Tracking the Power Consumption of Your Appliances With an Energy Monitoring Adapter
How to Measure Power
With the cost of electricity on the increase, an energy monitoring adapter is a useful device which can measure and track the energy consumption of your home appliances. Costing about $15, the adapter can be plugged into a standard wall socket and displays comprehensive information about the appliance connected to it, including the energy usage and price of electricity used, aiding the analysis of energy use in the home.
How Do I Use It ?
The adapter has prongs just like a normal plug. You just plug it into a standard wall socket and then plug the appliance into the adapter. The adapter has a display which indicates energy use.
What Does it Do? - What Can it Measure?
An energy monitoring adapter provides information about the connected appliance on an LCD display. Typically the information displayed would be:
- Current drawn by the appliance
- Power consumption of the appliance in watts
- Length of time the appliance has been running for and actually drawing power. This is useful for monitoring fridges and freezers which are switched on and off regularly by a thermostat
- Energy consumption in kilowatt hours or kWh
- Cost of running the appliance. The cost per kWh is entered into the device during initial setup and the adapter multiplies this by the consumption in kwh and displays the cost in dollars and cents
What is a Kilowatt - What is Energy Consumption?
A watt is a measurement of power. Power is the rate of energy use over time. e.g a 100 watt bulb uses energy at the rate of 100 watts.
A kilowatt is 1000 watts. This is the power typically used by a one bar radiant fire. A kettle is rated at about 2 or 3 kilowatts. The highest power device is likely to be an electric shower having a power rating between 5 and 10 kilowatt.
How to Work Out Energy Consumption
A kwH , kilowatt hour or electrical unit is a measurement of energy consumption. it is the energy used by a 1000 watt or 1 kilowatt device in one hour, or 100 watt for ten hours or 500 watt for 2 hours etc. To work out the kwh usage, you multiply the length of time in hours by the power of the device in kilowatt.
e.g. A 2000 watt device powered for 3 hours uses 2000/1000 x 3 = 6 kilowatt hours or kWh
For more information about the power rating and energy consumption of common household appliances, take a look at this article:
This article shows you how to convert between volts, watts, amps and kwh:
Detecting Faulty Appliances - Fridges and Freezers
An energy monitoring adapter comes in useful for identifying faulty appliances. For instance if the thermostat fails on your fridge or freezer, the compressor will run continuously, putting up your electricity bill. Another scenario is that the insulation becomes waterlogged. Once this happens, the insulation is effectively useless. Again the freezer will run non-stop. The only thing you may notice is excessive frost and ice build up. You can use an adapter to check how many hours a day the freezer is running and if it is staying on too long even in cold weather, this may indicate a failed thermostat. In general, a fridge or freezer should have a duty cycle (the percentage of time it is powered up) of 25 to 50 %, depending on temperature.
© 2012 Eugene Brennan