How to Get Rid of Bagworms Safely

Updated on September 7, 2019
The Dirt Farmer profile image

Jill volunteers at community gardens and learns about gardening through the MD Master Gardening and Master Naturalist programs.

No, it's not a rustic Christmas tree ornament—it's a bagworm nest! And it can damage your conifers if left unchecked.
No, it's not a rustic Christmas tree ornament—it's a bagworm nest! And it can damage your conifers if left unchecked. | Source

Got the Bagworm Blues?

If you live in the eastern U.S., you've probably seen your share of bagworms (Thyridopteryx ephemeraeformis). It's not uncommon for large infestations to plague forestland along neglected roadways or, if you're unlucky, within your own landscape.

Bagworms spin cobweb-like "bags" in trees and shrubs. They particularly like to infest conifers such as pine, cedar, arborvitae, Leyland cypress, and juniper. Sometimes, they're so prolific that they kill their host tree. Because the bags are shaped like pine cones, they often pass unnoticed in conifers—until it's too late.

Bagworms may also spin cocoon-like nests in deciduous trees, such as locust, maple, linden, sycamore, and boxelder. Although these trees may suffer damage, they're rarely killed by bagworms. Nevertheless, few homeowners want even one bagworm nest in their yard.

Where Do Bagworms Come From?

Bagworms are actually moths in their larval (caterpillar) stage of development. After hatching, moth caterpillars spin cocoon-like bags. These bags have pieces of leaves from the plants they're feeding upon attached to them.

At first, the bags are very small—only about 1/8 inch long. The young bagworms move about freely as they feed, carrying their bags with them, enlarging them as they themselves grow bigger.

It's at this point—when moth caterpillars are young—that they're easiest to destroy through the application of a bacteria commonly called BT.

How to Get Rid of Bagworms

Bagworm-killing bacteria

Bacillus thuringiensis (BT) is a bacteria that kills certain insects, including bagworms, but doesn't adversely affect humans or other animals.

BT works extremely well against young moth caterpillars. So if you're going to use BT, be sure to apply it early. Common brand names of products that contain BT include Dipel, Caterpillar Killer, and Thuricide.


These insecticides are also labelled for bagworm management: Bifenthrin Pro Multi-Insecticide, Onyx Insecticide, Talstar F, Talstar Lawn & Tree Flowable, Talstar GC Flowable, TalstarOne Multi-Insecticide, and Dursban 50W.

Like BT, they should be applied shortly after the moth eggs hatch.


Removing bagworm bags from trees by hand isn't as gross as it sounds. Remove the bags in winter or early spring (before the moth eggs hatch) and destroy them.

How NOT to Get Rid of Bagworms

You may have heard of gardeners pouring gasoline on bagworm bags and then setting them on fire. It's a dangerous practice that could cause serious damage to you, your tree, and your property. Don't try it!

Stick with handpicking the bags when the eggs are dormant. Or, if your infestation is severe, opt for BT or some other non-petroleum chemical solution. Those are the best ways to beat the bagworm blues.

This article is accurate and true to the best of the author’s knowledge. Content is for informational or entertainment purposes only and does not substitute for personal counsel or professional advice in business, financial, legal, or technical matters.

Questions & Answers

  • What should you do with bag worms that are emerging from a pod? I tied them in a bag and open garbage can, but some escaped. I had even tied the bag shut.

    At least you removed some. That will definitely mitigate the damage they could have done.

  • I just realized that I have these things in a spruce. I don't see them in any of my other trees. Can I just cut this tree down and burn it? Will that get rid of them?

    That would work for that spruce, but it would be like killing the patient to get rid of the disease. And chances are a few bagworms are on other trees, too. While weeding the other day, I found one hanging from a solar light! I prefer handpicking them, but you may want to use two methods if you just can't tolerate any bagworms at all on your trees. You could also do some judicious pruning.


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    • The Dirt Farmer profile imageAUTHOR

      Jill Spencer 

      6 months ago from United States

      Thanks for commenting, Renee. Unlike you, I have not seen tree death from bag worms "many times." Trees can recover from a stripping for a season, although multiple repeated onslaughts or bag worms combined with other issues over time may kill them. This was confirmed by MG coordinators at a pest seminar I attended recently. If you have seen trees or shrubs infested by bag worms die, I think it likely that other problems were in play as well. Thanks again for reading and commenting. All the best, Jill

    • profile image

      Renee Mikan 

      6 months ago

      Jill, I disagree with your commet that the bag worms won't kill the host. I have seen many times there being a big infestation and has killed the tree and shrub.

      I have also heard this statement about Japanese Beetles that they don't hurt the tree after they have eaten every leaf on the tree. I wonder how the tree not having any leaves in the middle of summer doesn't stress out the tree and how then does the tree make food for itself.

    • The Dirt Farmer profile imageAUTHOR

      Jill Spencer 

      7 months ago from United States

      As noted above, you could apply BT. You could also simply ignore the problem, as bagworms, although unsightly, are unlikely to kill your evergreen unless some other problem is in play.

    • profile image

      Wendy Fisher 

      7 months ago

      What to use now that evergreen had bagworms

    • The Dirt Farmer profile imageAUTHOR

      Jill Spencer 

      6 years ago from United States

      Thanks so much, Stellar Phoenix! A good review is an awesome thing. (: Take, Jill

    • profile image

      Stellar Phoenix 

      6 years ago

      This content is incredible! You certainly know how to keep a reader entertained. Between your wit and your videos, I was almost moved to start my own blog (well, almost..aha) Fantastic job. I really loved what you had to say, and more than that, how you presented it. Too cool! Stellar Phoenix Review

    • The Dirt Farmer profile imageAUTHOR

      Jill Spencer 

      7 years ago from United States

      @ lrc7815 -- How horrible. Bagworms can really cause some serious damage. Hope the info helps you keep the rest of your trees safe. Take care, Jill

    • The Dirt Farmer profile imageAUTHOR

      Jill Spencer 

      7 years ago from United States

      @ lrc7815 -- How horrible. Bagworms can really cause some serious damage. Hope the info helps you keep the rest of your trees safe. Take care, Jill

    • lrc7815 profile image

      Linda Crist 

      7 years ago from Central Virginia

      Great hub. Wish I had had this information a few y ears ago when I lost two 30 year old junipers to bag worms. Thanks for sharing this great information.

    • tebo profile image


      8 years ago from New Zealand

      I have never heard of bagworms and am unsure whether we have them here in NZ, but I do have some conifers so I will check them. Thanks for the heads up.

    • NMLady profile image


      8 years ago from New Mexico & Arizona

      Re bag worms don't vacation in NM....Yep, I am very glad!

    • The Dirt Farmer profile imageAUTHOR

      Jill Spencer 

      8 years ago from United States

      No, I haven't tried it--although I know someone who uses it in his fruit orchard. Thanks for your comment! Aren't you glad bagworms don't vacation in NM?

    • NMLady profile image


      8 years ago from New Mexico & Arizona

      Have you ever tried diatomaceous earth? (ground up coral) It is a pretty good bug killer w/o being poisonous to warm-blooded animals like us and our pets.

      I DO remember these and they are yucky.

    • The Dirt Farmer profile imageAUTHOR

      Jill Spencer 

      8 years ago from United States

      Thanks, Esmeowl12. Hope you have time to pick off the dormant bags once the weather gets colder. Although bagworms spread slowly, they do spread! Happy gardening, DF

    • Esmeowl12 profile image

      Cindy A Johnson 

      8 years ago from Sevierville, TN

      Wow. I never knew that's what these are. I have a few, thankfully not many. I appreciate the info. Voted up and useful.


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