the trunk. My experience, leave one row of leaves on the transplant. It's a little harder to move but I've had better luck by doing so.

When transplanting or doing a big trim, the plants will do their best to hurt you. Wear gloves and long sleeves!

If you're trimming back a lot of scale infested leaves, wet the plant down first with a water hose. The dust from scale is nasty to breathe so wearing a mask is a good idea and probably goggles as well. I've heard little about scale from the folks out west, if you don't have it, you're lucky.

All that said, well maintained sagos look great. Especially with some clear trunk. I'm envious of you folks with the multi crowned plants! Are they easy to maintain? Big No! If fighting scale is a part of sago maintainance in your area, be ready for a lot of extra work. Stay with one or maybe two plants so you don't get overwhelmed.

Carol B on July 17, 2019:

I bought a sago palm 45 years ago and kept it in a pot until 20 years ago. It has been growing in the ground since then and is now 5 feet high. It is male, gets very few pups. No pests. Looks beautiful. None of my dogs or cats bother it. Very low maintenance. Takes the frost, maybe two weeks out of the year. Takes the heat. Think Sacramento 90's +. I would plant another if I had the room. Sorry to see people being discouraged from planting them. Mine is so easy and beautiful.

Sherry Venegas (author) from La Verne, CA on June 04, 2019:

Putting it outside for the spring, summer, and early fall would be ok. It probably could use more sun and also water to encourage new growth. You may see new growth next spring. Avoid hot hot sun since it has been an indoor. plant.

Mike or Pat Pfaffenhauser on June 04, 2019:

I was given a sago palm that has been in the same pot for 50 years, it is so heavy I cannot lift it. It has been a house plant for all of these years. Two years ago it got 7 new fronds but nothing since. I live in Wyoming and was wondering if I could put it outside in full sun. I will bring it back in in the winter.

Sherry Venegas (author) from La Verne, CA on May 24, 2019:

I take a look at the bottom for roots sprouting. You may see new growth on top the next spring. New plants from pups take 3-4 years.

Plantyplant on May 24, 2019:

How do you know if your cycas pups are still alive?

Julie Wynne on May 14, 2019:

I am new owner of 3 sago palms. They are sprouting baby sagos out their sides, who do I call? How do I find someone who wants 3 mature sago palms?

Sherry Venegas (author) from La Verne, CA on April 12, 2019:

Keeping the pups in check when they just sprout and lopping off the last years frond/ spears should keep them looking nice.

M J Cates on April 11, 2019:

Planted 2 Sago palms from pots a few years ago beside a swimming pool where I live. They have grown beautifully. However, the men who take care of the rental property here do absolutely nothing to them. After reading this article I am more understanding. However, they are particularly my favorite in landscaping palms. I think they are elegant and beautiful.

Ana Maria Orantes from Miami Florida on February 26, 2019:

Thank you for the advice. I will keep it in mind. I wish you a wonderful day.

Sherry Venegas (author) from La Verne, CA on February 14, 2019:

You are welcome, Ana. Yes, a small potted sago will take 4 to 7 years to to become well established. Once it gets beyond that it is a forever plant in non freezing climes.

Ana Maria Orantes from Miami Florida on February 14, 2019:

Good morning miss Sherry. I am glad. I found your article. I thought; I was doing something wrong with my palm plant, or I thought the plant was bad. The grower from where I bought the plant told me. It was a slow plant to grow. I did not know it was super slow. Thanks for your advice. I am going to keep in mind. Happy Valentines.

Sherry Venegas (author) from La Verne, CA on February 13, 2019:

Hi Ann,

Yes, that is normal. There is some chance that a pup will take root. Time will tell. It may take a few months. Look for new flush of fronds in late spring early summer.

You will have plenty of pups in the future to experiment with.

Ann on February 13, 2019:

Hi Sherry,

We planted a Sago palm last May, and I cut off the pup at the base. I put it in potting soil to see if it would survive.

It has has just the one frond and hasn’t added ant other growth. Is this normal? Maybe it will take off this spring?

Sherry Venegas (author) from La Verne, CA on September 23, 2018:

John, I would tackle a cluster of sagos like you describe here. Probably would be a mountain of work but you could give the area a little grooming and define the lines of the palms. Go after pups first and see how it looks.

John on September 22, 2018:

I have a couple of Sago Palms in my front yard, well, more like a cluster. I would assume they are close to 30+ years old as they were already mature when we bought the house 25 years ago. I don't think they have ever been trimmed since we have been here, and it has grown massive. During the summer it can get as wide as a large car and close to 6-7 feet tall completely hidden by its leaves from top to bottom. It will get a couple of male cones that grow as tall as a toddler, and the females get bulbs the size large cabbage. It's shaded by an even more massive Magnolia tree which I think is why it turned bushed instead of having that palm tree look. I love the way my Sago/s have grown with that wild natural look, but I wouldn't suggest placing any other plants around it; unless you want to know whats it's like to be stabbed repeatedly and with out mercy.

Sherry Venegas (author) from La Verne, CA on August 22, 2018:

Fairygardens. As you mentioned five different dogs we have owned never showed the slightest interest in our male and female sagos. Thanks for the seed info.

Fairygardens1 on August 20, 2018:


Thanks for the great article. Seems you have a love hate relationship with sago's!! As to readers who get their set in stone opinions from the TV news I'd need to see the news readers landscaping credintials first.

While it's true sago's are poisonus to pets, I also know that pets rarely tackle well spiked and armoured plants. My pets know trouble when they see it. Nor do I know of any pets that have died doing the same, although I'm sure someone will write in with a tragic fluffy story, I doubt it's a pandemic issue.

These plants are slow growing and if purchased small can be in an indoor pot for years. Since they need little water or care they are great in dish gardens along with succulents or cactus.

So for actual facts ( good and bad) I'd suggest the rhapisgardens website.

And folks please don't spread what you hear on TV as fact. Do some research. I doubt news readers ( that's what they are called now) most of whom have (maybe) a communications degree and are under 25 years old, have the expertise in all the subjects they read. Oh by the way sago seeds should be planted on their sides with the flatter side on top.

Sherry Venegas (author) from La Verne, CA on July 22, 2018:

If your neighbor chopped the plant short in the middle of the trunk area I think all the plant will do is sprout pups. I would not advise that because I can not imagine it would develop a pleasing shape for a landscape situation.

Susan R. Jones on July 20, 2018:

Well, we have the answers, most of which are in here. Once or more trimming of all the debris left after pruning off the old fronds every year may be increased to twice if needed. If getting rid of the seed pods, cut away all the left over thorny parts and leave a well-trimmed sago if that's to your liking. One idea I had has weathered well for my sagos. I took a side-ways bloom and head out of a grass lawn when I was changing to all Xersicaping. I immediately put it in a vey large pot along with the mix facing upward. It has continued to grow upward ever since. It is quite hot here for 4-5 months, so the "cold" weather here is usually less than freezing and the sago is happy. I attach a card with the "sago mix"

ingredients on it, slipped into and tied onto a branch that's low . Our 7 1/2 ft sago is quite happy.

Sagos need to grow well. Most I see here in S. Nevada do well, but people, one does need to moisten their soil every day or two in summer (85 degrees-115degrees). Hotter than that may need a little more TLC and checking the soil for moistness. Some here that have full sun all day may not make it without this TLC. I would not substitute the mix for what they suggest. I replenish this mix just on top each spinrg. So happy Sago'ing' as when kept well, they are a good looking landscape plant. Oh, I also put my very big planter (it won't need another one it's whole life) on a wrought iron rolling plant stand. I put it in and out of sun, making sure it grows up straight, and we're all happy about it.

Frank Pontious on July 17, 2018:

My 16 yr old Sagos are 8' tall. Our neighbors have cut theirs back to 2' and are now starting to grow again. Can I chop mine down to 2' or will I kill the plant?


Sherry Venegas (author) from La Verne, CA on July 06, 2018:

Gary, thank you for your sago plam story. It is good to hear that the garage/patio sago can live and survive for so many years.

Gary Allen on July 06, 2018:

I live in SE Missouri....they wont stand the winter I garage them when frost ( hard frost) start. This year I had to keep them in til April. ( unusual for here ) BUT I have had my Sago in SE Missouri for 15 years.....its almost 6 ft tall in a huge pot.....I have to use a 2 wheeler to roll it out to the patio.....Most folks have no idea what it is or why I kept it so long. Just love palms I guess.

Sherry Venegas (author) from La Verne, CA on May 08, 2018:

Thanks for your experience on digging up a mature sago palm. Here in the U.S. nurseries do not want full grown sago palms. The plant is too readily available. Your experience is why I offer advice on not planting a sago. It is a life long decision and a permanent one.

PS on May 07, 2018:

Hi, I'm from Australia. I've just recently helped a home owner remove a 1-1.5m tall 10yr old cycad sago palm. It took 3hrs to remove the smaller one by digging around the root base 15-20cm away from the trunk using a mattock. I removed pups as I went along & there were pups under the soil as well. Overall I got about 35-40 pups for $100 each mature plant that are worth $400-$500 on the market. The owner wanted them out & he tried a chainsaw which the fibres got caught up in it & not an effective tool. However I owned a sawzal/reciprocating saw & this is much more effective giving a sawing action as on the bigger male plant I had to cut away the larger pups as I could not pry them off with a large metal bar. I have only replanted the mature two plants in large pots I could afford to buy measuring 50cm across minimum & up to 60cm high because of the root base. The roots go down at least 30-40cm I rocked it side to side to loosen it free after digging & it took two of us men to drag & then lift 50kg+ into my truck. I've seen a 5-6ft high specimen on sale for $800-$900. I would not recommend planting in the ground as I told the owners I don't think I'd ever dig out another because of the effort but I got value for my $. Where most pups sprout from the base trunk I had to also saw off the roots from the sides at soil level to fit well into my pots & the plant is currently recovering as we're going into Winter soon.

Richard on April 16, 2018:

Hi Sherry, I just bought a beach front house in Puerto Rico and I am planning to plant few palm trees. I went to Home Depot and they have 20” Sago Palms. I am thinking about buying few of them to plant them around my house and between my house and the swimming pool with sea water, I am planning to build. I have few questions you may be able to answer. First, the palm will be splashed occasionally by sea water from the ocean and the pool. Will sea water affect or damage the palm? Second, I would like to limit the growth of the palm to 5-6 feet. Will keeping tree in the small pot limit palm growth? If yes, what would be the maximum size of the pot to limit height to 5 feet? What would be the diameter of the palm with branches at that height? Will the fully grown tree at 5 to 6 feet tall look like the one you show on your Eleven-year-old sago palm picture? I will do all necessary maintenance needed to keep this look. Third, how deep the roots of the fully grown palm tree reach? Forth, could planting a palm tree not far from a septic tank damage or affect a palm tree? Have a great day, Richard

Bobby Jaba on April 10, 2018:

I just what to reiterate what you and several readers have commented on regarding the toxicity of the sago palm. It is one of the MOST poisonous plants to mammals. All portions of the plant are toxic, but especially the seeds.

A good friend had two of his lab puppies (6mo old) eat portions of the plant. One survived, but one died after a long, expensive hospital stay. It causes rapid liver failure.

Before buying our puppy, we knew of the dangers from our friend's tragic experience, but we felt safe knowing that we had no sago palms in our yard. Unfortunately that was a false sense of security. One day we found our puppy chewing on a sago seed in our backyard. An emergent vet visit, 3 days in the hospital, a $2000 bill, and the heartbreak of not knowing whether our little pup would survive was all very painful. Luckily she pulled through with no apparent lasting liver damage. But had we not recognized the seriousness of the situation, she would surely be dead.

Since then, we have found dozens of the seeds in our yard, apparently dropped by squirrels. Our dog can not be left alone in our backyard, even though it is fenced.

So please, consider another plant. Even if you don't have pets, your plants seeds may make it to neighbor's yard that does and their pets could die.

Sherry Venegas (author) from La Verne, CA on March 27, 2018:

Hi Jeanette, I leave them on the tree and let the next years new flush of leaves push them down. Once they are dried I knock them off and throw them away. If you have a curious pet who likes to chew on plants throw them away as soon as the pet can access them.

Jeanette Oliver on March 27, 2018:

Hello. I learned so much from reading about Sago Palms. What should I do with the red seeds that go on my Sago Palms?

Terri on March 19, 2018:

I have reason #11 “Why not plant a Sago Palm”. I feel this should be the #1 most important reason. They are highly poisonous to Dogs and Cats. My poor puppy has been at the Vet ER hanging on to her life because she bit open a Sago Palm seed. This poisonous plant causes liver damage and sometimes liver failure in animals. The do not have to ingest much. I wish Sago Palms had a warning label so pet owners would not EVER plant these!!

Sherry Venegas (author) from La Verne, CA on March 17, 2018:

Thank you!

Ol' Will on March 17, 2018:

My understanding is that the pups are clones of the parent plant, so should be the same sex. If the new plant comes from a sprouted seed, its sex cannot be determined until it is revealed at maturity.

jackie mcgovern on March 10, 2018:

I just bought seeds to grow sago palms. I also lived in San Diego through the worst drought times in the last ten years. Well long story short I am now in Las Vegas and before reading your story I was very concerned about the survival of my sagas. Now as Im lmao I may reconsider the 5 I was planning and try just 2. Thanks for the insight.

Sherry Venegas on March 05, 2018:

James, Your older plant may need repotting. Try that for spring, right now, and see of you get a new flush of leaves on the main trunk. Put it in full sun and water sparingly.

James Currie on March 04, 2018:

I've got two potted sagos, one for about 15 years, the other for about 8 years and seven boston terriers who have never gone near them. The 8 year old is gorgeous with 3-4 foot fronds while the 15 year old seems geriatric with a few fronds growing out of the dirt surrounding the trunk and did not bloom last year. I only trim the old fronds when they have yellowed - am I screwing up?

Sherry Venegas (author) from La Verne, CA on February 03, 2018:

Maria, thank you for the advice on potted sago plant care for summer and cold winter. The spears looks so delicate when new.

Maria on February 03, 2018:

I enjoy my sago as a house plant. I received it as a potted plant when it was quite small. I place it on my deck in the summer and bring it into the house in the fall, because it gets quite cold here in NV in the winter. Every Spring I cut off the lower branches and enjoy the new fronds popping up from the center. I always wear thick garden gloves when I handle this plant. Last fall it needed a bigger pot - it's now 2 ft tall and very attractive and decorative as a house plant.

Sherry Venegas (author) from La Verne, CA on January 19, 2018:

Frank, did you see the comment I posted yesterday? The spears I would cut off, so any energy that is left can center in the core where new leaves will energize. You may consider digging up and bringing inside. Place where there is lots of sun.

Frank Matthews on January 19, 2018:

Myrtle Beach South Carolina:

Due to the continued nights of frozen temperatures over the last several weeks ,the spears on the entire Sago Palm are brown and appear dead. Should I cut and trim the entire Palm now, or wait until the warmer weather returns ? Please Advise..

Sherry Venegas (author) from La Verne, CA on January 18, 2018:

Myrtle Beach, Oregon? I live where it does not freeze for more than one night a year. I would give it ground protection, such as, mulch or wood chips. No water unless it is 45 degrees or more for a few days. If the spears are dead cut them off and cover the trunk with duck cloth at night when it is going to freeze. Uncover for sun during the day. See what happens this spring. If you are lucky, you will see a new flush of leaves when the weather gets sunny and warm.

Frank Matthews on January 18, 2018:

I planted a lush green Sago Palm in my front yard last Spring in Myrtle Beach. Over the past several weeks the night time temperatures have dropped below freezing and it now appears that my Sago Palm has died since the entire Palm has turned brown or gold in color.. What should I do ? Please advise.

Mike on January 15, 2018:

They are easy to maintain. Had one for 15 years. Cut the leaves every year since frost always kills them. Takes 10 minutes to slowly and carefully cut, throw in a trash can and walk 100 foot to the burn pile. If you think that's work, takes a half to push mow areas of the yard the riding mower can't get to and that's much more than once a year. Don't ever plant Bamboo! Neighbor did ten years before I moved here and it takes hours of cutting every spring/summer. It's even made it under the road over 200 foot away.

Potgardening on December 29, 2017:

Thank you. So glad to find this writeup. The Japanese seem to like this sago palm. In Okinawa I see them everywhere.

When the Japanese Emperor visited Singapore, this was the plant he gifted.

They are easily infested by the cycad blue butterfly.

Jackie sullivan on October 19, 2017:

I have six sago palms that I want removed I’m looking for someone should wants them and remove them from my yard and repair my yard in exchange for the palms

Sherry Venegas (author) from La Verne, CA on September 13, 2017:

Big job, Helen. With the root system established I do not think you will not have to worry about killing it. I would go for good spacing between each tallest tree. Leave seven or eight this year. Next year before spring, after studying it all year, maybe crop more. Be attentive of the pups that will sprout even from the stump here in the front. Snap them off with a trenching shovel. Where do you live? If you get 10 or more inches of rain a year try not watering at all.

This will look very decorative with a little work.

mammakorb on September 11, 2017:

here's my progress - any advice greatly appreciated - hopefully links to my pictures copy in ok.

Sherry Venegas (author) from La Verne, CA on September 11, 2017:

Jerry, I know you are keep busy with that many. I have never seen 32 sagos growing in one yard.

Sherry Venegas (author) from La Verne, CA on September 11, 2017:

Wow! It sounds like a major undertaking with your newly acquired plant. I have cut off pups as big as four inches. I am of the opinion that removing all of them would not harm the original plant. Make sure the cut areas dry out nicely before soaking or letting them get wet for a long time. I have seen sagos with one or a few pups remaining at the bottom to add fullness and interest to the bottom of a larger specimen. That would be up to you. The more you leave on, the more to take care of later.

mammakorb on September 11, 2017:

I have started trimming (hacking away at more like) a Sago that probably hasn't been trimmed in 10+ years at a house we just bought. My gardener started with a chain saw around the bottom and edges and now I've got clipers and heavy gloves pulling out dead crossed branches. I can see how the final result will be stunning with all the now adult pups. Can i cut some of them completely off at this point without harming the collective? I don't know how to upload picture otherwise i would.

Jerry Wallace on September 11, 2017:

We have 32 sagos in our front yard. They are a pain to maintain .....we LOVE the plant.

Sherry Venegas (author) from La Verne, CA on September 07, 2017:

Josie, plant nurseries no longer want sagos as mature specimens for landscape design because there are too many available. Let us know if you find a solution for your unwanted sago palms.

josie on September 07, 2017:

i have 2 male sago palms and i wish i could get rid of them.They are about 6ft. tall.

cotton on August 29, 2017:

They said it wouldn't grow in upstate S.C. but i have had ten years and i am 20 miles from Hogback Mountain. It grows on the south side of the house.

Kit on August 28, 2017:

We have a dozen or so in our yard. We love them!

Mark M on July 26, 2017:

My German Shepherd is at our local Florida Animal Hospital on an IV. They did blood work and X-rays, and their diagnosis was she somehow ingested Sago seeds which are poisonous to dogs. They were surprised because most dogs know to stay away from them.

Jeff Sheldon on July 23, 2017:

Holy crap, you folks sound as if the sago palm is a creature lurking in the dark, ready to eat you.

Cycas Revoluta, or sago palm is, in my mind one of the most striking and easy to grow members of the plant world. It is also one of the few plants to weather the ice age. I have been growing sagos in both southern California and high in the Sierra Nevada since the early seventies when my Dad and I imported seeds from Japan and germinated them in the San Fernando Valley. At that time they were a rarity.

The sago's slow, ferny, statuesque, yet robust growth is the beauty of the plant. Paired with other dangerous plants, such as cacti, they provide a beautiful rock garden scene.

Sherry Venegas (author) from La Verne, CA on July 19, 2017:

I agree that children should not play near this plant, as well as pets. The leaves and old wood is just too sharp for uncovered skin or hands. All parents should be made aware if you have a plant in your yard. This is an unfortunate story. Poor young guy. I bet that was no fun for him. I am going to add this as a extra caution.

Char on July 12, 2017:

I think they are dangerous. My son was about 7 or 8 playing outside at a friends house. They had a very large sago palm near where they were playing and my son must have brushed against the tree. the very sharp tip went into his hand between his thumb and index finger and didnt know it just that it hurt. Long story short it got infected went to his pediatrician he drained it, continued to hurt and a friend who is a plastic surgeon numbed it up several times and started looking for whatever was in there. After 15 mins of "digging" with his tool he finally touched something even deeper than where he was. He ended up pulling out the tip of the sago palm which embedded itself in his hand. The tip was about a half inch long. The Dr couldn't believe it was in there about 2 was. I would not have one where children will play

Sherry Venegas (author) from La Verne, CA on July 04, 2017:

I would discourage that habit because there may not be poison but needle sharp objects are not good.

art on July 04, 2017:

I have three sago palms and our pup has chewed most of their leaves. She is still rumbustious and curious as pups are. Not posioned so she must be part Indonesian? Hum?

Sherry Venegas (author) from La Verne, CA on June 12, 2017:

The brown cones are probably from lack of water, but as this year's golden ones show there is no hurt to the plant. The flush of the new fronds was thin this spring.

Patricia, S.D. County on June 11, 2017:

I have both males & females. They flower every year faithfully. Previously, the males would sprout long skinny brown curved & low hanging cones. But after our drought breaking rains, I am finally getting the beautiful golden upright cones. I am thrilled! My gardener keeps them trimmed & the pups pruned. We have lived in this house since 2001 & they were already here. We have five in the backyard & two in the front. Had to remove the female beside the driveway because she was scratching up the cars. I love them, especially with these beautiful golden cones. Were those scrawny brown ones healthy?

Sherry Venegas (author) from La Verne, CA on February 27, 2017:

Do not give up on it. Give the plant water once a week if you are not getting this year's rain in your area. In spring it may sprout a new flush of leaves. Usually one flush is produced in the spring. I have dug up dead looking pups and found good roots on the underside.

Sherry Venegas (author) from La Verne, CA on February 27, 2017:

The Sago is very widely available now and most tree removal companies prefer tall palms and the more exotic cycads. We always sell out of the small foot high sagos we start from pups at yard sales. We let them go for $10-$25, but ridding a year of a heavy weight sago is not something I have dealt with.

Ken1000 on February 27, 2017:

Im thinking of getting rid of mine. Are they worth anything?

Glenn on February 08, 2017:

We put a miniature sago out in front yardcabout 5 months ago here in So. Cal. It wasnt the greenest plant but the only one we could find. Now all of the sago frawns are 100% brown. Looks dead but its not brittle to break off ? Is it too young to trim? Maybe I got one that was diseased?

Nick on February 01, 2017:

Clueless. They don't take eight years to mature they take at least 50. And you were so wrong about them being hard to care for. easiest plant on earth to care for because you don't have to do anything

Deborah Carr from Orange County, California on May 25, 2014:

I don't have this type of palm, but I am glad you wrote this article so that I am not tempted to buy one! Thanks for the info.

Sherry Venegas (author) from La Verne, CA on April 27, 2014:

@julieannbrady: First ask him why and second ask if he is going to move them.

Sherry Venegas (author) from La Verne, CA on April 27, 2014:

@myneverboredhands: It is only poisonous if ingested. The three dogs we have had never became, in any way, interested in it to chew the parts. Even the seeds that can dislodge and fall on the ground have been ignored. Now some babies will naturally bring almost everything to their mouth, that would be alarming.

julieannbrady on April 26, 2014:

Well, guess what? I was talking with Nelson over at the gym where I work out daily. It seems he has a female and male sago palm that he was wanting to "give" away. I mentioned my big back yard. Now, I am not so sure I want to take them! Excellent resource my dear.

myneverboredhands on September 14, 2012:

I just recently bought one for our apartment.. I saw it in the store and it looked so cute and rare (in fact I never saw the other one before in our area)..But after I got home and did research on it, I wasn't very pleased with search results: each inch of the plant is poisonous! and not only for animals for people as well:(

KimGiancaterino on April 07, 2012:

Our next door neighbor has one of these, but it's still fairly small. I didn't know they were poisonous. Palms are pretty to look at, but high maintenance. My husband and I have both been to the emergency room to have toothpick-sized date palm tines removed from hands and feet. Ouch!