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American Revival Homes

Updated on July 27, 2017

Architectural revival refers to homes that romanticize the visual styles of a former era. Revivalist architecture in America became quite trendy in the late 19th and early 20th centuries.

By the late 1800s, the ornate excesses of the Victorian and Edwardian eras were becoming passé. In the early 1900s, people began migrating from rural areas into cities and new homes were being built in suburbs that pushed beyond historic city centers.

Prominent architects teamed with home builders to offer affordable home plans in a variety of revival styles that were accessible to a wider segment of the population. These plans were largely available through catalogs and featured a number of down-scaled versions of historic architectural styles.

These economical revival styles struck a cord with middle-class Americans, launching a number of revivalist movements that, in some cases, endured well into the 1940s. The most notable examples peaked during the 1920s and early 1930s.

When Were These Revival Styles Popular?

Style
Timeframe
Tudor
1910 – 1940
Pueblo
1912 – 1940
Italian Renaissance
1900 – 1929
Spanish
1890 – 1929
Mission
1890 – 1940
Colonial
1890 – 1929
Neoclassical
1890 – 1929

Tudor Revival

Tudor Revival homes hit their apex of popularity in the 1920s as population centers expanded. The new wave of Tudor homes stayed true to much of the style’s medieval roots, while incorporating modern conveniences that appealed to homebuyers of the time. Tudor style dates back to 16th century England and featured half-timbered exteriors, stucco or masonry walls and steeply pitched or cross-gabled roofs.

Tudor revival home with brick siding and steep pitched roof.
Tudor revival home with brick siding and steep pitched roof. | Source

Another variation of Tudor Revival was the storybook style that took a cue from fairy tales and cottages found in the Cotswold region of England. They lacked the signature half-timbers of traditional Tudors, utilizing stone, brick and stucco facades. These fantasy-based Tudor Revivals were more prevalent in upscale neighborhoods.

Pueblo

While Pueblo Revival mainly spanned the first half of the 20th century, the style still remains a favorite today in the Southwestern U.S. For instance, a visit to New Mexico will reveal Pueblo Revival homes that date back to the 1910s, as well as newly constructed examples. This architectural revival style is also known as “Santa Fe Style”.

New Mexico entered the union 1912 and this revival style was a response to its newly acquired statehood. Pueblo revival is a mix of Spanish Colonial, mission and regional Native American architectural styles. This style featured flat roofs, parapets, rounded wall edges, adobe or stucco inside and out with vigas (round roof beams that extend to the exterior).

Adobe construction and vigas exemplify this revival style.
Adobe construction and vigas exemplify this revival style. | Source

State founders believed this style would cement New Mexico’s identity among tourists and residents alike. This revival amalgamation was so popular among Anglo-Americans, it eventually spread into Southern California and Arizona. Today, however, the majority of Pueblo Revival homes are located in New Mexico.

Italian Renaissance

This revival style is often confused with 19th century Italiante style. The two styles both drew inspiration from the Renaissance and Baroque periods of Italy, however, Italian Renaissance Revival homes have a distinctly modern countenance when compared to their earlier Italiante cousins.

These middle- and upper-class suburban homes were loosely based on Italian Rennaissance palazzos or seaside villas, featuring low-pitched, hipped or flat roofs. Some roofs are covered in ceramic tiles as a nod to the Mediterranean roots of the movement. The roof also includes wide eaves that overhang the structure and decorative brackets placed under the roofline. First floor windows and doors are often framed with rounded arches. These homes sometimes featured covered porches or loggias.

Italian Renaissance Revival apartment building in Denver c. 1914.
Italian Renaissance Revival apartment building in Denver c. 1914. | Source

Some Italian Rennaissance Revival homes were larger than other American revival styles, however, there are smaller versions with more restrained features. These modest examples are typically box-shaped and symmetrical, with decorative second story windows placed over the front door.

Spanish and Mission

Spanish Revival (a.k.a., Spanish Colonial) was inspired by ornate and stylized flourishes found in Spanish and Latin American architecture. Spanish influence in the Southwest and Southeast U.S. made this a popular revival style in these geographic regions. Today, this revival style lives on in Florida, Texas and several Southwestern states.

The red tile roof and stucco siding is almost a sure sign of a Spanish Colonial Revival home.
The red tile roof and stucco siding is almost a sure sign of a Spanish Colonial Revival home. | Source

Spanish Revival includes features such as low-pitched roofs, minimal eave overhang, red tiles on the roof, arched doorways and windows, stucco walls and asymmetrical lines. Wonderfully understated examples of Spanish Revival can be found in the form of Spanish Colonial bungalows in cities such as Los Angeles, California and West Palm Beach, Florida.

Mission style is often confused with Spanish Revival. It is a close relative which was as popular in California as Colonial Revival was in the Northeast. This style features mission-like dormers, parapets and decorative bell towers. Like Spanish Revival, Mission homes sported red tile roofs, stucco facades and arched windows and doorways.

The parapet on the front of this Mission house differentiates it from Spanish Revival homes from the same era.
The parapet on the front of this Mission house differentiates it from Spanish Revival homes from the same era. | Source

Colonial


As architectural revivals go, most of us are probably familiar with Colonial Revival style. It was inspired by a renewed fascination with America’s historic past. The resurgence of interest was spurred on by architects who were examining everything colonial in the years leading up to the 1893 World’s Columbian Exposition in Chicago.

Large Colonial Revival Home c. 1890.
Large Colonial Revival Home c. 1890. | Source

Features of Colonial Revival Homes

Exterior Details
Medium pitched roof
Side gables
Narrow Eaves
Symmetrical facades
Rectangular shape
Columns and Pilasters
Palladium windows
Brick, wood clapboard or shingle siding
Dentil trim

No longer considered old-fashioned and outdated, Colonial Revival architecture was a driving force in Northeast suburban neighborhoods and remained very popular through the mid-1940s. While Georgian and Dutch Colonial styles provided the impetus for this revival, influences from Federal period are also evident in Colonial Revival homes.

The Arts and Crafts movement in America led to more design restraint in Colonial Revival homes. From this movement sprang modest, simple bungalows and cottages, which were much more in harmony with their original colonial predecessors.

Neoclassical

Neoclassical revival rose to prominence at the turn of the 20th century. It was inspired by ornate early Greek Revival, Beaux Arts and the architecture featured at the Columbian Exposition. Neoclassical Revival architecture is identified by its simple, yet classic lines and Greek ornamental elements.

Note the tall porch, columns and dentil molding of this Neoclassical Revival home in Wisconsin.
Note the tall porch, columns and dentil molding of this Neoclassical Revival home in Wisconsin. | Source

Neoclassical was based on Greek Revival style which was popular during the early to mid 1800s. Neoclassical Revival touches -- like tall porches flanked with columns, cornices with dentil molding, entablatures and triangular pediments -- could be found on residences from city townhouses to suburban homes across the country.

© 2012 lindacee

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    • lindacee profile image
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      lindacee 2 years ago from Arizona

      Kristen and Happyboomer, thanks so much! I was very surprised when I got the notification email this morning--it made my day! So glad you both stopped by to read it and comment.

    • lindacee profile image
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      lindacee 2 years ago from Arizona

      MarleneB, thanks for reading! My favorite is the Spanish revival also. I'd love to go back to SoCal again and purchase a Spanish revival fixer.

    • Happyboomernurse profile image

      Gail Sobotkin 2 years ago from South Carolina

      Congratulations on earning HOTD on this well researched and beautifully illustrated hub.

    • Kristen Howe profile image

      Kristen Howe 2 years ago from Northeast Ohio

      Great hub Linda. Very informative and interesting at the same time. Congrats on HOTD!

    • MarleneB profile image

      Marlene Bertrand 2 years ago from Northern California, USA

      I enjoyed reading about the various house styles and gaining a further appreciation for them all. Of the ones shown here, I like the Spanish Revival style the best. By the way, congratulations on receiving the Hub of the Day award.

    • lindacee profile image
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      lindacee 2 years ago from Arizona

      Thanks, RTalloni! Good to hear from you! They pulled this one from the archives but I'm happy and honored just the same. It was an interesting and fun Hub to write.

    • lindacee profile image
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      lindacee 2 years ago from Arizona

      ArtDiva, it makes me sad to see historic homes razed and replaced with modern multi-family housing. Before I left Denver there was a lot of that going on. Developers were destroying the historic character of entire neighborhoods. Thanks for reading and commenting!

    • RTalloni profile image

      RTalloni 2 years ago from the short journey

      Back to say congrats on your Hub of the Day award for this look at American Revival homes.

    • profile image

      ArtDiva 2 years ago

      Good informative article. All the periods with their distinctive styles, many today restored to their former character, honors its past, instead of this current trend of tearing down the old for the new. My favorite, although not represented here, is the '50-'60s modernist, but the New Mexico Pueblo style the next runner up.

    • lindacee profile image
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      lindacee 2 years ago from Arizona

      kimbesa2, you are welcome! Glad you enjoyed this Hub. We don't realize how much history is around us as we move through our daily lives. We can learn a lot from our older neighborhoods.

    • kimbesa2 profile image

      kimbesa 2 years ago from USA

      Excellent! Now I can identify the style of the many beautiful older homes we have around here. Thank you!

    • lindacee profile image
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      lindacee 5 years ago from Arizona

      glassvisage, I love the smaller Tudor homes. They have such character. Glad you enjoyed this mini-architectural history lesson! Thanks for stopping by my Hub! :)

    • glassvisage profile image

      glassvisage 5 years ago from Northern California

      Thanks for this overview! Really great facts. I have always loved the tudor style from when I will visit the east coast, but I didn't know that is what it is called.

    • lindacee profile image
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      lindacee 5 years ago from Arizona

      Yes ignugent17, that would be a fun game for your next road trip. What a great chance to learn about architectural styles! There is a rich history in American residential architecture. Thanks for reading and commenting! :)

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      ignugent17 5 years ago

      Very interesting. I did not know that these houses are revivals. I see them when we had road trips. This is so cool. Next time we will have road trips I will identify the houses. My husband would think I am very smart .

      Thanks for the information.

      Voted up and more. :-)

    • lindacee profile image
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      lindacee 5 years ago from Arizona

      shai, these home styles can be a bit confusing without proper illustration. Thank you for the vote of confidence and thumbs up!

    • lindacee profile image
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      lindacee 5 years ago from Arizona

      Thank you so much DemiMonde. I am into historic preservation myself. It breaks my heart to see beautiful old homes razed in the name of new development. I am so happy you stopped by to read and comment!

    • DemiMonde profile image

      Demi 5 years ago from Mobile, Alabama

      Great hub- I also think you did a great job of breaking it down. I love old houses and preservation.

    • shai77 profile image

      Chen 5 years ago

      Excellent hub, great info and love the photos they illustrate so well what you mean. A lot of these points can be confusing but you have cleared it all up very well. Great job, such a good resource, thumbs up!

    • lindacee profile image
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      lindacee 5 years ago from Arizona

      Tillsontitan, thanks for the compliments and votes! So nice to hear from you! You know, I do have my favorites as well. It would be so difficult for me to pick one style if I had the opportunity to choose. I appreciate the beauty of all different architectural styles. Take care!

    • tillsontitan profile image

      Mary Craig 5 years ago from New York

      What a lot of information you've packed into this hub. Your details are great and explanations wonderful. I have to say though, in spite of it all, my favortite is Victorian though I live in a ranch house.

      Thanks for all this great inforamtion.

      Voted up, useful, and interesting.

    • lindacee profile image
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      lindacee 5 years ago from Arizona

      Jackie, Tudor homes are so romantic and cozy. I've always dreamed of having one. I think all of the American revival home styles are fascinating and fun to learn about. Glad you agree! Thanks for the vote and share. :)

    • Jackie Lynnley profile image

      Jackie Lynnley 5 years ago from The Beautiful South

      Ah, give me the Tudor, so warm and homey! Great informative hub. So interesting. Up and sharing.

    • lindacee profile image
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      lindacee 5 years ago from Arizona

      Thanks, Leah! Santa Fe is one of my favorite places to visit because of the architecture...and food! So glad you stopped by to read and comment!

    • lindacee profile image
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      lindacee 5 years ago from Arizona

      RTalloni, yep, we do cover all the bases! So glad you enjoyed the architectural history lesson!

    • leahlefler profile image

      Leah Lefler 5 years ago from Western New York

      I love the pueblo style of homes in the Southwest. They look so very cool! It is interesting to see the great variety in housing styles across our country - very cool, lindacee!

    • RTalloni profile image

      RTalloni 5 years ago from the short journey

      What a country! We have our own, and that from other great styles. :)

      Thanks for a neat look at these examples of American revival homes.